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Caddo Valley, Arkansas

Caddo Valley is a town in Clark County, United States. The population was 635 at the 2010 census. Caddo Valley is located in northeastern Clark County at 34°11′58″N 93°4′37″W, on the north side of the Caddo River 2 miles west of its mouth at the Ouachita River; the town is 4 miles north of the county seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, Caddo Valley has a total area of 2.9 square miles, of which 0.012 square miles, or 0.45%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 563 people, 242 households, 150 families residing in the town; the population density was 73.7/km². There were 274 housing units at an average density of 35.9/km². The racial makeup of the town was 86.86% White, 9.59% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.07% from other races, 2.13% from two or more races. 1.07 % of the population were Latino. There were 242 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families.

30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,750, the median income for a family was $35,417. Males had a median income of $25,000 compared to $18,875 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,083. About 10.2% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over. Caddo Valley, incorporated in 1974, is a major highway intersection; the town is 4 miles north of Arkadelphia by U. S. Route 67, which leads northeast 21 miles to Malvern.

Caddo Valley is served by Exit 78 of Interstate 30, which leads 64 miles northeast to Little Rock and 79 miles southwest to Texarkana. Arkansas Highway 7 leads north from Caddo Valley 30 miles to Hot Springs and Hot Springs National Park. DeGray Dam is 3 miles north, DeGray Lake Resort State Park is 5 miles north; the town sometimes is billed as "The Gateway to DeGray Lake". Caddo Valley passed a 1-percent sales tax in 1981 to fund its police departments, it is governed by a mayor and town council

California State Route 173

State Route 173 is a state highway in the U. S. state of California that runs in San Bernardino County in the San Bernardino National Forest. Its west end is at State Route 138 near the west end of Silverwood Lake in the Summit Valley south of Hesperia, its east end is at State Route 18 south of Lake Arrowhead. The route starts at the Mojave River Forks, skims the easterly and southerly sides of Lake Arrowhead and meets State Route 189, Lake's Edge Road, at the south entrance to the Lake Arrowhead mall It is the only California state highway with an unpaved segment, a one-lane jeep trail on the northwestern face of the San Bernardino Mountains directly east of Summit Valley and northwest of Blue Jay. Since March 2011, this one-lane unpaved segment of SR 173 has been closed. Through traffic should use SR 138 and SR 18. An alternate route from Hesperia to Lake Arrowhead would involve heading south on I-15 east on SR 210 in San Bernardino to reach the southern terminus of SR 18 at Waterman Road.

SR 173 begins at SR 138 just inside the Hesperia city limits and travels east along the shore of Silverwood Lake, passing near Cedar Springs Dam. The road turns north further into the Hesperia city limits, leaving the San Bernardino National Forest. SR 173 leaves the city and enters Mojave River Forks Regional Park, where it turns east and intersects Arrowhead Lake Road, which leads to the urban center of Hesperia. Once SR 173 intersects the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail, it turns into a one-lane dirt road rising along the north face of the San Bernardino Mountains, first heading east to its apex before turning south to the Lake Arrowhead area. A few miles from Lake Arrowhead, SR 173 becomes paved and enters the community of Cedar Glen, where it parallels the Lake Arrowhead shoreline and encounters Papoose Lake; the highway enters the community of Lake Arrowhead, where SR 173 intersects SR 189 and turns south to terminate at SR 18. SR 173 is not part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration.

SR 173 is eligible for inclusion in the State Scenic Highway System, but it is not designated as a scenic highway by the California Department of Transportation. Before 1964, Route 173 was part of California Legislative Route 59. From 1934 to the mid-1950s the part of Route 59, now Route 173 was designated by the California Division of Highways to be a segment of California sign route 2. From the mid-1950s through July 1964, the Division of Highways changed the routing of future sign route 2 from the subject segment of Route 59 to Legislative Route 188, the segment of present California 138 between the junction of Routes 138 and 173 and Mount Anderson Junction, the junction of Routes 18 and 138 south of Crestline; the highway has faced repeated problems since the 2003 Willow Fire that has made the one-lane unpaved trail portion unsafe for passage from erosion and storm damage. As of March 2011, the one-lane trail portion of SR 173 is permanently closed to through traffic. While roadway preservation maintenance is still done, this decision ends all further interest to upgrade the segment to a 2-lane passable highway through state-funded projects.

Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, do not reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, T indicates postmiles classified as temporary. Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted; the entire route is in San Bernardino County. California Roads portal California @ AARoads - State Route 173 Caltrans: Route 173 highway conditions California Highways: SR 173

Roman Dmowski Monument, Warsaw

The Roman Dmowski Monument in Warsaw is a bronze statue, 5 meters tall, of Polish politician Roman Dmowski in Warsaw, on Na Rozdrożu Square at the intersection of Szuch and Ujazdów Avenues. It was unveiled on 10 November 2006; the statue holds a copy of the Treaty of Versailles and carries a quotation from Dmowski's book: "I am a Pole, so I have Polish duties...". The monument has been controversial, its construction was the result of an initiative supported by politicians Maciej Giertych, Bogusław Kowalski, Jędrzej Dmowski. The monument, sponsored by the Warsaw municipal council, cost the Polish government about 500,000 zlotys; the unveiling ceremony was attended by some 200 people, including politicians Maciej Giertych, Artur Zawisza, Wojciech Wierzejski, by Father Henryk Jankowski, who consecrated the monument. The monument's location, near the offices of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Szuch Avenue, relates to Dmowski's 1923 three-month tenure as Poland's minister of foreign affairs.

Dmowski was the chief ideologue of Polish right-wing nationalism and has been called "the father of Polish nationalism." He is seen as a principal figure in the restoration of Polish independence after World War I, was a signatory of the Treaty of Versailles. The monument has been called "one of the most controversial monuments in Warsaw" and has led to protests from organisations which see Dmowski as a fascist opponent of tolerance. Due to the controversies and protests, plans to raise statues or memorials to Dmowski elsewhere have been deferred. Prominent critics of the monument have included Marek Edelman, a leader of the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto uprising, its notable defenders have included historian Jan Żaryn and historian and politician Tomasz Nałęcz, who have emphasized Dmowski's important role in restoring Poland's independence

SMS Saida

SMS Saida was a Novara-class scout cruiser built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the early 1910s. The ship was armed with a main battery of nine 10 cm guns, six twin 53.3 cm torpedo tubes were added in 1917. She was built by the Cantiere Navale Triestino shipyard from 1911 to 1914, entering service days after the outbreak of World War I, she spent the war as a flotilla leader, conducting raids and patrols in the narrow waters of the Adriatic Sea. In May 1917, Saida took part in the Battle of the Strait of Otranto, the largest naval action in the course of the war in the Adriatic. Saida was tasked with provoking a final fleet confrontation in June 1918, but the attack was called off after the dreadnought battleship SMS Szent Istvan was sunk by an Italian motor torpedo boat. Saida was commissioned as Venezia, she served in the Regia Marina from 1921 to 1937, ending her career as a barracks ship after 1930. The ship was broken up for scrap in 1937; the three Novara class cruisers were the largest vessels of the former Austro-Hungarian Navy to see service in foreign navies after the war.

Saida was 130.64 meters long overall, with a mean draft of 4.6 meters. She displaced 3,500 long tons at normal load, up to 4,017 long tons at deep load, her propulsion system consisted of two sets of Melms-Pfenniger steam turbines driving two propeller shafts. They were designed to provide 25,600 shaft horsepower and were powered by 16 Yarrow water-tube boilers; these gave the ship a top speed of 27 knots. Saida carried about 710 metric tons of coal that gave her a range of 1,600 nautical miles at 24 knots; the ship had a crew of men. Saida was armed with nine 50-caliber 10 cm guns in single pedestal mounts. Three were placed forward on the forecastle, four were located amidships, two on either side, two were side by side on the quarterdeck. A Škoda 7-centimeter /50 K10 anti-aircraft gun and six 53.3 cm torpedo tubes in twin mounts were added in 1917. The navy planned to remove the guns on the forecastle and quarterdeck and replace them with a pair of 15-centimeter guns fore and aft, but nothing was done before the end of the war.

The ship was protected by a waterline armored belt, 60 mm thick amidships. The conning tower had 60 mm thick sides, the deck was 20 mm thick. Saida was laid down at the Cantiere Navale Triestino shipyard in Monfalcone on 9 September 1911, her completed hull was launched on 26 October 1912, construction, including fitting-out, was completed by 1 August 1914, four days after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Following the outbreak of World War I, Saida was assigned as the flotilla leader for the First Torpedo Flotilla, which included the six Tátra-class destroyers, six Huszár-class destroyers, ten torpedo boats, a depot ship. Following the Italian declaration of war against Austria-Hungary in May 1915, most of the Austro-Hungarian fleet sortied in a surprise attack on various points on the Italian coast. During the operation, her sister Helgoland, the cruisers Admiral Spaun and Szigetvár, nine destroyers provided a screen against a possible Italian counterattack, which did not materialize.

The ship's first combat came on 17 August 1915 when she and four destroyers bombarded Italian forces on the island of Pelagosa, occupied by the Italians. In late 1915, the Austro-Hungarian Navy began a series of raids against the merchant ships supplying Allied forces in Serbia and Montenegro. On the night of 22 November 1915, Saida and the 1st Torpedo Division raided the Albanian coast and sank a pair of Italian transports carrying flour. Chronic problems with Saida's turbines prevented her from being used for much of the war, leaving Helgoland and SMS Novara to shoulder most of the burden of the naval war in the Adriatic. In May 1917, Admiral Miklós Horthy planned a major raid on the drifters of the Otranto Barrage, using a force composed of the three Novara-class cruisers; the three cruisers were modified to resemble destroyers, where overhauled in preparation for the attack. Their boilers and turbines were cleaned to ensure the highest efficiency, an anti-aircraft gun was installed on each ship.

The ships were to attack separately while two destroyers made a diversionary attack on the drifters near the Albanian coast. On the night of 14 May, the ships departed port and managed to pass through the line of drifters in the darkness without being identified; as the sounds from the diversionary attack were heard, the drifters released their nets and began to head towards the Strait of Otranto. At 03:45, Saida and the other cruisers began their attacks on the drifters, though Saida stopped her engines and drifted toward the patrol vessels for about 30 minutes to conceal her position. Saida opened fire at 4:20, setting three drifters on fire, before stopping to pick up nineteen survivors; the Austrian ships were first contacted during their retreat by a group of three French destroyers led by a small Italian scout cruiser, Carlo Mirabello, but the heavier guns of the Austrian ships dissuaded the Allied commander from pressing an attack. They were intercepted shortly afterward by a stronger group of two British protected cruisers and Dartmouth, escorted by four Italian destroyers.

Dartmouth opened fire with her 6-inch guns at a range of 10,600 yards and Horthy ordered his ships to lay a smoke screen several minutes later. Horthy called for reinforcements that came in the form of the armored cruiser Sankt Georg, which sortied with two de

Skipper & Skeeto

Skipper & Skeeto is a Danish edutainment franchise created by Ole Ivanoff in 1996, including a TV show and video games. The series centers on the adventures of the titular characters and protagonists Skipper the adventurous mole and Skeeto the book-loving mosquito. Both friends go around Paradise Park to solve problems; the gameplay has the style of a simple point-and-click adventure game, but the menu and actions change throughout the games. The game was released in several languages including: Finnish Swedish Norwegian Czech French Spanish German Dutch The following is a list of all the game titles in the series In a review of the 2001 game Skipper and Skeeto: The Great Treasure Hunt by Ivanoff Interactive, Rosemary Young from metzomagic.com said "it is best suited to older children although parents might have some fun helping out. It's quite a substantial game and...it's intuitive". She gave it 2 and a half stars. Imdb listing for Skipper and Skeeto TV show Official Website

Adolf Ivar Arwidsson

Adolf Ivar Arwidsson was a Finnish political journalist and historian. His writing was critical of Finland's status at the time as a Grand Duchy under the Russian Tsars, its sharpness cost him his job as a lecturer at The Royal Academy of Turku and he had to emigrate to Sweden, where he continued his political activity. The Finnish national movement considered Arwidsson the mastermind of an independent Finland. Adolf Ivar Arwidsson was born in 1791 in Padasjoki in southern Finland, his father, a chaplain moved the family to Laukaa in mid-Finland. Laukaa was affected by the Finnish war of 1808-1809, Arwidsson was left facing life under the Russian Empire, to which Finland now an belonged as an autonomous Grand Duchy. In 1809, while still at high school in Porvoo, Arwidsson was a representative at the Diet of Porvoo, at which the Finnish estates swore oaths of allegiance to the Tsars. Enabling support from the Swedish speaking upper strata of the Finnish society for a separate Finnish identity was expressed by the University docent A. I.

Arwidsson in a phrase that, somewhat modified, became an quoted Fennoman credo: "Swedes we are not, Russians we do not want to become, let us therefore be Finns." In 1814 the Royal Academy of Turku awarded him his Magister degree in philosophy. In 1817 the same institution awarded him his doctorate, he became a lecturer at the academy. Arwidsson's native language was Swedish. After his dissertation Arwidsson spent a year in Sweden. During this time he made contact with the exiled Finns in Stockholm. In 1820 after his return Arwidsson, who had so far written lyric poetry, submitted for publication a political text whose sharp and radical tone soon ensured attention in the capital, Saint Petersburg; as a consequence, in 1822 he lost his position as a lecturer and was banished from the university. Cut off from his training in his chosen career, in 1823 Arwidsson emigrated to Stockholm, where in 1825 he gained his civil rights, found work as a librarian in the royal library. In 1827 Arwidsson undertook a research trip to Finland, but was deported back to Sweden by the authorities.

This experience led to a further radicalisation of his political work, as a result he participated in several public debates in Sweden, in each of which he represented the situation in Finland in a dark light, but at the same time tried to portray the Finnish-national identity positively. Apart from his political work, Arwidsson produced several historical research works. In 1843 he was appointed director of the royal library. In the same year he was allowed to travel to Finland, but he only took advantage of this possibility in 1858, when he undertook a round trip through Finland. During this journey Arwidsson caught pneumonia, died on 21 June in Viipuri, he was buried in his childhood home town of Laukaa. The following verses written by Elias Lönnrot were carved onto his gravestone: His love for his own country saw him banished, brought him home again. Now he lies here. Svenska fornsånger Förteckning öfver Kongl. Bibliothekets i Stockholm Isländska Handskrifter The political works of Adolf Ivar Arwidssons form two main phases.

The first is his time as a lecturer in Turku. The second period of intensive political activity followed after his emigration to Sweden, where Arwidsson participated intensively in the debate over the situation of his homeland. Liisa Castrén: Adolf Ivar Arwidsson – Nuori Arwidsson ja hänen ympäristönsä. Otava, Helsinki 1944. Liisa Castrén: Adolf Ivar Arwidsson isänmaallisena herättäjänä. Suomen Historiallinen Seura, Helsinki 1951. Olavi Junnila: Ruotsiin muuttanut Adolf Iwar Arwidsson ja Suomi. Suomen Historiallinen Seura, Helsinki 1972. Kari Tarkiainen: Adolf Ivar Arwidsson, in Matti Klinge: Suomen kansallisbiografia 1. SKS, Helsinki 2003, ISBN 951-746-442-8