Lewis Brian Hopkins Jones was an English musician and composer, best known as the founder and original leader of the Rolling Stones. A slide guitarist, Jones would go on to play a wide variety of instruments on Rolling Stones recordings and in concerts, such as rhythm and lead guitar, dulcimer, various keyboard instruments such as piano and mellotron, wind instruments such as harmonica, saxophone, as well as drums and numerous others. Jones and fellow guitarist Keith Richards developed a unique style of guitar play that Richards refers to as the "ancient art of weaving" where both players would play rhythm and lead parts together. After he founded the Rolling Stones as a British blues outfit in 1962, gave the band its name, Jones' fellow band members Richards and Mick Jagger began to take over the band's musical direction after they became a successful songwriting team. Jones did not get along with the band's manager, Andrew Loog Oldham, who pushed the band into a musical direction at odds with Jones' blues background.
At the same time, Jones developed alcohol and drug problems, his performance in the studio became unreliable, leading to a diminished role within the band he had founded. In June 1969, the Rolling Stones asked Jones to leave. Jones died less than a month drowning in the swimming pool at his home at the age of 27. Long-time Rolling Stones bass guitarist Bill Wyman said, he chose the members. He named the band, he chose the music. He got us gigs.... He was influential important, slowly lost it – intelligent – and just kind of wasted it and blew it all away." Lewis Brian Hopkins Jones was born in the Park Nursing Home in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on 28 February 1942. An attack of croup at the age of four left Jones with asthma, his middle-class parents, Lewis Blount Jones and Louisa Beatrice Jones, were of Welsh descent. Brian had two sisters: Pamela, born on 3 October 1943 and died on 14 October 1945 of leukemia. Both Jones' parents were interested in music: his father, was a piano teacher in addition to his job as an aeronautical engineer, his mother, played piano and organ and led the choir at the local church.
In 1957, Jones first heard Cannonball Adderley's music. Jones persuaded his parents to buy him a saxophone and two years his parents gave him his first acoustic guitar as a 17th-birthday present. Jones attended local schools, including Dean Close School from September 1949 to July 1953, Cheltenham Grammar School for Boys, which he entered in September 1953 after passing the eleven-plus exam, he enjoyed badminton and diving at school, became first clarinet in the school orchestra. He obtained seven O-level passes in 1957, thence continuing into the sixth form and obtaining a further two O-levels, he took three A-levels in physics and biology, passing the first two and failing biology. Jones was able to perform well in exams despite a lack of academic effort. However, he found school regimented, disliked the school uniforms and conformism in general. Jones himself said: "I found myself accepted by the older boys, his hostility to authority figures resulted in his suspension from school on two occasions.
According to Dick Hattrell, a childhood friend: "He was a rebel without a cause, but when examinations came he was brilliant."In late summer 1959, Jones' girlfriend, a Cheltenham schoolgirl named Valerie Corbett, became pregnant. Although Jones is said to have encouraged her to have an abortion, she carried the child to term and placed baby Barry David Corbett for adoption. Jones quit school in left home, travelling for a summer through northern Europe. During this period, he lived a bohemian lifestyle, busking with his guitar on the streets for money, living off the charity of others, he ran short of money and returned to England. Jones listened to classical music as a child but preferred blues Elmore James and Robert Johnson. Jones began performing at local blues and jazz clubs, while working odd jobs, he stole small amounts of money from work to pay for cigarettes, for which he was fired. In November 1959, Jones went to the Wooden Bridge Hotel in Guildford to see a band perform, he met a young married woman named Angeline, the two had a one-night stand that resulted in her pregnancy.
Angeline and her husband decided to raise the baby, born on 4 August 1960. Jones never knew about her birth. In 1961, Jones applied for a scholarship to Cheltenham Art College, he was accepted into the programme, but two days the offer was withdrawn after an unidentified acquaintance wrote to the college, calling Jones an irresponsible drifter. On 22 October 1961, Jones' girlfriend Pat Andrews gave birth to his third child, Julian Mark Andrews. Jones sold his record collection to buy clothes for the newborn, he lived with them for a while. On 23 July 1964 another woman, Linda Lawrence, gave birth to Jones' fourth child, Julian Brian Lawrence. In early October 1964 an occasional girlfriend of Brian's, Dawn Molloy, announced to Brian and the Rolling Stones's management that she was pregnant by him, she received a cheque for £700 (equivalent to £1
WorldCell is an American-based corporation that provides international mobile service to federal agencies, international businesses, individual travelers. WorldCell was formed in 1996; the owned company was founded by Blake Swensrud as International Mobile Communications, Inc. and began as a retail mobile phone service, renting international cell phones to travelers and relief organizations. After September 11 and the advent of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, WorldCell shifted its focus to providing wireless management services to corporations, federal agencies, the US military, transitioning its rental service to its TravelComm division, it added satellite phones and service to its list of products, enabling its customers to communicate from remote locations. In 2002, IMC Inc launched the Viking Wireless GSM network through its subsidiary IMC Ísland ehf categorizing the company as a carrier. In 2005 the company was re-branded as WorldCell. Shortly after, Worldcell signed a five-year purchasing contract with the Army's Information Technology, E-Commerce, Commercial Contracting Center - West Two years in 2007, WorldCell signed several agreements with international mobile technology companies, such as Aicent and Accuris Networks.
WorldCell administers managed wireless services and secure data plans to the federal government, including the military, commercial organizations, using agreements with overseas carriers such as Vodafone, O2, KPN, Docomo. WorldCell's headquarters are in Rockville, Maryland, a few miles outside of Washington, D. C. In addition to its corporate headquarters, WorldCell has offices in Reykjavík, Iceland and Tokyo, Japan. WorldCell is the parent company of three additional entities: TravelComm, IMC Ísland, Alterna. TravelComm is a retail service. TravelComm’s services are used by international business travelers and college students studying abroad. TravelComm has added US Domestic service to its list of products. IMC Ísland is a licensed Iceland-based mobile operator. IMC has access to multiple international GSM networks. WorldCell is able to offer international wireless service through IMC’s networks, as well as through roaming agreements and SIM cards. IMC Ísland launched Alterna Telecom, a new company that will provide mobile service to local users in Iceland, in late 2009.
IMC and Alterna announced that they will be cooperating with Síminn, a mobile provider with the largest 3G network in Iceland. Alterna began testing its service with a group of beta customers in 2009 and will transition these trial subscriptions to paid plans in 2010. WorldCell TravelComm Alterna
William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, was a Scottish peer who joined the 1745 Jacobite Rising, was captured at Culloden and subsequently executed for treason on Tower Hill. His family were supporters of the government and Kilmarnock had not been involved with the Stuarts, his title was declared forfeit. William Boyd was born in only son of William Boyd, 3rd Earl of Kilmarnock and Eupheme Ross, his father supported the government during the 1715 Jacobite Rising but was in debt when he died in 1717. Kilmarnock soon made this worse. In 1724, he married Lady Anne Livingston, only daughter of James Livingston, 5th Earl of Linlithgow, a Jacobite attainted for his role in the 1715 Rising, her family opposed the marriage and Kilmarnock's debts meant they depended upon her credit to pay living expenses. They lived at Dean Castle but when it was destroyed by fire in 1735, they could not afford the repairs and moved to Anne's home, Callendar House, which remained in the family until 1783. Dean Castle was sold by his son James in 1746.
Kilmarnock was educated at the University of Glasgow but he had'an Aversion to rigorous Study of Letters' and was devoted to'Riding, Fencing and Musick...esteemed by Men of Taste, a Polite gentleman.'Anne Livingstone was considered an heiress, despite the loss of her family estates in 1715. The government Commission of Forfeited Estates found selling Jacobite property so complex and time-consuming that it was easier to come to an arrangement with the original owners. Many were purchased through an 18th-century vulture fund called the York Buildings Company, which did a deal with Anne, who became financially secure as a result, she married Kilmarnock against her family's wishes. He was Grand Master for the Masonic Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1742 to 1743, his successor being the Earl of Wemyss, whose son Lord Elcho served in the Jacobite army, he first met Prince Charles during the 1745 Rebellion at Callendar House on 14 September. The decision to join the Jacobite army surprised many. I was starving, and...if Mahommed had set up his standard...
I had been a good Mussulman for bread, for I must eat.'On 18 October, he received a commission in'Kilmarnock's Horse,' which seems to have been composed of individual volunteers. One of the few Lowland peers to join the Rising, he gained a prominent position with Charles because he was unconnected to the group of long-term Jacobite Scots centred around Lord George Murray. Before the invasion of England, there were deep divisions between Charles and his exile advisors on the one hand and the Scots on the other. O'Sullivan wrote'no man showed more respect for HRH...', making Kilmarnock one of the few Scots who could be counted on to support Charles against his fellows. When the main army entered England on 8 November, Viscount Strathallan remained in Perth, they were chiefly engaged in reconnaissance duties and were the last to leave Carlisle on 21 December, before re-entering Scotland. In early January, the Jacobites besieged Stirling Castle; the battle was fought near Callendar House, where Lady Anne was hosting Hawley, who used it as his headquarters.
Although the cavalry was not involved, Kilmarnock's local knowledge was employed afterwards in locating the retreating government forces. Falkirk was a Jacobite tactical victory but poor command and co-ordination deprived them of the last opportunity to decisively defeat their opponents. Many of the Highlanders who took part went home and when Cumberland resumed his advance on 30 January, Charles was told the army was in no state to fight. On 1 February 1746, the siege of Stirling was abandoned and the Jacobites withdrew to Inverness. Kilmarnock's troop helped covered the retreat; the next two months were spent in Elgin, as part of Drummond's force guarding the line of the River Spey. When the campaigning season began in April, their leaders agreed the only option was a decisive victory. James Boyd was in the government front line with the Royal Scots but Kilmarnock was with the Jacobite reserve
The Częstochowa massacre known as the Bloody Monday, was committed by the German Wehrmacht forces beginning on the 4th day of World War II in the Polish city of Częstochowa, between 4 and 6 September 1939. The shootings and plunder, continued for three days in more than a dozen separate locations around the city. 1,140 Polish civilians, were murdered. The city of Częstochowa was overrun by the German Army on 3 September 1939 without a fight, during the German invasion of Poland, as the Polish Army "Kraków" units of the 7th Infantry Division, stationing there, had withdrawn the previous day. Many able-bodied men left the city along with the Polish soldiers; the 42 Infantry Regiment "Bayreuth" of the Wehrmacht's 10th Army entered the city early in the afternoon. On that day, their guns were not loaded, as the Wehrmacht command was more concerned with the risk of "friendly fire" caused by inexperience and nervousness on the part of the troops, than of possible threat from the Polish rear guard.
Notably, the German wild shootings caused by fear, had broken out elsewhere leading to massacres of civilians as in Kajetanowice. Archived diaries of the German soldiers as well as the official army reports reveal that the remaining civilian population of the city acted peacefully and did not obstruct the German army in any way; the evening of 3 September passed without any incidents. Searches of houses and business premies turned up no concealed weapons; the Regimental headquarters, located 20 km south of the city, received a report on the evening of 4 September from the German units of the 42nd Regiment, alleging that they had been attacked by "Polish partisans" in two different incidents. The German soldiers claimed to have been shot at from one of the houses near. However, subsequent reports and testimonies of soldiers inform that none of the German witnesses were able to describe the supposed attackers. A search of houses that took place after the massacre failed to turn up any "suspicious persons".
According to German historian Jochen Böhler, the shootings were perpetrated by panicking and nervous German soldiers who used the imagined or invented "Polish partisans" as an excuse for their rash actions and the massacre that followed. According to a Polish eyewitness of the event, arrested and became part of a column of Polish captives under the German guard, Wehrmacht soldiers fired from a machine gun on the prisoners’ column which caused panic among those trying to escape death. Resulting from this, the guards escorting the column began shooting wildly at them. In the shooting about 200 Polish and Jewish individuals died; the second part of the massacre took place in a different part of the city, after the first wild shootings had stopped. According to the testimony of Helena Szpilman before the Jewish Historical Committee, German soldiers rounded up Polish and Jewish civilians from their homes and forced them to march to the Magnacki Square, in front of the town's cathedral. There they were all forced to lie face down on the ground and told that anyone who moved would be shot.
In all there were several thousand individuals including elderly and women. Lt. Col. Ube, in charge of the Wehrmacht units carrying out the massacre estimated that around 10,000 people had been collected in the square. Similar estimates of the number of people rounded up are given by survivors. After separating the men from the women, the men were searched and any found with a shaving razor or a pocket knife were shot on the spot; the remaining men were told to enter the church, but as they began moving to do so German soldiers opened fire on them from machine guns and hand-held weapons. According to the testimony of Henoch Diamant, wounded in the shooting, several hundred people were killed on the spot and about 400 were wounded as a result; the unfolding of the massacre in front of the cathedral was captured in narrative form by a German photographer, from the initial round up, to the Poles and Jews awaiting their fate, to photos of corpses strewn across the city's streets and the cathedral square.
This collection of photos was acquired by an American soldier from a captured German machine gunner near the end of the war. According to the official report written by Lt. Col. Ube: in course of the "punishment action for partisan activity" 3 women and 96 men had been killed. However, in the spring of 1940, the German mayor of Czestochowa, Richard Wendler, gave permission for the exhumation of the bodies by the town council; some 227 corpses were unearthed, including 194 men, 25 women, 8 children. The bodies were exhumed in several locations including at Krakowska Street, at Garncarska, by the city hall, at Piotrkowska Street. There were several smaller scale murders carried out at various points in the city, including of patients at a military hospital, run by the Red Cross. According to the Center for Documentation of Częstochowa History, at least 600 people were killed in the city overall on that day; some estimates of victims put the number at more than 1,000. One of the regiments that carried out the massacres in Częstochowa was two days involved in a similar incident in the Polish village of Kajetanowice, although on
Captain Owen John Frederick Scholte was a British flying ace of the First World War, credited with eight aerial victories before his death in an automobile accident. Scholte was born in St. John's Wood, the second son of Dutch-born Savile Row tailor Frederick Petrus Scholte, his wife Emma, he attended Mill Hill School, from 1909 to 1912. Scholte was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant in the infantry on 20 March 1915, served in the 3rd Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment, he was promoted to lieutenant on 1 June 1916, was transferred to the General List when seconded to the Royal Flying Corps and appointed a flying officer on 5 June. Scholte first served in No. 18 and No. 51 Squadrons, before transferring to No. 48 Squadron to fly the Bristol F.2 two-seater fighter. His first aerial victories came on 2 May 1917, when he and observer/gunner Air Mechanic 2nd Class F. W. Dame, accounted for two Albatros D. IIIs over Biache-Vitry, his next two victories were gained with observer/gunner Second Lieutenant Alexander Merchant, driving down an Albatros D.
III over Brebières on 29 June, destroying an Albatros D. V east of Cambrai on 6 July. On 13 July he and Lieutenant Alan Light drove down an Albatros D. V over Slype, on 5 September, with Second Lieutenant G. R. Horsfall, he drove down another D. V over Mariakerke. Scholte's award of the Military Cross was gazetted on 14 September 1917, his citation read: Temporary Second Lieutenant Owen John Frederick Scholte, General List and Royal Flying Corps. "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on many occasions whilst carrying out reconnaissances and whilst protecting machines returning from patrols. He has continually distinguished himself by discovering hostile aircraft whilst observing from high altitudes, attacking them with great determination and success at close range, his vigilance, combined with his fine offensive spirit, have many times proved invaluable in frustrating hostile reconnaissances and driving their machines down out of control."On 1 April 1918, the Army's Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service were merged to form the Royal Air Force.
Soon after Scholte transferred to No. 60 Squadron to fly the S. E.5a single-seat fighter. He was appointed a flight commander with the rank of acting-captain on 4 May 1918, soon after gained his final two victories, sending enemy reconnaissance aircraft down in flames on 15 and 19 May. On 30 July 1918 Scholte was a passenger in an automobile returning from a party in Dieppe, driven by his old Mill Hill schoolmate Major Cyril Crowe; the automobile collided with a tree in Abbeville, Scholte and another passenger Major Cyril E. Foggin were killed. Scholte is buried in Saint-Riquier British Cemetery, France, is commemorated in Hampstead Cemetery alongside his brother Frederick Lewellen Scholte
Chhinga Veng Football Club is an Indian professional association football club based in Aizawl, India. The club made its I-League 2nd Division debut in the 2018–19 season. Chhinga Veng FC was established in 1985. Chhinga Veng won the Independence Day tournament, the oldest football cup tournament in Mizoram in 2017, they followed it by winning MFA Super cup in the same year. Chhinga Veng won the Mizoram Premier League, the first division of Mizoram football in 2017, by beating national champion Aizawl F. C. to make it a treble. In the next season they started where they left off in the previous season, by winning Independence Day tournament and MFA Super cup 2018. Chhinga Veng finished runners–up in 2018–19 Mizoram Premier League by losing to I-League side Aizawl FC on penalties in the final. Chhinga Veng entered the national league in 2019 by competing in 2018–19 I-League 2nd Division. Rajiv Gandhi Stadium, Mizoram is used as the home ground of Chhinga Veng for I-League 2nd Division; as of 5 September 2019Note: Flags indicate national team.
Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. As of 11 January 2019. KeyDNQ = Did not qualified DNP = Did not play TBD = To be decided TBA = To be added As of 30 December 2018 updated on 13 September 2019 I-League 2nd DivisionRunners-up: 2018-19Mizoram Premier League Winners: 2017–18 Runners-up: 2018–19MFA Super Cup Winners: 2017, 2018Independence Day Cup Winners: 2017, 2018 Chhinga Veng F. C. profile in Soccerway