click links in text for more info


Caransebeș is a city in Caraș-Severin County, part of the Banat region in southwestern Romania. It is located at the confluence of the River Timiș with the River Sebeș, the latter coming from the Țarcu Mountains. To the west, it is in direct contact with the Banat Hills, it is an important railroad node, being located 40 km away from Reșița, 21 km from Oțelu Roșu, 70 km from Hațeg and about 25 km from the Muntele Mic ski resort, in the Țarcu Mountains. One village, Jupa, is administered by the city; the climate in Caransebeș is rather mild. Sub-Mediterranean climatic influences are present to some extent. Temperatures do not drop too low in winter. Rainfall can be quite abundant throughout the year; the first traces of habitation here might date as far as Dacian times. Dacian ruins have been discovered near Obreja, a village 7 km away; as the Romans invaded Dacia, they built a castrum named Tibiscum, dug up by archaeologists near the nearby village of Jupa, a castrum which grew to be a full city.

Tibiscum is considered one of the gates of Christianity in Dacia, having an important role in the Romanization of the local people. During the Middle Ages, the local people continuously inhabited the area; the region passed under the control of the Hungarian Kingdom later under the rule of the Transylvanian Principality, under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1787 a self-inflicted defeat, the Battle of Caransebeș, is supposed to have taken place here; the Habsburgs took the control of the region, after prolonged wars against the Ottomans. After railroads began to appear, the role of Caransebeș grew continuously. In the late 19th century, the Romanian people of the settlement elected to the Parliament of Hungary the Hungarian Lajos Mocsáry, a progressive democratic politician fighting for the cultural and administrative rights of all nationalities living in the Hungarian Kingdom of that time. After the 1918 union of Transylvania with Romania, Caransebeș became part of Greater Romania. After the rise of the communist regime in 1947, an airport and an airbase were built close to the city.

However, the airport did not remain operational for long after the 1989 Revolution. As of 2011 Caransebeș had a population of 21,932 Romanians, with Ukrainian and Hungarian minorities present, but in decline. Nicolae Corneanu, Orthodox metropolitan bishop Corneliu Dragalina, Romanian World War II General Ion Dragalina, Romanian World War I General René Fülöp-Miller, Austrian cultural historian and writer Sorin Grindeanu, Prime Minister of Romania Emanoil Ionescu, Romanian World War II General Gustav Jaumann, Austrian physicist Wilhelm Klein, archaeologist Official Website of the Caransebeș City Hall Unofficial website about Caransebeș Banaterra - Information about the Caransebeș Region


USC&GS Taku was a United States Coast and Geodetic Survey survey ship in service from 1898 to 1917. She was the only Geodetic Survey ship to bear the name. Taku was built by George Kneass at San Francisco, California, at a cost of $11,844.35 in 1898. The Coast and Geodetic Survey placed her in service that year, she spent her Survey career in the Pacific in the waters of the Territory of Alaska. On July 15, 1898 Taku arrived "in disabled condition" at St. Michael, Alaska while the new steamer Yukon was being assembled. Urgent repairs to Taku delayed assembly of Yukon. On July 30 she was seaworthy and Taku sailed at 2 p. m. on August 1, 1898 with a field party first to erect signals and do triangulation on St. Michael and Stuart Islands after which she departed for the mouth of the Kwiklok for regular survey work. Tragedy struck Taku's crew in 1910 when a member of her crew, Seaman H. Fitch, drowned when a small boat under sail was upset in Cordova Bay, Alaska. Taku was retired from Coast and Geodetic Survey service in 1917.

NOAA History, A Science Odyssey: Tools of the Trade: Ships: Coast and Geodetic Survey Ships: Taku NOAA History, A Science Odyssey: Hall of Honor: In the Line of Duty 1846-1936


Cyclin-dependent kinase 2-associated protein 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CDK2AP1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a specific CDK2-associated protein, thought to negatively regulate CDK2 activity by sequestering monomeric CDK2, targeting CDK2 for proteolysis; this protein was found to interact with DNA polymerase alpha/primase and mediate the phosphorylation of the large p180 subunit, which suggested the regulatory role in DNA replication during S phase of the cell cycle. A similar gene in hamster was isolated from, functions as a growth suppressor of normal keratinocytes. CDK2AP1 has been shown to interact with Cyclin-dependent kinase 2, it interacts with unnamed protein product which may mediate inhibitory effect of CDK2AP1 on cell proliferation. Human CDK2AP1 genome location and CDK2AP1 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser

Switchin' Kitten

The Switchin' Kitten is a Tom and Jerry animated short film, released on September 7, 1961. It was the first cartoon in the series to be directed by Gene Deitch and produced by William L. Snyder in Czechoslovakia, after William Hanna and Joseph Barbera departed from MGM, it is the first Tom & Jerry cartoon in the 1960s and the first of the Western cartoons, made in Eastern Europe, as well as in an Eastern Bloc country. During a storm, Tom is trying to find a place to stay after being thrown out of a horse-drawn carriage. In the meantime, Jerry is assisting a mad scientist in a stereotypical old castle. In their experiment, they switch the brains of blue dog; the scientist gives the cat-with-a-dog-brain to Jerry as a companion. While they are sleeping, Tom approaches the castle; the cat takes Jerry back, threatening Tom. Tom fails. Tom's continuous efforts to catch Jerry are thwarted by the cat, like getting crushed by a hammer with his head and feet sticking out, getting turned into a flower, getting jumped out of the window and getting hit by a small axe.

After going through a series of beaker tubes, Tom tries to escape from the castle in fright. Along the way, he comes into contact with other animals that the scientist has experimented on, including a bird-voiced elephant, a chicken that bleats like a sheep/lamb, the blue dog whose brain was switched with the cat and a cuckoo clock's mooing bird, he encounters Jerry, begs and pleads for him to squeak, but the mouse roars like Leo the Lion and has a gold-ribboned mouse hole. Terrified, he runs off, never to be seen again; the clouds separate revealing Jerry's winks to the camera and audience, as the cartoon closes with the same opening template, with the only difference that Tom's face is depressed and Jerry's face is proud. The template reads. An MGM Cartoon." Switchin' Kitten at The Big Cartoon DataBase Switchin' Kitten on IMDb

Desafuero of Andrés Manuel López Obrador

The Desafuero of Andrés Manuel López Obrador was the removal of López Obrador's state immunity from prosecution, in his role as Mayor of Mexico City. It took place during 2004 and 2005; this process was originated by a land owner who sued the Federal District's government on the grounds of improper expropriation of a patch of land called El Encino. This case became a serious issue for López Obrador in 2005, when a vote by the Chamber of Deputies lifted his constitutional immunity against criminal charges. If charged, he would have lost all his civil rights, including the right to run for the presidency in 2006, unless he was either acquitted of all charges or managed to serve his sentence before the electoral registration deadline; the desafuero was supported by the then-ruling PAN, the federal government headed by then-President Vicente Fox, the PRI. The process lasted for more than a year and resulted in a polarization among Mexican society between those who supported the desafuero and those who opposed it.

After a massive rally in support of López Obrador took place in Mexico City on April 24, 2005, with an attendance exceeding one million people, near unanimous condemn from the foreign media towards the process, Fox decided to stop the judicial process against López Obrador. On April 27, 2005, Fox announced changes in his cabinet, a re-evaluation of the legal case against AMLO and legal changes so civil rights are only suspended once a citizen is found guilty. Fox and López Obrador met in the first week of May 2005, as part of the efforts to calm the political climate; the new Attorney General found a way to avoid prosecuting López Obrador, but it depended on the approval of the private company that first sued him. The 111th article of the Mexican Constitution states that most high-level elected officials cannot be prosecuted for criminal offenses while in office without a simple majority vote of the Chamber of Deputies stating there are grounds for prosecution; this privilege is confused with the freedom of speech protection granted to members of congress by the 61st article, known as fuero, the process to strip it is known as desafuero.

Since immunity from criminal prosecution is universally confused with the fuero, both terms will be used interchangeably. If the Chamber of Deputies votes in the negative, the prosecution can still take place when the official leaves his post, as deputies don't vote on the accusation itself but only on whether there is a reasonable belief that a crime was committed. If it votes in favor, the official can be prosecuted. A secondary law states in this case; the constitution mandates. An individual facing criminal prosecution has his political rights suspended so he cannot run for office or hold one, at least temporarily. All candidates for the presidential election in July 2006 were required to register no than January 15, 2006, although the law does allow a change of candidate until May of the same year; the legal system is untested in cases like this, the special status of the Federal District will lead to appeals and legal controversies before the Supreme Court. López Obrador ran that risk. On November 9, 2000, Rosario Robles, his predecessor, expropriated a patch of land from a larger property called "El Encino", in Santa Fe, Cuajimalpa, to build an access road for a private hospital.

The owner sued the government on March 11, 2001, was granted a federal judicial order barring further construction until the matter was definitively settled, as it prevented the owner access to his own property. By August, the judge found the works continued, so he requested the federal attorney general to make an inquiry and take the necessary steps to bring him into compliance; the federal attorney general had no option. Several months passed because until recent times the courts sided with the government in expropriation cases and therefore the case covers unknown ground, because it was such an extraordinary step. By May 17, 2004, the attorney general could not keep procrastinating and announced he would request the removal of AMLO's immunity, which he did two days later. Many months of mutual accusations it became clear 2005 would be a pivotal year for the case, he would be formally prosecuted in a matter of days after losing his immunity. López Obrador stated several times he would forgo all legal means available to him to remain free until a verdict is given, going to prison when the prosecution starts and campaigning from there.

He stated he would be his own lawyer at his criminal trial although he would receive legal advice from two different lawyers. His party changed its statutes to allow him to become a candidate; as part of his campaign before the Chamber of Deputies' vote, he organized mass rallies in public places to pressure the vote in his favor and doing media interviews comparing his process with those held against Mexican revolutionary Madero or U. S. civil rights activist Martin Luther King, insisting it was a conspiracy masterminde

Bennett Smith (shipbuilder)

Bennett Smith was a shipbuilder and shipowner in Nova Scotia, Canada. Smith served as a member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly for Hants County in 1858 and 1859 as a Liberal member, he was born in the son of John Smith and Ann Grant. He learned the craft of shipbuilding from his father, he and his brothers inherited their father's shipyard, located on Smith's Island at the intersection of the Avon and St. Croix Rivers, in 1832. In the same year, Smith married Rachel Harris. During the early 1840s, Smith was involved in farming and the timber trade but returned again to shipbuilding, he built 27 large ships involved in foreign trade and operating all but one. He was elected to the provincial assembly in 1858 following the death of Ichabod Dimock. Smith's final Windsor-built ship, launched in May 1877 to great fanfare, was the full rigged, 1318 ton Black Watch; the ship cost $50,000.00 to construct. The Black Watch was wrecked on the craggy coast of Fair Isle on 19 September 1877, four months after she was launched in Nova Scotia on her maiden voyage.

The crew, the ship's provisions as well as the sails and any salvageable hardware were all saved. Smith had closed his shipyard upon completion of the Black Watch over a wage dispute with his employees, he continued to order ships from builders in Saint John, New Brunswick. Smith was a director of the Avon Marine and Shipowners Insurance Company. Steamers began to gain prominence on the seas in the 1870s and wooden shipbuilding began a serious decline. Cargo could be for a cheaper price by steamer than by sailing ship; the post Confederation policy of the Canadian government forced trade with Upper Canada, using the inland railway. Smith found success with wooden sailing ships longer than most but after his death, the wooden ships, the pride of Windsor were being sold at low prices in Italy and Scandinavia as they could afford to run them. "Windsor,the town, noted for the size,number and seaworthiness of vessels built there,had gone by its prime. The days of shipbuilding in Windsor has passed forever".

Bennett Smith's sons Thomas and Charles took over his business after Smith's death in Windsor at the age of 87. Today a detailed mural of the Black Watch is painted on the old Hants Journal building on Gerrish Street in Windsor, N. a proud reminder of the community's shipbuilding heritage. Armour, Charles A. "Bennett Smith". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2008-10-15. Windsor,Nova Scotia-a journey in history,Loomer L. S. 1996 Gateway to the Valley,Centennial Committee 1977 Historic Windsor,Vaughan,Garth 2006