Umpire (Australian rules football)
An umpire is an official in the sport of Australian rules football who adjudicates the game according to the "Laws Of The Game", the official handbook of Australian Rules Football. Unlike many other codes of football, where the official is called a referee, in Australian rules football the officials are called umpires. Tom Wills, one of the founders of the Australian game, was the earliest known umpire of a football match in Australia. At first the captains of both teams shared the duty of officiating games, however as the game became more professional in the 1880s, umpires became an important aspect of the game. There are four different types of umpires and one type of steward in a typical game of Australian Football: Field umpire - the field umpire is responsible controlling general play, is positioned within the field of play; the field umpire is the only type of umpire permitted to award free kicks or initiate stoppages in play, he executes ball-ups to restart play. Since 1993, professional level Australian Football League matches are policed by three field umpires.
Amateur and semi-professional matches can be policed by any number from one to three field umpires. Goal umpire - Goal umpires are responsible for all adjudications relating to the goal-line, to determine whether or not a ball has scored a goal, behind, or failed to cross the goal-line. Goal umpires serve as the official score-keepers for the match. A goal umpire signals a score at his end of the ground by raising their index fingers in front of them at waist height, using one for a behind and two for a goal. After each quarter, the umpires check their scores, confirm that the ground scoreboard matches the official score. There are two goal umpires in each game at all levels, one at each end of the ground. Goal umpires traditionally wore a white jacket, black trousers and a broad-brimmed hat, however caps and shirts have replaced the hats and jackets; the caps they wear are lime green or grey. They are the only umpires to wear a cap. Boundary umpire - the boundary umpire is responsible for determining when the ball has left the field of play, whether it has done so on the bounce or on the full.
The boundary umpire is responsible for throwing the ball back into play when it has left the field of play, he assists the goal umpire when there is a set shot for goal by standing and observing from the behind post. In the professional level Australian Football League, there are four boundary umpires in each match with two umpires sharing control of each side of the ground. At lower levels, there are only two or three boundary umpires. Emergency umpire - in professional matches, an emergency umpire may be provided to be used as a replacement if an umpire is injured; the emergency umpire can monitor the play from the bench for behind-the-play incidents, can enter the field if required to break up scuffles and fights between players and enforce the blood rule. Like field umpires, they have the ability to report players. Oversees other officials, such as club runners, interchanging of players. Interchange stewards - although they are not an umpire, there are two of these at a match, they oversee the interchanging of players, make sure no more than 18 players per team are on the field at any one time.
Where league rules permit, stewards can report to the emergency umpire to allow free kicks to be paid for interchange infringements. At the professional level, at other high levels of the game, all umpires and officials are provided by the league's umpiring department. At lower levels, it is common for the competing clubs to each provide one goal umpire and one boundary umpire to the match, but field umpires are still always provided by the league; the game of Australian rules contains some "grey areas" where application of the laws is subject to interpretation, of degree or timing, making the job of field umpires difficult. The instigation of new laws by the AFL in recent years contributes to the amount of work needed for umpires to maintain their skills and knowledge of the game; the umpires' director for the AFL is Jeff Gieschen, responsible for setting precedents for other affiliated leagues around the world. Australian rules football umpires of all disciplines traditionally wore all-white uniforms.
More umpires have begun wearing uniforms of a distinctive colour to avoid a jersey clash with any of the competing teams. As of 2013, all AFL umpires wore lime green uniforms with grey shorts or trousers, which avoids a clash with any of the league's teams. Additionally, field umpires in the AFL are identifiable by a jersey number; the most common historical pejorative term for an umpire a field umpire, was "white maggot", in reference to their historical white uniforms. Where white uniforms have been abandoned, "maggot" remains a common pejorative. Laws of Australian Football 2013. Melbourne: Australian Football League. 2013. List of Australian rules football umpires List of umpire associations in Australia
An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials and miniature illustrations. In the strictest definition, the term refers only to manuscripts decorated with either gold or silver. Comparable Far Eastern and Mesoamerican works are described as painted. Islamic manuscripts may be referred to as illuminated, illustrated or painted, though using the same techniques as Western works; the earliest extant substantive illuminated manuscripts are from the period 400 to 600, produced in the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths and the Eastern Roman Empire. Their significance lies not only in their inherent artistic and historical value, but in the maintenance of a link of literacy offered by non-illuminated texts. Had it not been for the monastic scribes of Late Antiquity, most literature of Greece and Rome would have perished; as it was, the patterns of textual survivals were shaped by their usefulness to the constricted literate group of Christians. Illumination of manuscripts, as a way of aggrandizing ancient documents, aided their preservation and informative value in an era when new ruling classes were no longer literate, at least in the language used in the manuscripts.
The majority of extant manuscripts are from the Middle Ages, although many survive from the Renaissance, along with a limited number from Late Antiquity. The majority are of a religious nature. From the 13th century onward, an increasing number of secular texts were illuminated. Most illuminated manuscripts were created as codices. A few illuminated fragments survive on papyrus, which does not last nearly as long as parchment. Most medieval manuscripts, illuminated or not, were written on parchment, but most manuscripts important enough to illuminate were written on the best quality of parchment, called vellum. Beginning in the Late Middle Ages, manuscripts began to be produced on paper. Early printed books were sometimes produced with spaces left for rubrics and miniatures, or were given illuminated initials, or decorations in the margin, but the introduction of printing led to the decline of illumination. Illuminated manuscripts continued to be produced in the early 16th century but in much smaller numbers for the wealthy.
They are among the most common items to survive from the Middle Ages. They are the best surviving specimens of medieval painting, the best preserved. Indeed, for many areas and time periods, they are the only surviving examples of painting. Art historians classify illuminated manuscripts into their historic periods and types, including Late Antique, Carolingian manuscripts, Ottonian manuscripts, Romanesque manuscripts, Gothic manuscripts, Renaissance manuscripts. There are a few examples from periods; the type of book most heavily and richly illuminated, sometimes known as a "display book", varied between periods. In the first millennium, these were most to be Gospel Books, such as the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Book of Kells; the Romanesque period saw the creation of many large illuminated complete Bibles – one in Sweden requires three librarians to lift it. Many Psalters were heavily illuminated in both this and the Gothic period. Single cards or posters of vellum, leather or paper were in wider circulation with short stories or legends on them about the lives of saints, chivalry knights or other mythological figures criminal, social or miraculous occurrences.
The Book of Hours commonly the personal devotional book of a wealthy layperson, was richly illuminated in the Gothic period. Other books, both liturgical and not, continued to be illuminated at all periods; the Byzantine world produced manuscripts in its own style, versions of which spread to other Orthodox and Eastern Christian areas. The Muslim World and in particular the Iberian Peninsula, with their traditions of literacy uninterrupted by the Middle Ages, were instrumental in delivering ancient classic works to the growing intellectual circles and universities of Western Europe all through the 12th century, as books were produced there in large numbers and on paper for the first time in Europe, with them full treatises on the sciences astrology and medicine where illumination was required to have profuse and accurate representations with the text; the Gothic period, which saw an increase in the production of these artifacts saw more secular works such as chronicles and works of literature illuminated.
Wealthy people began to build up personal libraries. Up to the 12th century, most manuscripts were produced in monasteries in order to add to the library or after receiving a commission from a wealthy patron. Larger monasteries contained separate areas for the monks who specialized in the production of manuscripts called a scriptorium. Within the walls of a scriptorium were individualized areas where a monk could sit and work on a manuscript without being disturbed by his fellow brethren. If no scriptorium was available “separate little rooms were assigned to book copying.
Sam Mitchell (footballer)
Samuel Mitchell is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the Hawthorn Football Club and the West Coast Eagles in the Australian Football League. He is serving as an assistant coach with the Hawthorn Football Club. A product of Mooroolbark, in Melbourne's outer eastern suburbs, Mitchell played in the under 18 TAC Cup competition with the Eastern Ranges, he was the club's best and fairest player in 1999 and 2000. Disappointed at being overlooked in the 2000 draft, Mitchell joined the Box Hill Hawks. After a couple of games in the development squad he gained promotion to the seniors and completed the season as the team's number one rover, he was a member of Box Hill's premiership side in 2001. Mitchell was recruited to the Hawthorn Football Club in the AFL in the 2001 AFL draft with selection number 36; this selection was received by Hawthorn in the deal which saw Trent Croad and Luke McPharlin traded to Fremantle, whilst Hawthorn gained selections one, 20 and number 36.
The first half of his debut season in 2002 saw him playing with the Box Hill Hawks, until he broke into the Hawthorn side midway through the season. Following some unimpressive performances where he never managed more than 14 disposals, he was dropped for round 15 but was recalled after more eye-catching performances in round 19, he polled 31 votes in just 11 games to win the VFL's best and fairest award, the J. J. Liston Trophy. In 2003 Mitchell continued to improve, winning the 2003 AFL Rising Star award and becoming known as "the Extractor" for his high amount of clearances and ability to win the ball out of middle of the ground. A solid season followed in 2004, in 2005 he played a "super" season until a foot injury sidelined him in round 15. For the 2006 season, Mitchell was named vice-captain of Hawthorn and displayed stellar form throughout the season culminating in winning the Peter Crimmins Medal for Hawthorn's best and fairest. In 2007 he capped off another wonderful season by coming 3rd in the votes for the highest honour in Australian Football, the Brownlow Medal with 21 votes, 1 short of joint 2nd-place winners, North Melbourne's Brent Harvey and Brisbane's Simon Black who both polled 22 votes, coming 8 votes behind winner of the 2007 Brownlow, Geelong's Jimmy Bartel.
On 6 October 2007, during the Peter Crimmins Medal Event, he was announced as Hawthorn's next captain, taking over the reins from retiring captain Richie Vandenberg. Mitchell was ineligible for 2008's Brownlow Medal following a tripping charge in the match against Melbourne in round nine. On Saturday, 27 September, Mitchell captained the Hawks to the 2008 premiership, the first in 17 years and the clubs 10th, beating the reigning premiers, Geelong, by 26 points. Mitchell was reported for rough conduct against Geelong's Gary Ablett, Jr. in the second quarter, however the report was dismissed at the conclusion of the weekend. At the end of the 2010 season he handed the captaincy over to Luke Hodge, made captain of the 2010 All-Australian team. Mitchell polled 30 votes in the 2011 Brownlow Medal, but was ineligible to win after an incident in round 5 of the season. In 2012, along with Richmond's Trent Cotchin, both finished tied for second place in the Brownlow to Jobe Watson. On 12 January 2016 the World Anti-Doping Agency found Watson and another 33 Essendon players guilty of taking a prohibited substance during the 2012 AFL season, an AFL commission meeting in November 2016 determined the implications for the 2012 Brownlow Medal.
On 15 November 2016, Mitchell and Cotchin were both retrospectively awarded the medal, and, on 13 December 2016, both were formally presented with the Medals in a private ceremony in Melbourne. Mitchell was rewarded with the Peter Crimmins Medal in 2011, 2012 and 2016, became a five-time best and fairest winner at Hawthorn, behind only Leigh Matthews who won eight during his career. On 12 October 2016, news broke that Mitchell, at Hawthorn’s request, was considering a move West Coast and he was traded to West Coast two days later. In October 2016, Mitchell was traded to the West Coast Eagles. In August 2017, he announced. Sam Mitchell played the final game of his career in the semi final, where he recorded two goals and twenty-eight disposals in a 67-point loss to Greater Western Sydney. On 13 July 2015, Mitchell was found guilty by the AFL's match review panel of having kneed the right thigh of Fremantle Dockers player Nathan Fyfe during the second quarter of the previous day's game and was fined $1000 for the offence.
The media brought to light other kneeing incidents involving Mitchell, those being the kneeing of Adelaide Crows captain Taylor Walker in the round 12 game and the kneeing of Greater Western Sydney's Ryan Griffen in round 6 of the 2015 season. Another kneeing video incident surfaced of Mitchell kneeing North Melbourne defender Scott Thompson; the video shows Mitchell kneeing him in the left thigh. Media reports from 2008 show that an opposition club, Brisbane expressed concerns to the AFL about Sam Mitchell's kneeing of opponents. Mitchell is cited as one of the most ambidextrous players in the AFL and much opinion is made about, his preferred foot. Although some have claimed that he was a left footer who switched to right foot in his junior career, Mitchell has stated that he has just always tried to use the appropriate foot for the situation, he does however switch to his left foot. His handpassing is good with either hand. Team 4× AFL Premiership: 2008, 2013, 2014
Crown Melbourne is a casino and resort located on the south bank of the Yarra River, in Melbourne, Australia. Crown Casino is a unit of Crown Limited, the first casino of the now-international Crown brand. Having opened in 1994 on the north bank of the Yarra, Crown Melbourne relocated and re–opened on the south bank of the Yarra, in 1997, it remains one of the central features of the Southbank precinct of the Melbourne central business district. The entire complex has a space of 510,000 m²—the equivalent to two city blocks—making it the largest casino complex in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world; the complex hosts four hotels, Crown Towers, Crown Promenade, Crown Metropol, with a fourth hotel approved for construction, expected to commence in 2018. The casino is accessible by tram routes 12, 58, 96, 109 which all pass near Southern Cross railway station and the Melbourne City Centre. Crown's casino complex opened on 8 May 1997, after moving from a temporary location that opened on 30 June 1994 on the north bank of the Yarra.
It is one of the central features of the Southbank area in the central business district and the Crown Towers fronts onto the waterfront as part of Southbank Promenade. Children under the age of 18 are permitted into the entertainment and shopping section of complex, but not into the gaming area or areas serving alcohol; the entire complex has a space of 510,000 m², making it the largest casino complex in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world. Crown Casino opened in 1994 at the World Trade Centre on the north bank of the Yarra River; this location was a temporary, training, setup while construction of the proper complex occurred. The Casino complex opened in its proper planned location at Southbank in 1997. Actress Rachel Griffiths infamously ran through the casino topless on its opening night, it is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week except on Christmas Day, Good Friday and Anzac Day when it is closed from 4 a.m. to midday. It was founded and run by Lloyd Williams until the Packer takeover by PBL in 1999.
Crown Casino has a licence for 2,500 poker machines. Amongst other games, Crown provides the six main casino games of blackjack, pai gow, poker and roulette and it was the first to introduce an electronic version of roulette known as Rapid Roulette. There is Bigwheel, the electronic Vegas Star Roulette and Rapid Baccarat. All lower denomination blackjack tables only offer a proprietary variant of the game called BlackJack Plus, described as "the worst game of blackjack in Australia"; this variation enormously increases the house advantage from around 0.5% in the higher denomination tables, to around 5%, making its odds comparable to double-zero roulette. As well as three card poker on the main gaming floor, Crown has offers varieties of poker including Texas hold'em; the Crown Poker Room encompasses a large separate space in the Crown basement. The Crown is one of the major centres for competitive poker in the Asia-Pacific region, it annually hosts the Aussie Millions the Southern Hemisphere's richest poker event.
Starting in 2013, it became home to the World Series of Poker Asia-Pacific, the latest expansion of the World Series of Poker. Crown Casino has 3,500 poker machines on the casino floor, with values ranging from one cent to one dollar, as well as a few two- and five-dollar machines in the VIP areas. Slot machines at Crown are made by Aristocrat, Ainsworth Gaming Technology, IGT, Konami and SHFL entertainment/Shuffle Master and WMS Gaming, the latter using Shuffle Master machines; the regulator overseeing the casino's activities, to whom grievances can be addressed, is the Victorian Commission for Gambling Regulation. The VCGR monitors the casino's operations to ensure Crown conforms to Victorian gambling laws. Crown has been charged and fined for minor breaches of the Casino Control Act 1991; the commission has an office located on site, staffed around the clock. The Crown Entertainment Complex has a rewards program where members earn points on every dollar spent at most outlets within the Crown complex.
There are several nightclubs and restaurants as well as "PLAYTIME Crown", an electronic games arcade, laser tag game and bowling alley. Restaurants include: Notable features of the casino include its entrance, pyrotechnic towers running the length of the Casino promenade; the casino is home to a number of luxury brand stores including: Crown has three hotel towers, a fourth which has received planning approval: Crown Towers: a skyscraper comprising a five-star luxury hotel located within the Crown Entertainment Complex. It houses 481 villas over 38 floors. Located on the banks of the Yarra River it overlooks the city centre, Kings Domain, Port Phillip and Docklands. Crown Metropol: reputedly Australia's largest hotel by number of rooms; this five-star hotel houses 658 rooms across 28 floors. Crown Promenade: a 465-room, 4.5-star hotel on 23 floors. It is located on the block behind Crown Towers and is connected to the main complex by a pedestrian overpass, it houses Australia's only purpose built hotel conference facility the'Crown Conference Centre'.
One Queensbridge: an approved mixed-use supertall skyscraper, which will become the tallest building in Australia. The plans include a six-star hotel of 388 rooms within the ninety-storey building. Construction is expected to commence in 2018. Notable guests at the Crown Towers, Crown Metropol and Crown Promenade Hotels have included Tom
Australian rules football
Australian rules football known as Australian football, or called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field a modified cricket ground. Points are scored by kicking the oval-shaped ball between behind posts. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball; the primary methods are kicking and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground. Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch the ball from a kick are awarded possession. Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when mark is paid. Players can use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact, interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.
The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring. The sport's origins can be traced to football matches played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858, inspired by English public school football games. Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the Melbourne Football Club published the first laws of Australian football in May 1859, making it the oldest of the world's major football codes. Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia, while the Australian Football League, the sport's only professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body; the AFL Grand Final, held annually at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, is the highest attended club championship event in the world. The sport is played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations, its rules are governed by the AFL Commission with the advice of the AFL's Laws of the Game Committee.
Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules and footy. In some regions, it is marketed as AFL after the Australian Football League. There is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. Compared to cricket and horse racing, football was viewed as a minor "amusement" at the time, while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football. In 1858, in a move that would help to shape Australian football in its formative years, "public" schools in Melbourne, Victoria began organising football games inspired by precedents at English public schools; the earliest such match, held in St Kilda on 15 June, was between Melbourne Grammar and St Kilda Grammar. On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by Tom Wills, captain of the Victoria cricket team, calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.
Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England, returned to his homeland a star athlete and cricketer. His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football. Two weeks Wills' friend, cricketer Jerry Bryant, posted an advertisement for a scratch match at the Richmond Paddock adjoining the Melbourne Cricket Ground; this was the first of several "kickabouts" held that year involving members of the Melbourne Cricket Club, including Wills, Bryant, W. J. Hammersley and J. B. Thompson. Trees were used as goalposts and play lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all". Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College, held at the Richmond Paddock; this 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam, began on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.
It is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, the two schools have competed annually since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, the world's oldest continuous football competition. Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football, not codified until 1885. There is no archival evidence in favour of a Gaelic influence, the style of play shared between the two modern codes was evident in Australia long before the Irish game evolved in a similar direction. Another theory, first proposed in 1983, posits that Wills, having grown up amongst Aborigines in Victoria, may have seen or played the Aboriginal game of Marn Grook, incorporated some of its features into early Australian football; the evidence for this is only circumstantial, according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost influenced by his experience at Rugby School". A loosely organised Melbourne side, captained by Wills, played against other football enthusiasts in the winter and spring of 1858.
The following year, on 14 May, the Melbourne Football Club came into being, making it one of the
Robert Harvey (footballer)
Robert Jeffrey Harvey is a former Australian rules football player for the St Kilda Football Club in the Australian Football League. He is serving as the senior assistant coach and the midfield coach of the Collingwood Football Club, having joined Collingwood at the end of the 2011 season as an assistant coach. Harvey was recognized as one of the top 50 players of all time in The Australian Game of Football, a book commissioned by the AFL in 2008 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Australian rules football; the list was compiled by Herald Sun journalist Mike Sheahan. Harvey was known for his running ability and considered one of the best short passes of 15 to 30 meters in the history of the game, he holds St. Kilda's record for most career games. At his retirement, at the end of the 2008 AFL season, he had played the third-highest total career games in league history with 383 games. Robert Harvey ranks fifth in games played, Harvey was the final active player from the VFL era of the league to retire Harvey won numerous individual awards and medals during his playing career.
He won consecutive Brownlow Medals, the league's highest individual honor, in 1997 and 1998. He won St Kilda's best and fairest award – now called the Trevor Barker Award – in 1992, 1994, 1997 and 1998, he was selected in the All-Australian team eight times, with his first All-Australian award being in 1992 and his last in 2003. He won three E. J. Whitten Medals, awarded to the player judged best player on the ground for Victoria in State of Origin matches. In 2012 he was inducted in the Australian Football Hall of Fame. On 24 September 2013, Harvey was named the AFL’s Assistant Coach of the Year at the AFL Coaches Association Harvey is the grandson of former Australian test cricketer Merv Harvey and grandnephew of Neil Harvey, Australia's leading run-scorer and century-maker behind Don Bradman, his younger brother, Anthony Harvey, played four games for St Kilda in 1994 before captaining Norwood to the 1997 SANFL premiership. Harvey was recruited from St Kilda's VCFL zone, from Seaford and played his first senior game for St Kilda on 6 August 1988 against Footscray at the Western Oval in Round 19 of the 1988 VFL season.
Harvey played in the 1991 St Kilda team that qualified for the finals series for the first time since 1973. He was pa vital player in St Kilda team that qualified for that year's final series and had the club's first finals' win since 1973, he won St Kilda's 1992 award for the best and fairest player and was selected in the Australian Team for the first time. In 1994 he played his 100th premiership season match against North Melbourne in Round 2, he won his second St Kilda best and fairest award and was selected in the All-Australian Team for a second time. In 1995 he was again selected in the All-Australian Team for a third selection. Harvey played in St Kilda’s 1996 Ansett Australia Cup winning side, the club's first pre-season cup win, he was selected for the fourth time in the All-Australian Team. Harvey played in 22 of 22 matches in the 1997 AFL Premiership Season home and away rounds in which St Kilda Football Club qualified in first position for the 1997 AFL Finals Series, winning the club’s second Minor Premiership and first McClelland Trophy.
St Kilda qualified for the 1997 AFL Grand Final after preliminary finals wins. He played in the 1997 AFL Grand Final. Harvey gained 756 disposals in 1997 which, at the time, was the highest single-season tally on record – an average of 30 possessions per game, he was recognised for his excellent season with numerous awards. He again won St Kilda's best and fairest award and was selected again in the 1997 All-Australian Team – his fifth All-Australian award, he won the 1997 AFL Players Association Most Valuable Player Award and the league's highest individual award the Brownlow Medal. Chris Grant gained the most votes however, he was ineligible to win the award due to a one-match suspension for striking Hawthorn's Nick Holland. Harvey played in the St Kilda Football Club side, he played his 200th premiership season match against West Coast in Round 21 at Waverley Park. St Kilda was eliminated from the 1998 Finals Series after two consecutive Final Series losses. Harvey gained 501 kicks in 1998, he again won the league's highest individual award the Brownlow Medal for the second consecutive season.
As of 2018, Harvey is the last man to win two consecutive Brownlow Medals. He won the Trevor Barker Award for St Kilda's best and fairest player for a consecutive year – his fourth best and fairest award, he was again selected in the year's All-Australian Team, his sixth All-Australian award. Harvey was selected in the 1999 All-Australian Team – the 6th consecutive year he received an All-Australian selection and his 7th career All-Australian Award. Harvey was Captain of the St Kilda Football Club during the 2002 AFL Premiership Seasons, he was selected in the 2003 All-Australian Team his eighth All-Australian award. He was named in St Kilda's Team of the Century in 2003. Harvey played in St Kilda’s 2004 Wizard Home Loans Cup final winning side – the club's second pre-season cup win, he was awarded the Michael Tuck Medal. St Kilda won a club record 10 consecutive matches in the fi
Dallas Brooks Hall
Dallas Brooks Hall was a concert venue in East Melbourne, Australia built in 1969. The building was named for the nineteenth Governor of Victoria Dallas Brooks and was designed by Architecture firm Godfrey and Spowers It was re-named "Dallas Brooks Centre". In 2015, Victorian state government approval was given to demolish the hall and build residential apartments in its place. There was some controversy about the height of the apartment residential development built on the site of the Dallas Brooks Hall. Musicians who played at the Dallas Brooks Hall include Tom WaitsDutch fusion band Focus ably supported by a local band Sebastian Hardy. Other artists, included Renee Geyer, Rory Gallagher, Ravi Shankar, Talking Heads, blues duo Brownie McGhee & Sonny Terry. Malcolm Fraser started the Liberal Party of Australia's campaign for the 1975 Australian federal election with a speech at the Dallas Brooks Hall