Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
Cumberland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 235,406, its county seat is Carlisle. Cumberland County is included in PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Cumberland County was first settled by a majority of Scots-Irish immigrants who arrived in this area about 1730. English and German settlers constituted about ten percent of the early population; the settlers mostly devoted the area to farming and developed other trades. These settlers built the Middle Spring Presbyterian Church, among the oldest houses of worship in central Pennsylvania, in 1738 near present-day Shippensburg, Pennsylvania; the General Assembly of the Pennsylvania colony on January 27, 1750, created Cumberland County from Lancaster County, naming it for Cumberland, England. Its county seat is Carlisle; the county lies within the Cumberland Valley adjoining the Susquehanna River at its eastern border, stretching 42 miles from the borough of Shippensburg on the west to the Susquehanna River in east Cumberland County.
The oldest towns in the county are Shippensburg and Carlisle, each with its unique history. Shippensburg is home to Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, one of 14 universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Carlisle is home to Dickinson College, established in 1773, the Penn State Dickinson School of Law; the United States Army War College is a United States Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks, a military post dating back to the 1770s. It caters to high-level military personnel and civilians and prepares them for strategic leadership responsibilities, it is the U. S. Army's most senior military educational institution. During the Gettysburg campaign of the American Civil War in the summer of 1863, Confederate troops marched through the Cumberland Valley occupying much of Cumberland County. In the 20th century, the suburbs of Harrisburg, the state capital, expanded extensively into eastern Cumberland County.
Carlisle developed suburbs in adjoining townships. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 550 square miles, of which 545 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. It has a hot-summer humid continental climate and its hardiness zone is 6b except in much of the eastern portion where it is 7a; the area code is 717 with an overlay of 223. Perry County Dauphin County York County Adams County Franklin County Colonel Denning State Park Kings Gap Environmental Education and Training Center Pine Grove Furnace State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 213,674 people, 83,015 households, 56,118 families residing in the county; the population density was 388 people per square mile. There were 86,951 housing units at an average density of 158 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.40% White, 2.36% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 1.35 % of the population were Latino of any race.
35.3 % were of 10.6 % American, 10.1 % Irish, 7.5 % English and 6.8 % Italian ancestry. 94.7 % spoke 1.4 % Spanish as their first language. There were 83,015 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. Its per capita income is $31,627, making it the wealthiest Pennsylvania county outside greater Philadelphia, fifth wealthiest overall.
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Cumberland County as the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 U. S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 6th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 96th most populous in the United States with a population of 549,475. Cumberland County is a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area, which combines the populations of Cumberland County as well as Adams, Lebanon and York Counties in Pennsylvania; the Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422. As of November 2008, there are 152,408 registered voters in Cumberland County. Republican: 78,568 Democratic: 52,887 Other Parties: 20,953 The Republican Party has been dominant in Cumberland County politics since before the American Civil War, with the victories of Robert P. Casey for governor in 1990, Bob Casey Jr. for state treasurer in 2004 and Tom Wolf for governor in 2018 being among the few times where a statewide Democrat carried the county.
The county commissioner majority, all row offices, all legislative seats serving Cumberland are held by Republicans. Vince DiFilippo, Republican Jim Hertzler, vice-chairman, Democrat Gary Eichelberger, Republican Clerk of Courts, Dennis Lebo, Republican Controller, Alfred Whitcomb, Republican
Hampden Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
Hampden Township is the largest municipality by population in Cumberland County, United States. The population was 28,044 at the 2010 census, up from 24,135 at the 2000 census; the Johannes Eberly House was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Hampden Township is located in northeastern Cumberland County, drained by Conodoguinet Creek, which makes several large bends across the middle of the township on its way east towards the Susquehanna River. Blue Mountain separates the township in the north from Perry County, its villages include Brennemans Mill, Good Hope, Mount Zion, Sporting Hill. Interstate 81 crosses the northern part of the township, with access from Exit 61 at Mount Zion. Pennsylvania Route 581, the southwestern segment of Harrisburg's Capital Beltway, interchanges with I-81 in the west and runs south east across the township, with access from Exit 2, Exit 3, Exit 4. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 17.9 square miles, of which 17.3 square miles is land and 0.54 square miles, or 2.93%, is water.
East Pennsboro Township Camp Hill Lower Allen Township Shiremanstown Mechanicsburg Silver Spring Township Rye Township, Perry County As of the census of 2010, there were 28,044 people, 11,470 households, 7,993 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,558 people per square mile. There were 12,261 housing units at an average density of 681.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 88.9% White, 1.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 7.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 11,470 households, out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the township the population was spread out, with 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $85,284, the median income for a family was $105,121. Males had a median income of $62,566 versus $51,473 for females; the per capita income for the township was $42,955. About 1.2% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. Hampden Township became a first class township on Jan 1, 1960; the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections has its headquarters in the township. Hampden Township is served by the Cumberland Valley School District. Silver Spring Elementary Middlesex Elementary Hampden Elementary Monroe Elementary Green Ridge Elementary Shaull Elementary Sporting Hill Elementary Winding Creek Elementary Eagle View Middle School Good Hope Middle School Cumberland Valley High School Hampden township maintains over 100 acres of parkland and recreation facilities.
Hampden Pool and Park Creekview Recreation Area Salem Community Park Conodoguinet Youth ParkThe township manages Armitage Golf Club, a 70-par course located along Orrs Bridge Road. Indian Creek Park Pinebrook Neighborhood Park Hampden Township official website Hampden Township Recreation Department Armitage Golf Club Cumberland Valley School District
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
M. Harvey Taylor Memorial Bridge
The M Harvey Taylor Bridge is a steel girder bridge that spans the Susquehanna River in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Named after State Senator M. Harvey Taylor, a prominent state legislator from Harrisburg who lived between 1876 and 1982, the bridge connects Harrisburg's downtown and Riverfront Park with the West Shore; the bridge was built in 1952 and was reconstructed and widened from July 2001 through July 2004 to accommodate additional pedestrian walkways. The speed limit is 50 mph. List of crossings of the Susquehanna River M. Harvey Taylor Bridge at Structurae
East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
East Pennsboro Township is a township in Cumberland County, United States. The population was 20,228 at the 2010 census, up from 18,254 at the 2000 census. East Pennsboro is the second most populous municipality in Cumberland County; the township is located along the western banks of the Susquehanna River, across from Harrisburg. There are many large corporations based in East Pennsboro Township that use the Camp Hill postal address, including the Rite Aid Corporation and Gannett Fleming; the township is in the northeast corner of Cumberland County, bordered to the east by the Susquehanna River, which separates it from Dauphin County. The township's natural northern boundary is the crest of Blue Mountain, which separates it from Perry County. U. S. Route 11/15 parallels the Susquehanna as the main north-to-south route in the township, east-to-west Pennsylvania Route 944 meets it in West Fairview. Interstate 81 interchanges with 11/15 in Summerdale. Other local roads of note are Center Street/East Penn Drive, North Enola Drive, Salt Road, Valley Road.
Conodoguinet Creek makes several large bends across the southern part of the township before entering the Susquehanna between West Fairview and Wormleysburg. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 10.7 square miles, of which 10.4 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles, or 2.90%, is water. Unincorporated communities and census-designated places in East Pennsboro Township: Enola Summerdale West Enola West Fairview Hampden Township Camp Hill Lemoyne Wormleysburg Harrisburg, Dauphin County Susquehanna Township, Dauphin County Marysville, Perry County Rye Township, Perry County As of the census of 2000, there were 18,254 people, 7,475 households, 4,970 families residing in the township; the population density was 1,673.9 people per square mile. There were 7,804 housing units at an average density of 715.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 93.74% White, 1.47% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, 1.46% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population. There were 7,475 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91. In the township the population was spread out, with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $44,473, the median income for a family was $54,142. Males had a median income of $36,732 versus $27,542 for females; the per capita income for the township was $22,517.
About 3.9% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. East Pennsboro Township is served by the East Pennsboro Area School District. In addition, the Central Pennsylvania College is located in East Pennsboro Township. Annually, the township hosts. In June of each year, the East Pennsboro Emergency Services hosts a carnival The Guy Who Sings Songs About Cities & Towns titled a song "East Pennsboro Township" which has had under 1,000 listens on Spotify. East Pennsboro Township official website
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Harrisburg is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, the county seat of Dauphin County. With a population of 49,192, it is the 15th largest city in the Commonwealth, it lies on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, 107 miles west of Philadelphia. Harrisburg is the anchor of the Susquehanna Valley metropolitan area, which had a 2017 estimated population of 571,903, making it the fourth most populous in Pennsylvania and 96th most populous in the United States. Harrisburg played a notable role in American history during the Westward Migration, the American Civil War, the Industrial Revolution. During part of the 19th century, the building of the Pennsylvania Canal and the Pennsylvania Railroad allowed Harrisburg to become one of the most industrialized cities in the Northeastern United States; the U. S. Navy ship USS Harrisburg, which served from 1918 to 1919 at the end of World War I, was named in honor of the city. In the mid-to-late 20th century, the city's economic fortunes fluctuated with its major industries consisting of government, heavy manufacturing and food services.
The Pennsylvania Farm Show, the largest free indoor agriculture exposition in the United States, was first held in Harrisburg in 1917 and has been held there every early-to-mid January since then. Harrisburg hosts an annual outdoor sports show, the largest of its kind in North America, an auto show, which features a large static display of new as well as classic cars and is renowned nationwide, Motorama, a two-day event consisting of a car show, motocross racing, remote control car racing, more. Harrisburg is known for the Three Mile Island accident, which occurred on March 28, 1979, near Middletown. In 2010 Forbes rated Harrisburg as the second best place in the U. S. to raise a family. Despite the city's recent financial troubles, in 2010 The Daily Beast website ranked 20 metropolitan areas across the country as being recession-proof, the Harrisburg region landed at No. 7. The financial stability of the region is in part due to the high concentration of state and federal government agencies.
Harrisburg's site along the Susquehanna River is thought to have been inhabited by Native Americans as early as 3000 BC. Known to the Native Americans as "Peixtin", or "Paxtang", the area was an important resting place and crossroads for Native American traders, as the trails leading from the Delaware to the Ohio rivers, from the Potomac to the Upper Susquehanna intersected there; the first European contact with Native Americans in Pennsylvania was made by the Englishman, Captain John Smith, who journeyed from Virginia up the Susquehanna River in 1608 and visited with the Susquehanna tribe. In 1719, John Harris, Sr. an English trader, settled here and 14 years secured grants of 800 acres in this vicinity. In 1785, John Harris, Jr. made plans to lay out a town on his father's land, which he named Harrisburg. In the spring of 1785, the town was formally surveyed by William Maclay, a son-in-law of John Harris, Sr. In 1791, Harrisburg became incorporated, in October 1812 it was named the Pennsylvania state capital, which it has remained since.
The assembling here of the sectional Harrisburg Convention in 1827 led to the passage of the high protective-tariff bill of 1828. In 1839, Harrison and Tyler were nominated for President of the United States at the first national convention of the Whig Party of the United States, held in Harrisburg. Before Harrisburg gained its first industries, it was a scenic, pastoral town, typical of most of the day: compact and surrounded by farmland. In 1822, the impressive brick capitol was completed for $200,000, it was Harrisburg's strategic location. It was settled as a trading post in 1719 at a location important to Westward expansion; the importance of the location was. The Susquehanna River flowed west to east at this location, providing a route for boat traffic from the east; the head of navigation was a short distance northwest of the town, where the river flowed through the pass. Persons arriving from the east by boat had to exit at Harrisburg and prepare for an overland journey westward through the mountain pass.
Harrisburg assumed importance as a provisioning stop at this point where westward bound pioneers transitioned from river travel to overland travel. It was because of its strategic location that the state legislature selected the small town of Harrisburg to become the state capital in 1812; the grandeur of the Colonial Revival capitol dominated the quaint town. The streets were orderly and platted in grid pattern; the Pennsylvania Canal was coursed the length of the town. The residential houses were situated on only a few city blocks stretching southward from the capitol, they were one story. No factories were present but there were blacksmith shops and other businesses. During the American Civil War, Harrisburg was a significant training center for the Union Army, with tens of thousands of troops passing through Camp Curtin, it was a major rail center for the Union and a vital link between the Atlantic coast and the Midwest, with several railroads running through the city and spanning the Susquehanna River.
As a result of this importance, it was a target of General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during its two invasions; the first time during the 1862 Maryland Campaign, when Lee planned to capture the city after taking Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, but was prevented from d