click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Callaway County, Missouri

Callaway County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 44,332, its county seat is Fulton. With a border formed by the Missouri River, the county was organized November 25, 1820, named for Captain James Callaway, grandson of Daniel Boone; the county has been referred to as "The Kingdom of Callaway" after an incident in which some residents confronted Union troops during the U. S. Civil War. Callaway County is part of the Jefferson City, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Vineyards and wineries were first established in the area by German immigrants in the mid-19th century. Among the first mentioned in county histories are those around the southeastern Callaway settlement of Heilburn, a community neighboring Portland, on the Missouri River. Since the 1960s, there has been a revival of winemaking there and throughout Missouri; the Callaway Nuclear Generating Station is located near Fulton. This area was occupied by the Osage and other Native American peoples, some of whom migrated from east of the Ohio River Valley.

Others emerged as cultures in this area, following thousands of years of settlement by indigenous peoples. The early European-American settlement of Callaway County was by migrants from the Upper South states of Virginia and Tennessee, with an influx of German immigrants starting in the 1830s, as was the case with other counties along the Missouri River; some of them brought African-American slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, started cultivating hemp and tobacco, the same crops as were grown in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie. By 1860, slaves made up at least 25 percent of the county's population, higher than in most parts of the state. On October 27, 1860, an African-American woman known as "Slave Teney" was lynched by whites near Fulton after she confessed to killing the daughter of her owner; some pioneer families from Callaway and Lewis County, moved to the West and became influential early settlers of the nascent state of California.

Callaway families helped settle areas of California near the Oregon border, as they entered the state via the Oregon Trail southward toward San Francisco. Lewis County relatives helped build Sacramento and develop viticulture in the California Central Valley and areas north of San Francisco Bay; some of these Missouri families key U. S./Unionist advocates and military personnel during the U. S. Civil War, held early local and statewide political offices in California; the minutes of the U. S. Congressional hearing on the legitimacy of U. S. Civil-war-era elections in Callaway County include reports of substantial election meddling and voter harassment and intimidation, summarized in the 1867-68 Reports of Committees of the House of Representatives, it described the Confederate support in the county, citing prominent citizens, but the report demonstrated that there was substantial county support for Union/U. S. Government among citizens who were intimidated into silence. Historians therefore cannot ascertain exact percentages of Union or Confederate sympathies in the county.

The Battle of Moore's Mill was the only significant Civil War battle that took place in Callaway County. One historian said it was known as "Kingdom of Callaway". A truce with U. S./Union forces during the war allowed Confederate advocates to continue to operate under surveillance, in proximity to the Missouri government offices in Jefferson City. There may have been more than twice as many Confederate as U. S./Union troops in Callaway. A so-called "Confederate government of Missouri" set up offices in southwest Missouri near the Arkansas border, while a line straight south along the Arkansas-Oklahoma border connected it to a known Texas-affiliate office set up across from the southwest corner of Arkansas in Marshall, Texas. According to "A Short History of Callaway County" by Ovid Bell, the publisher of the Fulton Daily Sun Gazette, "Fulton was occupied during the greater part of the war by Union soldiers and militia, Southern sympathizers were in constant fear of imprisonment and death." U. S. forces loyal to the Union were raised by Captains William T Snell, Henry Thomas, JJP Johnson.

They were reinforced by troops under General John B. Henderson from the town of Louisiana in Pike County, Missouri. After the late-1860s Reconstruction era, an element of white residents in the state and county worked to restore white supremacy. Violence against black people reached a peak around the turn of the 20th century, when whites lynched a total of four African Americans in the county; the victims included Ham Peterson in May 1884, killed because his brother spoke disrespectfully to whites. Other settlers in the Missouri River valley included German immigrants from the mid-19th century following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. Missouri was the second-largest wine-producing state nationally until Prohibition. Since the 1960s, numerous vineyards and wineries have been established again in the river valley, including Summit Lake Winery in Holts Summit. One definition of the Missouri Rhineland can be found in a Chicago Tribune article of September 2018. Callaway has remained agricultural, economicall

Lourdes School of Mandaluyong

Lourdes School of Mandaluyong is a private, Catholic educational institution founded and operated by the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. The school was established in 1959 by the Capuchins in the Philippines; the school's name is abbreviated LSM, differentiating it from its brother school, Lourdes School of Quezon City. Like its brother school, the school is named after Our Lady of Lourdes, is under the patronage of Saint Francis of Assisi. Students studying at or who studied at LSM are called "Sons of Lourdes", "Lourdesians" or "Lourdesiano"; the school's stated philosophy is "Becoming Like Christ", "Be a brother to all" is its tag line. The school is PAASCU-accredited. Lourdes School of Mandaluyong was established by the Capuchin Fathers of the Philippines, having arrived in the country in 1886, they first settled in Intramuros, in Quezon City. During this time, the Ortigas family was under their spiritual guidance. In grateful appreciation, the Ortigas family offered facilities. With this, the Order entered into a contract with the Ortigas family, acquired a three-hectare lot along Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong.

In May 1957 Reverend Father Adolfo de Echavarri, the Superior of the Capuchins, laid a cornerstone for the new building - an L-shaped structure, a combined parish and school. On October 4, 1958, the feast day of St. Francis of Assisi, the new parish was opened by Rufino J. Cardinal Santos. In 1959 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong started with a hundred students in Grades One to Four, with Fr. Gregorio Gioccochea, OFM Cap. as the first headmaster. The 1970s saw the construction of the St. Francis Theatre, the new High School Building, a new canteen, an air-conditioned library, a 521-seat air-conditioned auditorium. In July 1986 a second floor for the High School Building, several additional facilities, were built; the old gymnasium was moved to the Pax Et Bonum Building, inaugurated in February 8, 1991. The Pax Et Bonum Building was clustered with the building houses of Prep and the Grade One classrooms and Livelihood Education workshops and classes, the Guidance Office, the PTA Office, the Faculty Room.

In the school year air-conditioning of classrooms were implemented. In 2006, the school was granted a three-year accreditation certificate by PAASCU. A new High School Building named after St. Lawrence of Brindisi was constructed in 2007. Lourdes School of Mandaluyong celebrated its 50th Founding Anniversary in the school year 2009–2010. With the desire to improve their educational services, an 80-seat mini-theatre, named after St. Clare of Assisi, the Audio-Visual Library were built in the place of the old Science Laboratory, all of which houses in the High School Building; the school was granted a 5-year PAASCU re-accreditation status. In the years, the school refurbish several facilities, such as the St. Francis Theatre; the school has over 2,100 pupils from nursery to Grade 12. It follows the K-12 basic education program; the school offers financial aid to parents unable to pay the tuition fee. It offers extra-curricular activities, including clubs, Class Room Without Walls Experience Retreat or Immersion.

The Office of the Student Activities for both levels offers several activity programs. The Sportsmen - Basketball Club, Badminton Club, Football Club, Swimming Club The Wizards - Chess Club, Young Librarians, RoBROtics Club The Artists - Easel Club, Dance Club, Young Chefs Club The Advocates - DiyClub, Scouting, YES Club The Academic Cluster - Brotherhood of Pi, Chess Club, Computer Club, English Ambassadors, Kapisanan ng mga Mambibigkas at Manunulat sa Filipino, LSM Debate Society, Social Studies Circle, Young Entrepreneurs, Young Scientists The Special Interests Cluster - Art Club, Chefs Club and Lyre, Film Makers Club, Music Circle Club, Photography Club, Theatre Club The Physical/Sports Cluster - Badminton Club, Basketball Club, Football Club, Philippine Games Club, Physical Fitness Club, Dance Troupe, Sports Karatedo, Swimming Club, Table Tennis Club, Ultimate Frisbee, Volleyball Club, Water Polo Club The Spiritual/Social Cultural Cluster - Couples for Christ-Youth for Life, Franciscan-Marian Youth Movement, Junior Librarians Club, Kaibigan at Kapanalig sa Pagsibol, Knights of the Altar, Media Watchers' Club, Red Cross Youth, Scouting Movement, Social Action Club The school hymn of the school is titled Lourdes Forever, composed by Francesco "Gil" Raval.

Official website

Ljubljana Cathedral

Ljubljana Cathedral named St. Nicholas's Church named St. Nicholas' Cathedral, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, or the Cathedral, is a cathedral in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. Ljubljana Cathedral was a Gothic church. In the early 18th century, it was replaced by a Baroque building, it is an recognizable landmark of the city with its green dome and twin towers and stands at Cyril and Methodius Square by the nearby Ljubljana Central Market and Town Hall. The site was occupied by an aisled three-nave Romanesque church, the oldest mention of which dates from 1262, it was a succursal church of the ancient Parish of Saint Peter. An extensive fire in 1361 saw it refurbished in the Gothic style but underwent alterations when the Diocese of Ljubljana was established in 1461 and the church became a cathedral. However, in 1469 it was burnt down again; this time, it was suspected to be arson by the Turks. In 1700, at the initiative of Dean Johann Gregor Thalnitscher and the Academia Operosorum Labacensium, the Capuchin friar Florentianus Ponnensis from Milan or Bologna designed a new Baroque hall church.

The following year, after the construction started, the plan was revised and complemented by the Jesuit architect Andrea Pozzo who designed it as a basilica and added to it a dome. He did not supervise the realisation of his plan, so the buildings was adapted by the builders, in particular by Francesco Bombassi of Venice; the two belfries, resembling of the Salzburg Cathedral, were added upon the plan by Lombard Giulio Quaglio. The construction took place between 1701 and 1706, it was led by Francesco Bombasi, who after a few months replaced the unreliable Francesco Feratta, Mihael Zamerl. The master builder was Pavel Jugovic, after his death in March 1704, Gregor Maček, Sr; the construction was completed in 1706, the first worship took place in the new building in August 1706, the consecration took place on 8 May 1707. A fake dome was painted on the arch above the centre until the church's real dome was constructed by Matej Medved in 1841; the church, oriented towards the east, is recognisable by its octagonal dome above the crossing at the eastern side, two belfries at the western side.

The dome with a cupola that replaced a painted one in 1841, was built by Matej Medved, whereas carpenter works were carried out by Jurij Pajk. The belfries have been decorated with gilded apples. Various relics and parchment inscriptions have been stored in them; the church towers have six bells, including the second oldest bell in Slovenia, dated to 1326, a bell by Gasparo de Franchi from 1706, five bells by the Strojne Livarne factory. Between the belfries, there is a segmented semicircular gable, a 1989 reconstruction of the original Baroque gable, after the 1895 Ljubljana earthquake replaced by the builder Franz Faleschini with a triangular one according to plans by the architect Raimund Jeblinger; the facades of the church are decorated with 19th-century and 20th-century niches containing statues of bishops and saints, with Baroque frescoes, with ancient Roman tombstones and some others named the Thalnitscher stone monument collection, created in the early 18th century at the initiative of the historian Johann Gregor Thalnitscher.

On the southern wall there is a side entrance in the eastern part and a brightly decorated Gothic pietà in the western part, a copy of one that used to be in the earlier Gothic cathedral. A sundial with Roman numerals and a Latin motto, dated to 1826 decorates the southern facade, it was renovated in 1989. The western facade with the main entrance is decorated with a plaque to the right of the entrance bearing a ceiling boss from the old Ljubljana cathedral in the form of Christ's head and the Latin inscription "Memoria veteris ecclesiae cathedralis. There are six sandstone statues of saints in the niches of the cathedral; the niches of the southern facade contain the Gothic pietà, statues of Saint Hermagoras and Saint Fortunatus, made of sandstone in 1872 by the sculptor Franc Ksaver Zajec. The niches of the western facade contain a statue of Thomas Aquinas and a statue of Saint Bonaventura by the sculptor Ivan Pengov, the northern facade's niches contain a statue of Sigismund von Lamberg, the first bishop of Ljubljana, of Ljubljana's Bishop Thomas Chrön, both created in 1913 by Pengov.

The entrances have bronze sculptured doors from 1996, created at the 1250s anniversary of Christianity in the Slovenian territory and the visit of Pope John Paul II. The front door, now named the Slovene Door, bears a relief by Tone Demšar with a depiction of Slovene history to commemorate the 1250th anniversary of Christianity in Slovenia; the side door, now named the Ljubljana Door, was redesigned by Mirsad Begić, who decorated them with portraits of the 20th-century bishops of Ljubljana. Subsequently, an automatic electric door has been added beyond the main door. Inside much of the original Baroque decor remains with frescoes painted by Giulio Quaglio between 1703–1706 and 1721–1723. Other notable decorations in the cathedral include the altar angels by the brothers Paolo and Giuseppe Groppelli on the right part of the nave and by Francesco Robba on the left. Angelo Putti created the statues of the four bishops of Emona seated under the dome beam, the bust of Johann Anton Thalnitscher, the reliefs of angels in the spherical

Svenska Scoutrådet

Svenska Scoutrådet was until 2012 the national Scouting and Guiding federation of Sweden. The council was dissolved in September 2013, after a restructuring process creating the new single national Scout association, Scouterna. Scouting in Sweden was founded in 1908, Guiding followed in 1910; the Swedish Boy Scouts were among the charter members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1922, the Girl Guides were among the founders of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in 1928. The members of the Swedish Scouting federation were: Svenska Scoutförbundet Svenska Missionskyrkans Ungdom Scout KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund Nykterhetsrörelsens Scoutförbund Frälsningsarméns Scoutförbund Since 2012 all of the member organizations have been incorporated into Scouterna. Svenska Scoutförbundet founded in 1909, was Sweden's largest Scouting organization with 55,000 members, their approach to Scouting was interreligious. Headquarter were in Tellusborgsvägen Stockholm. Vässarö is a Scout camp site located on the island of Vässarö in the archipelago of Öregrund.

Vässarö was long used for farming but was bought in 1936 by sea captain Ragnar Westin, who planned to use it for his retirement. But in 1942 his ship was torpedoed and he died. In his will he stated. In 1956 the first confirmation camp for Boy Scouts was held; the first camp for Girl Guides was 1966. Svenska Missionskyrkans Ungdom Scout known as "SMU-Scout" was the Guide and Scout Organization of the Mission Covenant Youth of Sweden, Sweden's second largest Scouting organization with 18,500 members, its headquarters were in Stockholm. The organization was open to both boys and girls. Since 2007, all dutiess at national level within SMU have been transferred to the collaborative organization equmenia; the members were distributed into 545 local Scout groups, which in turn are assembled in seven districts. These districts were shared with the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden. Since SMU-Scout was an integral part of equmenia, the board of trustees in equmenia delegated the Scouting issues to a Scout Committee in order to deal with other issues as well.

The remunerated chairman of the board, was the chairman of the Scout Committee. Since 2012 SMU-Scout has been incorporated into Scouterna, the national Scouting and Guiding organisation of Sweden; the organization had a campsite called Skräddartorp, Ludvika with accommodation for 1,000 participants. The programme for boys started in 1931 and for girls in 1936. Boys and girls got the same programme in 1957 but still in different sections; the sections became co-ed in 1972. Nyingscout started in 1974 and Seniorscout in 1988. In 1961, SMU-Scout applied for membership in Svenska Scoutrådet, granted in 1963. KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund was Sweden's third largest Scouting association with 12,500 members; the headquarters were in Stockholm. Scouternas almanacka was a wall almanac sold annually by KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund, starting in 1945; each month is represented by a season-related nature illustration. While most illustrations depict children, some others depict anthropomorphic animals. For many years, Kerstin Frykstrand was famous for the illustrations.

Nykterhetsrörelsens Scoutförbund was a Scouting organization in Sweden with 6,000 members. It was headquartered in Stockholm. Frälsningsarméns Scoutförbund, was a Scouting association in Sweden with 600 members, it was founded in 1912, headquartered in Stockholm. From 2010 it functioned as an "ideological district" within Svenska Scoutförbundet. Equmenia Scouterna Official Website Scouterna in English Svenska Scoutförbundet Official website Vässarö Official website Vässarö Official website equmenia Official website in Swedish NSF Official website

X Games Foz do Iguaçu 2013

The X Games Foz de Iguaçu 2013 was an action sporting event which took place from April 18–21, 2013 in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil. Venues for the event included Infraero Park, it was the first Summer X Games held before events in Barcelona, Spain. Venue locations for each sport disciplines for X Games Foz de Iguaçu: BMX Vert Skateboard Vert BMX Dirt BMX Park BMX Big Air Moto X Best Whip Moto X Freestyle Moto X Speed & Style Moto X Step Up Moto X Enduro X Skateboard Big Air Skateboard Park Street League Skateboarding Rally Cross XGames.com

Claudia Felicitas of Austria

Claudia Felicitas of Austria was by birth an Archduchess of Austria and by marriage Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the second wife of Leopold I. A member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, she had a beautiful singing voice and composed music, was passionately fond of hunting. Claudia Felicitas had a great influence on her husband, she struggled with the abuse of the executive and judicial systems. During her 3-year-long marriage, she gave birth to two children; the Tyrolean branch of the House of Habsburg became extinct upon her death. Claudia Felicitas was born in Florence on 30 May 1653, she was the first child and eldest daughter of Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria and Count of Tyrol, by his wife and first-cousin Anna de' Medici. On her father's side, her grandparents were Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria and his wife Claudia de' Medici, her parents failed to produce a male heir: after Claudia Felicitas, they had only two other daughters, one who died after birth and Maria Magdalena.

After Archduke Ferdinand Charles died in 1662, he was succeeded by his brother Sigismund Francis, who died three years a few days after his marriage by proxy with Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach. In consequence, Claudia Felicitas and her younger sister became the last members of the Tyrolean branch of the House of Habsburg; some sources described her as "a beautiful girl, with a lively character and developed intellect". The princess grew up at court in Innsbruck, which thanks to her parents became one of the centers of European baroque art and music, she had an excellent singing voice, played various instruments and composed music. However, the great enthusiasm of the princess was hunting. However, she didn't forget the customary pious activities, being a secular member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic. After the extinction of the Tyrolean branch of the House of Habsburg in 1665, Further Austria and the County of Tyrol came under the direct control of Emperor Leopold I. Anna de' Medici tried to protect the rights of her daughters.

The dispute with the imperial court ended only after the wedding of her eldest daughter with the Emperor. From his first marriage with Infanta Margaret Theresa of Spain, Leopold I had four children, but all except the eldest daughter, Archduchess Maria Antonia, died shortly after birth, he was the last of the male Habsburgs, besides the sickly King Charles II of Spain, thus was in dire need of a male heir. The princess, with the consent of her relatives agreed with the proposal, rejecting other suitors of her hand, including the widower James, Duke of York and future King of England and Scotland. However, despite that his new bride was young and aware of the great status it implied to be Holy Roman Empress, Leopold I still lamented that she was "not like my only Margareta"; the proxy marriage took place in Innsbruck, the bride received a dowry of 30,000 guilders. She, with her mother and cortege, traveled to Graz, where the official wedding was scheduled to be celebrated. By command of the Emperor, Prince Johann Seyfried von Eggenberg was in charge of the celebrations.

Above the main portal in his newly-built and magnificent palace, where the day before the wedding, the future Empress stopped with her entourage, he ordered to be written the inscription in Latin "Long live Empress Claudia!". The wedding was held at Graz Cathedral on 15 October 1673, the celebrations for this event lasted two weeks. On 3 November, the Imperial couple went from Graz to Vienna. During her marriage, Claudia Felicitas gave birth to two daughters, who died in childhood: Anna Maria Josepha Theresia Antonia Dominica Xaveria Dorothea, Archduchess of Austria. Maria Josepha Clementina Anna Gabriella Antonia Franziska Dominica Theresia Eva Placidia, Archduchess of Austria. Despite the failure to produce the needed male heir, Claudia Felicitas enjoyed a happy marriage and had great influence over her husband, she achieved the resignation and exile of the Minister Prince Václav Eusebius František of Lobkowicz, against her marriage with the Emperor and favored the choice of Countess Palatine Eleonore Magdalene of Neuburg as Leopold I's new wife when he became a widower.

The Empress drew attention to the abuses of her husband and the imperial court in the government and judicial affairs. To this end, in 1674 it supplied the opera with a corresponding implication. Claudia Felicitas died of tuberculosis in Vienna on 8 April 1676, aged 22, after the birth of