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Canadair Ltd. was a civil and military aircraft manufacturer in Canada. It was a subsidiary of other aircraft manufacturers a nationalized corporation until privatized in 1986, became the core of Bombardier Aerospace; the name "Canadair" is a portmanteau of air. Canadair's origins lie in the foundation of a manufacturing centre for Canadian Vickers in the Saint-Laurent borough of Montreal, at Cartierville Airport. Canadair Plant One is still there. Absorbing the Canadian Vickers Ltd. operations, Canadair was created on 11 November 1944 as a separate entity by the government of Canada as a manufacturer of patrol Consolidated PBY "Canso" flying boats for the Royal Canadian Air Force. Benjamin W. Franklin became its first president. Besides the ongoing PBY contract, a development contract to produce a new variant of the Douglas DC-4 transport, was still in effect; the new Canadair DC-4M powered by Rolls-Royce Merlin engines emerged in 1946 as the "Northstar." In the immediate postwar era, Canadair bought the "work in progress" on the existing Douglas DC-3/C-47 series.

In 1946, the US Electric Boat Company bought a controlling interest in Canadair. The two companies merged to form the American company General Dynamics in 1952. In 1954, General Dynamics purchased Convair, created by the merger of Consolidated Aircraft and Vultee Aircraft, reorganised Canadair as Convair's Canadian subsidiary. In 1976, the Canadian government acquired Canadair Ltd. from General Dynamics. It remained a federal crown corporation until 1986 when, having experienced record losses during its development of the Challenger business jet, the Mulroney government sold it to Bombardier Inc, it became the core of Bombardier Aerospace. As part of Bombardier, Canadair lives on in the series of business jets or regional jets known as "RJ Series" or CRJs. More the branding has been dropped, new projects from all of Bombardier's various aircraft divisions are now known as Bombardier Aerospace. Canadair has a record of several aviation firsts; the CL-44D, based on the Bristol Britannia, was the first design that allowed access by swinging the entire rear fuselage.

The CL-89 and CL-289 were the first surveillance drones to be put into service in several countries' armed forces. The experimental CL-84 was the first VTOL aircraft that rotated the wings to achieve vertical lift-off; the CL-215 was the first purpose-designed water bomber. In the late 1950s the US Army contracted Canadair to develop a small light-weight all-terrain amphibious tracked vehicle. In turn, Canadair developed the CL-70 RAT Remote Articulated Track which, while not a commercial success, gave Canadair the experience for the upgraded CL-91 Dynatrac, a marketing success and purchased by the US Army as XM-571. Canadair had diversity in other projects; the "Canarch" division was involved in curtain wall design and manufacture for a number of buildings. They produce the cabins for many air traffic control towers operated by the Federal Aviation Administration in the United States. Both tracked and air-cushioned vehicles were designed. Velvet Glove - Air-to-air missile project. Bombardier Aerospace de Havilland Canada Learjet Short Brothers Notes Bibliography Marsaly and Samuel Pretat.

"Bombardiers d'eau/ Canadair Scoopers." Editions Minimonde76, May 2012. ISBN 978-2-9541818-0-6. Other Products

Mike Hill (bishop)

Michael Arthur "Mike" Hill is an English Anglican bishop. He was the Bishop of Bristol from 2003 until he retired effective 30 September 2017. Hill was born on 17 April 1949, to Hilda Hill, he was educated at Wilmslow County Grammar School, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge and at Ridley Hall, Cambridge. He was ordained a deacon at Petertide 1977 and a priest the next Petertide, both times by Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury, at Canterbury Cathedral. From 1977 to 1980 he was curate of Addiscombe. From 1983 to 1990 he was priest in charge of St Leonard's Chesham Bois. In 1990 he became Rural Dean of Amersham and the Archdeacon of Berkshire in 1992. From 1998 to 2003 he was the area Bishop of Buckingham. In December 2012, he became Chair of the Wycliffe Hall Council; the Reverend Mike Hill The Venerable Mike Hill The Right Reverend Mike Hill


A stepfamily, blended family, bonus family, or instafamily is a family where at least one parent has children that are not genetically related to the other spouse or partner. Either parent, or both, may have children from previous relationships. Children in a stepfamily may live with one biological parent, or they may live with each biological parent for a period of time. In addition, visitation rights mean that children in stepfamilies have contact with both biological parents if they permanently live with only one. A child is referred to as the stepchild—stepdaughter or stepson—of their biological parent's new spouse, that person as the stepparent—stepfather or stepmother—of the child. A stepfather is the male spouse of someone's parent, not someone's biological father. A stepmother is the female spouse of someone's parent, not someone's biological mother. A step-grandmother is not someone's biological grandmother. A stepgrandfather is not someone's biological grandfather. A step-uncle is the spouse of someone's parent's sister or brother and is not the father of someone's cousin.

A step aunt is the spouse of someone's parent's brother or sister and is not the mother of someone's cousin. A stepbrother is the son of a stepparent to whom one is not biologically related. A stepsister is the daughter of a stepparent. A stepgrandson is the grandson of someone's spouse. A step-granddaughter is the granddaughter of someone's spouse to whom one is not biologically related. Alternatively, in Australia Under the Family Law Act 1975 a "stepparent" in relation to a child, is interpreted as a person, not a parent of the child. A "simple" stepfamily is one in which only one member of the couple has a prior child or children and the couple has not yet had additional children; when both members of the couple have at least one pre-existing child, the new family is "complex" or "blended" from the start. If both members of the couple have prior children, those children are stepbrothers and stepsisters to one another. Any subsequent child born to the couple is a half-sibling of the respective members' prior children.

Along with the "simple" and "complex", there are other terms that help describe the types of stepfamilies. The most popular types are neotraditional and romantic. Neotraditional has both parents sharing the responsibility of the children. In a matriarchal stepfamily, a strong, independent woman is in charge of the family with the stepfather becoming a mentor. A romantic stepfamily is when the two parents expect the combining of their separate families to run smoothly without realizing that issues will arise. If a stepparent adopts the partner's child or children, he or she becomes the child's legal parent. In such cases, the parents may stop using the terms "stepparent" and "stepchild" and instead refer to the child as their son or daughter; when all parties describe the relationship using the terms applied to biological and adoptive families, however, at least some of the emotional and psychological issues common to stepfamilies may or may not persist. Thus, one possibility is that a stepfamily can be reconfigured, thanks to the biological and adoptive links could leave the condition of a "stepfamily".

The earliest recorded use of the prefix step-, in the form steop-, is from an 8th-century glossary of Latin-Old English words meaning "orphan". Steopsunu is given for the Latin word steopmoder for nouerca. Similar words recorded in Old English include stepbairn and stepfather; the words are used to denote a connection resulting from the remarriage of a widowed parent and are related to the word ástíeped meaning bereaved, with stepbairn and stepchild used as synonyms for orphan. Words such as stepbrother and stepparent appeared much and have no particular connotation of bereavement. Corresponding words in other Germanic languages include: Old High German stiuf- and Old Norse stjúp-. According to James Bray, three of the challenges facing a stepfamily are financial and living arrangements, resolving feelings about the previous marriage and anticipating parenting changes. Research has shown that parents who are fighting with their ex-spouse tend to make their children suffer mentally and emotionally.

However, parents who are close with their ex-spouse tend to make their new spouse insecure and anxious. Additional challenges that a step- or blended family face are those regarding the paternal parents as well as the inherent bond that paternal parents have with their children and vice versa. Stepparents face significant difficulties when interacting with the paternal parent. Paternal parents feel as though the other man or woman will replace them; this is a common feeling for a parent. Although stepfamilies are built through the institution of marriage and are recognized, it is unclear if a stepfamily can be both established and re

Eriogonum reniforme

Eriogonum reniforme is a species of wild buckwheat known by the common name kidney-leaf buckwheat. It is native to the desert southwest of the United States in California and Nevada, its range may extend into Mexico; this is an annual herb ranging in maximum height from 5 to 40 centimeters. Its leaves are located at its base and are rounded to spade-shaped, not always kidney-shaped, are woolly and one or two centimeters long; the naked reddish inflorescence is dotted with whitish glands. It bears small clusters of flowers which are yellow at first and become red, they have tepals of different shapes, with the inner ones somewhat elongated. Jepson Manual Treatment - Eriogonum reniforme Eriogonum reniforme - Photo gallery

Mayor of Bacolod

The Mayor of Bacolod is the local chief executive and head of the City Government of Bacolod. Along with the Governor of Negros Occidental and the Governor of Negros Oriental, as mayor of a urbanized city, he sits in the Regional Development Council of the Negros Island Region. While Bacolod was first established as a town in January 20, 1755, the capital of Negros Island in 1846 and the capital of Negros Occidental in 1890, the archives of the City Government of Bacolod lists Bernardino de los Santos as Gobernadorcillo upon the establishment of Bacolod as the capital of Negros Occidental after the division of the island, while Gregorio Gonzaga as the recorded Presidente Municipal in 1894. Bacolod, being a pueblo and municipality was composed of a municipal council headed by a president; the Presidente Municipal may opt to be assisted by deputies called Tiniente Mayor. As the Province of Negros Occidental grew in importance due to the sugar industry, Bacolod became a hub for business and politics, drawing more immigrant families into the city.

Along with nearby Silay, population swelled due to economic and work opportunities, including education and the Sugar Exchange Center located near the town plaza. Through Commonwealth Act No. 326, sponsored by Representative Pedro C. Hernaez of the Second District of Negros Occidental, Bacolod was chartered as a city in June 18, 1938. Alfredo Montelíbano, Sr. became the first city mayor upon his inauguration on October 18, 1938, along with the formal inauguration of the City Government of Bacolod. On the City Plaza still stands the tindalo tree planted by President Manuel Quezon as a reminder of the inauguration ceremonies. Batas Pambansa Blg. 51 elevated the status of the city further as a urbanized city on December 22, 1979. Due to this, the Provincial Government of Negros Occidental ceased to have control over Bacolod, it received funding directly from the national allocation, but meant that the citizens of Bacolod cannot vote for the officials of the Provincial Government nor run for elective provincial posts.

The last city official to have become won a post in the province was former Governor Alfredo Montelibano, Jr. After the promulgation of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, Bacolod City was given its own representation in Congress as the Lone District of Bacolod

Western Pacific Railroad

The Western Pacific Railroad was a Class I railroad in the United States. It was formed in 1903 as an attempt to break the near-monopoly the Southern Pacific Railroad had on rail service into northern California. WP's Feather River Route directly competed with SP's portion of the Overland Route for rail traffic between Salt Lake City/Ogden and Oakland, for nearly 80 years. In 1982, the Western Pacific was acquired by the Union Pacific Corporation and it was soon merged into their Union Pacific Railroad; the Western Pacific was one of the original operators of the California Zephyr. The original Western Pacific Railroad was established in 1862 to build the westernmost portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad, between Sacramento and San Jose, California. After completing the last link from Sacramento to Oakland, this company was absorbed into the Central Pacific Railroad in 1870; the second company to use the "western pacific" appellation was the Western Pacific Railway Company, founded 1903.

Under the direction of George Jay Gould I, the Western Pacific Railway proposed to build a standard gauge track connection to the Pacific Coast for his aspiring Gould transcontinental system. Construction was financed by the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, a company in the Gould system, which had lost access to California due to the attempted acquisition of the Southern Pacific Railroad by the Rio Grande's main rival, the Union Pacific Railroad; the Western Pacific Railway acquired the Alameda and San Joaquin Railroad and began construction on what became known as the Feather River Route. Completed in 1909, it was the last major rail line connected into California. After Western Pacific Railway Company defaulted on mortgage bonds, its assets were sold in 1916 to The Western Pacific Railroad Company; the original line used 85-lb rail on untreated ties, with no tie plates except on curves over one degree. In 1931 Western Pacific opened a main line north from the Feather River Canyon to the Great Northern Railway in northern California.

This route, the "Highline", joined the Oakland – Salt Lake City main line at the Keddie Wye, a unique combination of two steel trestles and a tunnel forming a triangle of intersecting track. In 1935, the railroad went bankrupt because of decreased freight and passenger traffic caused by the Depression and had to be reorganized. WP attracted rail enthusiasts from around the world, it operated the California Zephyr passenger train with the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and the Chicago and Quincy Railroad. The WP handled the "Silver Lady" from Oakland, California, to Salt Lake City, Utah from 1949–1970; the Western Pacific owned several connecting short-line railroads. The largest was the Sacramento Northern Railway, which once reached from San Francisco to Chico, California. Others included the Tidewater Southern Railway, the Central California Traction, the Indian Valley Railroad and the Deep Creek Railroad. At the end of 1970 WP operated 1,187 miles of road and 1,980 miles of track, not including its Sacramento Northern and Tidewater Southern subsidiaries.

In 1982, the Union Pacific Corporation purchased the Western Pacific and the WP became part of a combined Union Pacific rail system: the Union Pacific Railroad, the Missouri Pacific Railroad, the WP. The Western Pacific and the Missouri Pacific was merged into the Union Pacific Railroad by the Union Pacific Corporation. In 1996, Union Pacific purchased the WP's long-time rival, the Southern Pacific Transportation Company. In July 2005 Union Pacific unveiled a brand new EMD SD70ACe locomotive, Union Pacific 1983, painted as an homage to the Western Pacific; the California Zephyr was the famous Western Pacific passenger train but the railroad had a few others: Exposition Flyer Royal Gorge Scenic Limited Zephyrette Many special charter passenger trains have used parts of the WP route: Feather River Express, Special charter train for Portola Railroad Days Northern California Explorer There were twelve presidents of this railroad: Walter J. Bartnett Edward T. Jeffery Benjamin F. Bush Charles M. Levey Harry M. Adams Charles Elsey Harry A. Mitchell Frederic B.

Whitman Myron M. Christy Alfred E. Perlman Robert G. "Mike" Flannery Robert C. Marquis Hercules – steam powered tugboat operated by the Western Pacific Western Pacific Railroad Museum Western Refrigerator LineSubsidiary of the Western Pacific Western Pacific Railroad Museum in Portola California