Cambrian College

Cambrian College is a college of applied arts and technology in Greater Sudbury, Canada. Established in 1967, funded by the province of Ontario, Cambrian has campuses in Sudbury and Little Current. Cambrian works in partnership with school boards, training institutes and other institutions - locally and internationally - in order to provide additional educational opportunities and to share expertise and resources. Cambrian's commitment to its many communities is evidenced by the Wabnode Institute, the college's centre for the advancement of First Nations education, by its status as a leader in meeting the needs of persons with disabilities. Cambrian College was founded as a trade school in 1967, during the formation of Ontario's college system, it was established with campuses in Sudbury, North Bay and Sault Ste. Marie; until 1995, Cambrian was offering courses in both English and French. In that year, the French programs were transferred to Collège Boréal; the largest college in Northern Ontario, Cambrian College has over 4,400 full-time students and close to 90 full-time programs, a number of which are uniquely suited to the academic and employment aspirations of First Nations people.

An additional 9,000 registrations are taken annually for part-time personal and human resources development courses and seminars. Delivery methods include classroom learning, independent learning, distance education and the Internet; the various programs at Cambrian College are organized under the umbrella of five larger schools: Schools of Business and Information Technology. All three provide essential services to students, although SAC represents every student on campus and provides specific services regarding students and student life; these services range from basic student services like mailing duties. The executive of SAC reports to a student body elected President.. The energy systems program was launched in fall 2007 at the Barry Downe campus and features "The Living Building Project" which has received significant government and industry funding. Students in the energy systems program take classes in areas as varied as chemistry and biology and take a hands-on role in the construction and design of "The Living Building Project".

Cambrian College has agreements with universities in Canada and in countries that include Australia and the USA that enhance student mobility between college and university. These agreements formally recognize credits earned at each institution and facilitate the transfer of these credits between institutions. In 2005, Cambrian College entered into a partnership with Hanson Canada to create Cambrian @ Hanson. At the three campus locations in Toronto and Vancouver, Hanson is delivering Cambrian College programs to international students; as the leader in Public-Private Education delivery and the first of its kind, Hanson International Academy maintains its position as the preferred destination for students looking for a quality education experience in a unique learning environment. Hanson is a registered Private Career College in both Ontario and in BC. In 2009, The Shield, Cambrian's student-run newspaper was replaced by a daily-updated website,, a new glossy magazine. The first edition of the Shield magazine was released on November 6.

Both are put together by students in the college's journalism program. In March 2013 the website and magazine was shut down after the journalism program was suspended in 2012. Students of the Broadcast — New Media program host shows on Laurentian University's campus station CKLU-FM; the college is represented in the Canadian Colleges Athletic Association by the Cambrian Golden Shield. In April 2017, the college's computer network was affected by malware part of the WannaCry ransomware attack; this attack disabled computers and staff portals, college e-mail, other services for several days. Brian Bigger, Canadian politician François Bach, Product designer Brian Hayes, Canadian politician Will Morin, Canadian politician Glenn Thibeault, Canadian politician Canadian government scientific research organizations Canadian industrial research and development organizations Canadian university scientific research organizations Higher education in Ontario List of colleges in Ontario WannaCry ransomware attack Cambrian College of Applied Arts and Technology Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada Wikimedia Commons pictures on Cambrian College firestops Wikimedia Commons pictures on Cambrian College fireproofing

Le Theatre de Marionette

Le Theatre de Marionette is a marionette theater and production company that began in Arlington and moved to Dallas, Texas. The theater, which caters to families and school groups, operates both in a physical location and as a touring group; the theatre opened in Arlington, Texas, in 1992. The theater was founded by John Hopkins, a former puppeteer from Six Flags Over Texas and Pady Blackwood, of Howdy Doody fame and former Bil Baird artist; the theater was created by converting the former Greyhound bus station in downtown Arlington into a miniature stage that housed a bridge stage with a fly rail system, seating for 80 persons, concession counter, a small retail gift shop. The theater catered to families and children, as well as welcomed child care organizations, schools field trips, other youth organizations. Unlike most theaters, the company structure was for profit; the primary income source for the theater was ticket sales derived through group bookings. The shows the first season included Hansel and Gretel and The Wizard of Oz.

Although popular with local families, the theater experienced a sluggish start. In the 4th year of operation, the landlord raised the rent and the theater became financially unstable when sales stalled during non-peak seasons. In 1995, an agreement was made to move the theater to Dallas, the Arlington location closed in 1996. In 1995, Le Theatre de Marionette was invited to join NorthPark Center in Dallas. An agreement was made with the mall management and construction of a marionette theater began in September 1995; the theater opened the week of Thanksgiving in 1995, with Hopkins and Blackwood as the key managing figures, Hopkins as the actual theater owner. In 1996, amidst internal conflicts, Blackwood left Le Theatre de Marionette to start his own company. In January 1997, Hopkins sold the NorthPark Le Theatre de Marionette to John Hardman who continued to operate the theater with his other theatrical operations, including an annual marionette show, The World on a String, performed at the State Fair of Texas, seasonal shows for NorthPark center.

Hopkins and Hardman continued to work together with Hopkins maintaining a production role and Hardman tending to the day-to-day operation of the theater. In 1999, a second Le Theatre de Marionette was opened at Ridgmar Mall in Fort Worth, TX by Hopkins in a joint venture with Shopco Group of New York, as part of the mall expansion and renovation; the theater was located in the newly-remodeled wing of the mall. Like the Dallas location, the theater was located directly next to prominent retailer Neiman Marcus. In 2002, amid fears arising from the recent 9/11 attacks, subsequent loss of business, the theater announced a sudden and abrupt closure as a temporary measure. Within six months, it was decided to not reopen the Fort Worth location. In 2003, the NorthPark theater closed normal operation; the theater opened annually for Christmas for two additional years before closing permanently in 2005. In 2004, John Hardman sold his interests in Le Theatre de Marionette to a Dallas circus performer, Dick Monday, who attempted to open a similar operation at a competing Dallas mall, the Galleria.

The new business was called Slappy's Playhouse and had no actual affiliation with Le Theatre de Marionette. Slappy's Playhouse closed in 2010. In 2005, Kent Williams, a local Dallas voice actor, kabuki artist, puppeteer entered into agreements with John Hopkins and John Hardman to retrieve and refurbish the shows and tour the programs in local schools and other cultural centers with grants made in part by ArtsPartners Texas Commission on the Arts. In 2006, Le Theatre de Marionette became a roster presenter for Big Thought. In 2007, John Hopkins regained control of the company and transformed Le Theatre de Marionette into a touring and production company with Kent Williams as the newly founded director of education; the duo teamed with Todd Haberkorn, a Dallas voice actor and film director who contributed audio and video production experience to enhance the stage quality of the productions and projects. The focus of the new company was commercially viable events; the theater company continued to build on previous shows and launched their first large stage show, The Little Mermaid in 2013, at the Historic Palace Theater in Grapevine, Texas.

Le Theatre de Marionette continued to expand into markets beyond schools and museums. Since 2013, Le Theatre de Marionette has produced shows for special events with an emphasis on holiday programs and restaged classic children's fairy tales. In 2014, Le Theatre de Marionette entered into an agreement with Hilton Hotels and Crow Holdings to open Geppetto's Marionette Theater inside the Hilton Anatole in Dallas; as part of the hotel's strategic move to cater to families, Hilton announced the collaboration in June 2014. Le Theatre de Marionette performs over 200 shows per year outside their theater home, Geppetto's Marionette Theater. Most of their performances are designed for schools and museums. In 2015, Le Theatre started construction of touring stages and explored other puppetry mediums including black art puppetry, large body puppets and shows geared for larger arenas. Salzburg Marionette Theatre Bob Baker Marionette Theater Sid and Marty Krofft Six Flags Over Texas Children's Television Workshop The Muppets Jim Henson Geppetto's Marionette Theater/Le Theatre de Marionette Touring Roster 2017 Sparkle Christmas at the Anatole Dallas

War of the Succession of Champagne

The War of the Succession of Champagne was a war from 1216 to 1222 between the nobles of the Champagne region of France, occurring within that region and spilling over into neighboring duchies. The war lasted two years and de facto ended in 1218, but did not end until Theobald IV reached the age of majority in 1222, at which point his rivals abandoned their claims. In 1190, Henry II, count of Champagne, left his county for the Crusades with his two uncles Philip II of France and Richard I of England, he made the barons of Champagne swear to pay homage to his brother Theobald if he should die on Crusade. In the Holy Land, Henry was crowned king of Jerusalem and - to reinforce his legitimacy - married for the second time to queen Isabella, second wife and widow of Conrad of Montferrat, despite the fact that her first husband was still alive. Henry and Isabella had three daughters and no surviving sons and so, when Henry II died in 1197, his brother inherited the county as Theobald III. Theobald III died of a sudden illness four years in 1201 while preparing to lead the Fourth Crusade, leaving his widow Blanche of Navarre nine months pregnant with their son Theobald IV, born after his father's death.

In 1215 Henry II's third daughter Philippa of Champagne married a nobleman from Champagne living in the Holy Land. His name was Erard of Brienne-Ramerupt, he was a cousin of John of Brienne, king of Jerusalem, it was he. Blanche of Navarre, proved to be an strong and efficient regent, had devoted herself for the past 15 years to ensuring the legal status of her son Theobald IV as rightful heir. Blanche was aided in securing her powerbase during the first few shakey years of her regency by the fact that so many lords and knights of the county, who might have posed a challenge to her, had left to fight on the Fourth Crusade from 1202 to 1204. Queen Mother Adèle of Champagne took Blanche under her wing, giving Blanche vital counsel during the early years of her regency until Adèle's death in 1206. By 1216, despite the fact that Erard rallied most of the local barons of the county against Blanche, she had built up such strong alliances with both King Philip II as well as Pope Innocent III that Erard never gained any official legal support for his claims.

From the start of the conflict, Pope Innocent III began excommunicating rebel barons, negatively affecting their efforts. Further, while Theobald IV was still an underaged youth of 13 years, he had acquitted himself so valiantly in combat at the decisive Battle of Bouvines that King Philip II threw his full support behind him. Erard and Philippa landed in France in January 1216. On their journey to Le Puy-en-Velay, Erard was arrested by agents of the king of France but managed to escape and get to Champagne. Erard and his supporters took up a position in Noyers, which Blanche of Navarre besieged in April 1216; that same month Erard accepted a truce and submitted the matter to the king of France for arbitration. In July 1216, King Philip II heard Erard's suit at Melun, but ruled in Blanche's favor due to the overwhelming evidence she provided: the barons of the realm had sworn to support Theobald III should Henry II not return from the Holy Land, Theobald III had done homage to the king in 1198, Blanche had done homage to the king in 1201, Theobald IV himself had made an innovative "anticipatory homage" in 1214.

Blanche provided numerous letters patent, bearing the seals of the barons who had sworn homage. Philip II ordained that the barons await the majority of Theobald IV and his assumption of his rights as Count. Philip II ordered Erard and the barons to seal their own letters patent confirming the court's decision and promising to observe a truce. No sooner had Erard returned to his holdings in Champagne than he and his rebel supporters broke the truce and took up arms against Blanche. In spring 1217 war began in earnest and the local barons of Champagne, all more or less supporting Philippa, abandoned Blanche to rally to Erard. Theobald I, Duke of Lorraine took on Erard's cause, as did his brother-in-law Miles, Seigneur de Noyers, his nephew André de Pougy, Seigneur de Marolles-sur-Seine and de Saint Valérien; the support of the Duke of Lorraine added a substantial amount of strength to the rebel forces. Most of the fighting was concentrated in southeastern Champagne, as Blanche's forces pushed east from her capital at Troyes on the Seine river, to rebel fortresses on the Aube river and further east on the Marne river.

Two of Blanche's most dangerous enemies were the brothers William and Simon de Joinville, both of whom broke peace treaties they had made with Blanche in 1214 to switch to Erard's side. Simon de Joinville was Blanche's own seneschal. William was the bishop of Langres to the southeast, who held overlordship of the county of Bar-sur-Aube. Apart from various sieges, during the early part of the conflict Erard and his rebel barons attacked merchant caravans traveling to the Champagne fairs at Troyes and Bar-sur-Aube. However, each side soon realized that they did not want to disrupt this vi