A carapace is a dorsal section of the exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups, including arthropods, such as crustaceans and arachnids, as well as vertebrates, such as turtles and tortoises. In turtles and tortoises, the underside is called the plastron. In crustaceans, the carapace functions as a protective cover over the cephalothorax. Where it projects forward beyond the eyes, this projection is called a rostrum; the carapace is calcified to varying degrees in different crustaceans. Zooplankton within the phylum Crustacea have a carapace; these include Cladocera and isopods, but isopods only have a developed "cephalic shield" carapace covering the head. In arachnids, the carapace is formed by the fusion of prosomal tergites into a single plate which carries the eyes, ocularium and diverse phaneres. In a few orders, such as Solifugae and Schizomida, the carapace may be subdivided. In Opiliones, some authors prefer to use the term carapace interchangeably with the term cephalothorax, incorrect usage, because carapace refers only to the dorsal part of the exoskeleton of the cephalothorax.
Alternative terms for the carapace of arachnids and their relatives, which avoids confusion with crustaceans, are prosomal dorsal shield and peltidium. The carapace is the dorsal convex part of the shell structure of a turtle, consisting of the animal's rib cage, dermal armor, scutes
Francis Roger Hodgson was a British Anglican missionary and Bible translator in Zanzibar and parish priest in Devon, England. The Anglican church appointed Hodgson as Archdeacon of Zanzibar, with Hodgson taking over both mission compound oversight and Bible translation work from Bishop Edward Steere, their gradual church growth came from caring for slaves and the marginalized. Christianity in Zanzibar started as a religion for slaves. Before Steere's death in 1882, he and Hodgson completed the New Testament in 1880 and a revised New Testament in 1882. Steere had begun work on the books of Isaiah and Genesis; the British and Foreign Bible Society printed their book of Genesis in 1884. With the assistance of his wife Jessie, Hodgson translated the first Old Testament into southern Swahili in Roman script; the Zanzibar dialect, grew in popularity to become standardized written Swahili. In 1886, Jessie gave birth to their only son, Richard. In 1888, mission records indicate that Jessie was "Invalided".
In 1889, Francis completed the Old Testament, they took the long journey back to England via the Suez Canal. In 1895, Richard died; that year, the British and Foreign Bible Society published their translation of the Old Testament from their London print shop. This translation became helpful reference to George Pilkington as he translated the Lugandan Bible translation in the 1890s. Francis's childhood was in the village of Warton, Fylde, in England, his father Reverend Richard Hodgson served as the Curate of Warton and baptised Francis as an infant in January 1854. His mother Caroline gave birth to another son, Charles Herbert Hodgson
A virtual business employs electronic means to transact business as opposed to a traditional brick and mortar business that relies on face-to-face transactions with physical documents and physical currency or credit. Amazon.com was a virtual business pioneer. As an online bookstore, it delivered and brokered bookstore services without a physical retail store presence; as Web 2.0 services have risen in popularity, many businesses have begun to use these communicative and collaborative technologies to reach their customers. With heightened security, PCI DSS compliance regulations, more stringent monitoring abilities, credit card transactions via the Internet are more secure than other options such as phone or fax. Along with connecting customers with physical products, virtual businesses are starting to provide important services as well; the online delivery of professional services such as administration and marketing services have risen in popularity. Such companies have refined their offerings to include services such as a Virtual Assistant, in which the person providing the service works out of his/her own office and provides services via the Internet or other technology.
Most brick-and-mortar companies reduce costs and increase market share by engaging in e-commerce via web sites and by leveraging their existing telecommunications infrastructure. In addition to sales and customer relations, such e-commerce may include: Collaborating with suppliers and competitors. Outsourcing many of the business functions like marketing, operations management and new product development, Telecommuting Some virtual businesses operate in a virtual world. Environments such as Second Life have enough economical activity to be viable for commerce and one can make a living from sales of virtual property and services to virtual customers in these virtual worlds. In the USA groups of people can assemble online and enter into an agreement to work together toward a for-profit goal, with or without having to formally incorporate or form a traditional company. A virtual corporation may be required to maintain a registered agent with a physical address but it can be started and terminated without any of the principals being in each other's physical presence.
Global Healthcare Marketing and Communications, LLC is an example of a virtual corporation operating worldwide sans bricks or mortar. The company provides medical education services to major pharmaceutical companies and the business model differs from traditional medical education agencies with a physical presence. A virtual enterprise is a network of independent companies—suppliers, competitors, linked by information technology to share skills and access to each other's markets; such organizations are formed on the basis of a cooperative agreement with little or no hierarchy or vertical integration. This flexible structure minimizes the impact of the agreement on the participants' individual organizations and facilitates adding new participants with new skills and resources; such arrangements are temporary and dissolve once a common goal is achieved. A virtual enterprise is associated with an independent legal corporation or brick-and-mortar identity of its own. Distributed development Virtual community of practice Virtual management Virtual office Virtual team Virtual volunteering
Shadowland is the fifth studio album by Swedish power metal band Nocturnal Rites, released in 2002. "Eyes of the Dead" - 4:53 "Shadowland" - 4:23 "Invincible" - 4:57 "Revelation" - 4:44 "Never Die" - 4:23 "Underworld" - 4:27 "Vengeance" - 5:19 "Faceless God" - 5:14 "Birth of Chaos" - 4:16 "The Watcher" - 4:00 Jonny Lindkvist - vocals Nils Norberg - guitar, guitar synthesizer and effects Fredrik Mannberg - guitar Mattias Bernhardsson - keyboards Nils Eriksson - bass guitar Owe Lingvall - drums
Micromidia is a genus of dragonflies in the family Austrocorduliidae. They are small to medium-sized dragonflies, coloured black or metallic green with pale markings, endemic to eastern Australia; the genus Micromidia includes the following species: Micromidia atrifrons – forest mosquitohawk Micromidia convergens Theischinger & Watson, 1978 – early mosquitohawk Micromidia rodericki Fraser, 1959 – Thursday Island mosquitohawk There are differing views as to the family that Micromidia best belongs to: It is considered to be part of the Austrocorduliidae family at the Australian Faunal Directory It is considered to be part of the Synthemistidae family in the World Odonata List at the Slater Museum of Natural History It is considered to be part of the Corduliidae family at Wikispecies List of Odonata species of Australia
The Wynyard Quarter is a reclaimed piece of land on the Waitematā Harbour at the western edge of the Auckland waterfront, New Zealand. It is located to the west of the Viaduct Basin; as of 2012, a good part of the area is still covered by petrol and liquid chemical storage facilities of Ports of Auckland Ltd and various other companies, that gave the area its now disappearing "Tank Farm" moniker. However, major changes are underway, with the area intended to be redeveloped into a mixed-use residential-commercial area, with a major park to run along the northern headland and up to the point; as one of the first changes, the eastern section of the Quarter, as well as one of the main west-east roads running across it, were revitalised with new office and entertainment/restaurant areas, with several major projects finishing in time for the Rugby World Cup 2011 tournament. The Western Reclamation was progressively constructed by the Auckland Harbour Board, of which Ports of Auckland is the successor.
The last components of the reclamation were being completed in 1930 and provided the growing harbour with additional berthage capacity and increased land for port activities. Used by the timber trade, it changed to the current bulk petro-chemical storage; as of the late 2000s, the area was still used by the bulk liquid industry, with 500,000 tonnes of liquids and cement being transported via Wynyard Wharf each year. This provides NZ$1.2 billion of yearly turnover, 4000 jobs in the Auckland economy. There are more than 100 marine companies around the area, with a NZ$400 million yearly turnover, exporting items worth NZ$120 million per year. Three fishing fleets, Moana Pacific and Simunovich, are based in the area. SeaLink runs a car and passenger ferry service to Great Barrier Island from a terminal at the base of Wynyard Wharf; the company was seeking clarification of its future facilities in the area in 2007, as their lease was running out in 2010, it was unlikely to invest a planned NZ$19 million in a new terminal or start using a new, faster ferry vessel before legal concerns were sorted out.
An ARC planning committee noted that it supported the further provision of the ferry service in the area, though there had been concerns about the island freight shipping not fitting into the redevelopment vision of the area. The Waterfront Plan completed 2012 does include the island ferry terminal, to be in the same general area as before. Shipping fuel storage, once an important facility at the Tank Farm, delivered to ships in port by the Tolema refueling barge, was taken over in the late 2000s by a marine fuel tanker, the Awanuia, owned by the Seafuels company; the vessel serves Ports of Auckland shipping by bringing in fuels from the Marsden Point refinery in Whangarei. A sand mining company, McCallum Brothers, used part of the western water's edge to unload barges of dredged sand but has moved out of the area, subsequently transformed into a public park / event space. Ports of Auckland still owned 18ha of the 35ha site in 2006 when it was decided that the land would be transferred to its parent company, Auckland Regional Holdings, owned by the Auckland Regional Council.
As was noted on the Tank Farm website in 2006: Changes in bulk liquid transportation, the advent of the pipeline from Marsden Point, the progressive expiration of industrial leases in the reclamation means that Ports of Auckland's land is becoming a precinct in search of a new purpose. Following similar declarations by Auckland City and the Auckland Regional Council and design processes were underway in the mid and late 2000s to define the future shape of the area, a change process that will take up to 20 years. One of the main public inputs at that time was a wish for increased waterfront access, as well as the desire for more parkland on the point. However, some of these wishes were muted from political sources, as the redevelopment of the area is to be paid by the development of residential areas, with the available land for this use shrinking with an increase of the proposed park space. Agreed on was a bridge connecting the new quarter to the Viaduct Basin. Early plans intended to name the new area'Kahurangi', Māori for'blue/precious jewel'.
This has now been replaced with'Wynyard Quarter', though it is still referred to as Tank Farm, including when talking about the whole Western Reclamation. Others have suggested the label'Tech-Farm', referencing a 2004 call to showcase on the waterfront New Zealand's best sustainable design and technology, as well as anticipating the government's and council's 2012 initiative to establish an'innovation precinct' within the Wynyard Quarter. First stageIn June 2007, more detailed concept plans were published after a year of negotiation between stakeholders. In the first stage of the redevelopment, the eastern section of the Western Reclamation, along Jellicoe Street, was to be turned into an entertainment strip, to complement similar areas on the eastern side of the Viaduct Basin, to be completed in time for the 2011 Rugby World Cup; this area was to be linked to the Auckland CBD via a new'Te Wero' bridge, to be constructed as a lift- or swing bridge after an international design competition, expected to cost around NZ$35 million.
As part of the area renewal, the'Wind Tree' sculpture, located in Queen Elizabeth II Square outside of Britomart from 1971 until 2002 was installed in the new Jellicoe Square. The August 2011 opening of the Wynyard Quarter to the general public, with the main features being the new Jellicoe Street and North Wharf areas, as well as the o