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Camden County, Georgia

Camden County is a county located in the southeastern corner of the U. S. state of Georgia. According to the 2010 Census, the population was 50,513, its county seat is Woodbine, the largest city is St. Marys, it is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777. It is the 11th largest county in the state of Georgia by area, the 41st largest by population. Camden County comprises the St. Marys, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area; the first recorded European to visit what is today Camden County was Captain Jean Ribault of France in 1562. Ribault was sent out by French Huguenots to find a suitable place for a settlement. Ribault named the rivers he saw the Seine and the Some, known today as the St. Marys and Satilla Rivers. Ribault described the area as, "Fairest and pleasantest of all the world."In 1565, Spain became alarmed by the French settlements and sent out a large force to take over and settle the area.

During that time, the Spaniards attempted to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism. At least two missions operated on Cumberland Island, ministering to the Timucuan people, who had resided on the island for at least four thousand years. Competing British and Spanish claims to the territory between their respective colonies of South Carolina and Florida was a source of international tension, the colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 in part to protect the British interests; the Spanish theoretically lost their claim to the territory in 1742 after the Battle of Bloody Marsh. However, settlement south of the Altamaha River was discouraged by both the British and Spanish governments. One group of settlers led by Edmund Gray sparked Spanish military action after settling on the Satilla River in the 1750s near present-day Burnt Fort, were subsequently disbanded by the Royal Governor John Reynolds. General Oglethorpe was at Cumberland Island, he erected a hunting lodge on Cumberland named Dungeness, the predecessor of the famous Greene and Carnegie Dungeness Mansions.

He founded Fort St. Andrews on the north end of Cumberland Island as well as a strong battery, Fort Prince Williams, on the south end. Fort Prince Williams commanded the entrance to the St. Marys River, but had become a ruin by the Revolutionary War. In 1763, under a treaty of peace with Great Britain, ceded Florida to the British. After this, the boundaries of Georgia were extended from the Altamaha to the St. Marys River. In 1765, four parishes were laid out between the St. Marys Rivers; these were St. Davids, St. Patricks, St. James, the parishes of St. Marys and St. Thomas. Due to security issues arising from proximity to powerful Indian groups and British Florida, Georgia was the last colony to join in the War for Independence in 1775. In the Georgia Constitution of 1777 St. Thomas and St. Marys Parishes were formed into Camden County, named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in England, a supporter of American independence. Camden County was larger and included parts of present-day Ware and Charlton Counties, which were re-designated in the nineteenth century.

Under the 1777 state constitution, Glynn County and Camden County had limited and restricted representation in the new patriotic Georgia government due to their extreme "state of alarm" throughout the war. Between 1776 and 1778 Camden County saw the construction of numerous forts, three failed American campaigns against the British at St. Augustine, numerous depredations by raiders of various allegiance. One of the most notorious of these raiders was Daniel McGirth. A significant loyalist faction existed in Camden County, headed by the brothers of Royal Governor James Wright and German Wright, they built a fort on the St. Marys River in 1775 to protect their lands and chattel during the war after repeated attacks by patriot banditti. Wright's Fort became a rendezvous for a group of loyalists called the "Florida Rangers". Two skirmishes were fought by Loyalist and Continental forces over Wright's Fort, both times American troops failed to rout the Loyalists from the area. Retreating British soldiers burned it down in 1778.

The Americans rebuilt it when they invaded East Florida, burned it down to prevent it falling into enemy hands. The archaeological site was rediscovered in 1975; the primary economic enterprise of the county was rice planting along the Satilla River. Sea Island cotton was grown on Cumberland Island, short-staple cotton was grown on the mainland along with sugar cane. Various forest products including turpentine and timber were produced for consumption in the naval industry and the West Indies. Camden County served as a hub of backcountry trade with American settlers and various Indian groups, as a shipyard and shipping center centered around the town of St. Marys; the land in Camden County was owned by fewer than 300 people throughout the colonial and antebellum eras. Most of the white population worked in trades or as tenant farmers, while nearly all black residents were slaves; until the 1840s, Camden County had a small population of free black workers involved in day labor or maritime industry.

Camden County was the site of many trading posts with the Native Americans, who by the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries consisted of people of the Creek Nation. From America's earliest years and after Indian Removal in the 1830s, the county was a site of significant conflict between settlers and In

Cosby, Leicestershire

Cosby is a village in the English county of Leicestershire. Cosby is located in the south west of the county near the larger villages and towns of Whetstone and Wigston, its proximity to the city of Leicester means. The village is administered by Blaby District Council. Cosby has a brook which runs through the village and serves as a tributary to the River Soar, it is not known how the name originated, it is first recorded as "Cossebi" in the Domesday Book in 1086 with 40 families living in the village. Cosby was described as a "considerable village" in 1810 by historian John Nichols. In 1991 it had a population of 3,400 and in 2001 a population of 3,489, increasing to 3,506 at the 2011 census. Cosby's'Scandinavian' place name indicates that the village existed here several hundred years earlier, dating to the time of the Danish invasion in the earlier parts of the 9th century; however it is possible that there may have been an earlier settlement here in Saxon or Roman times given that the Fosse Way bounds the parish to the north.

The parish church is the 14th century St Michael and All Angels'. It has Methodist and Baptist churches. Cosby has Cosby Primary School and independent school Brooke House Day School. Cosby has football and cricket teams which all participate in Leicestershire's sporting leagues; the teams play their home games at Victory Park. Close to the church is the early 17th century house known as Brooks Edge; this is the historic home of the Armston family. One member of this pro-Royalist family escaped after the battle of Naseby and hid out in Whetstone Gorse. Cromwell's soldiers questioned many people as to his whereabouts, including his small son who refused to divulge his father's hiding place. According to the legend this took place in the family home at Brooks Edge and was celebrated in William Fredrick Yeams' famous painting "When Did You Last See Your Father". In 1767, the medieval open fields of the village were enclosed by Act of Parliament, bringing to an end the system of agriculture, practiced in Cosby from before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

The post enclosure revolution in farming resulted in Cosby becoming a more industrial village with framework knitting followed by boot and shoe manufacture dominating the 19th and early 20th centuries. During this period, the population of the village more than doubled from 555 in 1801 to 1,351 in 1901. Council houses were built along Park Road and in Lady Leys during the 1920s and 1930s, while the Settlement was established in 1938 when 48 houses each with a third of an acre to house out of work families from Wales and the North East of England. By 1951 the population had risen to 1,533, five times that of the village in the 17th century. In the 1960s large private housing estates were built making the village one of Leicestershire's increasing number of dormitory settlements; the Great Central Railway, the last main line to be built from the north of England to London, opened on 15 Mar 1899 and ran past the east side of Cosby on an embankment. Although there was never a station at Cosby, this section of the line was well known for the lengthy curve which for northbound trains was to the right, after coming out of which the city of Leicester would be directly ahead and the route would be ruler straight all the rest of the way to the centre of the city, a distance of 5 miles.

Railwaymen referred to this curve as Cosby Corner. The line closed on 5 May 1969; the "Victory Show", a commemoration of World War II, is held at Foxlands Farm on a 100-acre site in September and is the largest event in the country. The show hosts re-enactments of military events. Cosby has a non-league football team Saffron Dynamo F. C. who play at King's Cambridge Road, in the United Counties League Division One. In 2009, Sir Garfield Sobers came to the village at a special evening when he talked about his cricket career; the former West Indies captain returned a few days to join members who had bid to play a round of golf with him. His visits came during a busy spell for Cosby when they hosted the County Championship at the end of June of that year. In September 2011, Cosby's Lucy Garner sprinted to victory in Copenhagen to claim the Junior Women's World Championship, she finished in the Top 3 of the 2011 BBC Young Sports Personality of the Year Award category. In May 2012, Garner added the National Junior Road Race title to her Junior World Title.

In the 2014-15 football season, Cosby United won an unprecedented treble by winning the Leicester and District Premier Division title, County Cup and League Cup. In the 2017-18 rugby season, Cosby won the Leicestershire Merit C league title, losing just one game - a home defeat to Burbage 2nds, they exacted their revenge on Burbage though by winning at their ground, 17-15, in the final league game of the season in a top of the table title decider. In the football, Cosby United won the Leicester and District Premier Division title after beating Glenfield Town 7-1 in their final game of the season. Parish council The Victory Show Cosby United F. C. results 1951-1978 Cosby Rugby Football Club Brooke House Day School Map sources for Cosby, Leicestershire

Charles Christopher Frost

Charles Christopher Frost was an American botanist. He described several species of fungi from the New England area of the United States. In one paper, Frost described 22 new species of boletes, he was credited with the discovery of three additional species, his personal herbarium of specimens were given to the University of Vermont in 1902. Portions of his collection today are distributed between the Farlow Herbarium at Harvard University, the New York State Museum, the Bell Museum of Natural History, the Buffalo Museum of Science. Frost was born in Brattleboro, Vermont, on November 11, 1805, his parents were shoemaker James Frost and Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of an officer in the American Revolution. When he was fifteen, Frost left school after being hit with a ruler by a teacher, assisted his father with his business. Although Frost had developed a prior interest in the natural sciences, his interest in botany grew after meeting with physician Willard Parker, who recommended Frost undertake botanical walks to alleviate the symptoms of his dyspepsia.

Frost started studying the lichens he encountered on these walks. He investigated fungi the bolete mushrooms. Agaricus frostianus Peck 1883 Amanita frostiana Peck 1900 Amanita subfrostiana Zhu L. Yang 1997 Boletus frostii J. L. Russell Boletus pseudofrostii B. Ortiz 2007 Cetraria fahlunensis var. frostii Zahlbr. 1929 Cetraria hepatizon var. frostii Räsänen 1952 Diatrype frostii Cooke 1886 Diatrypella frostii Peck 1878 Dirinaria frostii Hale & W. L. Culb. 1970 Frostiella Murrill 1942 Lecanora frostii Tuck. 1866 Lycoperdon frostii Peck 1879 Parmelia frostii Tuck. 1882 Phyllosticta afrostyracis C. Moreau 1947 Physcia frostii Zahlbr. 1930 Pyxine frostii Tuck. 1882 Squamaria frostii Tuck. 1858 Suillellus frostii Murrill 1909 Tubiporus frostii Imai 1968 Venenarius frostianus Murrill 1913 Boletus arcuatus Frost Boletus chromapes Frost 1874 Boletus chromopus Frost Boletus decorus Frost 1874 Boletus firmus Frost 1874 Boletus griseus Frost 1878 Boletus innixus Frost 1874 Boletus limatulus Frost 1874 Boletus macrosporus Frost Boletus magnisporus Frost 1874 Boletus miniato-olivaceus Frost 1874 Boletus pallidus Frost 1874 Boletus peckii Frost 1878 Boletus roxanae Frost 1874 Boletus rubens Frost Boletus russellii Frost 1878 Boletus salmonicolor Frost 1874 Boletus serotinus Frost 1877 Boletus sordidus Frost 1874 Boletus speciosus Frost 1874 Boletus submoricolor Frost 1877 Hygrophorus flavodiscus Frost 1884 Hygrophorus fuligineus Frost 1884 Polyporus morganii Frost 1879 Russula compacta Frost 1879 Russula flavida Frost 1879 Urocystis cepulae Frost 1877 Uromyces cepulae Frost

Saroj Ghose

Saroj Ghose is an Indian science popularizer and museum maker. He was the director of Birla Industrial & Technological Museum and director general of the National Council of Science Museums, Government of India, he was the President of the International Council of Museums in Paris during 1992-98. He won many awards including one for "Best Effort in Science Popularisation Amongst Children", he has mentored some of India's best Museum Developers such as Supreo Chanda, GS Rautela, AS Manekar, KG Kumar, SM Khened, AD Chowdhury etc. Ghose graduated in Electrical Communication Engineering at Kolkata, he received a master's degree from Harvard University and a Ph. D. from the Smithsonian Institution. 1997 ASTC Fellowship 1989 Padma Shri in Science & Engineering 2007 Padma Bhushan in Science and Engineering Gujarat Science City, Ahmedabad Parliament Museum, New DelhiRashtrapati Bhavan Museum, New Delhi, India

Toros y toreros

Toros Y Toreros is a 1961 book of bullfighting drawings by Pablo Picasso with text by bullfighter Luis Miguel Dominguin and an essay by Georges Boudaille. The title of the book is handwritten by Picasso. Picasso created the cover page and illustrations using a series of three sketchbooks; the technique utilized an quasi systematic use of brush ink wash. The book is reproduced on Arches paper; the drawings were printed in Mourlots Studio, the famous lithographic print house that worked with Picasso, among other artists such as Matisse and Chagal in Paris, France. The text was printed and book bound in The Netherlands for distribution within Europe; the book begins with an anecdote recounted by Luis Miguel Dominguin: Pablo phoned me from Cannes. Some time ago he wanted me, he told me, to write something for one of his books, about to be published. I asked him if it was a comment, whether to speak of painting or polar star, he told me. Picasso and Dominguin met in 1950, introduced to each other by Jean Cocteau.

The book consists of 32 pages of text followed by Picasso's illustrations which reproduce three sketchbooks from 1959. The plates are black & white and color, many are single-sided. Part of the sketchbooks have never been found. Among the most astonishing images, there is a Christ on the cross saving a picador from death; these drawings by Picasso covered a period from 1950 to 1960, during which time he enjoyed seeing Dominguin bullfight in the arenas of Nîmes, Arles and Vallauris. The leading copies of this publication contain a series of reproductions of color drawings selected from the first two notebooks, as well as a lithograph of February 7, 1961; the works deal with all stages of bullfighting and Georges Boudaille highlights Picasso's persevering loyalty to portraying the theme of bullfighting since 1890

Nguyễn Mạnh Tường (sport shooter)

Nguyen Manh Tuong is a Vietnamese sport shooter. He won a bronze medal for the men's 25 m centre-fire pistol at the 2002 Asian Games in Busan, South Korea, with a score of 586 points. At age forty-four, Nguyen made his official debut for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where he finished forty-first in the men's 10 m air pistol by one point behind Chinese Taipei's Chang Yi Ning, with a score of 568 points. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Nguyen competed for the second time in two pistol shooting events, he scored a total of 572 targets in the preliminary rounds of the men's 10 m air pistol, by three points ahead of Ukraine's Ivan Rybovalov from the final attempt, finishing only in thirty-fourth place. Three days Nguyen placed thirty-eighth in his second event, 50 m pistol, by two points ahead of Poland's Wojciech Knapik from the final attempt, with a total score of 543 targets. NBC Olympics Profile