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CSS Acadia

CSS Acadia is a former hydrographic surveying and oceanographic research ship of the Hydrographic Survey of Canada and its successor the Canadian Hydrographic Service. Acadia served Canada for more than five decades from 1913 to 1969, charting the coastline of every part of Eastern Canada including pioneering surveys of Hudson Bay, she was twice commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Acadia, the only ship still afloat to have served the RCN in both World Wars. Today she is a museum ship, designated as a National Historic Site of Canada, moored in Halifax Harbour at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Retaining her original engines and little-changed accommodations, she is one of the best preserved Edwardian ocean steamships in the world and a renowned example of Canada's earliest scientific prowess in the fields of hydrography and oceanography. Acadia was designed in Ottawa by Canadian naval architect R. L. Newman for the Hydrographic Survey of Canada and built by Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson at Newcastle-on-Tyne in England.

Named after Acadia, the early colonial name for Atlantic Canada, she was launched on May 8, 1913. Acadia arrived in Halifax on July 8 and was commissioned that July upon her first voyage using the prefix CGS, which stood for "Canadian Government Ship." She saw extensive use prior to 1917 surveying the waters along Canada's Atlantic coast, including tidal charting and depth soundings for various ports. Her first two seasons were spent charting in Hudson Bay at Port Nelson and the entrance to Hudson Bay to open the way for a grain port for Manitoba. In her first year she made the first Canadian surveys of notorious Sable Island and rescued the crew of the steamship Alette, crushed by ice in Hudson Bay, the first of many rescues the rugged Acadia would make. Among her more enduring work was a survey of the Bay of Fundy which became her longest assignment prior to entering military service in World War I. After the outbreak of war in 1914, Acadia was among the government vessels used to patrol the Bay of Fundy during the winter months, sailing between Yarmouth, Nova Scotia and Grand Manan.

CGS Acadia was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy on January 16, 1917 as a patrol vessel, replacing the CGS prefix with HMCS, thus becoming HMCS Acadia. The vessel was armed with one 4-inch gun placed forward. From 1917 until March 1919, she conducted anti-submarine patrols from the Bay of Fundy along Nova Scotia's Atlantic coast and through the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. On December 6, 1917, less than twelve months into her wartime service, HMCS Acadia survived the disastrous Halifax Explosion. Acadia suffered only minor damage. Near the end of the war she served as a platform for experiments with anti-submarine balloons. Following the armistice, HMCS Acadia was returned to the Hydrographic Survey of Canada where she regained her original prefix CGS Acadia and resumed hydrographic survey work throughout the inter-war period of the 1920s and 1930s. Lack of survey funds suspended her operation in 1924 and 1925. In 1926 she resumed surveys and became the first Canadian research vessel to be fitted with an echo sounder.

A major achievement were surveys to establish the port of Manitoba. Acadia performed pioneering Canadian oceanographic research. In 1929 Acadia rescued the crew of a crashed Sikorsky amphibious aircraft named "Untin Bowler" who were attempting a round-trip to Europe across Greenland and Iceland sponsored by the Chicago Tribune until the aircraft was destroyed by ice off the tip of Labrador. CGS Acadia was recommissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy in October 1939, once again becoming HMCS Acadia, she was first used as a training ship for a shore establishment in Halifax. From May 1940 to March 1941 she saw active use as a patrol ship off the entrance of Halifax Harbour, providing close escort support for small convoys entering and leaving the port from the harbour limits at the submarine nets off McNabs Island to the "Halifax Ocean Meeting Point". After a refit, HMCS Acadia was assigned in mid-1941 for use as an anti-aircraft training ship and serving as a gunnery training vessel for crews of the Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships fleet.

In June 1944, HMCS Acadia was assigned to the training base HMCS Cornwallis and stationed at the nearby port of Digby, Nova Scotia where she was used for gunnery training for recruits and advanced gunnery training for petty officers and officers. Her wartime name of HMCS Acadia continues in use today for the Sea Cadet summer training camp held at the ship's old base at Cornwallis. With the end of the war, HMCS Acadia was paid off by the RCN on November 3, 1945, returned for the second time to the Canadian Hydrographic Service as CSS Acadia, the new acronym standing for Canadian Survey Ship. A major post-war assignment was updating and expanding the nautical charts of Newfoundland and Labrador after the province joined Canada in 1949. In 1962, Acadia rescued hundreds of people from forest fires in Newfoundland. In addition to her work with the CHS, CSS Acadia participated in military survey assignments for the Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, United States Navy. By the end of her career, Acadia had charted every region of Atlantic Canada as well as much of the Eastern Arctic.

She was retired from active service on November 28, 1969, was transferred to the Bedford Institute of Oceanography for use as a museum ship. Acadia was declared a National Historic Site in 1976. On February 9, 1982, the BIO transferred CSS Acadia to the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic for preservation and interpretation, she is moored at the Museum's North Wharf and open to visitors from May to Octob

My Only Love

My Only Love is a Philippine television drama romance series broadcast by GMA Network. Based from the 1982 film of the same title, the series is the fifth instalment of Sine Novela. Directed by Louie Ignacio, it stars Rhian Ramos and Bianca King, it premiered on November 12, 2007 on the network's Dramarama sa Hapon line up replacing Kung Mahawi Man ang Ulap. The series concluded on February 2008 with a total of 79 episodes, it was replaced by Kaputol ng Isang Awit in its timeslot. Lead castRhian Ramos as Cindy Moreno Mark Herras as Billy Soriano Bianca King as TrixieSupporting castAlfred Vargas as Emman Rita Avila as Camille Sherilyn Reyes as Loren Gladys Reyes as Pearl Stef Prescott as Tiffany Ana Capri as Magda Daniel Fernando as Luisito Ruby Rodriguez as Tessie Tessbomb as Paris Kevin Santos as Paul Marco Alcaraz as Jonas Chariz Solomon as Marge Paulo Avelino as AlvinGuest castLloyd Samartino as Ricardo Gail Lardizabal as Innah Krystal Reyes as young Cindy Renz Valerio as young Billy Ella Guevara as young Trixie Joy Folloso as young Tiffany According to AGB Nielsen Philippines' Mega Manila household television ratings, the pilot episode of My Only Love earned a 19.8% rating.

While the final episode scored a 20.7% rating. My Only Love on IMDb

Boards of Cooperative Educational Services

The Boards of Cooperative Educational Services is a program of shared educational services provided to school districts by the New York State Legislature. BOCES owes its origin to a state legislative enactment authorizing the formation of intermediate school districts. Passed in 1948, the act was aimed at enabling small rural school districts to combine their resources to provide services that otherwise would have been uneconomical, inefficient, or unavailable. BOCES was to be the temporary means by which careful transitions could be made to an intermediate district framework. Though its purposes were similar to those of the proposed intermediate districts, BOCES was conceived and written into the Education Law in its own separate sections. Simpler in structure and less autonomous than projected intermediate districts, the BOCES proved itself worthy of being both means and end. Not one intermediate district was formed, cooperative boards proliferated especially during the mid-1950s, reaching 82 by 1958.

In 1972 the Intermediate School District Act was repealed. Laws pertaining to BOCES, have remained on the books, thus BOCES has developed from a special-purpose, interim agency into a formally recognized middle or intermediate unit in New York State's public education system. There are 37 BOCES incorporating all but 9 of the 697 school districts in New York State. Moreover, other states have moved toward regional educational configurations like BOCES. At least 30 state legislatures have mandated or passed legislation, as educational service agencies study the idea; the total area under supervision of a district superintendent is called a supervisory district. BOCES membership is not available to the so-called Big Five city school districts: New York City, Rochester and Syracuse. Once a district has joined a BOCES, it cannot withdraw and is obligated to pay its annual share of administrative, rental, or facilities expenses. BOCES services are, optional, they may be purchased or not purchased. The decision to purchase or not purchase BOCES services is made each school year by district BOEs.

BOCES services are created when two or more school districts decide they have similar needs that can be met by a shared program. BOCES helps school districts save money by providing opportunities to pool resources and share costs. Sharing is an economical way for districts to provide programs and services that they might not be able to afford otherwise, it is more efficient and less costly to operate one central service than it is to have separate programs in each school district. BOCES services are customized offering districts the flexibility to meet their individual needs. BOCES is governed just as local districts are governed by a Board of Education, made up of representatives from component districts. Board members are responsible for curricular and other policy decisions, just as they are at the local level. Members are elected by component school board members. BOCES board members do not need to be local school board members, but they must be eligible voters in component school districts of that BOCES.

Election to BOCES boards occurs at an annual BOCES meeting. The duties and powers of BOCES boards, as specified in 1950 of the Education Law of the State of New York, include the following: Appointment of a district superintendent, subject to approval of the Commissioner of Education. A BOCES board appoints its own chief executive officer, contingent upon approval of the commissioner of education; as a BOCES executive, the district superintendent serves local districts and is responsible to the board of education representing the component districts of the BOCES. The district superintendent serves as a representative of the commissioner of education, providing educational leadership to local school districts in matter of law and practice. Based on these responsibilities, the district superintendent has at least three important roles: Educational change agent Regional planner and coordinator Field representative for the New York State Education Department, a consultative capacity designed to improve two-way communication between state and local levels The facilities, professional personnel, services of a BOCES are available to every local school district within the district superintendent's supervisory district.

Because the BOCES board must develop its offerings to fulfill local demands and needs, levels of accountability and flexibility are maintained. Under New York State Education Law, a BOCES must furnish any educational service, requested by two or more component districts and approved by the commissioner of education according to need and practicality in a regional context. By January of each year, the Boards of Education in component school districts specify their potential service needs for the following school year; these needs