Burlington is the most populous city in the U. S. state of Vermont and the seat of Chittenden County. It is located 45 miles south of the Canada–United States border and 94 miles south of Montreal; the population was 42,417 as of the 2010 census. It is the least populous municipality in the United States to be the most populous incorporated area in a state. A regional college town, Burlington is home to the University of Vermont and Champlain College, a small private college. Vermont's largest hospital, the UVM Medical Center, is located within the city limits; the City of Burlington has Vermont's largest airport, the Burlington International Airport, in neighboring South Burlington. In 2015, Burlington became the first city in the U. S. to run on renewable energy. Two theories have been put forward regarding the origin of Burlington's name; the first is that it was named after Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the second is that the name honors the politically prominent and wealthy Burling family of New York.
While no Burling family members are listed as grantees of the town, the family held large tracts of land in nearby towns, some of which were granted on the same day as Burlington. One of the New Hampshire grants, the land, developed as Burlington was awarded by New Hampshire colonial governor Benning Wentworth on June 7, 1763, to Samuel Willis and 63 others. In the summer of 1775, settlers began clearing land and built two or three log huts, but the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War delayed permanent settlement until after its conclusion. In 1783, Stephen Lawrence arrived with his family; the town was organized in 1785. The War of 1812 was unpopular in Vermont and New England, which had numerous trading ties with Canada. Neither Vermont nor other New England states provided financial support. Vermont voters supported the Federalist Party. At one point during the war, the U. S. had 5,000 troops stationed in Burlington, outnumbering residents and putting a strain on resources. About 500 soldiers died of disease, always a problem due to poor sanitation in army camps.
Some soldiers were quartered in the main building at the University of Vermont, where a memorial plaque commemorates them. In a skirmish on August 2, 1813, British forces from Canada shelled Burlington; this is described as either a bold stroke by the British with an ineffectual response from the Americans, or a weak sally by the British, rightly ignored by the Americans. The cannonade caused no casualties; the American troops involved were commanded by Naval Lieutenant Thomas Macdonough hero of the Battle of Lake Champlain. The town's position on Lake Champlain helped it develop into a port of entry and center for trade after completion of the Champlain Canal in 1823, the Erie Canal in 1825, the Chambly Canal in 1843. Wharves allowed steamboats to connect freight and passengers with the Rutland & Burlington Railroad and Vermont Central Railroad. Burlington became a bustling lumbering and manufacturing center and was incorporated as a city in 1865, its Victorian era prosperity left behind much fine architecture, including buildings by Ammi B.
Young, H. H. Richardson, McKim, Mead & White. In 1870, the waterfront was extended by construction of the Pine Street Barge Canal; this became polluted over the years and was a focus for cleanup in 2009 under the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's Superfund program. On September 5, 1901, Vice-President Theodore Roosevelt spoke to a Civil War fraternal group in Burlington. Nine days he became President of the United States when President McKinley died. In 1978, the ice cream enterprise Ben & Jerry's was founded in Burlington in a renovated gas station, it became a national brand, with retail outlets in numerous cities. In 2007, the city was named one of the top four "places to watch" in the United States by the American Association of Retired Persons; the ratings were based on. Criteria included the factors that make a community livable: new urbanism, smart growth, mixed-use development, easy-living standards. Forbes magazine ranked the city in 2010 as one of the "prettiest" towns in America, featuring a picture of the Church Street Marketplace on its cover.
Burlington is situated on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, north of Shelburne Bay. It was built on a strip of land extending about 6 miles south from the mouth of the Winooski River along the lake shore, rises from the water's edge to a height of 300 feet. A large ravine in what is now downtown was filled in with refuse and raw sewage in the 19th century to make way for further development. Burlington's neighborhoods are recognized by residents, but have no legal or political authority. Downtown: The city's commercial hub is north of Maple Street, west of South Willard Street, south of Pearl Street. Hill Section: Burlington's wealthiest neighborhood is east of South Union Street and Shelburne Street, south of Main Street, but excludes UVM and University Terrace while including all of Champlain College; the Hill Section is. The Intervale: The Intervale cannot be considered a neighborhood but is a large area encompassing many locally owned organic farms and natural preserves along the Winooski River.
Located to the north of the Old North End and east of the New North End, it is included on this list because its total area is larger than that of most neighborhoods in Burlington. New North End: Burlington's most populous neighborhood, a northwest suburban extension of the city, includes all points north of Bur
Ian Andrew Wallace is a Scottish former football player and manager. He played as a striker in the 1970s and 1980s for Dumbarton, Coventry City, Nottingham Forest, Sunderland, Marítimo and Melbourne Croatia. Wallace played in three international matches for Scotland in the late 1970s. Wallace started at Scottish Junior club Yoker Athletic, he joined the senior ranks with Scottish Football League club Dumbarton. He was purchased for £70,000 by the Coventry manager Gordon Milne in 1976. Milne paired his small frame with his larger strike partner Mick Ferguson, he emerged from a car accident whilst at the club sporting a deep scar on the forehead. He suffered a detached a retina whilst playing for Coventry at Norwich. Coventry finished 7th in the 1977-78 Football League, their second best placing after the team of 1969-70. Unlike in 1969-70 they missed out on a UEFA competition place. Wallace played that season alongside Ferguson, Tommy Hutchison, Terry Yorath, Graham Oakey, Bobby MacDonald and Jim Blyth.
Wallace scored his first of three in a row as Coventry's top scorer. He was inducted in to the Coventry City Hall of Fame, he was sold to reigning European champions Nottingham Forest in July 1980 for £1.25 million making him one of the world's most expensive players. His first game was their UEFA Super Cup defeat to Valencia that summer. Wallace went on to be Forest's top scorer for the first three of the four seasons he played there scoring 13 goals in each seasons he top scored, he moved to French club Brest for a short spell in 1984. He returned to English football with Sunderland around New Year in season 1984/85. In 1986 he joined Portuguese club Marítimo. In 1987 he signed for Melbourne Croatia in Australia, he scored his on his full international debut, a 2–1 win against Bulgaria in February 1978. Coventry team-mate Jim Blyth was in goal for Scotland. Wallace played in a 1–0 defeat in Portugal in May 1978 and in a 3–0 loss in Wales in November of the following year. All three of his caps came.
He returned to Dumbarton as manager in November 1996 replacing Jim Fallon. He was replaced by Jimmy Brown; as of March 1999 Coventry City Hall of Fame Brown, Jim. Coventry City: An Illustrated History. Desert Island Books Ltd. ISBN 1-874287-36-8. Ian Wallace at the Scottish Football Association Scotland U21 stats at Fitbastats
The Fresno Pacific Sunbirds are the 16 varsity athletic teams that represent Fresno Pacific University, located in Fresno, California, in NCAA Division II intercollegiate sports. The Sunbirds compete as members of the Pacific West Conference for most sports except water polo, which will join the Western Water Polo Association. During their days in the NAIA, the Sunbirds boasted one of the top programs in the NAIA, finishing in the top five of the NACDA Directors' Cup in each of their last five seasons as a member. FPU has won a total of 13 national titles. Within the last five years, FPU has won national titles in Volleyball, Men’s Swimming & Diving, Women's Swimming & Diving, Men’s Tennis and Women’s Tennis. They’ve taken home conference titles in Men’s Basketball, Men’s Soccer and Men's Track & Field, garnered national attention in Men’s Water Polo, Women’s Soccer and Women’s Track and Field; the university has hosted a number of NAIA special events, including the Track & Field National Championships, Men’s Soccer Nationals and a round of the NAIA World Series.
On June 1, 2011, the university announced that it had accepted an invitation to join the Pacific West Conference in NCAA Division II competition, joining fellow Golden State Athletic Conference members Azusa Pacific University and Point Loma Nazarene University, California Pacific Conference member Holy Names University as part of the conference's expansion from 10-14 members. While the majority of sports will compete in the PacWest, water polo will join the Western Water Polo Association; the Sunbirds will compete in conference play beginning in the 2012-2013 academic year. They will be eligible for conference championships and awards but ineligible for NCAA postseason play for the first two seasons during the transition process. On July 11, 2011, Fresno Pacific along with fellow conference mates, Azusa Pacific and Point Loma Nazarene, learned that their application for NCAA membership had been approved; the 2011-2012 athletic season marked the final one in NAIA competition for the Sunbirds.
The 2012-2013 season marked the beginning of Pacific West Conference play for FPU. The Sunbirds experienced immediate success, finishing second in the 14-team league in men's soccer, women's volleyball, men's basketball and men's tennis; the women's volleyball team cracked the NCAA Division II top 10, the only transitioning school to do so in any sport. On January 13, 2014, Fresno Pacific named Leslie Schuemann its Director of Athletics. Schuemann was the former director of academic and membership affairs at the NCAA and was instrumental in the formation of the NCAA Division II membership process; the Women’s Volleyball program was dominant at the NAIA level, winning a national title in 1989, four consecutive national titles from 2007-2010 including an undefeated 38-0 season in 2009. FPU won the 2010 title without dropping a single set in the entire national tournament; the Sunbirds have defeated crosstown institution NCAA Division I rival Fresno State of the Mountain West Conference, with a 7-1 all-time record against the Bulldogs.
Fresno Pacific has a reputation for turning out an extraordinary number of professional athletes for a school of its size. FPU has close to 50 alumni playing professionally in numerous sports, with the highest number coming from women's volleyball, men's soccer, men's basketball and baseball. FPU had four alumni competing between the 2012 United States Olympic Swimming Trials and the United States Olympic Track & Field Trials. Women's swimmer Cheyenne Coffman finished 10th in the nation in the 100 backstroke, narrowly finishing behind Missy Franklin and Natalie Coughlin while triple jumper Ethan DeJongh placed 15th in the USA in the triple jump. FPU has a number of hopefuls for the 2016 Olympics from multiple countries, including Fiji national record holders Milika Tuivanuavou and Eugene Vollmer. Since 2006, FPU has had seven players selected in the Major League Baseball Draft. In 2011, Chris Schwinden became the first former Sunbird to reach the major leagues, debuting with the New York Mets.
That same year, the FPU baseball program beat out Fresno State and Fresno City College to have the first local college player selected in the MLB draft when pitcher Jesse Darrah went in the 8th round to the Arizona Diamondbacks. FPU has had four alumni go on to reach Major League Soccer, as well as numerous others who have gone on to play professionally in the United States and around the world. Former Sunbird Pablo Campos went on to win the MLS Cup with Real Salt Lake and is a star forward for the Minnesota United FC of the North American Soccer League. In 2013, FPU alum Paul Islas became the first NCAA Division II player selected in the MLS Draft when he was selected in the first round of the supplemental portion by Chivas USA; the FPU men's basketball program has continuously put out professional athletes both overseas and in the United States. In 2010, alum James Lewis became the first FPU player to be selected in the NBA Development League draft, being selected by the Maine Red Claws, he was selected in 2011 as well by the Austin Toros.
In 2013, FPU guard John Taylor led NCAA Division II in scoring at 27.5 points per game and declared for the NBA Draft. The athletics mascot is Sunny the Sunbird. Sunny is a much loved figure in the campus community. Official website
Zangezur National Park — is a national park of Azerbaijan. It was established by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, as Ordubad National Park on an area of 12,131 hectares of Ordubad Rayon district of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on the June 16, 2003. On 25 November 2009 it was renamed to Zangezur National Park; this park is located in a mountainous area. It is hot in summer; the temperature changes between -30 °C to 10 °C 25 °C in July. The annual precipitation is 300-800 mm; the running water comes from Gilanchay, Duylunchay, Ganzachay, Kotamchay and Ordubadchay rivers. Rains and melting snow constitute the main part of these rivers. Rare plants such as Iris elegantissima, Himantoglossum formosum, Dorema glabrum and other plants occur in Zangazur National Park. 39 species of plants which grow here are included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan. The Zangezur National Park is characterized by a rich biological diversity, it 58. The National Park have such rare and endangered species as Persian leopard, the mountain sheep-moufflon, bezoar goat, white-tail sea eagle, golden eagle, little bustard.
Furthermore, Nakhchivan is known to have 62 mammal subspecies. 32 of them such as blazilius horseshoe bat, southern horseshoe bat, manul, bezoar goat and Caucasian muflon occur in the Zangazur National Park. Additionally 12 carnivorous mammals such as leopard, jackal, stripped hyena, wild cat and other predators constitute the important part of the fauna of the park. In addition to mammals, 217 bird species and subspecies such as Levant sparrowhawk, great white pelican, Dalmatian pelican, white-tailed eagle, short-toed eagle, great bustard and little bustard can be found in the region. 15 of those species were added to the Red Book. According to a 2010 USAID report, public access to the Ordubad National Park is all but impossible, since it requires a personal letter "obtained far in advance of projected visit, refused" from the Minister of Azerbaijan's Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, but this is difficult to obtain for NGOs, international donors, or anyone outside of the government.
In addition to the rich flora and fauna of the Zangazur National Park is rich with natural and historical monuments. Nature of Azerbaijan National Parks of Azerbaijan State Reserves of Azerbaijan List of protected areas of Azerbaijan Zangezur National Park Official Website - Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan National Parks: Zangezur National Park - Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan
Cleopatra's Barge was the first oceangoing yacht built in the United States. It was built in 1816 at Salem, MA by shipbuilder Retire Becket for owner George Crowninshield, Jr. Crowninshield died in 1817 after a single pleasure voyage to the Mediterranean, a brother bought it, used it for two coastal trading voyages and sold it to Boston China traders Bryant & Sturgis and Capt. John Suter in early 1820. Suter sailed it to Hawai'i and sold it to Hawaiian monarch Kamahamaha II for more than a million pounds of sandalwood. Liholiho used it as his private yacht. Under an all-Hawaiian crew, Ha'aheo wrecked in Hanalei Bay, Kaua'i, Hawai'i in April 1824. In the 18th century the Crowninshield family of Salem, Massachusetts had a thriving shipping business. In the War of 1812 one of their ships became a privateer; the elder George Crowninshield died in 1815 and his son inherited the business. George Crowninshield Jr. ordered a pleasure craft called the ship Car of Concordia. At registration he renamed it Cleopatra's Barge for the pleasure barge of Egyptian Queen Cleopatra VII, based on a passage in the play Antony and Cleopatra.
It was built by Retire Becket of Salem and launched October 21, 1816. The ship measured 192 tons, it had two masts in the configuration known as a hermaphrodite brig: square-rigged forward and schooner-rigged aft. This made it fast but required a small crew, it cost about US$50,000 to build, about the same amount was used on luxury furnishings. The main cabin was 19 feet by 20 feet, with mahogany panels inlaid with other decorative wood. Furniture was covered in red velvet with gold lace, the kitchen included custom silver and formal glassware; the starboard side was painted in colorful horizontal stripes, the port side a herring-bone pattern. It boasted indoor plumbing. On December 6, 1816, the ship was opened for public tours, it became a popular attraction for thousands of people. After a one-day trial sail, an unusually cold winter froze the ship into dock for the winter. On January 14, 1817, the Salem Gazette reported:"The elegant equipment of this vessel, by Mr. Crowninshield, for a voyage of pleasure, as it is an entire novelty in this country, has excited universal curiosity and admiration."
Starting on March 30, 1817, it became the first American pure pleasure craft to sail across the Atlantic. The owner's brother Benjamin Williams Crowninshield was United States Secretary of the Navy, so provided letters of introduction from Secretary of State James Monroe and Ambassador to Great Britain John Quincy Adams. Adams' grandson John Quincy Adams II would marry George Crowninshield Jr.'s grandniece. An older cousin Benjamin Crowninshield, former lieutenant of the privateer Black Watch during the American Revolution and commanding officer of the privateer Alexander during the War of 1812, was master of the ship, he brought his son Benjamin Crowninshield Jr. who kept a log book including sketches and watercolors recording the journey. On a six-month cruise in the Mediterranean growing crowds gathered to tour the yacht at each port, they reached Faial Island in the Azores, April 24 where the American Consul gave a ball in their honor. They visited Funchal on the island of Madeira, Gibraltar, Málaga and other ports on the southern coast of Spain.
In Marseilles the ship was redecorated. Next stops were Toulon in Genoa in Italy where they met astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach, it was suspected that the Crowninshields were planning to take former Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte from his exile on Saint Helena island back to America. There were numerous supporting episodes. On 16 August 1814, Alexander had recaptured the British prize Invincible Napoleon, which the British recaptured; the Crowninshields did visit several of Napoleon's supporters and relatives on the island of Elba where Napoléon had escaped in 1815. In Rome they met with Napoleon's mother Letizia Ramolino, siblings Prince Lucien and Princess Pauline, they took on board the captain of the ship on which Napoleon escaped Elba and his doctor, along with souvenirs such as a pair of Napoléon's boots and an imperial snuffbox. They were at various times shadowed by ships from the French and American Navies, as well as pirates, he would outrun them all, in informal races. It was rumored he was hoping to bring back a European Princess to marry, but he returned with neither wife nor Emperor.
After arriving back in Salem from his first cruise October 3, George Crowninshield Jr. died on November 26, 1817 aboard the ship planning his next adventure. Some of the furnishings were removed and placed in the Peabody Essex Museum; the Barge was auctioned off to a Crowninshield brother for US$15,400 in July 1818 and used for a few trading voyages. Boston merchants William F. Sturgis and John Bryant bought the ship in April 1820. Although Bostonians assumed it was going to be used as a trading vessel, the owners had another plan, it sailed via South America under Captain John Suter in June 1820, who had instructions to try to sell it in the Kingdom of Hawaii known as the "Sandwich Islands". Just before landing the ship was painted. Suter had been to the Hawaiian Islands on several previous trips, as he suspected, the day after he arrived on November 6, 1820 King Kamehameha II inspected the ship and was impressed; the ancient Hawaiians had keen interest in boats, the young king knew his father Kamehameha the Great used Western milit
HVDC HelWin2 is a high voltage direct current link built to transmit offshore wind power to the power grid of the German mainland. The project differs from most HVDC systems in that one of the two converter stations is built on a platform in the sea. Voltage-Sourced Converters with DC ratings of 690 MW, ±320 kV are used and the total cable length is 130 km; the project was built by the Siemens/Prysmian consortium with the offshore platform built by Heerema in Zwijndrecht, Netherlands. The topside weighs 10200 tonnes; the project was handed over to its owner, TenneT, in June 2015, the fourth such project to be completed in 2015. High-voltage direct current Offshore wind power HVDC BorWin1 HVDC BorWin2 HVDC BorWin3 HVDC DolWin1 HVDC DolWin2 HVDC DolWin3 HVDC HelWin1 HVDC SylWin1 Description of project on TenneT website. Factsheet – HelWin2 HVDC Platform HelWin 2 HVDC system, CIGRÉ Compendium of all HVDC Projects