The Bremer Marktplatz is a square situated in the centre of the Hanseatic City of Bremen, Germany. One of the oldest public squares in the city, it covers an area of 3,484 m2, it is no longer used as a market place except for the Christmas market and the annual Freimarkt Fair at the end of October. At least parts of the market place had been in function since the age of Charlemagne, its southern side was the bank of river Balge, a branch of the Weser and Bremen's first port. There was an easy access for boats, but this section of the bank was too low for permanent buildings. From late 12th to late 13th century, the area of the market place was levelled and plastered in several stages. Theories that before the construction of the Bremen Town Hall in 1405 to 1410 all or only most of the market activities took place near Liebfrauenkirche have been falsified by archeological findings. Meantime with the townhall, Roland Statue was erected on the market square; some time a stone wall was built between the inner and the outer areas of the square.
The inner space was used for the market. A rule was made which allowed only merchants whose vehicles could pass one of the seven openings in the wall to sell their products; the city council made this rule in order to ensure that there was sufficient space for pedestrians between the market stalls. In the end of the 18th or beginning of the 19th century, the wall was removed and replaced by a circle of columns. At the same time, the market place lost its outstanding importance as a centre of trade and commerce though it continued to be used as a market until mid 20th century. In 1836, the square was repaved with sandstone. Inside the circle of columns, darker stones depicted a wheel with 10 spokes. At centre of the wheel, reddish stones form a Hanseatic Cross. With a diameter of 4.8 m, it commemorates the importance of the Hanseatic Legion during the Wars of Liberation. Between February and June 2002, the pavement was renewed without changing its historical layout; the building ensemble which flanks the Marktplatz is considered one of the most beautiful in Germany.
In July 2004, the part consisting of the Roland Statue and the Town Hall was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sandstone and brick are uniformly used for the façades of the buildings. Many objects of historical interest surround the Marktplatz; the entire complex is listed as a heritage site. Am Markt 1: Rathscafé/Deutsches Haus, 1908–1911 Am Markt 9: Haus Jonas und Kaune, 1600 und 1955 Am Markt 11: Raths-Apotheke, 1893–1894 und 1957/58 Am Markt 12: Sparkasse am Markt, 1755 und 1958 Am Markt 13: Schütting, 1537–1538 Am Markt 14, 15 and 16: Bankhaus Neelmeyer, Wilckens’sches Haus, Bremische Hypothekenbank, Geschäftshaus „Zum Roland“, Niedersaechsische Bank Am Markt 17: Medizinisches Warenhaus, 1950 Am Markt 18: Eduscho-Haus, Bankhaus Carl F. Plump & Co. 1952–1953 Am Markt 19: Bankhaus Carl F. Plump & Co. 1960 Am Markt 20: Haus der Bürgerschaft, 1962–1966 Am Markt 21: Town Hall, New Town Hall, Bremen Ratskeller from 1400 till today Marktstraße 3: House C of the chamber of commerce, 1956 Am Dom 1: Bremen Cathedral, from 1041 till today Am Dom 2: Küsterhaus, 1926–1928 Am Dom 5A: Börsenhof A, part of the New Exchange Böttcherstraße 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9: 1922–1931 Langenstraße 2, 4, 6 and 8: Disconto-Bank, today Kontorhaus am Markt mit Ladenpassage, 1910/12 und 2001/02 Langenstraße 13: Stadtwaage, with two cultural institutions, the Günter-Grass-Stiftung and the Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen Schwarzwälder, Herbert.
Das Große Bremen-Lexikon. Edition Temmen. ISBN 3-86108-693-X. Trunkhardt, Maren. V. City Initiative Bremen Werbung. Bremen - der schönste Marktplatz des Nordens: City-Guide 2009. City Initiative Bremen Werbung e. V. Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen, UNESCO
In 5-dimensional geometry, there are 31 uniform polytopes with B5 symmetry. There are two regular forms, the 5-orthoplex, 5-cube with 10 and 32 vertices respectively; the 5-demicube is added as an alternation of the 5-cube. They can be visualized as symmetric orthographic projections in Coxeter planes of the B5 Coxeter group, other subgroups. Symmetric orthographic projections of these 32 polytopes can be made in the B5, B4, B3, B2, A3, Coxeter planes. Ak has symmetry, Bk has symmetry; these 32 polytopes are each shown in these 5 symmetry planes, with vertices and edges drawn, vertices colored by the number of overlapping vertices in each projective position. H. S. M. Coxeter: H. S. M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973 Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H. S. M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 H. S. M. Coxeter and Semi Regular Polytopes I, H. S. M. Coxeter and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, H.
S. M. Coxeter and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, N. W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1966 Klitzing, Richard. "5D uniform polytopes"
Jane Clayson Johnson is an American journalist and author. Clayson was born in Sacramento and spent most of her childhood there, she is an accomplished violinist. She graduated from Brigham Young University in Utah, in 1990 with a degree in journalism. Clayson began her career at KSL-TV in Utah. While at KSL, she traveled to China to write and produce a series of stories about American doctors assisting Chinese children with disabilities, her work there earned a regional Emmy. She received the Radio and Television News Directors of America's Edward R. Murrow Award while at KSL. In 1996, Clayson moved to Los Angeles, where she worked as a correspondent for Good Morning America, World News Tonight, other ABC News broadcasts, her work included coverage of Senator Bob Dole's 1996 presidential campaign, the O. J. Simpson civil trial, NATO's strikes against Kosovo and the resulting refugee crisis in Macedonia. In 1999, CBS News launched "Operation Glass Slipper," the publicized search for Bryant Gumbel's co-host on The Early Show.
On November 1, 1999, Clayson was chosen, joined Gumbel for the show's first broadcast. From 1999 to 2002, she anchored The Early Show through the new millennium, the inauguration of President George W. Bush, the attacks on September 11, 2001. Clayson may be best known for her awkward confrontation with Early Show food and style contributor Martha Stewart during this period. CBS required Stewart to address the issue as a condition of keeping those contributor duties. Stewart, upon consulting her legal team, agreed to take questions on air, but not in a separate interview; as a result, during one of Stewart's usual live cooking segments, who assisted Stewart with preparing the meal, asked her to comment on her involvement with ImClone and her selling of ImClone stock just one day before an application for a new ImClone cancer drug was rejected. Stewart stopped contributing to the program after the appearance, immortalized in an NBC TV-movie of Stewart's life a few months later. In 2002, Clayson became a correspondent for CBS News.
She reported for "Eye on America" segments and contributed to both 48 Hours and The CBS Evening News. Clayson is the eldest of three children. In 1986, her younger brother, died of a brain tumour, her father was her mother a homemaker. In September 2003, Clayson married Mark W. Johnson, a graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy, Columbia University and Harvard Business School, they were first introduced to each other by Clayson's sister. Johnson had joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, of which Clayson was a member, not long before they first met. Clayson left CBS three months to join her husband in Boston, where he was for a time president of the management consulting firm, which he co-founded with Clayton M. Christensen; the couple have two children, have raised three children from Mark's previous marriage. Johnson, under her professional name, Jane Clayson, is the primary fill-in host on the public radio program On Point, when regular host Tom Ashbrook is absent, she has produced specials for the Discovery Channel.
She hosted BYU TV's coverage of the funeral for LDS Church president Gordon B. Hinckley on February 2, 2008, her first book, I Am a Mother!, was released in March 2007 and chronicles her decision to leave the network news business to have a family. She speaks on the topic at events across the United States. Irene Sege, "Jane Clayson Johnson Left It All Behind to Have a Baby," Boston Globe, October 12, 2004. Official CBS News bio. Jane Clayson Johnson, "I Am a Mother," 2006 Conference on the Family, American Mothers, Inc. March for Babies - PSA <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQ1CsZbjY0g> 2008 March of Dimes