Lee Jun-fan, known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong-American actor, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher. He was the founder of Jeet Kune Do, a hybrid martial arts philosophy drawing from different combat disciplines, credited with paving the way for modern mixed martial arts. Lee is considered by commentators, critics and other martial artists to be the most influential martial artist of all time and a pop culture icon of the 20th century, who bridged the gap between East and West, he is credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films. The son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-chuen, Lee was born in the Chinatown area of San Francisco, California, on November 27, 1940, to parents from Hong Kong, was raised with his family in Kowloon, Hong Kong, he appeared in several films as a child actor. Lee moved to the United States at the age of 18 to receive his higher education at the University of Washington in Seattle, it was during this time that he began teaching martial arts.
His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, sparking a surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in Hollywood, Hong Kong, the rest of the world, he is noted for his roles in five feature-length martial arts films in the early 1970s: Lo Wei's The Big Boss and Fist of Fury. Lee became an iconic figure known throughout the world among the Chinese, based upon his portrayal of Chinese nationalism in his films and among Asian Americans for defying stereotypes associated with the emasculated Asian male, he trained in the art of Wing Chun and combined his other influences from various sources into the spirit of his personal martial arts philosophy, which he dubbed Jeet Kune Do. Lee had residences in Hong Seattle, he died on July 20, 1973 at the age of 32. Bruce Lee was born on November 1940, in the Chinese Hospital in Chinatown, San Francisco.
According to the Chinese zodiac, Lee was born in both the hour and the year of the Dragon, which according to tradition is a strong and fortuitous omen. Lee and his parents returned to Hong Kong. Bruce's father, Lee Hoi-chuen, was Han Chinese, his mother, Grace Ho, was of Eurasian ancestry. Lee's father Lee Hoi-chuen was a famous Cantonese opera star; because of this, Lee was introduced into films at a young age and appeared in several films as a child. Lee had his first role as a baby, carried onto the stage in the film Golden Gate Girl; as a nine-year-old, he would co-star with his father in The Kid in 1950, based on a comic book character and was his first leading role. By the time he was 18, he had appeared in twenty films. After Lee was involved in several street fights, his parents decided that he needed to be trained in the martial arts. Lee's first introduction to martial arts was through his father, from whom he learned the fundamentals of Wu-style t'ai chi ch'uan; the largest influence on Lee's martial arts development was his study of Wing Chun.
Lee began training in Wing Chun when he was 16 years old under the Wing Chun teacher Yip Man in between late 1956 and 1957, after losing to rival gang members. Yip's regular classes consisted of the forms practice, chi sao drills, wooden dummy techniques, free-sparring. There was no set pattern to the classes. Yip tried to keep his students from fighting in the street gangs of Hong Kong by encouraging them to fight in organized competitions. After a year into his Wing Chun training, most of Yip Man's other students refused to train with Lee when they learned of his mixed ancestry, as the Chinese were against teaching their martial arts techniques to non-Asians. Lee's sparring partner, Hawkins Cheung, states, "Probably fewer than six people in the whole Wing Chun clan were taught, or partly taught, by Yip Man". However, Lee showed a keen interest in Wing Chun and continued to train with Yip Man and Wong Shun Leung. Wan Kam Leung, a student of Wong's, witnessed a sparring bout between Wong and Lee and noted the speed and precision with which Lee was able to deliver his kicks.
Lee continued to train with Wong Shun Leung after returning to Hong Kong from America. After attending Tak Sun School, Lee entered the primary school division of the Catholic La Salle College at the age of 12. In 1956, due to poor academic performance and poor conduct, he was transferred to St. Francis Xavier's College, where he would be mentored by Brother Edward, a teacher and coach of the school boxing team. In 1958, Bruce won the Hong Kong schools boxing tournament, knocking out the previous champion in the final. In the spring of 1959, Lee got into another street fight, the police were called; until his late teens, Lee's street fights became more frequent and included beating the son of a feared triad family. Lee's father decided his son should leave Hong Kong to pursue a safer and healthier life in the United States, his parents confirmed the police's fear that this time Lee's opponent had an organized crime background and that there was the possibility that a contract was out for his life.
The police detective came and h
Homegoing is a science fiction novel by American author Frederik Pohl, first published in 1989 by Easton Press. The novel was one of the nominees for one of the awards of the Hugo Awards; the protagonist, Lysander Washington, has been raised by the Hakh ` hli. When their interstellar ship arrives at Earth, Sandy serves as part of the aliens' liaison team with Earth. Pohl uses Sandy's alien perspective to make some observations about our culture. Sandy believes his alien friends are benevolent, as they present themselves to be. However, after it becomes clear their plans are far from benevolent, Sandy has to decide whether to side with the aliens who raised him, who are the only family he knows, or to side with humanity; this decision becomes more complicated when he learns he is only human
Lewis Nordan was an American writer. Nordan was born to Lemuel and Sara Bayles in Forest, grew up in Itta Bena, Mississippi, he received his B. A. at Millsaps College in Jackson, his M. A. from Mississippi State University, his PhD from Auburn University in Alabama. In 1983, at age forty-five, Nordan published his first collection of stories, Welcome to the Arrow-Catcher Fair; the collection established him as a writer in the Southern tradition of William Faulkner, Erskine Caldwell, Flannery O'Connor. It established a place for Nordan's fiction, the fictional Arrow Catcher, Mississippi, a small town in the Mississippi Delta based loosely on Nordan's hometown of Itta Bena. After the short-story collection The All-Girl Football Team followed Music of the Swamp, a novel/short-story cycle featuring Nordan's spiritual alter ego, the young Sugar Mecklin, as the protagonist; the book features aspects of magic realism that would become one of Nordan's trademarks, along with a peculiar mix of the tragic and the hilarious.
Wolf Whistle, Nordan's second novel, was both a public success. It gained him a wider audience; the book deals with one of the most notorious racial incidents in recent Southern history: the murder of Emmett Till. The novel The Sharpshooter Blues is a lyrical meditation on America's gun culture, as well as another portrait of the grotesque lives in Itta Bena. With the coming-of-age novel Lightning Song, Nordan moved from Itta Bena to the hill country of Mississippi; the novel still features Nordan's magic Mississippi realism, complete with singing llamas and poetic lightning strikes. In 2000, Nordan published a "fictional memoir," Boy With Loaded Gun. Before retiring in 2005, Lewis Nordan lived in Pittsburgh, where he taught Creative Writing at the University of Pittsburgh. Welcome to the Arrow-Catcher Fair – short stories The All-Girl Football Team – short stories Music of the Swamp – novel/short story cycle Wolf Whistle – novel The Sharpshooter Blues – novel Sugar Among the Freaks: Selected Stories – short stories Lightning Song – novel Boy With Loaded Gun – memoir WOULD YOU SHUT UP, PLEASE - posthumous single short story e-book Boston-based alternative rock band Twinemen wrote and recorded a song entitled Harper & the Midget.
This song contains a significant portion of a story, albeit modified, from Music of the Swamp, as well as religious music from a church located in Cambridge, MA. In the song, Harper cuts off the Midget's hand with a chainsaw. In the book, Harper cuts off his own hand with the chainsaw. Lewis Nordan at The Mississippi Writer's Page Interview with Lewis Nordan by Dory Adams