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Bugatti Royale

The Bugatti Type 41, better known as the Royale, is a large luxury car built from 1927 to 1933 with a 4.3 m wheelbase and 6.4 m overall length. It weighs 3,175 kg and uses a 12.763 litre straight-eight engine. For comparison, against the modern Rolls-Royce Phantom, the Royale is about 20% longer, more than 25% heavier; this makes the Royale one of the largest cars in the world. Ettore Bugatti planned to build twenty-five of these cars and sell them to royalty as the most luxurious car but European royalty were not buying such things during the Great Depression, Bugatti was able to sell only three of the seven made. Crafted by Ettore Bugatti, the Type 41 is said to have come about because he took exception to the comments of an English lady who compared his cars unfavourably with those of Rolls-Royce; the engine build. The engine was built around a single huge block, at approx. 1.4 m long x 1.1 m high, is one of the largest automobile engines made, producing 205–224 kW. Its eight cylinders, bored to 125 mm and with a stroke length of 130 mm, each displaced more than the entire engine of the contemporary Type 40 touring car.

It had 3 valves per cylinder driven by a centrally positioned single overhead camshaft. Three bearings and only a single custom carburettor was needed; the engine was based on an aero-engine design, designed for the French Air Ministry, but never produced in that configuration. The engine block and cylinder head were cast in one unit. Grinding of the engine valves was a regular maintenance requirement, removing the engine valves for grinding required removing and disassembling the large cast iron engine; the chassis was understandably substantial, with a conventional semi-elliptic leaf spring suspension arrangement at the front. At the rear the forward-facing Bugatti quarter-elliptics were supplemented by a second set facing to the rear. Strangely, for the modern day observer, the aluminium clutch box was attached to the chassis, not to the engine, the gear box aluminium, was attached to the rear axle, so was part of the unsprung mass of the suspension; the clutch and gearbox were placed at odd locations to reduce noise and increase comfort, a difficult problem in those days.

The transmission was mounted at the rear to offset the weight of the engine. Massive brake shoes were mechanically operated via cable controls: the brakes were effective but without servo-assistance required significant muscle power from the driver; the car's light alloy "Roue Royale" wheels measured 610 millimetres in diameter and were cast in one piece with the brake drums. Reflecting some tradition-based fashions of the time, the driver was confronted by a series of knobs of whalebone, while the steering wheel was covered with walnut. A road test performed in 1926 by W. F. Bradley at the request of Ettore Bugatti for the Autocar magazine proved how exquisite chassis construction allowed good and balanced handling at speed, similar to smaller Bugatti sports cars, despite the car's weight and size. All Royales were individually bodied; the radiator cap was a sculpture by Ettore's brother Rembrandt Bugatti. In 1928, Ettore Bugatti asserted that "this year King Alfonso of Spain will receive his Royale", but the Spanish king was deposed without taking delivery of a Royale, the first of the cars to find a customer was not delivered until 1932.

The Royale with a basic chassis price of $30,000, was launched just as the world economy began to deteriorate into the 1930s Great Depression. Six Royales were built with just three sold to external customers. Intended for royalty, none was sold to any royals, Bugatti refused to sell one to King Zog of Albania, claiming that "the man's table manners are beyond belief!"Six of seven production Royales still exist, as the prototype was destroyed in an accident in 1931, each has a different body, some having been rebodied several times. The first car is chassis number 41100 Known as the Coupe Napoleon The Coupé Napoleon was used by Ettore Bugatti, in his life became his personal car, it remained in the family's possession, housed at their Ermenonville chateau until financial difficulties forced its sale in 1963. It subsequently passed into the hands of the obsessive Bugatti collector Fritz Schlumpf, it had a Packard body. It was rebodied by Paris coach builder Weymann as a two-door fixed head coupe.

The Weymann body was replaced after the car was crashed by Ettore Bugatti who in 1930 or 1931 fell asleep at the wheel travelling home from Paris to Alsace necessitating a major rebuild. At various stages it was fitted with other bodies. Bricked up with 41141 and 41150 during World War II at the home of the Bugatti family in Ermenonville, to avoid being commandeered by the Nazis. Sold by L'Ebe Bugatti in the early 1960s to the brothers Schlumpf Resides in the Musée National de l'Automobile de Mulhouse, alongside 41131 that the Schlumpf brothers had acquired from John Shakespeare; the second car built, but the first to find a customer, is chassis no.41111 Known as the Coupé de ville Binder Sold in April 1932 to French clothing manufacturer Armand Esders. Ettore's eldest son, fashioned for the car a dramatic two-seater open body with flamboyant, full-bodied wings and a dickey seat, but no headlamps. In this form it became known as the Royale Esders Roadster. Purchased by the French politician Raymond Patenôtre, the car was rebodied in the Coupé de ville style by the coach builder Henri Binder.

From this point onwards, known as the Coupé de ville Binder Nev

2 Brothers on the 4th Floor

2 Brothers on the 4th Floor is a Dutch musical group created in 1990 by brothers Martin and Bobby Boer. The group has had success in many countries including the Netherlands, Germany, Czech Republic, Finland, South Africa, Chile, the United States and the United Kingdom; the most recent members of 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor are Martin and Bobby Boer, Dutch singer Désirée Claudette Manders, rapper D-Rock. The Boer brothers had been experimenting with music in a small bedroom when they gained note in 1990, when their single Can't Help Myself was picked up by Dutch radio stations and became an international hit; the brothers brought together rapper Da Smooth Baron MC and singers Peggy "The Duchess" and Gale Robinson to form their stage act. The release of their next single, Turn Da Music Up was somewhat less successful, but helped the band to gain name recognition. 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor made two hit singles together before separating. Martin Boer moved into a new professional studio and started making remixes under the name Dancability Productions, making remixes for artists such as Becky Bell, Twenty 4 Seven and Luv', while Bobby Boer designed record covers and CD inlays for other artists.

2 Brothers on the 4th Floor was revived by the Boer brothers in 1993. Bobby joined Martin in his studio and, after some time, released the single Never Alone; this single was the first to be launched with singer Desirée Manders. The song Dreams, which the title song of the band's first album, was a song that captured the essence of Eurodance. Due to the genre's popularity when the song was released in 1994, the song became a hit both nationally and internationally; the band's renewed style and concept was accepted well by Dutch audience. Never Alone went gold. Dreams, the band's subsequent single, went straight to number one and remained on the charts for weeks and Let Me Be Free, its successor, remained in the top ten nationally for some time. In 1995 and 1996, 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor further widened their success with the singles Fly, Come Take My Hand and Fairytales, changing their style to happy hardcore; these singles topped the charts in various European countries. At the end of 1996, the band released the single There's a Key and its second album, 2.

After 2, the band shifted styles and first recorded the single One Day, an R&B track that departed from their typical Eurodance style. Afterwards, they returned to their previous Eurodance style with the single I'm Thinkin' of U. In March 1998, 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor released the single Do U Know, a mid to low tempo pop track. At the beginning of autumn 1998, the single The Sun Will Be Shining was released, it contains remixes by Dance Therapy and the Dub Foundation. Packaged with The Sun Will Be Shining was a CD-ROM featuring the videos of "The Sun Will Be Shining" and "The Making Of". On 5 February 1999 the single Heaven Is Here was released. 29 October that year saw the release of the single Living In Cyberspace. On 16 June 2000 the single "Wonderful Feeling" was released. On 29 June 2001 the single "Stand Live" was released; the duo had never released its third album due to problems with record companies. The band is touring, with performances planned for 2018; the group released "The Very Best of" in April 2016.

In addition to their duties with 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor, Des'Ray has a solo career, D-Rock is working with the band E-Life

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – AFC First Round

This page provides the summaries of the AFC First Round matches for 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification. In this round the sixteen lowest seeded teams were drawn into 8 home-and-away ties; the draw took place on 30 March 2011 at AFC House in Malaysia. The matches were held prior to the main draw for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, with first legs on 29 June 2011 and second legs on 2 July and 3 July; the 8 winners advanced to the second round of the Asian qualifiers. Teams were seeded into two pots – Pot 1 included teams ranked 28–35 and Pot 2 teams ranked 36–43. 4–4 on aggregate. Malaysia advanced to the Second Round against Singapore. Bangladesh advanced to the Second Round against Lebanon. Laos advanced to the Second Round against China. Philippines advanced to the Second Round against Kuwait. Palestine advanced to the Second Round against Thailand. Vietnam advanced to the Second Round against Qatar. Nepal advanced to the Second Round against Jordan. Myanmar advanced to the Second Round against Oman. There were 60 goals scored for an average of 3.75 goals per game.

7 goals Lê Công Vinh2 goals 1 goal Results and schedule Results and schedule