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Bushey

Bushey is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire in the East of England. It has a population of 24,000. Bushey Heath is a large neighbourhood south east of Bushey on the boundary with the London Borough of Harrow reaching elevations of 165 metres above sea level; the first written record of Bushey is an account in the Domesday Book, which describes a small agricultural village named'Bissei'. However, chance archaeological findings of Stone Age tools provide evidence that the area was inhabited as far back as the Palaeolithic period; the town has links to the Roman occupation of Britain, with the main road running through it being Roman. The origin of the town's name is not known. In terms of the original name, "Bissei," an early theory in Reverend J. B. Johnstone's book The Place-Names of England and Wales states that it may have meant "Byssa's Isle," and it started life as a lake-village surrounded by marshes and lakes. A more modern theory is that it is derived from the Old English word bysce and Old French boisseie, meaning a'place covered with wood'.

The latter theory could prove more apt, as the town is located in the valleys which extend southwards from the Chiltern Hills, which were once covered in dense forests of oak, ash and juniper. Bushey Heath's story begins in the Napoleonic Wars during a large food shortage. To help solve the problem, the government awarded the waste land to the east of Bushey to Bushey landowners to be used as farming. Whilst the original aim was to produce food, being close to a railway and up to 500 ft above sea level with beautiful and broad views made the area attractive for housing developers; the 19th and 20th centuries marked the time of most change in Bushey between 1860 and 1960. The population rose 28-fold from 856 in 1801, to just under 24,000 today; the expansion was for many reasons, one of the main ones being due to the boom in industry caused by the railway in the early 20th century. A result was that many new jobs were created in and around Watford, in the early 1920s, Bushey's first council houses were built.

More housing was built for the service families working in defence organisations in Stanmore and Northwood. The expansion died down because much of the land in and around Bushey was protected under the Metropolitan Green Belt after the Second World War; this same Green Belt legislation was partly responsible for the abandonment of the pre-war Edgware to Bushey Heath extension as part of the Northern Heights programme of the Northern line underground railway. The Metropolitan Green Belt put great restrictions on new development, the plan was to use the new railway to stimulate new housing around the new route. However, as work was advanced at the onset of war, the depot was completed for use as bomber manufacture, following the Second World War and Green Belt coming into force, it was converted into the Aldenham bus depot, which it remained until 1985, when it became derelict, it is now the Centennial Park Industrial Estate. Bushey Heath station would have been located at the intersection of Elstree Road and Northwestern Avenue.

Conceptual plans existed in the 1903 Act of Parliament for an Edgware to Watford railway that would have seen the railway extended at a date though Bushey village and on to Watford market, but less came of that than the completed Edgware to Bushey Heath stretch. The highest point in the historic county of Middlesex was in Bushey Heath on the border between Hertfordshire and Middlesex at the junction of the A4140 and the A409. At 153 m above sea level, the grid reference was TQ 152937; the lack of farming in Bushey Heath meant that it was a wooded area up to the 18th century, this, added to the lack of street lighting and police, meant that Bushey Heath's history is full of tales of thieves and murder. According to Grant Longman's Robberies on Bushey Heath, the road from Bushey Heath to Stanmore is said to be where the highwaymen lurked, ready to raid the dozen or so caravans that passed through Bushey Heath daily, carrying money from trade in London. Before venturing through the pass, parties of travellers and merchants would form at the Boot Inn at Edgware and the Three Crowns at Bushey Heath so they did not have to venture through the pass alone.

Although one of the highwaymen responsible for the attacks is rumoured to have been the notorious Dick Turpin, evidence suggests that he was in fact more active in the region of Essex. Bushey was an ancient civil parish, it was subdivided by the Local Government Act 1894 into two: the part, within the Watford urban district became the'Bushey Urban' parish, in the Watford Rural District, the part, outside became'Bushey Rural' parish. Subsequently, in 1906, the Bushey Urban parish was renamed Oxhey, the Bushey Rural parish became the parish of Bushey in the Bushey Urban District. Despite being close to London and having Watford on its doorstep Bushey retains the feeling of a small town and this is reinforced with events such as the Bushey Festival and quarter marathon, held each July and the Horticultural Society's flower and produce show. Being located near several film studios at Elstree and Borehamwood and Bushey Heath feature as backdrops

Eli Maor

Eli Maor, an Israel-born historian of mathematics, is the author of several books about the history of mathematics. Eli Maor received his PhD at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, he teaches the history of mathematics at Loyola University Chicago. Maor was the editor of the article on trigonometry for the Encyclopædia Britannica. Asteroid 226861 Elimaor, discovered at the Jarnac Observatory in 2004, was named in his honor; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 22 July 2013. To Infinity and Beyond: A Cultural History of the Infinite, 1991, Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-02511-7 e:The story of a Number, by Eli Maor, Princeton University Press ISBN 0-691-05854-7 Venus in Transit, 2000, Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-04874-6 Trigonometric Delights, Princeton University Press, 2002 ISBN 0-691-09541-8. Ebook version, in PDF format, full text presented; the Pythagorean Theorem: A 4,000-Year History, 2007, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-12526-8 The Facts on File Calculus Handbook, 2005, Checkmark Books, an encyclopedia of calculus concepts geared for high school and college students Music by the Numbers.

Princeton University Press. 2018. ISBN 9780691176901

La Vraie-Croix

La Vraie-Croix is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France. Its inhabitants are called Langroëziens after the Breton name for the commune. Located in the countryside at the edge of the Lanvaux heathland, La Vraie-Croix is a hilly area with many footpaths which offer attractive views; the name La Vraie-Croix comes from a knight of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem who, returning from a crusade, carried with a fragment of the True Cross, he stopped in the town during this journey. He saw that the fragment had disappeared; the piece was subsequently found in a crow's nest on top of a hawthorn bush. The townspeople removed it, they saw it was a sign, the people decided to build a chapel at the site of the tree to house the relic. The small village church to this day houses a reliquary. La Vraie-Croix is renowned for its floral decoration, organised by the people of the village and which has won numerous awards. Indeed, this county has received a national award several times, as well as a European first prize.

For many years the village has achieved a rating of four flowers and the grand prize in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris. Communes of the Morbihan department Mayors of Morbihan Association INSEE commune file French Ministry of Culture list for La Vraie-Croix Official page of La Vraie-Croix Histoire et Patrimoine Chapelles du Pays Vannetais Photos of chapels in Brittany - Photos de chapelles en Bretagne