Pendleton County, Kentucky
Pendleton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,877, its county seat is Falmouth. The county was founded December 13, 1798,Pendleton County is included in the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pendleton County was created from parts of Campbell and Bracken counties in 1798; the county was named after Edmund Pendleton, a longtime member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the Continental Congress and chief justice of Virginia. Falmouth, the future county seat, began as a settlement called Forks of Licking, circa 1776, it was the site of the Battle of Blue Licks during the Revolutionary War. Native Americans who were helping the British ambushed Kentuckians on August 19, 1782 on the Licking River. In a matter of fifteen minutes, 60 were killed. Falmouth was chartered in 1793, its name originated from the Virginians who settled there from Virginia. It was in 1793 that one of the first sawmills in Kentucky was built in Falmouth.
Falmouth was designated the county seat in 1799. The county courthouse was erected in 1848. During the American Civil War, the county sent men to both armies. A Union Army recruiting camp was established in Falmouth in September 1861. Two Confederate recruiters were captured and executed by the Union Army in the Peach Grove area of northern Pendleton County. In July 1862, a number of county citizens were rounded up by Union troops during a crackdown against suspected Confederate sympathizers. In June 1863, a number of women were arrested at Demossville because they were believed to be potential spies dangerous to the Federal government. Falmouth was the site of a small skirmish on September 18, 1862, between twenty-eight Confederates and eleven Home Guardsmen; the city of Butler was established circa 1852 when the Kentucky Central Railroad was built through the area. The city was named for William O. Butler, U. S. congressman from the area, when it was incorporated on February 1, 1868. According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 282 square miles, of which 277 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. The county's northeastern border with Ohio is formed by the Ohio River. Kenton County Campbell County Clermont County, Ohio Bracken County Harrison County Grant County As of the census of 2000, there were 14,390 people, 5,170 households, 3,970 families residing in the county; the population density was 51 per square mile. There were 5,756 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.39% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,170 households out of which 39.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.20% were non-families.
20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,125, the median income for a family was $42,589. Males had a median income of $31,885 versus $23,234 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,551. About 9.80% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over. Pendleton County High School, just north of Falmouth, is the public high school, it is home to fewer than 1,000 students.
The mascot for PCHS is the Wildcat, the school colors are red and white. The school features a 450-seat auditorium. Other schools in the county are Sharp Middle School, named for Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine and National Medal of Science, located between Falmouth and Butler, Northern Elementary in Butler, Southern Elementary in Falmouth. Pendleton County Public Library is located at Falmouth; the library provides public access computers with free wifi. The library offers copying, a fax service, a public meeting room that can be reserved. Pendleton County is home to The Kentucky Wool Festival, Griffin Center Amphitheater, Kincaid Regional Theatre. Pendleton County, Kentucky is the Home of University of Kentucky Basketball signee, Dontaie Allen, 35th player in KHSAA History to score 3,000 points. Pendleton County High School is the only school in KHSAA History to have two members in this prestigious club Pendleton County is the home of Chicago White Sox Pitcher Nathan Jones, #65.
He was drafted in 179th overall, by the White Sox in the 2007 MLB Draft. Public transportation is provided by Senior Services of Northern Kentucky with demand-response service. Butler DeMossville Falmouth Mt. Auburn, Kentucky Morgan, Kentucky Bethel Cemetery and Church, a historic frame church 5 miles north of Falmouth Fryer House, an 1811 stone house, home of the Pendleton County Historical Society National Register of Historic Places listings in Pendleton County, Kentucky Official webs
The Ohio River is a 981-mile long river in the midwestern United States that flows southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. It is the second largest river by discharge volume in the United States and the largest tributary by volume of the north-south flowing Mississippi River that divides the eastern from western United States; the river flows through or along the border of six states, its drainage basin includes parts of 15 states. Through its largest tributary, the Tennessee River, the basin includes several states of the southeastern U. S, it is the source of drinking water for three million people. The lower Ohio River just below Louisville is obstructed by rapids known as the Falls of the Ohio where the water level falls 26ft. in 2 miles and is impassible for navigation. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico.
The name "Ohio" comes from the Ohi: yo', lit. "Good River". Discovery of the Ohio River may be attributed to English explorers from Virginia in the latter half of the 17th century. In his Notes on the State of Virginia published in 1781–82, Thomas Jefferson stated: "The Ohio is the most beautiful river on earth, its current gentle, waters clear, bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted." In the late 18th century, the river was the southern boundary of the Northwest Territory. It became a primary transportation route for pioneers during the westward expansion of the early U. S; the river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, thus part of the border between free and slave territory, between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. Where the river was narrow, it was the way to freedom for thousands of slaves escaping to the North, many helped by free blacks and whites of the Underground Railroad resistance movement.
The Ohio River is a climatic transition area, as its water runs along the periphery of the humid subtropical and humid continental climate areas. It is inhabited by flora of both climates. In winter, it freezes over at Pittsburgh but farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, near the Ohio's confluence with the Mississippi, it is ice-free year-round; the name "Ohio" comes from the Seneca language, Ohi:yo', a proper name derived from ohiːyoːh, therefore translating to "Good River". "Great river" and "large creek" have been given as translations. Native Americans, including the Lenni Lenape and Iroquois, considered the Ohio and Allegheny rivers as the same, as is suggested by a New York State road sign on Interstate 86 that refers to the Allegheny River as Ohi:yo'. An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi".
Applied just to the Ohio River, the "Pelisipi" name was variously applied back and forth between the Ohio River and the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee. In his original draft of the Land Ordinance of 1784, Thomas Jefferson proposed a new state called "Pelisipia", to the south of the Ohio River, which would have included parts of present-day Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia; the river had great significance in the history of the Native Americans, as numerous civilizations formed along its valley. For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major trading route, its waters connected communities. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast; the Osage, Omaha and Kaw lived in the Ohio Valley, but under pressure from the Iroquois to the northeast, migrated west of the Mississippi River in the 17th century to territory now defined as Missouri and Oklahoma.
The discovery and traversal of the Ohio River by Europeans admits of several possibilities, all in the latter half of the 17th century. Virginian Englishman Abraham Wood's trans-Appalachian expeditions between 1654 and 1664; the first person to traverse the length of the river, from the headwaters of the Allegheny to its mouth on the Mississippi, was a Dutch trader from New York, Arnout Viele, in 1692. In 1749, Great Britain established the Ohio Company to trade in the area. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks brought British colonials from both Pennsylvania and Virginia across the mountains, both colonies claimed the territory; the movement across the Allegheny Mountains of British settlers and the claims of the area near modern day Pittsburgh led to conflict with the French, who had forts in the Ohio River Valley. This conflict was called the Indian War. In 17
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Interstate 275 (Ohio–Indiana–Kentucky)
Interstate 275 is an 83.71-mile-long highway in Ohio and Kentucky that forms a complete beltway around the Cincinnati area, includes a part in a state not entered by the parent route. It had been the only auxiliary interstate that enters three states, but that changed in July 2018 when I-295 in Delaware and New Jersey was extended into Pennsylvania, it is the longest loop interstate highway in the United States, it encloses an area of over 250,000 acres. For a short distance in northwest Hamilton County it overlaps with I-74 and U. S. Highway 52. I-275 is signed as the Cincinnati Bypass and known as the Donald H. Rolf Circle Freeway in Ohio, after a state senator, but locals use these names, instead referring to it as "two-seventy-five." In 2011, Kentucky named its segment the Ronald Reagan Highway, not to be confused with Ronald Reagan Cross County Highway across the river in Cincinnati. The section in Clermont County is designated as the Staff Sergeant Matt Maupin Veterans Memorial Highway.
I-275 heads west toward Indiana passing by the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, with Kentucky Route 212 used as the service road to and from the airport. Near Hebron, west of the airport, I-275 has an interchange with Kentucky Route 237, before passing over the Ohio River into Indiana. In Indiana I-275 passes through a rural area with only one interchange at US 50/State Road 1. I-275 heads northeast towards Ohio. I-275 heads northeast towards Springdale, I-275 runs concurrently with I-74 and US 52; when the concurrency ends, I-275 has an intersection with Ohio State Route 126. I-275 has interchanges with US 27 and US 127. I-275 turns east having an interchange with SR 4, SR 747, I-75, US 42. I-275 turns southeast having an interchange with I-71 and US 22/SR 3. I-275 passes over the Little Miami River, entering Clermont County, where it is named in honor of Matt Maupin, a local soldier killed during the Iraq War. I-275 turns due south toward Milford and connects with SR 28, SR 450, SR 32, SR 125.
I-275 turns due west towards Kentucky, passing through a short concurrency with US 52, before crossing over the Ohio River into Kentucky. From Ohio I-275 heads southwest towards Highland Heights. I-275 has an interchange with I-471 near Highland Heights. I-275 turns due west towards Crestview Hills, passing through an interchange with KY 9, KY 16, KY 17. In Crestview Hills I-275 has an interchange with US 25/US 42/US 127. I-275 turns northeast towards I-71/I-75. On May 20, 2008, a tractor-trailer hauling a locomotive separated while traveling on the ramp from westbound I-74 to southbound I-275. After the trailer detached, it crashed into supports for the bridge on I-74 eastbound going over the ramps between I-275 and I-74 westbound; as a result, the Ohio Department of Transportation shut down eastbound I-74 for several weeks. Both ramps between I-74 west and I-275 were closed as well, because of fears the bridge would collapse, but two crossovers were built so that traffic could use one lane of westbound I-74 to travel east around the damaged bridge.
Geographic data related to I-275 at OpenStreetMap I-275 on Cincinnati-Transit.net
Kentucky Route 9
Kentucky Route 9 is a state highway maintained by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet in the U. S. Commonwealth of Kentucky; the route runs from Newport to Grayson paralleling the Ohio River between Newport and Vanceburg. Most of its route, from the Interstate 275 loop at Wilder to Grayson, is known as the AA Highway. KY 10 forms a branch of the AA Highway between Vanceburg and the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge in Grays Branch, near Greenup; the AA Highway follows a general northwest-southeast orientation. For most of its length, the AA Highway is a two lane road that passes through a sparsely populated rural area of Northern Kentucky. While the highway passes through terrain, rolling to hilly, the highway is level with moderate grades and no steep grades. Except for Carter County, all counties; the only municipalities on the highway are Vanceburg and Maysville and suburban areas of Cincinnati at its western terminus. Those areas are the only areas with any services used by motorists such as motels, gas stations, convenience stores, etc.
The only traffic signals on the AA Highway are near Maysville, suburban Cincinnati, at its eastern terminus just north of Interstate 64 near Grayson. There are no rest areas on the AA Highway. Other than the portions that traverse the edge of Maysville and enter suburban Cincinnati, there are no shopping centers or major retail stores along the AA Highway. While the AA highway is not an expressway, it nonetheless serves as the shortest highway link between Cincinnati and Ashland, Kentucky; as such, it provides a link between Cincinnati and other Midwestern cities such as Chicago and Dayton and cities south and east of Ashland such as Huntington and Charleston in West Virginia and Richmond in Virginia, Charlotte and Winston-Salem in North Carolina. The AA Highway is a rural two-lane highway for most of its length and traverses through some desolate terrain. Driver inattention and speeding, in combination with the numerous side road entrances and at-grade intersections have made it a dangerous and deadly road.
To address these issues, guide signs comparable to interstate-styled signs have been installed along the highway at major intersections, along with additional overhead lighting. Other measures to improve safety and increase capacity are under consideration; the AA Highway was envisioned as a modern highway from Alexandria to Ashland. Construction began in 1985 on the first segment of the AA Highway. Estimated to cost $266 million to complete, it was designed as a two-lane controlled-access facility; the first phase included the construction of 86 miles of the AA Highway from the junction of Interstate 275 and Licking Pike in Campbell County east to Vanceburg. The first phase included the design of two twenty-five mile-long spurs running east from Vanceburg, one ending at US 23 near Lloyd and the Jesse Stuart Memorial Bridge, the other ending near Interstate 64 in Grayson; when construction began, the costs for the first phase had risen to $292.7 million. Segments of the highway, from Clarksburg just west of Vanceburg to Tollesboro was routed on an earlier relocated alignment of KY 10.
It opened in 1995, however, it was not formally dedicated until 2003. The AA Highway including the Greenup spur was designated as KY 546, the Grayson spur was signed as KY 694. On May 26, 1988, the designation, "AA Highway," was proposed to be signed along with KY 546 and KY 694. A few years this designation was put in place with the AA Highway being co-signed with KY 546 and KY 694, many motorists were soon confused by the ever-changing designations. To solve this issue, the AA Highway was renumbered in late 1995; the AA Highway including the Grayson spur was renumbered KY 9, the Greenup spur was renumbered as KY 10. KY 10 overlaps portions of the AA Highway throughout the entire highway's existence. Old KY 9 in Campbell county was renumbered as KY 915, old KY 10 between Vanceburg and South Portsmouth was redesignated as KY 8; the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet is proposing widening and correcting some deficiencies and addressing growing traffic concerns along the AA Highway from its western terminus near Covington to Maysville.
Several options are being considered, such as: removing some of the at-grade intersections, widening to four lanes from two with partial control access, full control access. The AA Highway widening study was undertaken. Many residents and users of the road were concerned about intersection safety, while others discussed the high volume of traffic and the lack of passing lanes. Four alternatives were considered: Alternate One: Do Nothing/No-Build This alternate involves no action to improve the roadway other than maintenance, it was not favored. According to the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet: "Design Year 2025 traffic would operate at an LOS of E or F for the entire corridor. Sight distance, intersection safety, speed differential problems would remain." Cost: None Alternate Two: Safety/Operational Improvements This alternate involves low cost improvements to the roadway. This alternative would only meet the project goals, it would increase the safety of the roadway but does not provide adequate capacity for design year traffic 2025.
This alternate received considerable support. Cost: $100,000 to $30,000,000 Rumble Strips: The KY 9 corridor has an "unusually large percentage of vehicle co
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Fort Thomas, Kentucky
Fort Thomas is a home rule-class city in Campbell County, United States, on the southern bank of the Ohio River and the site of an 1890 US Army post. The population was 16,325 at the 2010 census, making it the largest city in Campbell County and it is part of the Cincinnati – Northern Kentucky metropolitan area. Evidence suggests that on or around 1749, prior to settlement by Europeans, a large battle occurred between a band of Cherokee Native Americans and victorious Miami tribe and Shawnee tribe Native Americans in what is now the city of Fort Thomas; as many as 600 graves of slain warriors have been unearthed by archeologists there. In 1887, a site was needed to house a United States Army post to replace Newport Barracks located in the adjoining city of Newport, Kentucky. Built in 1803, Newport Barracks replaced the smaller Fort Washington, located across the Ohio River in Cincinnati, Ohio; that army post was located at the junction of the Licking and Ohio Rivers, but it was prone to flooding and flooded numerous times during the early 1880s.
A new, less flood prone location was sought. General Philip Sheridan selected 11 acres of the city and dubbed the area the Highlands, predicting it to become the "West Point of the West." The new post was named Fort Thomas in honor of General George Henry Thomas. The area has many remnants of this era with a 102-foot high Stone Water Tower as a familiar landmark which stands at the entrance to Tower Park, it was the 16th structure built on the grounds of the Military Reservation. It encloses a standpipe which has a capacity of 100,000 gallons, pumped from the Water District reservoirs just across South Fort Thomas Avenue. In 1890 when the military base was established, such provisions for water supply was necessary as there was no other water tower in this area. Cannons that were captured in Cuba's Havana Harbor during the Spanish–American War rest on stone platforms in front of the Tower; the dates marked on these cannons, reflecting the date they were made in Barcelona, are "1768" and "1769."
The U. S. 6th Infantry Regiment moved to Fort Thomas, where it remained until called to action again in June 1898, in the Spanish–American War. Samuel Woodfill was transferred to the Fort Thomas Army post in 1912, he married Lorena Wiltshire on Christmas Day in 1917 and they purchased a house near the fort. In World War I he was courageous, his bravery earned him many medals and awards and he was described as the most decorated soldier of the war. In civilian life, however, he struggled to pay his bills, he was unsuccessful at creating an orchard, worked as a carpenter, a watchman and a guard. His wife died in March 1942, but two months the Army commissioned Woodfill and another World War I hero, Alvin C. York as Majors to build morale and promote enlistments. Woodfill retired again in 1944, but memories of his wife in Fort Thomas caused him to return to Indiana, where he was born. On February 25, 1937, Paul Tibbets enlisted here as a flying cadet in the United States Army Air Corps. During the last days of World War II, Paul became known as the pilot that dropped the first atomic bomb on August 6, 1945.
Fort Thomas served as a depot, induction center, military hospital. Most of the garrison was transferred to the Veterans Administration in 1946, but military activities continued until the fort was closed in 1964. Fort Thomas is located at 39°4′34″N 84°27′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles, of which, 5.7 square miles of it is land and 0.8 square miles of it is water. Fort Thomas is located within a climatic transition zone at the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate; the local climate is a a blend of the subtropics to the south and the humid continental climate to the north. There are several "micro-climates" found in Fort Thomas which produce warmer than usual or cooler than usual "pockets". In the warmer niches it is not at all uncommon to find such "subtropical" novelties as the common wall lizard, the Southern magnolia, the rare Needle palm. Moderating variables for the overall climate of Fort Thomas include: the Ohio River, the region's large hills and valleys, an urban heat influence due to the proximity of the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area.
Fort Thomas is located within the Bluegrass region of Kentucky and Southern Ohio and is situated within the northern periphery of the Upland South. As of the census of 2010, there were 16,325 people, 6,787 households, 4,219 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,909.8 people per square mile. There were 7,028 housing units at an average density of 1,239.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 1.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, less than 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 6,787 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.3