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Broadacre City

Broadacre City was an urban or suburban development concept proposed by Frank Lloyd Wright throughout most of his lifetime. He presented the idea in his book The Disappearing City in 1932. A few years he unveiled a detailed twelve by twelve foot scale model representing a hypothetical four square mile community; the model was crafted by the student interns who worked for him at Taliesin, financed by Edgar Kaufmann. It was displayed at an Industrial Arts Exposition in the Forum at the Rockefeller Center starting on April 15, 1935. After the New York exposition, Kaufmann arranged to have the model displayed in Pittsburgh at an exposition titled "New Homes for Old", sponsored by the Federal Housing Administration; the exposition opened on June 18 on the 11th floor of Kaufmann's store. Wright went on to refine the concept in books and in articles until his death in 1959. Many of the building models in the concept were new designs by Wright, while others were refinements of older ones, some of, seen.

Broadacre City was the antithesis of a city and the apotheosis of the newly born suburbia, shaped through Wright's particular vision. It was both a planning statement and a socio-political scheme, inspired by Henry George, by which each U. S. family would be given a one acre plot of land from the federal lands reserves, a Wright-conceived community would be built anew from this. In a sense it was the exact opposite of transit-oriented development. There is a train station and a few office and apartment buildings in Broadacre City, but the apartment dwellers are expected to be a small minority. All important transport is done by automobile and the pedestrian can exist safely only within the confines of the one acre plots where most of the population dwells. In his book Urban Planning Theory since 1945, Nigel Taylor considers the planning methodology of this type of city to be Blueprint planning, which came under heavy criticism in the late 1950s by many critics such as Jane Jacobs, in her book The Death and Life of Great American Cities.

Some of the earlier garden city ideas of the landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted and the urban planner Ebenezer Howard had much in common with Broadacre City, save for the absence of the automobile, born much later. More the development of the edge city is like an unplanned, incomplete version of Broadacre city; the R. W. Lindholm Service Station in Cloquet, shows some of Wright's ideas for Broadacre City. List of planned cities Krohe, James Jr. Return to Broadacre City. Illinois Issues April 2000, 27. In digital form on the Web. Pimlott, Mark. "Frank Lloyd Wright & Broadacre City". In M. Pimlott's Without and within: Essays on territory and the interior, Episode Publishers, 2007 Wright, Frank Lloyd; the Disappearing City. New York: W. F. Payson. ASIN B0000EF481. Wright, Frank Lloyd; when Democracy Builds. University of Chicago press. ASIN B0007DS1NS. Wright, Frank Lloyd; the Living City. Horizon Press. ISBN 9780818000058. Illustrations Photograph of Broadacre City model Plan of Broadacre City model

2017 UCI Track Cycling World Championships

The 2017 UCI Track Cycling World Championships were the World Championships for track cycling in 2017. They took place in Hong Kong in the Hong Kong Velodrome from 12 to 16 April 2017; the last time the championships took place in Asia was at the 1990 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in Japan at the Green Dome Maebashi. Turkmenistan showed their interest in hosting the championships at the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Council of Asia General Assembly in September 2015; the Central Asian country's President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov expressed his intention in which he reiterated his aim to use sport to raise the profile of the nation. Berdimuhamedov described the proposal as "fully in accord" with the plans of the nation, adding that the country has "all the necessary conditions". Igor Makarov, the Ashgabat-born president of the Russian Cycling Federation, outlined the attractions of the Ashgabat Sports Complex Velodrome; the velodrome is among the largest velodromes in the world with room for 6000 spectators.

He appealed directly to the president to consider bidding for the event. The championships would represent the largest-profile sporting event held in Turkmenistan. UCI president Brian Cookson announced that Hong Kong would host the championships at the 2016 UCI Track Cycling World Championships, he praised Hong Kong for their organisation of the final round of 2015-2016 UCI Track Cycling World Cup, which took place at the end of January 2016. The schedule of events was as follows: A = Afternoon session, E = Evening sessionQ = qualifiers, R1 = first round, R2 = second round, R = repechages 1/16 = sixteenth finals, 1/8 = eighth finals, QF = quarterfinals, SF = semifinalsSR = Scratch Race, TR = Tempo Race, ER = Elimination Race, PR = Points Race Riders named in italics did not participate in the medal finals. O Contested in the Olympics as an intra-omnium discipline only. N Not contested in the Olympics. Official website

Robert Browne (Elizabethan actor)

Robert Browne was an English actor of the Elizabethan era, the owner and manager of the Boar's Head Theatre. He was part of an enduring confusion in the study of English Renaissance theatre; the relevant documents of English Renaissance drama contain numerous references to "Robert Browne." Early twentieth-century scholars, like E. K. Chambers and Edwin Nunzeger, assumed. Scholars, principally Charles Jasper Sissons and Herbert Berry, argued persuasively that two separate individuals had been confused and conflated into one. Or two at least: "There were at least two and could have been three or more Robert Brownes who had to do with the companies and playhouses of the time."To distinguish between two Robert Brownes, the earliest years of the seventeenth century are key. One Robert Browne was busy running the Boar's Head Theatre in 1601 through 1603; the Boar's Head Browne died in 1603, so can reasonably be termed an Elizabethan actor. The career of the "other" Robert Browne extended through the first two decades of the seventeenth century.

The Robert Browne, the subject of this article was the man who ran the Boar's Head Theatre, and, married to Susan Browne and the father of their five children, including the actor William Browne. Browne of the Boar's Head was in all likelihood the Browne, a leader among the acting troupe Derby's Men, who received payments for Court performances by Derby's Men in 1600 and 1601. A Robert Browne wrote to Edward Alleyn in 1589; the Robert Browne wrote to Alleyn in 1612, showing that the Alleyns knew both men. Concerning Edward Alleyn and the two Brownes, one scholar has written, "From the scanty record it would appear that the first was of particular interest to Alleyn but not on good terms, while the second appears, from occasional notes to Alleyn, to have been confident and respectful."It is not impossible that there was a family relationship between the two Brownes, since familial connections were common among actors and theatre people in the era: consider John and Lawrence Dutton in Queen Elizabeth's Men and Humphrey Jeffes in the Admiral's Men a generation plus Robert Pallant father and son, other such pairs.

To compound the confusion, both Robert Brownes had sons named Robert Browne. The Biographical Index of English Drama Before 1660, on the Brownes