A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts. During the Age of Sail, brigs were seen as fast and maneuverable and were used as both naval warships and merchant vessels, they were popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Brigs fell out of use with the arrival of the steam ship because they required a large crew for their small size and were difficult to sail into the wind, their rigging differs from that of a brigantine which has a gaff-rigged mainsail, while a brig has a square mainsail with an additional gaff-rigged spanker behind the mainsail. In sailing, a full-rigged brig is a vessel with two square rigged masts; the main mast of a brig is the aft one. To improve maneuverability, the mainmast carries a small fore-and-aft sail. Brig sails are named after the masts to: the mainsail. Behind the main sail there is a small fore-and-aft sail called the boom mainsail. On the foremast is a similar sail, called the trysail. Attached to the respective yards of square-rigged ships are smaller spars, which can be extended, thus lengthening the yard, thus receiving an additional sailing wing on each side.
These are called studding sails, are used with fair and light wind only. The wings are named after the sails to which they are fastened, i.e. the main studding sails, main top studding sails, the main top gallant studding sails, etc. The brig's foremast is smaller than the main mast; the fore mast holds a fore sail, fore top sail, fore top gallant sail, fore royal. Between the fore mast and the bowsprit are the fore staysail and flying jib. All the yards are manipulated by a complicated arrangement of cordage named the running rigging; this is opposed to the standing rigging, fixed, keeps mast and other objects rigid. A brig is "generally built on a larger scale than a schooner, may approach the magnitude of a full-sized, three-masted ship." Brigs vary in length between 75 and 165 ft with tonnages up to 480. A notable exception being the famous designer Colin Mudie's'Little Brigs', which are only 10m long and weigh only 8 tonnes. Most brigs were made of wood, although some brigs were built with hulls and masts of steel or iron.
A brig made of pine in the 19th century was designed to last for about twenty years. The word "brig" has been used in the past as an abbreviation of brigantine; the brig developed as a variant of the brigantine. Re-rigging a brigantine with two square-rigged masts instead of one gave it greater sailing power; the square-rigged brig's advantage over the fore-and-aft rigged brigantine was "that the sails, being smaller and more numerous, are more managed, require fewer men or'hands' to work them." The variant was so popular that the term "brig" came to signify a ship with this type of rigging. By the 17th century the British Royal Navy defined "brig" as having two square rigged masts. Brigs were used as small warships carrying about 10 to 18 guns. Due to their speed and maneuverability they were popular among pirates. While their use stretches back before the 17th century, one of the most famous periods for the brig was during the 19th century when they were involved in famous naval battles such as the Battle of Lake Erie.
In the early 19th century the brig was a standard cargo ship. It required a large crew to handle its rigging. While brigs could not sail into the wind as as fore-and-aft–rigged vessels such as schooners, a trait, common to all square-rigged ships, a skilled brig captain could "manoeuvre it with ease and elegance. A brig's square-rig had the advantage over a fore-and-aft–rigged vessel when travelling offshore, in the trade winds, where vessels sailed down wind for extended distances and where "the danger of a sudden jibe was the large schooner-captain's nightmare"; this trait led to the evolution of the barquentine. The need for large crews in relation to their small size led to the decline of the production of brigs, they were replaced in commercial traffic by gaffsail schooners and steam boats. HMS Pilot, a Cruizer-class brig-sloop launched in 1807. While commanded by John Toup Nicholas off southern Italy in 1810-1812, Pilot participated in the capture or destruction of over 130 enemy vessels.
In 1815 she fought the last naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars, fighting to a draw the French frigate Légère. USS Argus used during the First Barbary War and the War of 1812. Archer, a vessel of the Second Texas Navy. USS Oneida used during the War of 1812. James Fenimore Cooper was a midshipman aboard the Oneida while under construction; the cargo-hauling brig Farmer owned by George Washington. The cargo-hauling brig Fleetwing. Leonora of Captain Bully Hayes. Mercury An 1819 Russian navy 18 gun brig painted twice by Ivan Aivazovsky. On May 14, 1829 Mercury engaged in an uneven battle against 2 Turkish ships of the line and Real-Bei and emerged victorious from that battle, damaging both Turkish sufficiently to be not able to chase Mercury and disengaging the battle. USS Niagara captaine
Stockpoint was a provider since 1995 of online financial information through its websites InvestorsEdge.com and Stockpoint.com. The company supplied SaaS capabilities which powered market data features for over 200 other websites such as Barclays Global Investors, Piper Jaffray, Quick & Reilly, the San Francisco Chronicle and Wired News. Stockpoint was acquired, is now part of Dow Jones Client Solutions, a division of News Corporation, Interactive Data Corporation. Stockpoint had two core parts of its business: a B2C website; the company's website was first launched as InvestorsEdge.com in 1995, changed its name to Stockpoint.com in 1997. The site offered free lookup of stock quotes, charts of historical performance, mutual fund comparisons, financial news, more. Competitors in Stockpoint's early years included MSN Investor. A SaaS offering for companies wanting to integrate financial information and data into their own websites. For example, the San Francisco Chronicle and Wired News websites both used Stockpoint's solutions to provide financial data features on their sites.
In addition, some companies used Stockpoint solutions to add financial features to corporate Intranets, for example tracking the performance of mutual funds in a company's 401 plan. As online trading accelerated in the mid to late 1990s, Stockpoint became a leading SaaS supplier of market data tools to banks and brokerage firms oriented toward their retail investor websites. In 1997, Stockpoint developed technology which lowered the cost and complexity of customizing a SaaS solution for individual corporate clients; this led to increasing profitability for the SaaS part of the business. Meanwhile, increased competition put pressure on margins of the B2C website. Custom SaaS solutions became the focus of the company, with the B2C website serving as a proving ground for new SaaS features. After the company was acquired by competitor MarketWatch in 2003, the stockpoint.com website was retired, the SaaS solutions continued. The company’s lineage can be traced to Ethos Corporation, a California company, known as InvestorsEdge, Neural Applications Corporation, a Delaware corporation based in Coralville, Iowa.
Ethos was founded in 1994 by Patrick Connolly, Sean John Connolly, Chris Dominguez, Michael Bloom. Neural was formed in 1993 by Harry O. Hefter, Robert Staib, William Staib to coincide with an investment from Equity Dynamics, a private equity firm. Early employees that formed Stockpoint and its product offering included Matthew Barry, Luan Cox, Laura Watts, Justin Grant, Susan Hense, Rob Lamb, Jeff Broderick, Joe Altmaier, Naftaly Stramer, Josh Hatwich, Paul Juffer, Santosh Ananthraman, Bob Squires. After a short stay in Mill Valley, CA Ethos relocated to the Financial District, San Francisco, California in an office directly above a popular bar, the Royal Exchange; the company hosted a raucous annual party at its San Francisco offices in honor of Saint Patrick's Day. Ethos in its first years fit the image of a stereotypical startup; the sole conference room doubled as an engineer's office, business meetings were interrupted by a frantic developer running in to fix an urgent bug. Early employees chairs.
Rock music and beer were common in the office and ties were not. Like many small startups, Ethos benefitted from partnerships with larger companies, such as Hewlett Packard. and Microsoft, looking to gain credibility via association with popular websites. Partners in turn provided publicity and discounts which helped Ethos to survive on a small budget in its earliest days. For its part, Neural had an entrepreneurial culture, but given its heritage in providing industrial data-mining solutions, substantial venture funding from the Midwest, its primary location in Iowa, the company had a more formal office environment. In 1995, Neural began building a Java-based financial services application, launched in April 1996 as NetProphet; the Neural and Ethos teams became acquainted in late 1996 and reached a common vision for combining Ethos’ marketing strengths, presence in the Bay Area, InvestorsEdge.com website with Neural’s engineering expertise, data-mining capabilities, more established corporate infrastructure.
Neural purchased Ethos as a pooling of interests transaction on May 5, 1997. “StockPoint” was first announced on October 1, 1997 as a product that combined Ethos’ InvestorsEdge website with Neural’s NetProphet Java-based charting and trading software. On October 20, 1997, Neural announced that its entire financial services business unit had been renamed to “Stockpoint”. Starting in 1998, Stockpoint realized significant growth. Under Luan Cox's sales leadership, revenues grew from $462,000 per quarter in mid 1998 to $6.8 million per quarter by the end of 2001. In September, 1999, Neural changed its name to Stockpoint to reflect its focus on its financial services offerings. During the 1998 to 2001 “hypergrowth” phase, Stockpoint expanded its staffing while it worked to establish mature business processes. Stockpoint filed on March 2000 for its initial public offering. At that time, Stockpoint had 134 employees based in Coralville, San Francisco, New York, London. During this growth period, there was substantial personnel change and some founders of both Ethos and Neural left for other opportunities or for personal reasons.
In its final Form S-1 SEC filing in September 2000, Stockpoint listed its directors and executive officers as: William Staib, CE
Agenda is a literary journal published in London and founded by William Cookson. Agenda Editions is an imprint of the journal operating as a small press. Agenda was started in 1959. Pound had suggested that Cookson edit pages in an existing publication, but when these plans did not come to fruition, the bookseller and poet Peter Russell suggested that Cookson found his own magazine. Agenda was edited with Peter Dale and Patricia McCarthy, who continues to edit the journal following Cookson's death in 2003; the editorial preoccupations of Agenda reflected Cookson's own passions. The journal continued to champion Pound long after the poet's death. A "Special Issue in Honour of Ezra Pound's Eighty-Fifth Birthday" was a significant early issue of the journal in 1970, a special issue on "Dante, Ezra Pound and Contemporary Poetry" was published as late as 1996. Cookson used Agenda to promote the reputation of David Jones, devoting two major special issues to him in addition to articles in several other issues.
Agenda Editions published several major Jones volumes. These included The Kensington Mass and The Roman Quarry, a full-length volume of until unpublished material. Agenda Editions published volumes of Jones's letters in 1979 and 1996. Agenda is notable for its focus upon the art of translation. Recent issues include "Translation as Metamorphosis" in 2005. Poets and reviewers included were: Michael Alexander W. H. Auden Jonathan Barker John Bayley William Bedford Anne Beresford Heather Buck Basil Bunting Stanley Burnshaw John Cayley Humphrey Clucas William Cookson Arthur Cooper Peter Dale Donald Davie Peter Dent Ronald Duncan T. S. Eliot Thom Gunn Donald Hall Michael Hamburger Ian Hamilton Seamus Heaney David Heidenstam A. L. Hendriks Geoffrey Hill Peter Jay Roland John David Jones Peter Levi Saunders Lewis Eddie Linden Edward Lowbury Robert Lowell Patricia McCarthy Hugh MacDiarmid Seán Mac Falls Jean MacVean Eve Machin Sylvia Mann Virginia Maskell Alan Massey Ruth Mead Matthew Mead Moelwyn Merchant W. S. Milne Marianne Moore George Oppen Alan Neame Pénélope Palmer Rachel Pelham Burn Stuart Piggott Ezra Pound Kathleen Raine Norman ReaTheodore Roethke David Rokeah Peter Russell N. K. Sandars Tom Scott C. H. Sisson W. D. Snodgrass Henry Swabey R. S. Thomas Charles Tomlinson Peter Whigham Julie Whitby William Carlos Williams Caroline Wright Louis Zukofsky Agenda Official Site