Ethel Barrymore was an American actress and a member of the Barrymore family of actors. Barrymore was a stage actress regarded as "The First Lady of the American Theatre" whose career spanned six decades. Barrymore was born Ethel Mae Blythe in Philadelphia, the second child of the actors Maurice Barrymore and Georgiana Drew, her father was nearly killed four months before her birth in a famous Old West encounter in Texas while heading a traveling road company. She was named for her father's favorite character—Ethel in William Makepeace Thackeray’s The Newcomes, she was the sister of actors John and Lionel Barrymore, the aunt of actor John Drew Barrymore, grand-aunt of actress Drew Barrymore. She was a granddaughter of actress and theater-manager Louisa Lane Drew, niece of Broadway matinée idol John Drew Jr and early Vitagraph Studios stage and screen star Sidney Drew, she attended Roman Catholic schools there. In 1884, the family stayed two years. Maurice had inherited a substantial amount of money from an aunt and decided to exhibit a play and star in some plays at London's Haymarket Theatre.
Ethel recalled being frightened on first meeting Oscar Wilde when handing him some cakes and being reprimanded by her parents for showing fear of Wilde. Returning to the U. S. in 1886, her father took her to her first baseball game. She wanted to be a concert pianist; the years in England were the happiest of her childhood years due to the fact the Barrymores were more of a nuclear family in London than in the United States. In the summer of 1893 Barrymore was in the company of her mother, ailing from tuberculosis and took a curative sabbatical to Santa Barbara, not far from where family friend Helena Modjeska had a retreat. Georgie died in July 1893 a week before her 37th birthday. Ethel's and Lionel's childhood ended when Georgie died. John, a few years younger, stayed with other relatives. Barrymore's first appearance on Broadway was in 1895, in a play called The Imprudent Young Couple which starred her uncle John Drew, Jr. and Maude Adams. She appeared with Adams again in 1896 in Rosemary. In 1897 Ethel went with William Gillette to London to play Miss Kittridge in Gillette's Secret Service.
She was about to return to the States with Gillette's troupe when Henry Irving and Ellen Terry offered her the role of Annette in The Bells. A full London tour was on and, before it was over, Ethel created, on New Years Day 1898, Euphrosine in Peter the Great at the Lyceum, the play having been written by Irving's son, Laurence. Men everywhere were smitten with Ethel, most notably Winston Churchill. Not wishing to be a politician's wife, she refused. Winston, years married Clementine Hozier, a ravishing beauty who looked much like Ethel. Winston and Ethel remained friends until the end of her life, their “romance” was their own little secret until his son let the cat out of the bag 63 years after it happened. After her season in London, Ethel returned to the U. S. Charles Frohman cast her first in Catherine and as Stella de Grex in His Excellency the Governor. After that, Frohman gave Ethel the role that would make her a star: Madame Trentoni in Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines, which opened at the Garrick Theatre in London's West End on February 4, 1901.
Unbeknownst to Ethel, her father Maurice had witnessed the performance as an audience member and walked up to his daughter, congratulated her and gave her a big hug. It was the only time he saw her on stage professionally; when the tour concluded in Boston in June, she had out-drawn two of the most prominent actresses of her day, Mrs. Patrick Campbell and Minnie Maddern Fiske. Following her triumph in Captain Jinks, Ethel gave sterling performances in many top-rate productions and it was in Thomas Raceward's Sunday that she uttered what would be her most famous line, "That's all there is, there isn't any more."She portrayed Nora in A Doll's House by Ibsen, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare. Barrymore, along with friend Marie Dressler, was a strong supporter of the Actors' Equity Association and had a high-profile role in the 1919 strike. AEA came into being to allow performers to have a bigger share in the profits of stage productions and to provide benefit to elderly or infirm actors.
This angered many producers and cost Barrymore her friendship with George M. Cohan, an actor and producer. Like many benevolent organisations AEA meant well in it's early years but in succeeding years was accused of being a bureaucratic labor union. Ethel Barrymore's involvement in AEA may have been motivated by the fate of both of her parents, both long standing actors, her mother who had needed proper medical care and her father who required years of institutionalized care. In 1926, she scored one of her greatest successes as the sophisticated spouse of a philandering husband in W. Somerset Maugham's comedy, The Constant Wife She starred in Rasputin and the Empress, playing the czarina married to Czar Nicholas. In July 1934, she starred in the play Laura Garnett, by Leslie and Sewell Stokes, at Dobbs Ferry, New York. After she became a stage star, she would dismiss adoring audiences who kept demanding curtain calls by saying "That's all there is—there isn't any more!" This became a popular catch phrase in the 1920s an
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Night of the Living Dead
Night of the Living Dead is a 1968 American independent horror film written, directed and edited by George A. Romero, co-written by John Russo, starring Duane Jones and Judith O'Dea; the story follows seven people who are trapped in a rural farmhouse in western Pennsylvania, besieged by a large and growing group of "living dead" monsters. The film was completed on a $114,000 budget and shot outside Pittsburgh, where it had its theatrical premiere on October 1, 1968; the film grossed $12 million domestically and $18 million internationally, earning over 250 times its budget. Night of the Living Dead has been regarded as a cult classic by film scholars and critics, despite being criticized upon its release for its explicit gore, it garnered critical acclaim and has been selected in 1999 by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry, as a film deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant". Night of the Living Dead led to five subsequent films between 1978 and 2010 directed by Romero, inspired two remakes.
Barbra and Johnny drive to rural Pennsylvania to visit their mother's grave. While in the cemetery, Barbra is attacked by a strange man. Johnny tries to rescue his sister, but the assailant strikes Johnny's head against a gravestone, killing him. After wrecking their car in a panic, Barbra escapes with the stranger in pursuit, she arrives at a farmhouse. Fleeing from the house, she is confronted by strange, menacing ghouls, including the man in the graveyard. A man named Ben arrives and takes her back to the house, driving the monsters away and barricading the doors and windows. While doing this, Ben finds a hunting rifle. Throughout the night, Barbra descends into a stupor of shock and insanity. Ben discovers; the cellar houses an angry married couple and Helen Cooper, along with their daughter Karen. The Coopers sought refuge. Tom and Judy, a teenage couple, arrived after hearing an emergency broadcast about a series of brutal killings. Karen has fallen ill after being bitten by one of the monsters.
They venture upstairs. Harry demands that everyone hide in the cellar, but Ben deems it a "deathtrap" and continues to barricade the house upstairs with Tom's help. Radio reports explain that a wave of mass murder is sweeping across the East Coast of the United States. Ben finds a television, he and other occupants of the house watch an emergency broadcaster report that the recently-deceased have become reanimated and are consuming the flesh of the living. Experts and the military have failed to determine the cause of the reanimations, though one scientist suspects that they are due to radioactive contamination from a space probe, blown up in Earth's atmosphere while returning from Venus. Ben plans to obtain medical care for Karen when the reports list local rescue centers offering refuge and safety. Ben and Tom attempt to refuel Ben's truck at the nearby gas pump while Harry hurls Molotov cocktails from an upper window at the ghouls. Judy follows him. Tom accidentally spills gasoline on the truck, set ablaze by Ben's torch.
Tom and Judy try to drive the truck away from the pump, but Judy is unable to free herself from its door. The truck explodes, killing them both, the ghouls promptly eat the charred remains. Ben is locked out by Harry. Forcing his way back in, Ben beats Harry, angered by his cowardice. A news report reveals that a gunshot or heavy blow to the head, as well as setting them on fire, can stop the ghouls, it reports that posses of armed men are patrolling the countryside to restore order. The power goes out, the ghouls break through the barricades. Harry threatens to shoot him. In the chaos, the two fight. Ben shoots him. Harry stumbles into the cellar and, mortally wounded, collapses next to Karen, who has died from her illness; the ghouls try to pull Helen and Barbra through the windows, but Helen frees herself while Barbra holds them at bay. Helen returns to the cellar to see Karen eating Harry's corpse. Karen stabs the terrified Helen to death with a masonry trowel. Barbra, seeing Johnny among the ghouls, is devoured.
As the ghouls overrun the house, Ben fights off Karen, seals himself inside the cellar — the course of action he had refused to do earlier — and shoots Harry and Helen's corpses as they begin to reanimate. The next morning, Ben is awakened by the posse's gunfire outside. Upon venturing upstairs, he is mistaken for one of the ghouls and killed with a shot to the forehead, his body is thrown onto a pile of corpses, set ablaze. Duane Jones as Ben: An unknown stage actor, Jones' performance depicted Ben as a "comparatively calm and resourceful Negro", according to a movie reviewer in 1969. Casting Jones as the hero was controversial in 1968: it was not typical for a black man to be the hero of an American film when the rest of the cast was composed of white actors at the time, but Romero said that Jones gave the best audition, he was in other films after Night of the Living Dead such as Ganja & Hess and Beat Street and continued working as a theater actor and director until his death in 1988. Despite his other film roles, Jones worried.
Judith O'Dea as Barbra: A 23-year
Carolyn M. Byham
Carolyn Byham is an American philanthropist and community activist residing in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For more than four-and-a-half decades, Carolyn has been active in cultural and civic organizations in Pittsburgh and Mt. Lebanon, the suburb where she resides, she was elected as Mt. Lebanon City Commissioner and served from 1982 to 1990, she is past president of both the local chapter of the American Association of University Women and the Mt. Lebanon Civic League. Carolyn is on the board of trustees for the Chautauqua Institution. In the 1980s, she helped to found the Pittsburgh International Children’s Festival and continues to express her love of the arts through board memberships with the Pittsburgh Public Theater, Pittsburgh Cultural Trust, the Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre. Carolyn is on the Honor Board of WQED public radio and television stations, where she is active in fundraising. Carolyn and her husband, William C. Byham, are major contributors to many arts organizations in Pittsburgh.
To restore a grand old performance venue, they provided the funds for what is now the Byham Theater, a 900-seat theater in downtown Pittsburgh. And, to ensure the comfort and safety of the next generation of ballet dancers who come to Pittsburgh from around the world, the Byham's established the Byham House. Plans for a spectacular new 14,000-square-foot annex to the Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre studios was unveiled and named the Byham Center for Dance Excellence, in honor of Bill and Carolyn. Carolyn Byham was born on November 1941 in Easton, Pennsylvania, she received her bachelor's degree in speech from West Virginia University and attended Ohio State University on an assistantship, where she received her master's degree in Broadcasting. From 1964 to 1968, Carolyn worked as an account executive in the public relations department of Batten, Durstine & Osborn advertising agency in New York City. In this role, she co-wrote cookbooks and produced three NFL half-time specials with CBS for her client, the Campbell Soup Company.
She is the Executive Vice President of Design and Planning for Development Dimensions International, headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She and her husband have two children: Tacy M. Byham, Ph. D. and Carter W. Byham
Allegheny County Courthouse
The Allegheny County Courthouse in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is part of a complex designed by H. H. Richardson; the buildings are considered among the finest examples of the Romanesque Revival style for which Richardson is well known. The complex is bordered by wide thoroughfares named for city founders James Ross, John Forbes and James Grant; the current building, completed in 1888, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976. Richardson referred to it as his "great achievement". Pittsburgh's original courthouse, first occupied in 1794, was a wooden structure located on one side of Market Square; the Pennsylvania Supreme Court and from December 7, 1818, until 1841 the Western District of Pennsylvania held court sessions at Market Square. Land for a new courthouse was purchased in April 1834; this was a tract of land on Grant's Hill. Construction took place between 1836 and 1840; this court house was built with polished gray sandstone, quarried at Coal Hill, opposite Water Street along the Monongahela River.
The building was designed by John Chislett. The Greek Revival design included a domed cupola housing a rotunda 60 feet in diameter and 80 feet high; the building was completed in 1841. The building's second floor again served as the headquarters for both the Commonwealth Supreme Court Pittsburgh region and the Federal Western District, serving the latter until a new U. S. Customs House/Post Office opened on Fifth and Smithfield in 1853. Due to corrosion caused by coal smoke, the building deteriorated: the dressed surface of the facade dropped off, some of the cornices near the roof began to fall, the building had a scaly appearance. In its deteriorated state, it was a handsome structure. On May 7, 1882, a fire ruined the building. Subsequently, it was demolished; the third, present, courthouse was erected on the same spot. Following the destruction of the second courthouse, Allegheny County Commissioners decided to hold a competition to design a replacement; the winner of the competition was Boston architect Henry Hobson Richardson and construction of the buildings was begun by the Norcross Brothers, Richardson's construction firm of choice, in 1884.
The design of the main building, which Richardson considered to be his finest, was innovative in that the building is built around an interior courtyard, thus allowing natural light and fresh air to reach most of the building. The courtyard is surrounded by four stories in three sides. A tower rises five stories from the courtyard's open side; as was the case with Richardson's buildings, the roof is steep with dormers placed at all the corners. A prison is connected to the courthouse via the "Bridge of Sighs"; the design was based on the Bridge of Sighs in Venice. The entire complex was built of large rusticated blocks of granite, with the entrance ways and windows topped with wide arches; this gives the building a heavy and dignified appearance. In the 1900s the street level in front of the building was lowered as part of a general re-grading of Pittsburgh. Richardson had anticipated this and courses of finished masonry had been buried underground, now to be revealed; this left the ceremonial entrance a full story above the street.
A grand stairway was built, but removed during street widening in the 1930s- the low arched doorways were extended downwards to street level, with the result that the visitor is not greeted by the grand entrance hall Richardson planned, but by the low corridors which were once the basement. Muralist Vincent Nesbert completed five murals for the building on its first floor in 1937: "Industry," "Justice," "Peace," "Fort Duquesne" and "The Battle of Grant's Hill."In 1973, the building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1976, it was designated a National Historic Landmark; the design of the Allegheny County Courthouse has influenced buildings in many cities across America, such as Minneapolis City Hall, Altgeld Hall on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and James W. McLaughlin's Wayne County Courthouse in Richmond, Indiana. In 2007, the American Institute of Architects asked Harris Interactive to survey 2,000 people, who were shown 247 photographs of buildings and other structures in different categories chosen by 2,500 architects.
The Allegheny County Courthouse was ranked 35th overall on the list and above every other courthouse in the nation except the United States Supreme Court Building. Several big-budget films have portrayed the Courthouse. Striking Distance and Hoffa used interior shots, while Desperate Measures and The Next Three Days used both interior and exterior shots, with Boys on the Side and Mrs. Soffel featuring the Ross Street side of the complex and the "Bridge of Sighs"; the designs of Toronto City Hall, Minneapolis City Hall, the Milwaukee Federal Building and Altgeld Hall on the campus of the University of Illinois were influenced by the Allegheny County Courthouse. Allegheny County Courthouse and Jail Architectural Records, 1883-1948, AIS.1980.20, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh Smoke Control Lantern Slide Collection, University of Pittsburgh Archives Service Center, AIS.1978.22, Digital Research Library Historic American Buildings Survey No. PA-610, "Allegheny County Courthouse & Jail, 436 Grant Street, 420 Ross Street, Allegheny County, PA", 13 photos, 35 measured drawings, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page "Pittsburgh, The Story of an American City," 5th edition, Stefan Lorant, Esselmont Books, LLC.
Pittsburgh, PA, 1999. Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Pilgrimage to H. H. Richardson, unpublished manuscript Och
Richard Morrow Groat is a former two-sport athlete best known as a shortstop in Major League Baseball. He played for four National League teams the Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Cardinals, was named the league's Most Valuable Player in 1960 after winning the batting title with a.325 average for the champion Pirates. From 1956 to 1962 he teamed with second baseman Bill Mazeroski to give Pittsburgh one of the game's strongest middle infields. Groat led the NL in putouts four times and in assists twice. At the end of his career he ranked ninth in major league history in games at shortstop and fourth in double plays, was among the NL career leaders in putouts and total chances. An excellent basketball player, Groat attended Duke University and is a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity, he was twice an All-American at Duke and was voted as the Helms National Player of the Year in 1952 after averaging 25.2 points per game. He played one season as a guard in the National Basketball Association. In 2011 Groat was inducted into the National College Baseball Hall of Fame, becoming the first man inducted into both the college basketball and college baseball halls of fame.
From 1969 to 2019 he was the color commentator for Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball radio broadcasts. Groat was signed by Pirates general manager Branch Rickey just days after graduating from Duke, where he had been a 2-time All-American in basketball and baseball. Both the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants were interested in him, but he had always hoped to play for the Pirates after growing up a few miles away from Forbes Field, he broke in with the Pirates in June, never playing in the minor leagues, batted.284 over the rest of the year. Afterwards, he pursued his basketball career before serving two years in the Army, he led Fort Belvoir teams to worldwide Army championships in both sports, the first time a single base had won both titles in the same year, hitting.362 in baseball and averaging 35 points per game in basketball. Returning to the Pirates in 1955, he batted second for the team, with leadoff hitter Bill Virdon recalling his particular skill at the hit and run; that year he led the NL in putouts for the first time.
In 1956, he set the all-time record for most at bats in a season without stolen base. He batted.315 in 1957, along with a career high of 7 home runs. In 1958 he again hit.300, led the NL in putouts and double plays as the Pirates finished in second place, the first time they had placed higher than seventh since 1949. He led the NL in putouts and double plays again in 1959, made his first of five All-Star teams. In the ensuing offseason he was nearly traded for Roger Maris, but the deal was cancelled by manager Danny Murtaugh. Groat responded with his best year as team captain, becoming the first Pirate to be named MVP since Paul Waner in their last pennant year of 1927, the first right-handed Pirates hitter to win the batting title since Honus Wagner in 1911, he missed a few weeks late in the season after having his wrist broken by a Lew Burdette pitch on September 6. In the 1960 World Series against the New York Yankees, he tied Game 1 at 1-1 with a first-inning double and scored to give Pittsburgh the lead.
In Game 7, he had an RBI single and scored in the eighth inning, in which the Pirates scored five runs to take a 9-7 lead. In 1961 Groat batted.275, together with Mazeroski led the league in double plays. In 1962 he batted.294, finishing third in the league in doubles, led the NL in putouts and double plays. In November 1962, in the hope of bolstering the team's pitching, general manager Joe L. Brown traded him to the Cardinals in exchange for Don Cardwell. Groat was hurt by the trade, having hoped to become a coach and manager after retiring, severed all contact with the team until a 1990 reunion of the 1960 champions, he had another outstanding year in 1963, finishing fourth in the league with a.319 batting average – just seven points behind champion Tommy Davis – and collecting 201 hits. He led the NL with 43 doubles, was third with a personal high of 11 triples. In 1964 he batted.292 for the pennant-winning Cardinals, again leading the league in assists and double plays and making his last All-Star team.
In the World Series against the Yankees, he reached base on Bobby Richardson's error in the sixth inning of Game 4, scored on Ken Boyer's grand slam in the 4-3 St. Louis victory. Groat tagged out Mickey Mantle in the third inning of that game on a pickoff play, he scored in the 3-run tenth inning of Game 5, a 5-2 win, had an RBI groundout in the final 7-5 win in Game 7. After hitting.254 in 1965, he was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies in a six-player deal. He batted.265 for the 1966 Phillies, his contract was sold to the Giants in June 1967. In a fourteen-season career, Groat compiled a.286 batting average with 2138 hits, 39 home runs, 829 runs, 707 runs batted in, 352 doubles and 14 stolen bases in 1929 games. 5-time All-Star Led NL in singles Appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated thr
Government of Pittsburgh
The Government of Pittsburgh is composed of the Mayor, the City Council, various boards and commissions. Most of these offices are housed within the Pittsburgh City-County Building; the Government of Pittsburgh receives its authority from the Pennsylvania General Assembly pursuant to Part III of Title 53 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, relating to Cities of the Second Class. The Mayor of Pittsburgh is elected every 4 years; the current mayor is Bill Peduto. Since the 1950s the Mayor's Chief of Staff has assumed a large role in advising, long term planning and as a "gatekeeper" to the mayor; the Pittsburgh City Council is a nine-member city council. City council members are chosen by plurality elections in each of nine districts; the mayor appoints the position of Pittsburgh Police Chief. The city and its immediate suburbs are served by the four-year elected Allegheny County District Attorney to prosecute criminal offenses and the congressionally appointed U. S. District Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania for federal offenses.
The city and its residents are served by the elected four-year term Allegheny County Sheriff and the County council-appointed Allegheny County Police Department Chief. Pittsburgh finances are subject to the Pittsburgh Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority, the city's state-appointed financial oversight body. Many governmental functions are carried out by boards and commissions; these organizations include: Allegheny County Sanitary Authority Allegheny Regional Asset District Board Pittsburgh Parking Authority Sports and Exhibition Authority Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Stadium Authority Government of Pennsylvania Official website Pittsburgh Code and Charter from Municode