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Cardamine oligosperma 6649.JPG
Cardamine oligosperma
Scientific classification

Cardamine (bittercress or bitter-cress) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine.

The leaves can have different forms, going from minute to medium-sized. They can be simple, pinnate or bipinnate. They are basal and cauline (growing on the upper part of the stem), with narrow tips. They are rosulate (forming a rosette). The blade margins can be entire, serrate or dentate. The stem internodes lack firmness.

The nearly radially symmetrical flowers grow in a racemose many-flowered inflorescence or in corymbs. The white, pink or purple flowers are minute to medium-sized. The petals are longer than the sepals. The fertile flowers are hermaphroditic.

Some plants were reputed to have medicinal qualities (treatment of heart or stomach ailments).

The name cardamine is derived from the Greek kardamon, cardamom - an unrelated plant in the ginger family, used as a pungent spice in cooking.

Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)
Cardamine pattersonii (Saddle Mountain bittercress)

Food source[edit]

Cardamine pratensis from Thomé: Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885

This plant is also used as one of the main food sources for the butterfly Pieris oleracea. [1]

Cardamine nuttallii (Nuttall's toothwort)



  1. ^!etd.send_file?accession=wright1431882480&disposition=inline. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz (2001). "Cardamine gouldii (Brassicaceae), a new species from Bhutan". Novon. 11 (3): 289–291. JSTOR 3393028.
  3. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 387. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
  4. ^
  • Taxonomic Revision of Cardamine
  • Lihová, J.; Marhold, K. (2003). "Taxonomy and distribution of the Cardamine pratensis group (Brassicaceae) in Slovenia". Phyton (Horn). 43: 241–261.
  • Lihová, J.; Marhold, K. & Neuffer, B. (2000). "Taxonomy of Cardamine amara in the Iberian Peninsula". Taxon. 49 (4): 747–763. doi:10.2307/1223975. JSTOR 1223975.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Cardamine at Wikimedia Commons