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Brooklyn College

Brooklyn College is a public college in Brooklyn, New York City, with about 14,700 undergraduate students and 3,100 graduate students on a 35-acre campus. It is part of the City University of New York. Brooklyn College was founded in 1930, as a result of the merger of the Brooklyn branches of Hunter College – at that time a women's college – and the City College of New York – a men's college – both of, established in 1926, it became the first public coeducational liberal arts college in New York City. Brooklyn College's alumni include US Senators, US federal judges, US Securities and Exchange Commission Chairmen, company CEOs, winners of Academy Awards, Emmy Awards, Pulitzer Prizes. Brooklyn College was founded in 1930; that year as directed by the New York City Board of Higher Education on April 22, 1930, the college authorized the combination of the Downtown Brooklyn branches of Hunter College – at that time a women's college – and the City College of New York – a men's college – both of, established in 1926.

With the merger of these branches, Brooklyn College became the first public coeducational liberal arts college in New York City. The tuition-free college opened in September 1930. However, while the college diverged from the practices of both Hunter College and City College by admitting both men and women separate classes were maintained until junior year. In 1932, the architect Randolph Evans drafted a plan for the college's campus on a substantial plot of land his employer owned in the Midwood section of Brooklyn, he sketched out a Georgian-style campus facing a central quadrangle, anchored by a library building with a tall tower. Evans presented the sketches to the President of the college at Dr. William A. Boylan. Boylan was pleased with the plans, the lot of land was purchased for $1.6 million, with $5 million allotted to the buildings' construction. Construction of the new campus began in 1935, with a groundbreaking ceremony attended by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and Brooklyn Borough President Raymond Ingersoll.

In 1936, the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt went to Brooklyn College to lay the cornerstone of the Brooklyn College Gymnasium. President Boylan, Borough President Ingersoll, President Roosevelt all had buildings on Brooklyn College's campus named after them. Students were required to pass a stringent entrance exam for admission. Harry Gideonse was the second President of Brooklyn College, from 1939 to 1966. During his tenure Brooklyn College was one of the top colleges in the US in terms of the number of alumni receiving doctorate degrees; as academics fled Nazi Germany, Brooklyn College at some point employed nearly one third of all women refugee historians at some point in their career. In 1956, the college became the first "white" institution to hire an African-American historian on a permanent basis. In 1959, the college had 8,000 undergraduates, did not charge any tuition. In 1962, Brooklyn College joined six other colleges to form the City University of New York, creating the second-largest university in the world.

In 1983, Brooklyn College named its library the Harry D. Gideonse Library. Francis Kilcoyne was the fourth President of Brooklyn College, from 1966–67. Harold Syrett, the fourth President of Brooklyn College from 1967–69, resigned due to ill health. John Kneller was the fifth President of Brooklyn College, from 1969 to 1979. Students occupied his office at the college during a student strike after the Kent State shootings and the Cambodian Campaign in 1970, he kept campus buildings open for students and faculty. A member of the Brooklyn College Fencing Team introduced streaking to the college in 1974, dashing across the Quad; the campus located in Midwood became the only Brooklyn College campus after the school's Downtown Brooklyn campus was shut down during the 1975 budget emergency. In 1975, 30,000 undergraduates were enrolled at the college, in 1976 the college began charging tuition for the first time. Robert Hess was the sixth President of Brooklyn College, from 1979 until 1992. In a 1988 survey of thousands of academic deans, the college ranked 5th in the United States in providing students with a strong general education.

Brooklyn College was the only college in the top five in the survey, a public institution. As of 1989, it ranked 11th in the US in the number of graduates who had acquired doctoral degrees, ahead of six Ivy League universities. While Brooklyn College was referred to as “the poor man’s Harvard,” Hess quipped: “I like to think of Harvard as the rich man’s Brooklyn College.”Vernon Lattin was the seventh president of Brooklyn College, from 1992 to 2000. Brooklyn College's campus leafy East Quad looks much like it did when it was constructed; the campus serves as home to BCBC/ Brooklyn College Presents complex and its four theaters, including the George Gershwin. The demolition of Gershwin Hall, replaced by The Leonard & Claire Tow Center for the Performing Arts for which ground was broken in 2011, is the most recent construction on an evolving campus. Alumni Leonard and Claire Tow gifted $10 million to the college. Other changes to the original design include the demolition of Plaza Building, due to its inefficient use of space, poor ventilation, significant maintenance costs.

To replace the Plaza Building, the college constructed West Quad Center, designed by the notable Uruguayan architect Rafael Viñoly. The new building contains classroom space, gymnasiums and a swimming pool, it houses the offices of Registration, Financial Aid, the Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science. The grounds contain a quadrangle with grassy areas and

Mick Beddoes

Mick Malcolm Millis Beddoes known as Mick Beddoes, is a Fijian politician and businessman from Nadi, who led the United Peoples Party from 2000 to 2013, was the Leader of the Opposition at the time of the military coup of 5 December 2006. He was the Chief Executive of the World Netball Company, was Chairman of the organising committee for the 2007 World Netball Championships, but announced his resignation on 24 January 2006, citing a possible conflict of interest, as his company would be working as a ground operator during the championships. Beddoes won the West Central General Electors Communal constituency, one of three reserved for ethnic minorities, for the United General Party in the 2001 parliamentary election. Despite being the sole parliamentary representative of his party, he served as Leader of the Opposition from 2002 to 2004, because Mahendra Chaudhry, leader of the Fiji Labour Party refused the position, demanding inclusion in the Cabinet instead. Beddoes relinquished the role of Opposition Leader late in 2004, when Chaudhry gave up his quest for a Cabinet role and agreed to assume the leadership of the Opposition.

Beddoes's first stint as Opposition Leader gave his tiny party a national platform. In mid-2003, Beddoes responded to rising interest among indigenous and Indo- Fijians by announcing that membership of his party, confined to minority groups like Europeans and Banaban Islanders, would now be open to all races, that the party would contest all 71 seats in the House of Representatives in the next parliamentary election, scheduled for 2006. Beddoes criticised the ethnic faultlines, he called for changes to the electoral system, under which two-thirds of the House of Representatives are elected from communal constituencies, whose electors are registered members of a particular ethnic group. Beddoes retained his constituency, with a reduced majority, in the parliamentary election held on 6–13 May 2006, was appointed Leader of the Opposition for the second time on 3 June, his second appointment came after weeks of disputes with his erstwhile ally, Mahendra Chaudhry, who had insisted that the position should be his, despite the decision of the Labour Party to enter a grand coalition with the Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua Party.

After obtaining legal advice, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo appointed Beddoes. As of 19 September, Beddoes was still performing his duties only on a part-time basis, Fiji Television reported. To assume the position full-time, he would be constitutionally required to divest himself of his private business interests. Throughout much of 2005, Beddoes was at the forefront of a public campaign against the government's controversial Reconciliation and Unity Bill, which provided for the establishment of a Commission empowered to compensate victims and pardon perpetrators of the coup d'état which deposed the People's Coalition government in May 2000. Beddoes travelled throughout Fiji, speaking against the bill, which was, he claimed, nothing other than a legal mechanism for releasing from prison persons convicted of involvement in the coup, who were supporters of or in some way linked to the present government; the bill was temporarily shelved during its aftermath. An amended version was pending. Long considered an ally of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces in their long-running dispute with the Qarase government, Beddoes began criticising the Military towards the end of 2006, as tensions escalated to unprecedented levels.

On 20 October, Fiji Television quoted him as calling for an end to the Military's attempts to intimidate the government. On the other hand, he called on the government on 28 November to placate the Military by dropping investigations into insubordination on the part of the Commander, Commodore Frank Bainimarama. "All it is doing is putting a red rag in front of a bull and the bull has 4,000 guns," he told Australia's ABC Radio. On 1 December, as it became apparent that a coup was imminent, he branded the Military a bunch of bullies, issued a strong warning to persons who might be considering accepting office in an interim government, saying that they would be taken to task when the storm had passed. On 4 December, Beddoes called on Fijians to rally in support of the rule of law. Beddoes condemned the coup of 5 December, spoke out against what he saw as violations of constitutional and human rights. Beddoes welcomed the decision of the Military to restore Ratu Josefa Iloilo to the Presidency on 4 January 2007, but condemned the appointment of Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister on 5 January and criticised the President's endorsement of the coup, the Fiji Times reported.

He expressed disappointment when his deputy, Bernadette Rounds-Ganilau, accepted office in Bainimarama's interim government, asked her to resign from the UPP. He was disappointed, he said, that Ganilau's decision came less than twenty-four hours after he had been visited by soldiers conveying a message from Land Force Commander Pita Driti threatening him to stop speaking against the Military. On 10 January, he accused the Fiji Labour Party, some of whose leading figures, were included in the interim government, of having been privy to the coup plot. On 27 August 2005, Beddoes spoke out against calls by some for the closure of loopholes in the Penal Code which had a

Don't Give It Up (Lemar song)

"Don't Give It Up" was the third single and final single taken from British R&B singer Lemar's second album Time to Grow. "Don't Give It Up" concerns the preservation of virginity and how young people should not give in to peer pressure regarding sexuality. The song was inspired by a young lady Lemar bumped into outside a school near Tottenham, his father's home, she had been skipping school to see her older boyfriend. Lemar and the young lady spoke about the situation regarding sexuality, he explained to her that if he loved and cared for her, he would wait and be patient and she should not feel the need to rush into anything that she did not want to get herself into. Despite the song being remixed for single release, "Don't Give It Up" became Lemar's first single to miss the top 20 of the UK singles chart since the release of his debut "Got Me Saying Ooh" in 2001; the song only spent four weeks within the UK top 75. CD: 1"Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" CD: 2"Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" "Got Me Saying Ooh" "Don't Give It Up" 12" VinylSide A "Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" Side B "Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" "Don't Give It Up" Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Hasanuddin University

Hasanuddin University is one of the largest autonomous universities in Indonesia. It is located in the capital of South Sulawesi province; the university was established in 1956, named after Sultan Hasanuddin, a former King of the Gowa Kingdom. Its history began as a part of the faculty of economics of University of Indonesia, which during the early years of its establishment had faculties scattered across the archipelago; these faculties developed into full-fledged universities of their own, such as Bandung Institute of Technology, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Airlangga University. Hasanuddin University was launched by the first vice President of Indonesia, Mohammad Hatta. Over the following 60 years it developed a range of faculties and degree programs. In 2016, it rose in the list of the top 12 universities to 8th place; the Minister for Research and Higher Education compiles this list based on teaching, facilities, student achievements and accreditation standards. In 2017, Hasanuddin University became one of several Autonomous Universities, freed from the need to seek Ministry approval for basic operations and budgetary matters.

It remains as a public university until now. The university has 14 faculties for the undergraduate program: Faculty of Business and Economics Faculty of Law Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Engineering Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Faculty of Cultural Sciences Faculty of Agriculture Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Faculty of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Public Health Faculty of Marine Science and Fishery Faculty of Forestry Faculty of Pharmacy Master's degree Agriculture Systems Regional Planning and Development Environmental Processing Resource Economy Linguistics English Language Studies Planning and Development Economy Development Administration Law Science Agribusiness Chemistry Indonesian Urban Management Communication Science Biomedics Sociology Management and Finance Public Health Anthropology Gender and Development Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Pharmacy Electrical Engineering Infrastructure Planning Engineering Transportation Engineering Geology Naval Engineering Architecture Fishery Accountancy Mathematics Jusuf Kalla, Vice President of Indonesia Amran Sulaiman, Minister of Agriculture of Indonesia Longki Djanggola, Governor of Central Sulawesi Syahrul Yasin Limpo, Governor of South Sulawesi Agus Arifin Nu'mang, Vice Governor of South Sulawesi Mohammad Ramdhan Pomanto, Mayor of Makassar Hamdan Zoelva, Former Chief Justice of Constitutional Court of Indonesia Abraham Samad, Former Chairman of Indonesia's Corruption Eradication Commission Marwah Daud Ibrahim, Former Member of Parliament of People's Representative Council and Former President of Indonesian Association of Muslim Intellectuals Official site

Jean Herauld Gourville

Jean Herauld Gourville was a French adventurer. He was born in today's Charente département. At the age of eighteen he entered the house of La Rochefoucauld as a servant, in 1646 became secretary to François de La Rochefoucauld, author of the Maximes. Resourceful and quick-witted, he rendered services to his master during the Fronde, in his intrigues with the parliament, the court or the princes. In these negotiations he made the acquaintance of Condé, whom he wished to help to escape from the château of Vincennes. After the Fronde he engaged in financial affairs, thanks to Fouquet. In 1658 he farmed the taille in Guienne, he had them raised to their nominal value by the treasury. In three years he accumulated an enormous fortune, still further increased by his unfailing good fortune at cards, playing with the king, he was involved in the trial of Fouquet, in April 1663 was condemned to death for peculation and embezzlement of public funds. He sent a valet one night to take the effigy down from the gallows in the court of the Palais de Justice, fled the country.

He remained five years abroad, being excepted in 1665 from the amnesty accorded by Louis XIV to the condemned financiers. Having returned secretly to France, he entered the service of Condé, unable to meet his creditors, had need of a clever manager to put his affairs in order. In this way he was able to reappear at court, to assist at the campaigns of the war with Holland, to offer himself for all the delicate negotiations for his master or the king, he received diplomatic missions in Germany, in Holland, in Spain, though it was only in 1694, that he was freed from the condemnation pronounced against him by the chamber of justice. From 1696 he fell ill and withdrew to his estate, where he dictated to his secretary, in four months and a half, his Mémoires, an important source for the history of his time. In spite of several errors, introduced purposely, they give a clear idea of the life and morals of a financier of the age of Fouquet, throw light on certain points of the diplomatic history.

They were first published in 1724. Gourville died in Paris on June 14, 1703; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Gourville, Jean Herauld". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 288–289. Freudmann, Félix Raymond. L'Étonnant Gourville. Geneva: E. Droz. Formats and editions at WorldCat. Lecestre, Léon. Mémoires de Gourville. Paris: Renouard. Vol 1 and Vol. 2 at Gallica

MichaƂ Kozal

Blessed Michał Kozal was a Polish Roman Catholic bishop. Kozal was noted for his intelligence and dedication to studies and studied to become a priest during World War I, which disrupted his studies but did not prevent his ordination in 1918, but his pastoral mission as a bishop did not last long since the Nazi forces arrested and tortured him and sent him to Dachau where he died after being injected with a lethal substance. His beatification was celebrated in Poland on 14 June 1987 after Pope John Paul II had made his apostolic visit to that nation. Kozal was born on 27 September 1893 in Congress Poland to the peasants Jan Kozal and Marianna Płaczek, his father married in 1888 to his mother, widowed with five children at the time. Kozal commenced his education on 27 April 1905 at Krotoszyn and at one stage participated in a student strike to take action against the forced Germanization and the forced teaching of the German language, he passed his examinations in 1914 and was offered further studies but rejected the offer to instead pursue a path to the priesthood first in Poznan and in Gniezno for theological and philosophical studies.

Kozal was ordained to the priesthood in the Gniezno Cathedral in 1918. On 1 June 1920 he was appointed as the administrator of the Saint Nicholas parish until 1923 and around this time collaborated with the Catholic Action movement and the Polish Red Cross. Cardinal Edmund Dalbor – in 1923 – moved him to Białośliwiu as a parish priest and that April served as a catechist and teacher as well. Cardinal August Hlond – on 1 November 1927 – placed him in a leadership position at Gniezno in addition to serving as a theological and liturgical studies professor. In 1932 he became titled as a Monsignor. Pope Pius XII – on 10 June 1939 – appointed him as the Titular Bishop of Lappa and the Auxiliary Bishop of Włocławek, he received his episcopal consecration as such the following 13 August in the Włocławek Cathedral; the outbreak of World War II saw him tend to the wounded victims and those who were displaced due to the war and the Polish invasion. The Gestapo called him and a fellow priest forward in October 1939 and instructed them to preach in German, but both refused.

The Gestapo arrested him and 44 other priests and seminarians on 7 November 1939, he was tortured and jailed in his diocese. He was locked in confinement where the guards tried to break his resolve when banging on the doors with the butts of their rifles. On 16 January 1940 he was relocated to a Cistercian convent turned camp for a brief imprisonment and suffered frostbite on his ears and nose during the cold in his transfer, it was there he was beaten upon arrival, his first interrogation saw him suffer an inflamed ear due to the severe torture. Kozal never shirked from his duties and spent his time in imprisonment ministering to fellow prisoners despite extensive abuse he received from the guards at the camp. Bishop Kozal suffered from typhoid, his situation grew worse on 17 January 1943, his death was announced on Polish radio on 1 February. Kozal's paternal cousin Ceslao was a prisoner and heard the words Sneiss said to the bishop before his murder: "Now the way to eternity will be easier".

The beatification process commenced under Pope John XXIII on 8 October 1960, Kozal became titled as a Servant of God as a result. Theologians approved the cause on 24 March 1987, as did the C. C. S. on 28 April 1987. On 8 May 1987 he was confirmed to have died "in odium fidei", so Pope John Paul II approved the beatification. John Paul II beatified Bishop Kozal during his visit to Poland on 14 June 1987. Kozal has been the patron for Włocławek since 8 October 2002 and the patron for Krotoszyn since 9 June 2013. Since 2004 he has been the co-patron for the diocese of Bydgoszcz. Hagiography Circle Saints SQPN Santi e Beati Catholic Hierarchy