Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae. Both genera are native to Indonesia, they are recognized by their small seed pods: triangular in cross-section and spindle-shaped, with a thin, papery outer shell and small, black seeds. Species used for cardamom are native throughout subtropical Asia; the first references to cardamom are found in Sumer, in the Ayurvedic literatures of India. Nowadays, it is cultivated in some other countries, such as Guatemala and Tanzania; the German coffee planter Oscar Majus Kloeffer introduced Indian cardamom to cultivation in Guatemala before World War I. Cardamom is the world's third-most expensive spice, surpassed in price per weight only by vanilla and saffron; the word "cardamom" is derived from the Latin cardamomum, the Latinisation of the Greek καρδάμωμον, a compound of κάρδαμον, "cress" + ἄμωμον, the name for a kind of Indian spice plant. The earliest attested form of the word κάρδαμον signifying "cress" is the Mycenaean Greek ka-da-mi-ja, written in Linear B syllabic script, in the list of flavourings on the "Spice" tablets found among palace archives in the House of the Sphinxes in Mycenae.
The modern genus name Elettaria is derived from the local name. The root ēlam is attested in all Dravidian languages viz. Kannada elakki, Telugu yelakulu, Tamil elakkai and elakka in Malayalam; the second element kai means "seed" or "fruit". The Malabar region had historical trade connections and was a prominent area of cardamom cultivation. A related root is present in Hindi elaichi, Bengali ælachi, Sylheti elasi and Punjabi elaichi "green cardamom". In Sindhi, it is called photta. In standard Afghan Pashto, it is called Hel. In Sanskrit, it was known as ellka. In Marathi, it is known as velchi or veldoda. In Sri Lanka, the plant is known as enasal, karada mungu in the Sinhala language, where the latter is a derivative of kardamomon, attesting to the trade links of ancient Sri Lanka owing to its place in the Silk route, with its capital Anuradhapura prominently located in Greek maps; the two main types of cardamom are: True or green cardamom comes from the species Elettaria cardamomum and is distributed from India to Malaysia.
What is referred to as white cardamon is Siam cardamom, Amomum krervanh. Black cardamom known as brown, large, longer, or Nepal cardamom, comes from species Amomum subulatum and is native to the eastern Himalayas and cultivated in Eastern Nepal and parts of Darjeeling district in West Bengal of India, southern Bhutan; the two types of cardamom, κάρδαμομον and ἄμωμον, were distinguished in the fourth century BCE by the Greek father of botany, Theophrastus. Theophrastus and informants knew that these varieties were and from India. Both forms of cardamom are used as flavourings and cooking spices in both food and drink, as a medicine. E. cardamomum is used as a spice, a masticatory, in medicine. Cardamom has a unique taste, with an intensely aromatic, resinous fragrance. Black cardamom has a distinctly more smoky, though not bitter, with a coolness some consider similar to mint. Green cardamom is one of the most expensive spices by weight but little is needed to impart flavour, it is best stored in the pod, as exposed or ground seeds lose their flavour.
Grinding the pods and seeds together lowers both the quality and the price. For recipes requiring whole cardamom pods, a accepted equivalent is 10 pods equals 1 1⁄2 teaspoons of ground cardamom, it is a common ingredient in Indian cooking. It is often used in baking in the Nordic countries, in particular in Sweden and Finland, where it is used in traditional treats such as the Scandinavian Jule bread Julekake, the Swedish kardemummabullar sweet bun, Finnish sweet bread pulla. In the Middle East, green cardamom powder is used as a spice for sweet dishes, as well as traditional flavouring in coffee and tea. Cardamom is used to a wide extent in savoury dishes. In some Middle Eastern countries and cardamom are ground in a wooden mortar, a mihbaj, cooked together in a skillet, a mehmas, over wood or gas, to produce mixtures as much as 40% cardamom. In Asia, both types of cardamom are used in both sweet and savory dishes in the south. Both are frequent components in spice mixes, such as Indian and Nepali masalas and Thai curry pastes.
Green cardamom is used in traditional Indian sweets and in masala chai. Both are often used as a garnish in basmati rice and other dishes. Individual seeds are sometimes used in much the same way as chewing gum, it is used by confectionery giant Wrigley. It is included in aromatic bitters and herbal teas. In Korea, medicinal cardamom and black cardamom are used in traditional tea called jeho-tang; the content of essential oil in the seeds is dependent on storage conditions, but may be as high as 8%. In the oil were found α-terpineol 45%, myrcene 27%, limonene 8%, menthone 6%, β-phellandrene 3%, 1,8-cineol 2%, sabinene 2% and hep
The Golden Nymph Award are the prizes awarded to the winners of the Official Competition of the Monte-Carlo Television Festival. Prince Rainier III of Monaco created the Festival de Télévision de Monte-Carlo in 1961 to "encourage a new art form, in the service of peace and understanding between the people."The Golden Nymphs are the prizes awarded to the winners of the Official Competition. The statuettes are copies of the sculpture La nymphe Salmacis, created by François Joseph Bosio of Monaco, "King's Senior Sculptor" to Louis XVIII of France, the original of, still exhibited at the Louvre museum in Paris; the Festival de Télévision de Monte-Carlo ends with the Golden Nymph Award Ceremony. The Golden Nymph awards recognize actors from around the world. Winners are given a Golden Nymph other prizes. Throughout the Festival, international juries composed of industry professionals participate in screenings of all the programming in the competition; each year, more than 30 countries are represented in the competition, with more than 60 programs selected for nomination.
Entry into the Official Competition is free and open to all international networks and production companies. The Official Competition is separated into the following categories: TV Series - Drama and Comedy Mini Series Television Films News International TV Audience Awards In 2003, as a result of the committed support of the Monaco Red Cross, the International Committee of the Red Cross created a special jury to award a new prize in the news/current affairs category: The Press Prize of the ICRC; the ICRC created the prize in response to the large presence of war-related themes, which make up 70% of the current affairs documentaries selected by the Monte-Carlo Television Festival for the official competition.:Each year, the Press Prize of the ICRC rewards a documentary which best highlights one or several principles of international humanitarian law and deals with a current armed conflict from the perspective of the victims' suffering. In 1988, Albert II, Prince of Monaco and Honorary President of the Festival de Télévision de Monte-Carlo, became President of the Monaco Red Cross.
The Festival is an essential event for the Monaco Red Cross. This Prize, created in 1948 by Louis II, Prince of Monaco, seeks to recognize a fiction program that demonstrates at least one of the seven fundamental principles of the Red Cross: humanity, independence, charity and universality; the AMADE Prize is awarded to television programs that encourage non-violence, in keeping with AMADE's aims and key values focusing on children's rights. The SIGNIS Prize, or Silver Dove, "highlights and promotes productions that use artistic and technical talent to create inspiring content that encourages reflection." The SIGNIS Prize is given to programs determined to be promoting respect and Christian values. This Prize was created by H. S. H Prince Albert II of Monaco, in honor of Prince Rainier III who founded the Festival. Prince Albert II chooses among the nominees for the News Documentaries category for the best program about the environment or conservation; the Honorary Golden Nymph is awarded to "a renowned professional for his/her extraordinary contribution to the entertainment and television industry."
The first award was given to longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America, Jack Valenti, in 1994. The Crystal Nymph, created in 2013, is awarded to a television actor or actress "whose acting career has made an outstanding contribution to the television world." 2013 – Donald Sutherland 2014 – Abraham Godmiller 2015 – Patricia Arquette 2016 – Marg Helgenberger 2017 – Helen Mirren 2018 – Mariska Hargitay 2019 – Michael Douglas Monte-Carlo Television Festival Official website Festival de Télévision de Monte-Carlo on IMDb
Drones is a 2010 office comedy film directed by Amber Benson and Adam Busch, who describe it as "The Office meets Close Encounters". Jonathan M. Woodward as Brian Samm Levine as Clark James Urbaniak as Pete Dave Allen as Cooperman Tangi Miller as Miryam Marc Evan Jackson as Ian Angela Bettis as Amy Paul F. Tompkins as Jafe Drones was filmed in the Baton Rouge area. Drones premiered at the 2010 Slamdance Film Festival in January 2010. Official website Drones on IMDb Drones at AllMovie Drones at Rotten Tomatoes
Uplink is a video game released in 2001 by the British software company Introversion Software. It is a simulator of the cinematic depiction of computer hacking. In the game, the player assumes the role of a hacker in the year 2010, who begins work for the Uplink Corporation, a worldwide company providing work for hackers; the player amasses money, gateway hardware and skill in the course of performing jobs for various clients, hacking servers of global corporations for profit. The storyline of the game begins with the player receiving an e-mail from a deceased top ranking Uplink agent concerning the research done by the Andromeda Research Corporation, related to the Andromeda organization which proclaims the destruction of the Internet, it is constructing a computer virus known as Revelation using artificial life research as a base in an attempt to destroy the Internet. One of the companies, attempts to cross their plans by developing Faith, a counter virus that can purge Revelation; the player can choose between two companies or ignore the plot in its entirety, concentrating on freelance hacking, in which case the storyline plays out without the player's participation.
Uplink focuses on emulating stylised, Hollywood-esque hacking, as seen in movies such as Hackers, WarGames and Swordfish. References to these movies can be found throughout the game, including joke servers for companies such as Steve Jackson Games and a nuclear missile control system from WarGames, it features at least three references to the movie Sneakers, including one which can be found in the first version of the game, a cheat code in which the user has to enter "TooManySecrets" as the username thus allowing him to access a cheat menu. Another reference to the anagram is the fake password "MySocratesNote", sent to the player in an e-mail which starts the plotline. In addition, the voice print sections use the phrase "Hello. I am the system administrator. My voice is my passport. Verify me." Which is similar to the one Sneakers used. Most of the'hacking' is of the form: "there is a security system of type X, level Y, stopping me from accessing or changing something I need to access or change, so I need to have an anti-X program of level Y+".
There is some need for rapid selection of programs to run, but there is no actual difficulty in running them. The game has a certain number of unusual features, including an in-game IRC function to talk to other players and in earlier versions a multi-monitor feature requiring another copy of the game running on a second computer; the latter was removed in versions due to lack of stability and popularity and, as it was called "Network", was confused with multiplayer gaming. The game uses several songs made in S3M, mod and xm format; the original song files are included on the bonus CD-ROM of the game, a disc, given as a free addition to those who referred the game to others. The disc includes several songs which were rejected; the Blue Valley by Karsten Koch Deep in Her Eyes by Peter'Skaven' Hajba Mystique Parts 1 and 2 by Robert'Timelord' Gergely Symphonic by Simon'Hollywood' Carless The game was released for Microsoft Windows and Linux directly by Introversion, ported to and released for Mac by Contraband and Ambrosia Software respectively.
Chris Delay stated in an interview with PC Gamer UK that they did not pay for advertising of the game at all — it became known purely by word of mouth. A version released in the US was published and distributed by Strategy First under the title Uplink: Hacker Elite. Legal proceedings were undertaken when Strategy First filed for bankruptcy and ceased paying Introversion royalties, but the Hacker Elite version remains available from various sources; the game is now available via Valve's Steam online distribution service, via GOG.com, as well as the Ubuntu Software Center. Uplink was released for iOS on 7 June 2012. An Android version debuted as part of The Humble Bundle for Android 3, on 15 August 2012. A version released in the US was published and distributed by Strategy First under the title Uplink: Hacker Elite. Strategy First ran into financial difficulties, ceased paying royalties to Introversion shortly before filing for bankruptcy protection, but continued to sell the game in competition with Introversion.
On 20 January 2006 Introversion announced they were taking legal action against all retailers of Uplink: Hacker Elite, except Stardock. It transpired that, while filing for bankruptcy would have caused a breach of contract, Strategy First persuaded Canadian courts to grant a moratorium preventing termination of the contract. Strategy First has resumed paying limited royalties. Stores and services reselling Hacker Elite in North America include: Stardock, via GameStop's Impulse distribution platform. Direct2Drive, IGN's digital distribution service. Strategy First's online store; as some versions of Uplink: Hacker Elite have been modified, many game mods and patches will not run with the Hacker Elite version. The iOS and PC versions received "generally favorable reviews" according to the review aggregation website Metacritic; the editors of Computer Gaming World presented Uplink: Hacker Elite with their 2003 "Adventure Game of the Year" award. They summarized it as "an immersive and suspenseful little game."
Official website Uplink at MobyGames Modlink — Modding website
Thomas Greenway Stockham was an American scientist who developed one of the first practical digital audio recording systems, pioneered techniques for digital audio recording and processing as well. Stockham was born in New Jersey. Stockham attended Montclair Kimberley Academy, graduating in the class of 1951. Known as the "father of digital recording", he earned an Sc. D. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1959 and was appointed Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering. Early in his academic career at MIT, Stockham worked with Amar Bose, founder of Bose Corporation, on the use of digital computers for measurement and simulation of room acoustics and for audio recording and enhancement. While at MIT, he noticed several of the students using an MIT Lincoln Laboratory TX-0 mainframe computer installed at the campus to record their voices digitally into the computer's memory, using a microphone and a loudspeaker connected to an A/D-D/A converter attached to the TX-0; this expensive tape recorder led Stockham to his own digital audio experiments on this same computer in 1962.
In 1968 he left MIT for the University of Utah, in 1975 founded Soundstream, Inc. The company developed a 16-bit digital audio recording system using a 16-track Honeywell instrumentation tape recorder as a transport, connected to digital audio recording and playback hardware of Stockham's design, it ran at a sampling rate of 50 kHz, as opposed to the audio CD sampling rate of 44.1 kHz. Soundstream Inc. was the first commercial digital recording company in the United States, located in Salt Lake City. Stockham was the first to make a commercial digital recording, using his own Soundstream recorder in 1976 at the Santa Fe Opera. In 1980, Soundstream became DRC/Soundstream. Stockham played a key role in the digital restoration of Enrico Caruso recordings, described in a 1975 IEEE paper; these acoustic recordings were the first to be digitally restored by computer, were released on the album Caruso - A Legendary Performer, issued in 1976 by RCA Records. In 1974, he investigated President Richard Nixon's White House tapes, alongside fellow members of the panel of persons nominated jointly by the White House and the Special Prosecution Force.
It was he who discovered that the 18 minutes of erasures were not accidental, as Nixon's secretary Rosemary Woods claimed. Stockham was able to discern several distinct erasures and determined the order of erasure. Stockham's team reached agreement on seven conclusions detailed in their 87-page report to Chief Judge John J. Sirica: 1; the erasing and recording operations that produced the buzz section were done directly on the evidence tape.2. The Uher 5000 recorder designated Government Exhibit #60 produced the entire buzz section.3. The erasures and buzz recordings were done in at least five, as many as nine and contiguous segments.4. Erasure and recording of each segment required hand operation of keyboard controls on the Uher 5000 machine.5. Erased portions of the tape contained speech originally.6. Recovery of the speech is not possible by any method known to us.7. The evidence tape, insofar as we have determined, is an original and not a copy. Stockham's developments and contributions to digital audio paved the way for digital audio technologies, such as the audio compact disc and Digital Audio Tape.
Stockham received wide recognition for his pioneering contributions to digital audio. He received, among many others, the Gold Medal award from the Audio Engineering Society in 1987, a Technical Emmy award in 1988, the Poniatoff Gold Medal from the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, a Grammy award from NARAS in 1994, the IEEE Jack S. Kilby Signal Processing Medal in 1998 and a Scientific and Engineering award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1999. Hammack, William S.. "Thomas Stockham". "Thomas_G._Stockham". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Kirk, Andrew. "Thomas Stockham Jr. remembered for achievements – A pioneer in digital technology". Daily Utah Chronicle. "Expensive Tape Recorder". Hacks. Tixo.org. Archived from the original on 2008-09-06. An article on Soundstream and the introduction of commercial digital recording in the United States Website for Sam Katz's documentary, "Stockham" "Genesis: Tom Stockham, The Father Of Digital Audio Recording"
The Canary dance was a Renaissance dance inspired in an indigenous dance and song of the Canary Islands that became popular all over Europe in the late 16th and early 17th century. It is mentioned in dance manuals from France and Italy, is mentioned in sources from Spain and England, as well, including in plays by William Shakespeare; the dance, most choreographed for a single couple, has been characterized as "a fiery wooing dance" with either Canary origins or at least a Canary flavor from its "rapid heel-and-toe stamps" and distinctive music. It was called frogs legs, because it was an energetic dance that featured jumps, stamping of the feet and violent movement, accompanied by music with syncopated rhythms. While there are choreographies for the canario as a stand-alone dance in the dancing manuals of Fabritio Caroso, Cesare Negri, Thoinot Arbeau, it most appears as a section of a larger dance or suite of dances. Several Baroque composers used the distinctive rhythm of the canary in a few pieces, such as the gigue of the French Suite in C Minor, it appears in one of the Goldberg Variations.
Il Canario: The Canary of Cesare Negri with its Variations—reconstructed by Delbert von Straßburg Caroso's Il Canario Canario Musical Arrangements Il Canario from Ballare 2010, Bauska Canario for Three Canario de J. H. Kapsberger Canario, performed by Saltatriculi early dance ensemble https://www.gevic.net/info/contenidos/mostrar_contenidos.php?idcat=26&idcap=285&idcon=2107 J. Viera y Clavijo: «Acompañábanse en el baile de tamborcillos y flautas de caña. Acompañaban este baile con un aire de endechas lúgubres». Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesography. Translated by Mary S. Evans and edited by Julia Sutton. New York: Dover, 1967. Brissenden, Alan. Shakespeare and the Dance. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1981. ISBN 978-0391018105, ISBN 978-1852730833. Caroso, Fabritio. Courtly Dance of the Renaissance: A New Translation and Edition of the “Nobiltà di Dame”. Edited and translated by Julia Sutton. New York: Dover Publications, 1986, 1995. Cohen, Selma Jeanne, ed. International Encyclopedia of Dance: A Project of Dance Perspectives Foundation, Inc. 6 vols.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-391-01810-8, ISBN 978-0195173697. Kendall, G. Yvonne. “Le Gratie d'Amore 1602 by Cesare Negri: Translation and Commentary.” PhD diss. Stanford University, 1985. Negri, Cesare. Le Gratie d'Amore. Milan, 1602. El canario baile