Cape Morris Jesup

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Cape Morris Jesup
Kap Morris Jesup
Cape Morris Jesup 1900.jpg
View of Cape Morris Jesup on May 16, 1900
Map showing the location of Cape Morris Jesup
Map showing the location of Cape Morris Jesup
LocationGreenland
Coordinates83°37′39″N 32°39′52″W / 83.62750°N 32.66444°W / 83.62750; -32.66444
Offshore water bodiesArctic Ocean
AreaArctic

Cape Morris Jesup (Danish: Kap Morris Jesup) is a headland in Peary Land, Greenland.

Geography[edit]

Cape Morris Jesup is the northernmost point of mainland Greenland at 83°37′39″N 32°39′52″W / 83.62750°N 32.66444°W / 83.62750; -32.66444 and is 711.8 km (384 nm / 442 miles) from the geographic North Pole. It is located in Johannes V. Jensen Land, about 20 km (12 mi) east of the mouth of Sands Fjord and west of Constable Bay.[1]

The cape marks the limit between the Lincoln Sea to the west and the Wandel Sea to the east. About 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of the cape there is a river forming a small delta that flows from the Mary Peary Peaks, part of the Roosevelt Range to the south.[2]

Cape Morris Jesup has a tundra climate; the annual mean is −17.1 °C (1.2 °F). Averages range from −32.6 °C (−26.7 °F) in February to 2.0 °F (−16.7 °C) in July. The highest temperature in the northern settlement is 17.0 °C (62.6 °F) on August 3, 2018. The lowest was −54.9 °C (−66.8 °F) on January 20, 1995. Frosts and freezes occur in every month, even in July, The lowest temperature was −4.0 °C (24.8 °F) on July 18, 1996.

Climate data for Kap Morris Jesup (Greenland) (1981-2019)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.3
(34.3)
7.5
(45.5)
15.3
(59.5)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
7.0
(44.6)
1.4
(34.5)
5.5
(41.9)
3.7
(38.7)
17.0
(62.6)
Average high °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−30.1
(−22.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−8.7
(16.3)
0.5
(32.9)
3.3
(37.9)
1.3
(34.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
−16.7
(1.9)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −32.0
(−25.6)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.0
(35.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−17.1
(1.2)
Average low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−12.1
(10.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−10.8
(12.6)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−19.1
(−2.4)
Record low °C (°F) −54.9
(−66.8)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−44.9
(−48.8)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−51.6
(−60.9)
−54.8
(−66.6)
−54.9
(−66.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 84 85 84 87 90 92 92 90 89 86 85 84 87
Source: Meteo Climat
Record highs Record lows
Month Value °C Value °F Year Value °C Value °F Year
January 3.7 38.7 1985 -54.9 -66.8 1995
February 6.2 43.2 2018 -50.3 -58.5 1938
March -0.3 31.5 1998 -44.9 -48.8 1998
April 1.3 34.3 1998 -41.2 -42.2 1983
May 7.5 45.5 1983 -25.2 -13.4 1985
June 15.3 59.5 1991 -11.0 12.2 1982
July 13.4 56.1 1991 -4.0 24.8 1996
August 17.0 62.6 2018 -18.4 -1.1 1982
September 7.0 44.6 1987 -25.8 -14.4 2002
October 1.4 34.5 2002 -38.0 -36.4 1992
November 5.5 41.9 1998 -51.6 -60.9 1994
December 3.7 38.7 1986 -54.8 -66.6 1994

History[edit]

Robert Peary reached the cape on 13 May 1900, believing it to be the northernmost point of land in the world, although it was later found to lie slightly to the south of the northernmost tip of Kaffeklubben Island.[3]

The cape is named after American philanthropist Morris Ketchum Jesup, president of the Peary Arctic Club, who helped finance Peary's expeditions.[4]

Cape Morris Jesup amongst the extreme points of Greenland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kap Morris Jesup". Mapcarta. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Cape Morris Jesup". Geographical Items on North Greenland Encyclopedia vol.14-0590. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ Oodaap Qeqertaa
  4. ^ The Peary Arctic Club - Bowdoin College