Caitlyn Marie Jenner is an American television personality and retired Olympic gold medal–winning decathlete. Jenner played college football for the Graceland Yellowjackets before incurring a knee injury that required surgery. Convinced by Olympic decathlete Jack Parker's coach, L. D. Weldon, to try the decathlon, Jenner culminated a 6 year decathlon career by winning the men's decathlon event at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, setting a third successive world record and gaining fame as "an all-American hero". Given the unofficial title of "world's greatest athlete", Jenner established a career in television, writing, auto racing, as a Playgirl cover model. Jenner has six children with three successive wives—Chrystie Crownover, Linda Thompson, Kris Jenner—and has since 2007 appeared on the reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians with Kris, their daughters Kendall and Kylie Jenner, Kris's other children Kourtney, Khloé, Rob Kardashian. Assigned male at birth, Caitlyn Jenner publicly came out as a trans woman in April 2015.
Her new name was publicly announced in July of that year, with her name and gender being changed the following September. From 2015 to 2016, Jenner starred in the reality television series I Am Cait, which focused on her gender transition. In January 2017, she underwent sex reassignment surgery. Jenner has been called the most famous transgender woman in the world. Caitlyn Marie Jenner was born William Bruce Jenner on October 28, 1949, in New York, she was known as Bruce Jenner until June 2015. Her parents are Esther Ruth and William Hugh Jenner, an arborist, she is of English, Irish and Welsh descent. Her younger brother, was killed in a car accident in Canton, Connecticut on November 30, 1976, shortly after Jenner's success at the Olympic Games; as a young child, Jenner was diagnosed with dyslexia. Jenner attended Sleepy Hollow High School in Sleepy Hollow, New York, for her freshman and sophomore years and Newtown High School in Newtown, for her junior and senior years, graduating in 1968. Jenner earned a football scholarship and attended Graceland College in Lamoni, but was forced to stop playing football because of a knee injury.
Recognizing Jenner's potential, Graceland track coach L. D. Weldon encouraged Jenner to switch to the decathlon. Jenner debuted as a decathlete in 1970 in the Drake Relays decathlon in Des Moines, finishing in fifth place. Jenner graduated from Graceland College in 1973 with a degree in physical education. At the 1972 U. S. Olympic trials in Eugene, Jenner was in fifth place in the men's decathlon, behind Steve Gough and Andrew Pettes, with only the last event remaining. Needing to make up a 19-second gap on Gough in the men's 1500 metres, Jenner qualified for the Olympic team by running a fast final lap, finishing 22 seconds ahead of the other runners; this prompted the Eugene Register-Guard to ask: "Who's Jenner?" Following the Olympic Trials, Jenner finished in tenth place in the decathlon at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. By watching Soviet Mykola Avilov win the event, Jenner was inspired to start an intense training regimen. "For the first time, I knew what I wanted out of life and, it, this guy has it.
I started training that night at midnight, running through the streets of Munich, training for the Games. I trained that day on through the 1976 Games, 6–8 hours a day, every day, 365 days a year."After graduating from Graceland, Jenner married girlfriend Chrystie Crownover and moved to San Jose, California. Crownover provided most of the family income by working as a flight attendant for United Airlines. Jenner sold insurance at night, earning US$9,000 a year. In the era before professional American athletes were allowed to compete in Olympic sports, this kind of training was unheard of. On the other hand, Soviet athletes were state-sponsored, which gave them a certain advantage over amateur American athletes. During this period, Jenner trained at the San Jose City College and San Jose State University tracks. San Jose athletics centered on SJCC coach Bert Bonanno. Many other aspiring Olympic athletes trained at San Jose. Jenner's most successful events were the skill events of the second day: hurdles, pole vault, javelin and 1500 meters.
Jenner was the American champion in the men's decathlon event in 1974, was featured on the cover of Track & Field News magazine's August 1974 issue. While on tour in 1975, Jenner won the French national championship, a gold medal at the 1975 Pan American Games, earning the tournament record with 8,045 points; this was followed by new world records of 8,524 points at the U. S. A./U. S. S. R./Poland triangular meet in Eugene, Oregon on August 9–10, 1975, breaking Avilov's record, 8,538 points at the 1976 Olympic trials in Eugene. The record in Eugene was a hybrid score because a timing system wind aided marks. Still, Jenner was proud of "A nice little workout, huh?" "We got. We scared the hell out of everybody in the world only a month away from the Games." Of the 13 decathlons Jenner competed in between 1973 and 1976, the only loss was at the 1975 AAU National Championships, when a "no height" in the pole vault marred the score. At the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Jenner achieved five personal bests on the first day of the men's decathlon – a "home run" – despite being in second place behind Guido Kratschmer of West Germany.
Jenner was confident: "The seco
HMS Niger was an 8-gun screw sloop launched on 18 November 1846 from Woolwich Dockyard. She had been intended as a sailing sloop but her design was lengthened to fit a steam engine, she was fitted with screw propulsion at Deptford Dockyard in 1847-48 prior to completion, she was reclassified as a corvette in 1852. She conducted important propulsion trials proving the superiority of screw propulsion and served in West Africa, the Crimea, the East Indies and Australia, she took part in the New Zealand wars in 1860 and was sold for breaking in 1869. She participated in 1849 in trials in the English Channel with the paddle sloop HMS Basilisk. Basilisk had started life as her sister ship when both were designed as sailing sloops, but while Niger received screw propulsion, Basilisk was fitted with paddles. Although previous trials, including a similar comparison between Rattler and Alecto in 1845, had shown that screw propulsion was broadly superior, the 1849 trials pitted two near-identical ships against each other.
Since both ships had the same lines and steam engines developing identical power, the results confirmed the superiority of screw propulsion over the paddle-wheel once and for all. After the trials she formed part of the West Africa Squadron, she served in the Baltic Sea during the Crimean War in 1854-1855. Between 1856 and December 1858 she was sent to the East Indies Station and China Station, sailed for the Australian Station. On 28 March 1860, during the First Taranaki War, a party of 60 marines and bluejackets under the command of Captain Peter Cracroft landed at Waireka as reinforcements in the engagement, taking place there. After reaching the Omata stockade near dusk, they proceeded to storm the by now defended Kaipopo Pā. Coxwain William Odgers broke through the palisades and pulled down the Māori ensigns flying there, received the first Victoria Cross of the New Zealand wars as a result. On 30 March 1860, HMS Niger shelled Māori positions near Warea, her crew participated during the storming of the Omata stockade.
She left the Australia Station in late 1860. She served in the North America and West Indies Station. In 1860 the detachment of Marines was stationed as a garrison at Fort Niger, a hill overlooking the New Plymouth suburb of East End; the hill is a reserve today. She was decommissioned in 1869 and was sold on 2 December 1869 to Castle for breaking up at Charlton. Bastock, Ships on the Australia Station, Child & Associates Publishing Pty Ltd. ISBN 0-86777-348-0 Winfield, R.. The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6
Women’s erotica is any erotic material that caters to women target-demographic of various sexual preferences. When erotica is directed at lesbians, it is referred to as lesbian erotica. Women's erotica is available from a variety of media including video games, books, short stories, photography, audio and manga; the content may cover many aspects of sexuality, from relationships to fetishes. Because of the privacy and anonymity offered by the internet, women have embraced erotic material online. In 2003, Nielsen Netratings noted; the first women's erotica subscription-based website, was launched in 1998. The site featured photos of nude men culled from gay sites and sex advice. Sssh.com, a similar subscription site that features original movies and photographic content, was launched in 1999 by Angie Rowntree, inducted into the Adult Video News Hall of Fame, Internet Founders Division, in recognition of her efforts to help establish and grow an online market for women’s erotica. In 2015, Sssh.com became the first porn-for-women site to win the XBIZ Award for Best Alternative Site.
The first women's adult directory was Ladylynx. Kara's Links, a similar directory site, began operating soon after. Erotic literature for women has seen explosive growth in the period 2010-2015. Publishers report that women's erotica novels sell well; the first publishing imprint of erotic fiction for women was Black Lace, launched in Britain in 1992. It remained unique in publishing for over a decade and was only joined in the marketplace by big-name publishers Harlequin and Avon who have released their own "black label" lines for female readers; the first series of books to feature erotic short stories for women was Herotica, first published by Down There Press in 1996. Author and sex activist Susie Bright edited the first three volumes. A similar series is Best Women’s Erotica from Cleis Press which has appeared annually since 2001. Internet-based publisher Ellora's Cave produces what it calls "romantica" - romance novels with explicit sex scenes; the company produced e-books but has now moved into printed publishing.
Women were not acknowledged as a potential audience by pornographic filmmakers until 1985 when former adult star Candida Royalle created her first adult movie for women, Femme. The movie featured explicit sex but focused on the woman’s pleasure and refused to include "pop shots". Since she has made 16 adult films for women. In April 2007, she launched a new line of films, Femme Chocolat, which depicts the sexual fantasies of black women. For many years Candida Royalle was the sole producer of erotic films for women. In 1997, Oscar-nominated director Lars von Trier started the company Puzzy Power, together with Lene Børglum started producing pornographic films for women, starting with Constance and Pink Prison. In July 2009, women's magazine Cosmopolitan ranked Pink Prison as #1 in its Top Five of Die Besten Frauenpornos, calling it the "Vorbild für die neue Porno-Generation". In the 21st century a number of other women have stepped in and created their own vision of women’s erotica; these include: Swedish director Jessica Nilsson, who made the award-winning feature film All About Anna for Lars von Trier's Zentropa.
Danish director Lisbeth Lynghøft, who made the Venus Award-winning feature film Pink Prison for Lars von Trier's Zentropa. Independent filmmaker Estelle Joseph, who used her own money to fund the City of Flesh series, set in New York. UK based director and producer Petra Joy who created such films as Sexual Sushi, Female Fantasies and Feeling It! Not Faking It... as well as editing the anthology DVD Her Porn. Swedish filmmaker Erika Lust whose short film The Good Girl was included in her feature film Five Hot Stories for Her. Nina Lennox, who has produced the Inpulse line of films; these focus on good looking male talent. Adult star Tina Tyler, who has created a line of male masturbation films for women. Longtime adult producer Kelly Holland, who runs an adult company called Chick Media and produces films for women. In 2006 Playgirl in partnership with adult company Wicked produced and released their own line of adult films for women. In 2009, Dusk! TV started in the Netherlands with a 24-hour linear television channel with only erotica and female-friendly porn.
All the above mention films are broadcast. More women are starting to produce erotic films. Small, independent products and from a sense of dissatisfaction with mainstream porn; the content of the television channel is judged and chosen by female audience via Dusk! Panel website. Cosmopolitan was the first magazine to include a nude male centrefold – Burt Reynolds bared all in April 1972. Australia’s Cleo magazine followed suit in November 1972 with a spread of actor Jack Thompson. Playgirl magazine, an answer to Hugh Hefner's Playboy, first appeared in 1973 and offered a full-nude centerfold with its second issue; the magazine features nude male models, erotic fiction and sex advice. While the magazine is ostensibly aimed at women, former editor Michelle Zipp has said that around 80% of the readership is gay men. Women's erotica magazines in print include: Filament, a UK-based fashion-free women's magazine featuring intelligent articles and explicit and non-explicit images of men Jungsheft, (fo
Uhlsport GmbH is a German sporting goods manufacturer. Established in 1948 as "Haase & Uhl OHG" and renamed "Karl Uhl GmbH", the company became "uhlsport GmbH" in 1994, it is an international company which has its permanent headquarters in Balingen in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The company manufactures and distributes its products through the brands uhlsport, Spalding and BLK; the company was founded in 1948 by Karl Uhl. Early production focussed on the manufacture of leather studs for football boots, in 1953 uhlsport began to produce football boot soles for sports shoe manufacturers. In the years which followed more products were added, including shin guards, sports bandages and goalkeeper gloves, until uhlsport GmbH had developed a full range of football equipment. Since 2002, the company has been operating a multi-brand strategy for football and basketball. In 2019, Uhlsport used Nike designs for Iranian clubs' kit; the company had announced that its designs were proprietary and special. The brand "uhlsport" specialises in football goalkeeper equipment.
Since 2002, handball equipment has been marketed through the company's own "Kempa" brand, uhlsport GmbH owns the European distribution rights to the American basketball brand Spalding, a division of Russell Brands, LLC which produces balls for a wide range of sports such as association and American football, baseball, volleyball. Another brand of the group is BLK, an Australian company that focuses focuses on apparel for rugby union and league; the German company operates an indirect distribution strategy with subsidiaries in France and Sweden and with country managers in UK, Switzerland. Uhlsport has a further 80 distribution partners across the world. In 1998, the company was sold by the Uhl family to the Daiss family. Uhlsport is the official equipment supplier to Fortuna Düsseldorf, SSV Reutlingen 05, 1. FC Magdeburg, Corona Braşov, FC Avanhard Kramatorsk, Chernomorets Odessa and the Women's Bundesliga team VfL Sindelfingen; as official ball sponsor uhlsport supports the French Ligue 1 and the French Ligue 2.
The goalkeepers Hugo Lloris, Danijel Subasic, Lukas Hradecky, Ron-Robert Zieler, others play with uhlsport gloves. Niger Tanzania Zanzibar Iran Uhlsport is the official supplier for the following leagues and associations: Al Ain Al Shorta Zahra Club Aluminium Al-Mahdi Hormozgan Bahrain Ralf Schmeckenbecher: Die Fussballmarke Uhlsport: Markenpositionierung in Deutschland. 1998 Official website
Hsinbyushin Medaw was the chief queen of King Nawrahta Minsaw of Lan Na from 1579 to 1601/02. She was the mother of three rulers of Lan Na: Minye Deibba and Thado Kyaw, she was an accomplished poet, known for her yadu poems, which are among the earliest records of Lan Na in Burmese literature. Hsinbyushin Medaw was the elder daughter of Thado Dhamma Yaza II, Viceroy of Prome, his chief queen Salin Mibaya, she was born c. 1552. From her mother's side, she was descended from Prome royal lines, she had eight half-siblings. For much of her childhood, her father, one of the four principal commanders of the king, was away on military campaigns, she was educated at the Prome Palace. One of her tutors was a famous and accomplished poet Nawaday of the Ava court, she learned from the "great master" various forms of Burmese poetry, including the yadu style for which she would be remembered. The princess was married to her first cousin Min Tha Sit, a senior prince and son of King Bayinnaung, at the Kanbawzathadi Palace in Pegu by the king himself on 27 February 1574.
She moved to a town about 150 km south of Prome, where her husband was governor. She found a kindred spirit in Mintha Sit, who loved literature and poetry, but Sit was an ambitious prince who led a campaign to northern Shan states of Mohnyin and Mogaung in 1576–1577. It was the first of many campaigns that Sit would be away from her, their long separations would come to be used as an inspiration for her poetry, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter, on 8 May 1578. On 28 January 1579, Mintha Sit was appointed as King of Lan Na with the title of Nawrahta Minsaw by the High King. With the appointment, Hsinbyushin Medaw, pregnant with their second child, became the chief queen consort of Lan Na. En route to Chiang Mai, she gave birth to a boy whom the couple named Tu Laung after the place of birth, Mt. Doi Luang, they ascended to the Chiang Mai throne on 2 July 1579. The queen would spend the rest of her life in Lan Na; the royal couple had two more children there. She composed many poems, which are among the earliest extant Burmese language records about life in Lan Na.
According to her poems, she went on pilgrimages to the famous Buddhist shrines of Lan Na, in particular Phra Kaew, Phra Singh, Phra Suthep. She used her pilgrimages as opportunities to see the Lan Na countryside, to be outside the walled city of Chiang Mai, her husband, who enjoyed writing poetry, wrote a famous yadu poem, dedicated to his beloved queen. To be sure, the Burmese royals' reign of the Tai Yuan-speaking kingdom was not all filled with tranquility. In 1584, both Ava and Siam revolted. After King Nanda's failed campaigns in Siam, the political stability of Lan Na itself deteriorated, with eastern provinces breaking away from Chiang Mai. Since Nanda could not provide any help, Nawrahta Minsaw declared himself independent in 1596/97. In the following years, he was always on campaigns in the eastern provinces, it is unclear. 1601/02. The chronicle Zinme Yazawin contains some of her more famous yadu poems. According to the historian Ni Ni Myint, yadu is "a poetic form in which three stanzas are linked by the rhyming of their last lines, the yadu had its golden age in the 16th and early 17th century.
The poem evokes a mood of wistful sadness through the contemplation of nature in the changing seasons or the yearning for a loved one temporarily separated."The following is a translation by Ni Ni Myint of one of the queen's famous poems called "Victory Land of Golden Yun". The queen composed the poem while her husband was away on campaign in Yunnan in 1582–1583. Victory Land of Golden Yun, Our Home Thronged pleasantly like paradise The clear waters moving without cease The forests teeming with singing birds The breezes replace the sere leavesAs buds peep and petals spread ingyin, thawka, tharaphi gangaw, fragrant hpetsut anan, gamon, balmy in bloom Luxuriantly scenting the air in the early summer…Yet my love is not here to enjoy I in loneliness watch the delights In this season of diverse scents In Yun City, created by you, lord And await your returnTopmost of the royal lineage of the sun Brilliant like the flame of the sun Ever-triumphant conqueror of the foes My husband marches boldly to far-off China and Lan Xang To clear the enveloping enemies…Sadly I nurse my loneliness Clear the enemy before Tagu!
All enemies bow to Chiang Mai City Encircled by cool waters and wall-like hills Unequalled Lord of Golden Yun…My topmost lineage of the sun Now that the south wind blows, the sere leaf falls The golden laburnum flutters, liquid emerald I do not know how to wear Fragrant flowers in my top-hairSince my lion-hearted husband marched to war I guard my mind and kneeling Before Buddha’s images Of Phra Kaew, Phra Singh, golden Maha Chedi And the famous Phra SuthepImages bright as sun On western hill-top beyond the city, within With reverence I say my prayers Rising glory of the lineage of the sun Fernquest, Jon. "The Flight of Lao War Captives from Burma back to Laos in 1596: A Comparison of Historical Sources". SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research. 3. ISSN 1479-8484. Harvey, G. E.. History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10
Tim Rimbui, better known as "Ennovator" is a Kenyan record producer, sound engineer and songwriter who has worked with many prominent Kenyan and East African artists. He is thought of as one of the leading music producers in Kenya. With the foresight of being creative and unique he chose the name Ennovator, which would best describe his sound and approach to music production. Tim fell in love with music at an early age while attending Sunday school at Lavington United Church, Nairobi, he started playing the piano and keyboards at the age of 9. Tim was inspired early in his life to pursue music as a career after watching five alive – a Kenyan a cappella group that graced the Kenyan music scene in the early 1990s, he studied music in high school – Nairobi School and at St. Mary’s School, Nairobi, he received music training in theory and recording from Wisseloord Studios and The Rock Academy in the Netherlands. Tim’s first experience in music production was as an assistant sound engineer at Rough Cuts Productions and at Samawati Productions as a sound engineer/producer.
While at Samawati he began working under the moniker “Ennovator”. In 2004 Tim Rimbui left Samawati to partner with Kora Award winner and one of Africa’s top World Music artists Eric Wainaina to form Enkare, a music studio and Production Company, where he still is today. Tim’s productions can be best described as a fresh urban sound, he specializes in R&B as well as World Music. He has worked with renowned Kenyan artists such as Kora award winner Eric Wainaina, Suzanna Owiyo and Gallo Records’ artist Valerie Kimani. Tim has produced 3 Kora Award Winning artists: Neema Ntalel – Best East African Artist Category, he has received 5 nominations for the Producer of the year at the Kisima Music Awards. In 2007 he partnered with Wandiri Karimi to form Ennovatormusic Ltd, a Production Company that undertakes writing and recording for bands and solo musicians and entered music production for film, radio and other commercials, they formed Ennovatormusic Publishing Company in 2008 after signing an agreement with Sheer Publishing Company in South Africa which handles all the intellectual property rights for published works as well as handling worldwide publishing agreements for other musicians keen to protect their original compositions.
Tim’s influence and inspiration is drawn from Quincy Jones’ work on Michael Jackson’s Thriller, as well as Ted Riley on Black Street. Producers such as Timothy Mosley, Kanye West and will.i.am have influenced him and so have African musicians Freshlyground, Lira, Aṣa and Richard Bona. Tim married his friend and love, the current director of Kenyan Conservatoire of Music, Wandiri Karimi, on 5 July 2008. Well Seasoned, A Kenyan Christmas K-South- Nairobism Gospel Fathers – Sina Madeni Kigezi Ndoto Eric Wainaina – Twende Twende Atemi – Hatimaye Action Aid- Hunger Free Album Kinanda Kayamba Africa Mission Driven Mercy Myra – Imagine, Soul Satisfaction Neema – Jiwe Pam – Dhahabu, TearDrops, Nieleze Kaz – Malaika, Tamara, Muziki Atemi - Hatimaye - Speechless, Machozi, Fire, Cant make you love me Eric Wainaina – Twende Twende – Subhaa Valerie Kimani – Baiskeli – Ndoto Langu Kanji Mbugua - Stories – What If Nairobi Chamber Chorus - 2008 Mavuno Worship Project- 2007 Kigezi Ndoto Valerie Kimani - Baiskeli - Too late now Born To Run – Standard Chartered Nairobi Marathon Anthem Kigezi Ndoto Gallo records – Valerie Kimani Endemol Arc Works – Zuku TV campaign Coca-Cola – Minute Maid Action Aid- Hunger Free Album Warner Bros.
- Pamoja Mtaani Video Game Tusker Project Fame http://mwafrika.com/content/view/521/112/ https://web.archive.org/web/20100506031847/http://www.kenyangospel.com/news/ennovator-s-kinanda-press-release.php https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKScaFsRZ2M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-l60NRAjfgM