The Canadian Armed Forces, or Canadian Forces, are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces."This unified institution consists of sea and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force. Personnel may belong to either the Regular Force or the Reserve Force, which has four sub-components: the Primary Reserve, Supplementary Reserve, Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service, the Canadian Rangers. Under the National Defence Act, the Canadian Armed Forces are an entity separate and distinct from the Department of National Defence, which exists as the civilian support system for the Forces. Current end strength is authorized at 126,500, including 71,500 Regular Force members, 30,000 Reserve Force members and 25,000 civilian employees; the number of filled positions is lower than the authorized strength.
The Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces is the reigning Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor General of Canada. The Canadian Armed Forces are led by the Chief of the Defence Staff, advised and assisted by the Armed Forces Council. Since the Second World War, Canadian defence policy has stressed three overarching objectives: The defence of Canada itself. During the Cold War, a principal focus of Canadian defence policy was contributing to the security of Europe in the face of the Soviet military threat. Toward that end, Canadian ground and air forces were based in Europe from the early 1950s until the early 1990s. However, since the end of the Cold War, as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has moved much of its defence focus "out of area", the Canadian military has become more engaged in international security operations in various other parts of the world – most notably in Afghanistan from 2002 to 2014; the basis for current Canadian defence capability objectives were set in the Canada First Defence Strategy, introduced by the former Harper Government in 2008 and updated through the Liberal Government's 2017 defence strategy, Strong and Engaged.
The SSE pledged greater funding to support the Canadian military in its primary tasks related to the defence of Canada, the defence of North America and contributing to global security. In addition to its core missions, the Canadian Armed Forces contribute to the conduct of Canadian defence diplomacy through a range of activities, including the deployment of Canadian Defence Attachés, participation in bilateral and multilateral military forums and aircraft visits, military training and cooperation, other such outreach and relationship-building efforts; the Constitution of Canada gives the federal government exclusive responsibility for national defence, expenditures are thus outlined in the federal budget. For the 2016–17 fiscal year, the amount allocated for defence spending was CA$18.6 billion. The Federal Government now factors in military related spending from departments such as Veterans Affairs, Public Works, the Treasury Board when calculating "defence spending", it is believed that this move was made in order to improve Canada's defence related NATO reporting metrics.
Prior to Confederation in 1867, residents of the colonies in what is now Canada served as regular members of French and British forces and in local militia groups. The latter aided in the defence of their respective territories against attacks by other European powers, Aboriginal peoples, American forces during the American Revolutionary War and War of 1812, as well as in the Fenian raids, Red River Rebellion, North-West Rebellion; the lineages of some Canadian army units stretch back to the early 19th century, when militia units were formed to assist in the defence of British North America against invasion by the United States. The responsibility for military command remained with the British Crown-in-Council, with a commander-in-chief for North America stationed at Halifax until the final withdrawal of British Army and Royal Navy units from that city in 1906. Thereafter, the Royal Canadian Navy was formed, with the advent of military aviation, the Royal Canadian Air Force; these forces were organised under the Department of Militia and Defence, split into the Permanent and Non-Permanent Active Militias—frequently shortened to The Militia.
By 1923, the department was merged into the Department of National Defence. The first significant overseas deployment of Canadian military forces occurred during the Second Boer War, when several units were raised to serve under British command; when the United Kingdom entered into conflict with Germany in the First World War, Canadian troops were called to participate in European theatres. Battles which are notable to the Canadian military include the Second Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Vimy Ridge, the Second Battle of Passchendaele, as well as a series of attacks undertaken by the Canadian Corps during the Hundred Days Offensive. During this period, a distinctly Canadian army and navy was established, followed by an air force, because of the constitutional arrangements at the time, remained under th
"Sendin' All My Love" is a song by the American sibling group The Jets. It was written by Linda Mallah. Released as a single from The Jets' multi-platinum album Magic, the song was not nearly as successful as some other recordings by the group on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, where it stalled at number 88 and only reached number 72 on the R&B chart. However, in October, 1988, "Sendin' All My Love" was The Jets' first number 1 song on the dance chart, where it stayed for one week; the 12" single featured the following remixes: "Justin Strauss Summer Splash Mix" – 7:20 "Deep Dive Dubapella" – 7:12 "Drumapella" – 4:37 List of number-one dance hits 12" single release info at Discogs.com Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
"Yes It Is" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles. Written by John Lennon it was first released in 1965 as the B-side to "Ticket to Ride", it features some of the Beatles' most complex and dissonant three-part vocal harmonies and showcases George Harrison's early use of volume pedal guitar. Ian MacDonald describes the song as having "rich and unusual harmonic motion." In his 1980 interview with Playboy, John Lennon described "Yes It Is" as an attempt to rewrite "This Boy" that "didn't quite work". Paul McCartney on the other hand described it as "a fine song of John's" that he and Lennon had finished writing together; the song is in the 12/8 time signature, in the key of E and begins with a I–IV–ii7–V7 chord progression in which the word "tonight" appears as a "delicately haunting" 4th above the F#m7, creating a suspension. The melodic pitches of this first two bar phrase are repeated on "remember what I said tonight," except that the B melody note on the second "tonight" is now backed by a ♭VII chord that shapes the B melody note into a more "luscious" 6th.
The chorus involves a I – III – IV – I progression in which the major III chord appears for the first time in the song to propel the Plagal drop from IV to the tonic I chord. Over the course of a five-hour recording session, the Beatles attempted 14 takes of the basic track before perfecting it. "Yes It Is" was recorded on 16 February 1965, the same day that they completed Harrison's "I Need You". After completing the rhythm track, Lennon, McCartney and Harrison recorded their vocal harmonies in three hours, singing live together using the suggestion of George Martin that they sing their three part harmony in the style of a barber shop quartet. "Yes It Is" was released as the B-side of the "Ticket to Ride" single in both the US and the UK. American pressings of the single erroneously show "Yes It Is" as being from the film Eight Arms to Hold You, in which it did not appear, it reached number 46 in the Billboard Hot 100. The song was included on Beatles VI in the US, on subsequent compilation albums including Love Songs, the British version of the Rarities album, Only the Beatles, a British promotional cassette for Heineken Beer in 1986, Past Masters, Volume One, on Anthology 2 in an alternate version that combines the second and fourteenth takes.
The original mono single mix appears on the Mono Masters CD as part of The Beatles in Mono box set. Author Ian MacDonald praised "Yes It Is" along with its accompanying a-side "Ticket to Ride", he described the both songs as " psychologically deeper than The Beatles had recorded before" and declared that they marked a huge step forward in the Beatles development as songwriters. Billy Joel said in a 2008 interview on the nationally syndicated Rockline radio show that his 1980 song "Through The Long Night" was modelled after "Yes It Is." Don Henley performed the song at an early Bridge School Benefit. A recording was issued on Bridge School Concerts, Vol. 1. Peter Sellers performed a spoken parody which can be heard on A Celebration of Sellers, the four-CD anthology of Sellers' recorded material, released in 1993. There is a French version, with lyrics of Georges Aber, titled Ne mets pas de bleu, sung by Olivier Despax, released in 1965. A version in Portuguese, sung by Verônica Sabino, became a success in Brazil in 1986.
Titled "Demais", it had reworked lyrics by Zé Rodrix and Miguel Paiva, unrelated to the original lyrics. According to Ian MacDonald: John Lennon – double-tracked lead vocal, semi-acoustic guitar Paul McCartney – harmony vocal, bass guitar George Harrison – harmony vocal, lead guitar Ringo Starr – drums, tambourine Alan W. Pollack's Notes on "Yes It Is"