Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer and educator, whose creative period spanned more than 70 years, designing more than 1,000 structures, of which 532 were completed. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture; this philosophy was best exemplified by Fallingwater, called "the best all-time work of American architecture." As a founder of organic architecture, Wright played a key role in the architectural movements of the twentieth century, influencing three generations of architects worldwide through his works. Wright was the pioneer of what came to be called the Prairie School movement of architecture, he developed the concept of the Usonian home in Broadacre City, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. In addition to his houses, Wright designed original and innovative offices, schools, hotels and other structures, he designed interior elements for these buildings, as well, including furniture and stained glass.
Wright was a popular lecturer in the United States and Europe. Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time." In 2019, a selection of his work became a listed World Heritage Site as The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. Raised in rural Wisconsin, Wright studied civil engineering at the University of Wisconsin and apprenticed in Chicago with noted architects Joseph Lyman Silsbee and Louis Sullivan, he opened his own successful Chicago practice in 1893, developed an influential home and studio in Oak Park, Illinois in 1898. His colorful personal life made headlines: leaving his first wife, Catherine Lee "Kitty" Tobin, their children for Mamah Borthwick Cheney, the murders by an employee at his Taliesin estate in 1914, his tempestuous marriage with second wife Miriam Noel, his relationship with Olga Lazovich Hinzenburg, who became his third wife in 1928. Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the farming town of Wisconsin.
Family records show that he was christened as "Frank Lincoln Wright" when born on June 8, 1867. Writer Ada Louise Huxtable wrote that the family name "Lloyd" was used shortly thereafter, but biographer Meryle Secrest claims that Wright himself adopted "Lloyd" at 18, after his parents' divorce in 1884. Wright's father, William Cary Wright, was an orator, music teacher, occasional lawyer, itinerant minister, he was a published composer. Wright's mother, Anna Lloyd Jones, met William Cary Wright while working as a county school teacher when William was the superintendent of schools for Richland County. From Massachusetts, William Wright had been a Baptist minister, but he joined his wife's family in the Unitarian faith. Anna was a member of the well-known Lloyd Jones clan who had emigrated from Wales to Spring Green, Wisconsin. One of Anna's brothers was Jenkin Lloyd Jones, an important figure in the spread of the Unitarian faith in the Midwest. Both of Wright's parents were strong-willed individuals with artistic interests that they passed on to him.
According to Wright's autobiography, his mother declared when she was expecting that her first child would grow up to build beautiful buildings. She decorated his nursery with engravings of English cathedrals torn from a periodical to encourage the infant's ambition. In 1870, the family moved to Weymouth, where William ministered to a small congregation. In 1876, Anna visited the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, where she saw an exhibit of educational blocks created by Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel; the blocks, known as Froebel Gifts, were the foundation of his innovative kindergarten curriculum. Anna, a trained teacher, was excited by the program and bought a set with which young Wright spent much time playing; the blocks in the set were geometrically shaped and could be assembled in various combinations to form three-dimensional compositions. In his autobiography, Wright described the influence of these exercises on his approach to design: "For several years, I sat at the little kindergarten table-top… and played… with the cube, the sphere and the triangle—these smooth wooden maple blocks… All are in my fingers to this day… " Many of Wright's buildings are notable for their geometrical clarity.
The Wright family struggled financially in Weymouth and returned to Spring Green, where the supportive Lloyd Jones family could help William find employment. They settled in Madison, where William taught music lessons and served as the secretary to the newly formed Unitarian society. Although William was a distant parent, he shared his love of music the works of Johann Sebastian Bach, with his children. Soon after Wright turned 14, his parents separated. In 1884 William sued for a divorce from Anna on the grounds of "… emotional cruelty and physical violence and spousal abandonment." William left Wisconsin after the divorce was granted in 1885. Wright claimed. Wright attended Madison High School. In 1886, he was admitted to the University of Wisconsin–Madison as a special student. While there, Wright joined Phi Delta Theta fraternity, took classes part-time for two semesters, worked with Allan D. Conover, a professor of civil engineering. Wright left the school without taking a degree, although he was granted an honorary doctorate of fine arts from the university in 1955.
Gilbert de Ghent, 1st Earl of Lincoln was an English nobleman who fought for King Stephen during The Anarchy. He was the son of Baron of Scotland under King David, and Maud of Brittany, a daughter of Stephen, Count of Tréguier. Gilbert was thus 1st Earl of Richmond, one of King Stephen's commanders. Another uncle, Robert de Gant, was Lord Chancellor for King Stephen. While still young, Gilbert fought on the side of King Stephen at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, where he was captured along with the king, he was compelled to marry Rohese de Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare and Adeliza de Meschines, a niece of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester. In 1149 or 1150 the king created him Earl of Lincoln as a rival to William de Roumare, who had gone over to the side of Empress Matilda. Evidence suggests that in the period 1149-1151, Stephen lost control of Yorkshire and that the only magnates in Yorkshire who supported him at the time were Gilbert de Gant and his brother Robert, he and Rohese had only one child, a daughter, Alice de Gant, who married Simon III de Senlis, son of Simon II de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton.
The Vietnam women's national football team is a female football team representing Vietnam and controlled by Vietnam Football Federation. The team is ranked 32nd in the world, 6th in Asia and 2nd in Southeast Asia below Australia by FIFA; the Vietnam women's national football team has become the most powerful team in Southeast Asia since 2000. They have finished eight times in the group stages of the AFC Women's Asian Cup 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2014 and 2018, have won the AFF Women's Championship in 2006, 2012 and 2019, they have won six gold medals in the SEA Games 2001, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2017, 2019. Their best result is the fourth place at the 2014 Asian Games. In 2005, the country was one of seven teams that included Brunei, Indonesia, East Timor, Cambodia, Vietnam and Singapore, that were expected to field a women's football team to compete at the Asian Games in Marikina, Philippines in December. In the 2001 SEA Games held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vietnam women's team defeated the defending champion Thailand 4–0 in final match.
Its first title in the regional tournament. In the 2003 SEA Games held in Vietnam. Vietnam women's team defeated Myanmar 2–1 in final match, its second title in the regional tournament. In the 2005 SEA Games held in Philippines. Vietnam women's team defeated Myanmar 1–0 in final match, its third title in the regional tournament. In the 2006 AFF Women's Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Vietnam women's team became the first champion of this tournament, its first title in this tournament and the fourth title in the regional tournament. In the 2009 SEA Games held in Laos. Vietnam women's team won 3 -- 0 on penalty in final match, its fifth title in the regional tournament. Vietnam women's football team clinched the 2012 AFF Women's Championship after beating Myanmar 4–3 on penalties in the final at Ho Chi Minh City –based Thong Nhat Stadium. After a 0–0 tie after 120 minutes, goal keeper Đặng Thị Kiều Trinh saved the fifth deciding kick by Khin Marlar Tun in to the penalty kick shootout to help Vietnam win the second AFF title.
It is their second title win in this tournament and the sixth title in the regional tournament. In the 2017 SEA Games held in Malaysia. Vietnam women's team drew 1–1 with Thailand, won 3–1 against Myanmar, won 3–0 against the Philippines and won 6–0 against Malaysia in a round-robin format, which subsequently became the team seventh title in the regional tournament. In the 2019 AFF Women's Championship, Vietnam women's football team clinched their third AFF titles after beating host Thailand 1–0 in the final at Chonburi–based IPE Chonburi Stadium 1. After a 0–0 tie, brought until final injury times, striker Huỳnh Như scored the winning goal at the 93th minute. Earlier through their journey to the final, Vietnam went smoothly by beating Cambodia 10–0, Indonesia 7–0, Myanmar 4–0 and the Philippines 2–1 in the semi-finals, it is their third title win in this tournament and the eighth title in the regional tournament. In the 2019 SEA Games held in Biñan, Philippines. Vietnam women's team drew 1–1 with Thailand, won 6–0 against Indonesia, won 2–0 against the host Philippines in the semi-finals and won 1–0 against Thailand in the final, which subsequently became the team ninth title in the regional tournament.
Primary sponsors includes: Yanmar Grand Sport Suzuki Vietnam Sony Vietnam Z.com VPMilk Acecook Coca-ColaLocal sponsor includes: The following players were selected to compete in the 2019 Southeast Asian Games. Match dates: 26 November – 9 December 2019 The following players have been called up to the Vietnam squad since 2018. Notes:INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury RET Retired from the national team WD Player withdrew from the squad for non-injury related reasons Win Draw Lose 2018 AFC Women's Asian Cup qualification 2017 Southeast Asian Games 2018 AFC Women's Asian Cup 2018 AFF Women's Championship 2018 Asian Games FIFA Olympic Qualifying 2020 – AFC 2nd Round 2019 AFF Women's Championship 2019 Southeast Asian Games FIFA Olympic Qualifying 2020 – AFC 3rd Round FIFA Olympic Qualifying 2020 – AFC Play-off AFF Women's Championship Winners: 2006, 2012, 2019 Runners-up: 2004, 2008, 2016 Third place: 2004, 2007, 2011, 2013, 2018 Fourth place: 2015 Appearances: 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019SEA Games Gold Medal: 2001, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2017, 2019 Silver Medal: 2007, 2013 Bronze Medal: 1997 Appearances: 1997, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2019 Women's association football around the world Football in Vietnam Vietnam Football Federation Vietnam women's national under-19 football team Vietnam women's national under-16 football team Vietnam women's national futsal team VFF official website FIFA profile