Alfred Wellington Purdy, OC OOnt was a 20th-century Canadian free verse poet. Purdys writing career spanned fifty-six years and his works include thirty-nine books of poetry, a novel, two volumes of memoirs and four books of correspondence, in addition to his posthumous works. He has been called the unofficial poet laureate and a national poet in a way that you only find occasionally in the life of a culture. Born in Wooler, Purdy went to Albert College in Belleville, Ontario and he dropped out of school at 17 and rode the rails west to Vancouver. He served in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II. Following the war, he worked in various jobs until the 1960s, in 1957, Purdy and his wife Eurithe moved to Roblin Lake in Ameliasburgh, where they built an a-frame cottage, and this became his preferred location for writing. In his years, he divided his time between North Saanich, British Columbia, and his cottage at Roblin Lake, in addition to his poems and novel, Purdys work includes two volumes of memoirs, the most recent of which was Reaching for the Beaufort Sea.
He wrote four books of correspondence, including Margaret Laurence - Al Purdy, A Friendship in Letters and radio and he was writer-in-residence at several Canadian universities, contributed to Acta Victoriana, literary journal of Victoria College, and edited a number of anthologies of poetry. He wrote the introduction to the last book of poetry by his friend Milton Acorn, Purdy was a long-time friend of American author Charles Bukowski. Bukowski once said, I dont know of any good living poets, but theres this tough son of a bitch up in Canada that walks the line. Noted Canadian formalist poet James Pollock, when asked to Name one poet, living or dead, it seems everyone loves but you, answered, In Canada, Al Purdy died in North Saanich. His final collection of poetry, Beyond Remembering, The Collected Poems of Al Purdy, was released posthumously in the fall of 2000, the campaign is profiled in Brian D. Johnsons 2015 documentary film Al Purdy Was Here. In 2016 it was revealed in Toronto Life that John Hofsess contributed to the suicide of Al Purdy.
The League of Canadian Poets gave Purdy the Voice of the Land Award, Purdys collection of poems, Rooms for Rent in the Outer Planets, Selected Poems, 1962–1996, was chosen for inclusion in Canada Reads 2006, where it was championed by poet Susan Musgrave. On May 20,2008, a bronze statue of Purdy was unveiled in Queens Park in downtown Toronto. Fredericton, NB, U of New Brunswick P,1956, the Crafte So Longe to Lerne. The Blur in Between, Poems 1960-61, North of Summer, Poems from Baffin Island. About Being a Member of Our Armed Forces —1967 Wild Grape Wine, Trenton, ON, M. Kerrigan Almey,1969. ISBN 0-7710-7198-1 On the Bearpaw Sea, ISBN 0-7710-7200-7, ISBN 0-7710-7201-5 In Search of Owen Roblin
Regent Park is a neighbourhood located in downtown Toronto, Canada, built in the late 1940s as a public housing project. The project is managed by Toronto Community Housing and it used to be the centre of the Cabbagetown neighbourhood, and is bounded by Gerrard Street East to the north, River Street to the east, Shuter Street to the south, and Parliament Street to the west. Regent Parks residential dwellings, prior to the redevelopment, were entirely social housing. The Toronto neighbourhood known as Cabbagetown was razed in the process of creating Regent Park, Regent Park, and adjoining areas of the Old Citys east end, were home to some of Torontos historic slum districts in the early 1900s. Most residents of the area were poor and working-class people of British and Irish descent, along with numbers of continental European Jewish. Concern over crime and social problems in the area, as well as substandard housing and these plans came to fruition soon after the end of the war, when the Regent Park North public housing project was approved in 1947.
Families began to move into Regent Park North in 1949, the last families moved into Regent Park North in 1957. In subsequent years, more housing units were built in Toronto, including Regent Park South. Although Regent Park had been designed to alleviate the areas housing and social problems. By the mid-1960s, for example, there were complaints about the housing projects falling into a state of disrepair, changes to the Canadian immigration system in the 1960s led to an influx of multicultural and multiethnic immigrants into the country. Meanwhile, the continued to have a reputation of crime. In the first decade of the 21st century a new redevelopment plan for Regent Park was implemented and this plan called for Regent Park to be redeveloped as a mixed-income neighbourhood. Because of the proximity to the downtown core, it is potentially high value real estate. According to the 2006 census for census tract 0030.00, upwards to 1145 black people,815 South Asian,365 Chinese, and 100 Latin American people.
In 2011, those numbers had changed, by the 2011 National Household Survey census, there were now 565 Black people,495 South Asian,325 Chinese and 105 Latin American people. It is important to recognize the significance of the decline of the minority populations in Regent Park from the 2006 census to the 2011 NHS census. In Regent Park, the median in income in 2006 and 2011 was $40,000 to $49,999, although there was a decrease in this income range as compared to 2006. In comparison to Ontario, it is evident that the income in Regent Park for 2006 and 2011 is higher than the median income in Ontario for 2006 and 2011
Provinces and territories of Canada
Canadas geography is divided into administrative divisions known as provinces and territories that are responsible for delivery of sub-national governance. Over its history, Canadas international borders have changed several times, the ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was originally a French colony, the three territories are Northwest Territories and Yukon, which govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. Together, the provinces and territories make up the worlds second-largest country by area, the powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the federal government and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be co-sovereign divisions, the territories are not sovereign, but simply part of the federal realm, and have a commissioner who represents the federal government.
Notes, There are three territories in Canada, unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government. They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, the following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Prior to Confederation and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada, over the following years, British Columbia, and Prince Edward Island were added as provinces. The Hudsons Bay Company controlled large swathes of western Canada referred to as Ruperts Land and the North-Western Territory until 1870, the area was re-organized into the province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories. The remaining Arctic islands were transferred by Britain to Canada in 1880,1898 saw the Yukon Territory, renamed simply as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1,1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward, Manitobas to the 60° parallel, Ontarios to Hudson Bay, in 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a period of economic crisis. In 2001, it was officially renamed Newfoundland and Labrador, in 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbias northwestern boundary. This was one of two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the portion of The North, while Nunavut is in the east. All three territories combined are the most sparsely populated region in Canada, covering 3,921,739 km2 in land area and they are often referred to as a single region, The North, for organisational and economic purposes
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents. This is a common and controversial topic in politics and in urban planning, conversations surrounding gentrification have evolved, as many in the social-scientific community have questioned the negative connotations associated with the word gentrification. Gentrification is typically the result of increased interest in a certain environment, early gentrifiers may belong to low-income artist or boheme communities, which increase the attractiveness and flair of a certain quarter. In addition to these benefits, gentrification can lead to population migration. The term gentrification has come to refer to a phenomenon that can be defined in different ways. Historians say that gentrification took place in ancient Rome and in Roman Britain, the word gentrification derives from gentry—which comes from the Old French word genterise, of gentle birth and people of gentle birth.
In England, Landed gentry denoted the social class, consisting of gentlemen and this change has the potential to cause displacement of long-time residents and businesses. When long-time or original neighborhood residents move from an area because of higher rents, mortgages. Gentrification is a housing and health issue that affects a communitys history and culture and it often shifts a neighborhoods characteristics, e. g. racial-ethnic composition and household income, by adding new stores and resources in previously run-down neighborhoods. German geographers have a more distanced view on gentrification, actual gentrification is seen as a mere symbolic issue happening in a low amount of places and blocks, the symbolic value and visibility in public discourse being higher than actual migration trends. Gerhard Hard assumes that urban flight is more important than inner city gentrification. Volkskunde scholar Barbara Lang introduced the term symbolic gentrification with regard to the Mythos Kreuzberg in Berlin, Lang assumes that complaints about gentrification often come from those who have been responsible for the process in their youth.
When former students and bohemians started raising families and earning money in better paid jobs, especially Berlin is a showcase of intense debates about symbols of gentrification, while the actual processes are much slower than in other cities. The citys Prenzlauer Berg district is, however, a child of the capitals gentrification. This leads to mixed feelings amidst the local population, the neologism Bionade-Biedermeier was coined about Prenzlauer Berg. It describes the milieu of the former quartier of the alternative scene. There are several approaches that attempt to explain the roots and the reasons behind the spread of gentrification, bruce London and J. John Palen compiled a list of five explanations, demographic-ecological, political-economical, community networks, and social movements. The first theory, demographic-ecological, attempts to explain gentrification through the analysis of demographics, social organization and this theory frequently refers to the growing number of people between the ages of 25 and 35 in the 1970s, or the baby boom generation
Prince Edward Viaduct
The system includes the Rosedale Valley phase and the Sherbourne Phase, an embankment built to extend Bloor Street East to the Rosedale Ravine from Sherbourne Street. The Don Valley phase of the system, the most recognizable, spans the Don River Valley, crossing over the Bayview Avenue Extension, the Don River, the roadway has five lanes with a bicycle lane in each direction. The subway level connects Broadview Station in the east with Castle Frank, designed by Edmund W. Burke, the Prince Edward Viaduct is a three hinged concrete-steel arch bridge with a total span of 494 metres, at 40 metres above the Don Valley. The bridge consists of a made of transverse beams and I-girders. The column supports transfer the load to the trusses within the arches, the arches transfer their load through large hinges to a concrete pier and eventually to the ground. Steel was provided by Dominion Bridge Company, in addition to the Don River, the Don Valley Parkway, and Bayview Avenue, two railway lines, an electrical transmission line and a bicycle trail all pass under the bridge spans.
The projected cost of its construction increased from CDN$759,000 in 1910 to CDN$2.5 million in 1913, upon its completion in 1918, it was named for Prince Edward, Prince of Wales. The bridges designer and the commissioner of works, R. C. Harris, were able to have their way and the lower deck eventually proved to millions of dollars when the Toronto Transit Commissions Bloor–Danforth subway opened in 1966. The Rosedale Valley phase was not used for the subway, as the curve between each phase, as well as the curve to the west at Parliament Street, was considered too sharp for the subway. A separate bridge was built over Rosedale Valley, west of the Castle Frank Subway Station and this covered subway bridge was designed by John B. Parkin and Associates with De Leuw Cather Canada and completed in 1966, the Prince Edward Viaduct resulted in more rapid development of those portions of Toronto lying on the east side of the Don Valley. Over time, the Prince Edward Viaduct became a magnet for suicide, with nearly 500 suicides by 2003, the viaduct ranked as the second most fatal standing structure in North America, after the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.
At its peak in 1997, the suicide rate averaged one person every 22 days, in 1957, a child climbed onto the railing and fell accidentally while walking along it. The council originally approved a C$2.5 million budget, the minimum bid for construction was C$5.5 million. Council eventually endorsed a campaign to raise the remainder of the money. Construction was completed in 2003 at the cost of $5.5 million, the barrier was called the Luminous Veil. The tensile structure was difficult to analyze and required several tests at the University of Toronto, cost prohibited the planned lighting to be installed on the top horizontal member
Vintage clothing is a generic term for garments originating from a previous era. The phrase is used in connection with a retail outlet. Generally speaking, clothing which was produced before the 1920s is referred to as antique clothing and clothing from the 1920s to 20 years before the present day is considered vintage. Retro, short for retrospective, or vintage style usually refers to clothing that imitates the style of a previous era, reproduction, or repro, clothing is a newly made copy of an older garment. Clothing produced more recently is usually called modern or contemporary fashion, most vintage clothing has been previously worn, but a small percentage of pieces have not. These are often old warehouse stock, and more valuable than those that have been worn, referred to as deadstock or new old stock, they nevertheless sometimes have flaws. Vintage clothing may be commercially produced or handmade by individuals. In the United States, due to changes in clothing sizes, for example, a garment from the 1970s labeled as Medium might be similar in size to a 2010s Extra Small.
As obesity was relatively uncommon prior to the 1980s, larger sizes are typically rare, Vintage sewing patterns offer an option for those who want a historically accurate garment but cannot find one in their size. One of the first regular fairs that was set up specifically to cater for the current demand for clothing is Frock Me. This event takes place throughout the year in Chelsea, London as well as in Brighton. Vintage clothing is obtained from older friends and relatives. Typically in the United States, vintage clothing shops can be clustered in college towns. Sizing is a major factor - in most locations in the United States and these stores typically range from 200 to 5,000 square feet in size, and will usually have a fitting room. In addition to selling clothing and accessories, many clothing stores buy clothing from the public in exchange for cash or store credit. The advent of the internet has been a boon to the clothing industry. It has increased the availability of specific and hard-to-get items and opened up markets for sellers around the world.
Popular places to acquire garments include online auctions, multi-vendor sites, online vintage clothing shops, many vintage clothing shops with physical locations now sell their goods online
Ernest Thompson Seton
Ernest Thompson Seton was an author, wildlife artist, founder of the Woodcraft Indians in 1902 and one of the founding pioneers of the Boy Scouts of America in 1910. Seton influenced Lord Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting and his notable books related to Scouting include The Birch Bark Roll and the Boy Scout Handbook. He is responsible for the appropriation and incorporation of what he believed to be American Indian elements into the traditions of the BSA, Ernest Thompson Seton, born Ernest Evan Thompson in South Shields, County Durham, England of Scottish parents. Setons family emigrated to Canada in 1866, most of his childhood was spent in Toronto, Ontario. As a youth, he retreated to the woods to draw and he won a scholarship in art to the Royal Academy in London, England. On his twenty-first birthday, Setons father presented him with an invoice for all the expenses connected with his childhood and youth and he paid the bill, but never spoke to his father again. Ernest changed his name to Ernest Thompson Seton, believing that Seton had been an important family name and he became successful as a writer and naturalist, and moved to New York City to further his career.
An estate that he built in Cos Cob, a section of Greenwich, after experiencing vandalism by the local youth, Seton invited them to his estate for a weekend where he told them what he claimed were stories of the American Indians and of nature. He formed the Woodcraft Indians in 1902 and invited the youth to join. Despite the name, the group was made up of non-native boys, the stories became a series of articles written for the Ladies Home Journal, and were eventually collected in The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians in 1906. Seton met Scoutings founder, Lord Baden-Powell, in 1906, Baden-Powell had read Setons book, The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians, and was greatly intrigued by it. The pair met and shared ideas, Baden-Powell went on to found the Scouting movement worldwide, and Seton became the president of the committee that founded the Boy Scouts of America and was its first Chief Scout. The position of Chief Scout was removed, and the position Chief Scout Executive was taken on by James West.
His Woodcraft Indians, combined with the attempts at Scouting from the YMCA and other organizations. The work of Seton and Beard is in part the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement. However, he had significant personality and philosophical clashes with Beard, the citizenship issue arose partly because of his high position within BSA, and the federal charter West was attempting to obtain for the BSA requiring its board members to be United States citizens. Seton drafted his written resignation on January 29,1915, in 1931 Seton became a United States Citizen. His first marriage was to Grace Gallatin in 1896 and their only daughter, was born in 1904 and died in 1990
Necropolis Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Toronto, located on the west side of the Don Valley near Riverdale Farm. Kay Christie – Canadian Nursing Sister in Hong Kong during the Japanese Invasion during World War II, most of these are in Section X. The cemetery has over 50,000 bodies and it is used to bury bodies used for research at the University of Toronto and is now part of the Mount Pleasant Group of Cemeteries. The cemeterys crematorium was built in 1933, list of places worldwide Necropolis
Castle Frank Brook
Water still runs in short segments in Cedarvale Park and the Nordheimer Ravine but this is only a collection of surface runoff and ravine slope seepage. The channels are all created and run into a storm sewer that carries the remnants of the brook. The southern section of Vaughan Road roughly parallels the brooks course, the Toronto Transit Commissions Spadina subway line follows the path of the creek from Eglinton West station to St. Clair West station, finally deviating southward at Spadina Road. The brook is named for the residence of Ontarios first colonial governor, John Graves Simcoe. It was built either on the west side of the Don River near the modern Prince Edward Viaduct, the home featured a façade in the Georgian architectural style. It was abandoned when Simcoe returned to England in 1794, castle Frank subway station takes its name from the former residence. A second home of the name was built north of this site by Sir Edward Kemp. It was demolished in 1962 for the current Rosedale Heights School of the Arts, the site of the original summer home can be seen from aerial photos as a partially cleared area with a ring-like shape.
List of rivers of Ontario Toronto Dreams Project Historical Ephemera Blog BlogTO. com entry by Chris Bateman
Jaime Royal Robbie Robertson, OC, is a Canadian musician, film composer, producer and author. Robertson is best known for his work as lead guitarist and primary songwriter for The Band and his work with The Band was instrumental in creating the Americana music genre. He is ranked 59th in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 100 greatest guitarists. As a songwriter, Robertson is credited for writing The Weight, The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down, Up on Cripple Creek, Broken Arrow, Somewhere Down the Crazy River, and many others. Robertson has been inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, as a film soundtrack producer and composer, Robertson is best known for his numerous collaborations with director Martin Scorsese. His working relationship with Scorsese began with the influential rockumentary film The Last Waltz and he has worked on many other soundtracks for film and television. Robertson was born in Toronto, an only child and his mother, Rosemarie Dolly Myke Chrysler, was a Mohawk raised on the Six Nations Reserve southwest of Toronto, Ontario.
In her early life as an orphan, Chrysler lived with an aunt in Toronto. Robertsons biological father was Alexander David Klegerman, a Jewish professional gambler, Klegerman was killed in a hit-and-run accident as he was changing a tire on the Queen Elizabeth Way. Robertsons mother married James Patrick Robertson, a co-worker at the jewelry plating factory, Robertson earned his nickname from teachers and students at school, who started calling him Robbie in reference to his last name. As a child, Robertsons mother would travel with her son to the Six Nations Reserve to visit her family. These two experiences would impact Robertsons view of Americana, influencing The Band song Life is a Carnival and the movie Carny, Robertson began playing in bands in 1957 with his friend Pete Thumper Traynor, who would found Traynor Amplifiers. Traynor customized Robertsons guitar for The Robots, fitting it with antennae, after Robbie and The Robots, Robertson played with Little Caesar and the Consuls, and with the Traynor-led combo The Suedes, which featured Scott Cushnie on piano.
Robertson became a fan of the Arkansas-based rockabilly group Ronnie Hawkins, Hawkins took a liking to Robertson and would have him run errands for the Hawks. Hawkins hired pianist Scott Cushnie away from The Suedes, and took him on tour with Ronnie Hawkins, when The Hawks bass player left the group, Cushnie recommended that Hawkins hire Robertson to replace him on bass. Hawkins invited Robertson to come to Arkansas, and flew to the UK to perform on television there, Robertson spent his living allowance on records and practiced intensively each day. Upon returning, Hawkins was amazed at Robertsons progress and hired him to play bass, Cushnie left the band a few months after joining them, and Robertson soon switched over from bass to playing lead guitar for The Hawks. Robertson soon developed into a guitar virtuoso, Levon Helm was already a member of the Hawks and soon became close friends with Robertson
Allan Gordon Sinclair, OC, FRGS was a Canadian journalist and commentator. Sinclair was born in the Cabbagetown neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, in 1916, before finishing his first year of high school, Sinclair dropped out to take a job with the Bank of Nova Scotia. After a few months, he was fired and started working in the office of Eatons. During World War I, Sinclair served as a soldier in a militia unit of the 48th Highlanders of Canada. After being fired from Eatons, Sinclair took a bookkeeping job with Gutta Percha and Rubber Manufacturing Company. It was there that he met co-worker Gladys Prewett, after an off-and-on relationship, the two were married on May 8,1926. Early in 1922, Sinclair applied for a job at all four Toronto newspapers. The only offer he received was from the Toronto Star, where Sinclair started working in February 1922, hired on the day as Foster Hewitt. Sinclair was given routine assignments at the Star for seven years before he received his first byline, during an Asian tour in 1932, Sinclair spent four months in India and, after returning home, wrote his first book, Foot-loose In India.
It was published in October 1932 and became a best-seller in Canada, before the end of the year, Sinclair announced that his next trip would be to Southeast Asia. A public farewell was held on January 13,1933, filling Massey Hall and his experiences on that trip were collected in Sinclairs second book, Cannibal Quest, which was a best-seller in Canada and reached #9 on the U. S. best-seller list. That was followed by a series from Devils Island, which was turned into a book, Loose Among the Devils. Later that year, Sinclair was fired by the Star after failing to get the story on the outbreak of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War in Ethiopia, the Star reported that Sinclair was leaving journalism to take a job in advertising. The Star wrote that Sinclair had travelled 340,000 miles in 73 countries for the newspaper, at the time, he was working on his fourth book, Khyber Caravan, based on his travels in Afghanistan. Doubts were frequently raised by readers that Sinclair had actually experienced the incidents he reported and his Khyber series was so widely questioned that the Star assigned another reporter to investigate Sinclairs claims.
Sinclairs time away from journalism was short-lived, three months after joining the staff of Maclaren Advertising, Sinclair returned to the Star, this time as a sports columnist. Sinclair was hired shortly after the death of Star sports editor Lou Marsh. According to sportswriter Scott Young, Sinclairs transition to sports was monumentally unsuccessful, after a year in sports, Sinclair returned to general reporting and late in 1938 he again went on an Asian tour