Caernarfon Castle – anglicised as Carnarvon Castle or Caernarvon Castle – is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service. It was a motte-and-bailey castle from the late 11th century until 1283 when King Edward I of England began to replace it with the current stone structure; the Edwardian town and castle acted as the administrative centre of north Wales, as a result the defences were built on a grand scale. There was a deliberate link with Caernarfon's Roman past, the Roman fort of Segontium is nearby. While the castle was under construction, town walls were built around Caernarfon; the work cost between £20,000 and £25,000 from the start until the work ended in 1330. Although the castle appears complete from the outside, the interior buildings no longer survive and many of the building plans were never finished; the town and castle were sacked in 1294. Caernarfon was recaptured the following year. During the Glyndŵr Rising of 1400–1415, the castle was besieged.
When the Tudor dynasty ascended to the English throne in 1485, tensions between the Welsh and English began to diminish and castles were considered less important. As a result, Caernarfon Castle was allowed to fall into a state of disrepair. Despite its dilapidated condition, during the English Civil War Caernarfon Castle was held by Royalists, was besieged three times by Parliamentarian forces; this was the last time. The castle was neglected until the 19th century; the castle was used for the investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1911 and again in 1969. It is part of the World Heritage Site "Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd"; the first fortifications at Caernarfon were built by the Romans. Their fort, which they named Segontium, is on the outskirts of the modern town; the fort sat near the bank of the River Seiont. Caernarfon derives its name from the Roman fortifications. In Welsh, the place was called y gaer yn Arfon, meaning "the stronghold in the land over against Môn". Little is known about the fate of Segontium and its associated civilian settlement after the Romans departed from Britain in the early 5th century.
Following the Norman Conquest of England, William the Conqueror turned his attention to Wales. According to the Domesday Survey of 1086, the Norman Robert of Rhuddlan was nominally in command of the whole of northern Wales, he was killed by the Welsh in 1088. His cousin Hugh d'Avranches, Earl of Chester, reasserted Norman control of north Wales by building three castles: one at an unknown location somewhere in Meirionnydd, one at Aberlleiniog on Anglesey, another at Caernarfon; this early castle was built on a peninsula, bounded by the Menai Strait. The motte, or mound, was integrated into the Edwardian castle, but the location of the original bailey is uncertain, although it may have been to the north-east of the motte. Excavations on top of the motte in 1969 revealed no traces of medieval occupation, suggesting any evidence had been removed, it is that the motte was surmounted by a wooden tower known as a keep. The Welsh recaptured Gwynedd in 1115, Caernarfon Castle came into the possession of the Welsh princes.
From contemporary documents written at the castle, it is known that Llywelyn the Great and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd stayed at Caernarfon. War broke out again between England and Wales on 22 March 1282; the Welsh leader, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, died that year on 11 December. His brother Dafydd ap Gruffydd continued to fight against the English, but in 1283 Edward I was victorious. Edward marched through northern Wales, capturing castles such as that at Dolwyddelan, establishing his own at Conwy. War drew to a close in May 1283 when Dolbadarn Castle, Dafydd ap Gruffudd's last castle, was captured. Shortly afterwards, Edward began building castles at Caernarfon; the castles of Caernarfon and Harlech were the most impressive of their time in Wales, their construction—along with other Edwardian castles in the country—helped establish English rule. The master mason responsible for the design and construction of the castle was James of Saint George, an experienced architect and military engineer who played an important role in building the Edwardian castles in Wales.
According to the Flores Historiarum, during the construction of the castle and planned town, the body of the Roman emperor Magnus Maximus was discovered, Edward I ordered its reburial in a local church. The construction of the new stone castle was part of a programme of building which transformed Caernarfon; the earliest reference to building at Caernarfon dates from 24 June 1283, when a ditch had been dug separating the site of the castle from the town to the north. A bretagium, a type of stockade, was created around the site to protect it while the permanent defences were under construction. Timber was shipped from as far away as Liverpool. Stone was quarried around the town. A force of hundreds digging the foundations for the castle; as the site expanded, it began to encroach on the town. Residents were not paid compensation until three years later. While the foundations for the stone walls were being created
Cherryville is an unincorporated community and former town in Clackamas County, United States, founded in 1884. It is located 6 miles east of Sandy on U. S. Route 26, near the route of the Barlow Road; the town population had dwindled to 50 in 1915, the majority of the town was demolished in 1950 after the construction of the Mount Hood Highway. The Cherryville Cemetery still exists, in 2014 was designated as a local historic site; the name of the community is said to have come from the wild cherries. Cherryville post office was established in 1884 and closed in 1958. In 1915, Cherryville had a population of 50, a public school, a church. Contemporarily church building is gone; the majority of the town was demolished in 1950 upon the construction of the Mount Hood Highway. In 2014, the cemetery at Cherryville was formally marked and designated a local historic site
Trevor Storton was an English footballer who played as a central defender. He began his career at Tranmere Rovers, playing alongside his older brother Stan, he played over 100 games for the club between 1967 and 1972, when he joined Liverpool. Storton was one of a number of players signed by Liverpool manager Bill Shankly in the late 60s and early 70s, in an attempt to rebuild the team, but he struggled to gain a regular place in the first-team, he played ten games in his first-season, was a regular fixture in the squad for the UEFA Cup campaign, which he ended with a winner's medal. The following season, he only made two appearances, he was sold to Chester in 1974. Storton played for Chester for ten years from 1974 to 1984. 396 of them were in the league, placing him third in the club's all-time list, behind Ray Gill and Ron Hughes. This spell included two runs to the FA Cup fifth round, the Football League Cup semi-finals in 1975 and promotion from Division Four in the same year, plus being just two points and places adrift of promotion from Division Three in 1978 and winning the Debenhams Cup in 1977, as the club enjoyed arguably the most successful period in its history.
He served as Chester's caretaker-manager for a brief spell in 1983–84 but he quit the role at the start of 1984 after Ronnie Hildersley and Paul Sanderson were signed on loan from Manchester City without his knowledge. He left for Oswestry Town shortly. Storton's final game for Chester was a 3–0 home loss to Swindon Town in front of just 880 fans on 8 February 1984, a sorry end to his long association with the club. Storton played under his brother Stan for Telford United in an FA Trophy final at Wembley, he managed Bradford Park Avenue for seven years. He assisted Neil Parsley at a number of non-league clubs, he worked as a coach at Conference North side Harrogate Town under Neil Aspin, who on 16 June 2009 appointed him assistant manager of his new club, FC Halifax Town. However, he was diagnosed with cancer soon afterwards and the illness claimed his life on 23 March 2011, at the age of 61. Profile at LFCHistory.net