Cardiology is a branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the heart as well as some parts of the circulatory system. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery. Although the cardiovascular system is inextricably linked to blood, cardiology is unconcerned with hematology and its diseases; some obvious exceptions that affect the function of the heart would be blood tests, decreased oxygen carrying capacity, coagulopathies. All cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different training pathways. Therefore, an adult cardiologist is inadequately trained to take care of children, pediatric cardiologists are not trained to take care of adult heart disease.
The surgical aspects are in the domain of cardiothoracic surgery. For example, coronary artery bypass surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass and valve replacement are surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists; however the insertion of stents and pacemakers is performed by cardiologists Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. To be a cardiologist in the United States, a three-year residency in internal medicine is followed by a three-year fellowship in cardiology, it is possible to specialize further in a sub-specialty. Recognized sub-specialties in the United States by the ACGME are cardiac electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, nuclear cardiology. Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists include clinical cardiac electrophysiology and interventional cardiology. While in India, a person needs to undergo three years of residency in General Medicine or Pediatrics after M. B. B. S and three years of residency in Cardiology to be a D.
M/Diplomate of National Board in Cardiology. Per doximity, adult cardiologists make an average of $436,849 in the United States. Cardiac electrophysiology is the science of elucidating and treating the electrical activities of the heart; the term is used to describe studies of such phenomena by invasive catheter recording of spontaneous activity as well as of cardiac responses to programmed electrical stimulation. These studies are performed to assess complex arrhythmias, elucidate symptoms, evaluate abnormal electrocardiograms, assess risk of developing arrhythmias in the future, design treatment; these procedures include therapeutic methods in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures. Other therapeutic modalities employed in this field include antiarrhythmic drug therapy and implantation of pacemakers and automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators; the cardiac electrophysiology study measures the response of the injured or cardiomyopathic myocardium to PES on specific pharmacological regimens in order to assess the likelihood that the regimen will prevent fatal sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation VF in the future.
Sometimes a series of EPS drug trials must be conducted to enable the cardiologist to select the one regimen for long-term treatment that best prevents or slows the development of VT or VF following PES. Such studies may be conducted in the presence of a newly implanted or newly replaced cardiac pacemaker or AICD. Clinical cardiac electrophysiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart. Cardiologists with expertise in this area are referred to as electrophysiologists. Electrophysiologists are trained in the mechanism and performance of the electrical activities of the heart. Electrophysiologists work with other cardiologists and cardiac surgeons to assist or guide therapy for heart rhythm disturbances, they are trained to perform surgical procedures to treat cardiac arrhythmia. The training required to become an electrophysiologist is long and requires 7 to 8 years after medical school. Three years of internal medicine residency, three years of Clinical Cardiology fellowship, one to two years of clinical cardiac electrophysiology.
Cardiogeriatrics, or geriatric cardiology, is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine that deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people. Cardiac disorders such as coronary heart disease, including myocardial infarction, heart failure and arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation, are common and are a major cause of mortality in elderly people. Vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease cause significant morbidity and mortality in aged people. Echocardiography uses standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart. Echocardiography has become used in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with any suspected or known heart diseases, it is one of the most used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size an
Vice Admiral Mohan Wijewickrama RSP, VSV, USP, psc was the Governor of Eastern Province. Wijewickrama served as Governor of North Eastern Province and acting Governor of Northern Province. Wijewickrama was the former Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Navy. Completing his education at Thurstan College, Wijewickrama entered the Sri Lanka Navy, in 1971. Wijewickrama has a son and a daughter. After completing his education at Thurstan College Colombo, he entered the Sri Lanka Navy on 1 August 1971. From 2001 to 2005 he functioned as the Chief of Staff of the Sri Lanka Navy, he retired from the service when he was overlooked for the position of the Commander of the Navy by president Chandrika Kumaratunga. Wijewickrama was appointed as Governor of North Eastern Province on 21 January 2006, by President Mahinda Rajapaksa. With the de-merger of the two Provinces, he was appointed as the Governor of the Eastern Province in December 2006, the appointment he holds to date after being reappointed, he has been appointed as the co-chair for the District Development Committees for Ampare and Trincomalee.
His awards and decorations include the Medals. Eastern Provincial Council Governor's Secretariat
The Norton Jayhawks were a Minor League Baseball team that played in for two seasons in the Class D Nebraska State League. In 1929, the Beatrice, Nebraska team, the Beatrice Blues moved to Norton, Kansas after Norton had asked for admission to the Nebraska State League; the Norton Jayhawks played two seasons in the league. The stock market crash of 1928 affected minor league baseball as The Great Depression gripped the nation, subsequently 12 of the existing 26 baseball minor leagues folded between 1928 and 1933; the Nebraska State League was able to keep playing, but it folded the Jayhawks on August 25, 1930 with seven games remaining. Another league member, the Fairbury Jeffersons, were folded after the 1930 season, their home field was Elmwood Park. The park and baseball field are located at 481-599 US-283 Norton, Kansas. No Norton Jayhawk players made the major leagues
Zelda Gamson is an American sociologist and activist. Her scholarly work has focused on the sociology of higher education, in particular innovation and change. Born Zelda Finkelstein in Philadelphia, Gamson is the daughter of Jewish immigrants from Ukraine, she attended public schools in Philadelphia, studied at the University of Pennsylvania and Antioch College before completing her undergraduate degree at University of Michigan in 1958. She received a Master's Degree in Sociology from the University of Michigan in 1959 and a PhD from the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University in 1965, she is married to William A. Gamson, they have two children and Joshua. Gamson's doctoral dissertation about Monteith College, an experimental college for non-elite students at Wayne State University, brought her into the orbit of David Riesman, with whom she co-authored an in-depth study of mass higher education, her early research focused on student organizations, student-faculty relations, higher education within Israeli kibbutzim, minority experiences on college campuses, mass education.
She became involved in national efforts for higher education reform, with a particular focus on undergraduate educational practice. Her work has centered on the ways higher education is and can be organized for civic engagement and the common good, as well as on stratification and inequality in higher education, her most notable work in this arena includes Liberating Education, "Seven Principles for Good Practice in Higher Education", Applying the Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education, Revitalizing General Education in a Time of Scarcity. The "Seven Principles" continue to be circulated in settings such as college teaching and learning centers, as well as in the development of pedagogy and educational technology. Gamson was an invited member of the Study Group on the Conditions of Excellence in Undergraduate Education sponsored by the U. S. Department of Education's National Institute of Education. Foundations that have supported her research include the Carnegie Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, the Ford Foundation, the Lilly Endowment, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trusts.
She has written for non-academic publications such as Jewish Currents. Gamson spent more than twenty years at the University of Michigan, with appointments at the Institute for Social Research, the Center for the Study of Higher Education, the Residential College. In 1988, she moved to the University of Massachusetts in Boston, where she founded the Higher Education Doctoral Program and was the Founding Director of the New England Resource Center for Higher Education, she retired from the University of Massachusetts in 1999, lives in Brookline, Massachusetts
María Dolores González is a Mexican professional wrestler, known by her ringname Lola González, who has competed in the Universal Wrestling Association and the World Wrestling Association for over three decades. At one time one of the most popular female tecnicos in Mexico, she dominated the UWA World Women's Championship during the mid-to late 1980s holding the title a record four times, she is ex-wife of wrestler Fishman. She toured the United States with the National Wrestling Alliance and, in Gene and Mike LeBell's NWA Hollywood promotion, was the last NWA California Women's Champion before the promotion closed in 1982; that same year, she had a brief stint in World Class Championship Wrestling defeating Irma Gonzales at the "Fritz Von Erich Retirement Show" at the Texas Stadium on June 4, 1982. She made two more appearances for the promotion defeating La Pantera Sureña at the August 1982 "Wrestling Star Wars" supercard and faced Vicki Carranza for the "Mexican Women's" Title at the June 1983 "Wrestling Star Wars" supercard at the Reunion Arena.
González visited Japan appearing with the Japan Women's Pro-Wrestling during the late 1980s. In a match to decide the first JWP Pacific Coast Tag Team Champions, she and La Bruha challenged but were beaten by Miss A and Xóchitl Hamada in Tokyo on October 24, 1987. On October 22, 1988, González entered a championship tournament for the IWA World Women's title in Edmonton, but was eliminated by Rhonda Sing in the opening rounds, she lost the WWA Women's Championship to Singh in Hungary in December 1991. On April 30, 1993, she teamed with Vicky Caranza and La Rosa in a trios tag team match against Martha Villalobos, Pantera Sureña and Wendy at the first Triplemanía hosted at the Plaza de Toros in Mexico City, Mexico; the following year and Martha Villalobos teamed against La Monster and Magnificent Mimi in a best of three falls match at the AAA "Night of Champions" and was pinned by La Monster for the third fall. The event took place on August 6, 1994, at the Los Angeles Sports Arena and attended by an estimated 8,000 people.
González returned to Mexico and, on November 19, 1995, entered a championship tournament for the TWF Women's Championship. She defeated Bambi in the opening round, Chikako Shiratori in the semi-finals and Bison Kimura in the finals to win the title, she held the title for nearly a year until losing to Lioness Asuka in a best of three falls match at the CMLL 63rd Anniversary Show on September 20, 1996. At the CMLL 64th Anniversary Show the next year, González faced Asuka defeating her and La Diabólica in a tag team match with Lady Apache. At Reina de Reinas 2001 in Veracruz, González participated in the 14-women tournament but was eliminated prior to the finals, she failed to reach the finals at Reina de Reinas 2006 and 2007. On March 10, 2006, she teamed with Cinthia Moreno, Martha Villalobos and Miss Janeth in an 8-woman match at Rey de Reyes against Chikayo Nagashima, La Diabolica and Carlos Amano and lost the match via disqualification; that year, she won the EWWC Women's Championship and defended the title at El Hijo del Santo's Todo x el Todo supercard in Naucalpan against Xochitl Hamada winning via disqualification.
Comisión de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D. F. Mexican National Women's Championship JDStarTWF World Women's Championship NWA HollywoodNWA California Women's Championship Universal Wrestling AssociationUWA World Women's Championship World Wrestling AssociationWWA World Women's Championship Other championshipsOccidente Women's Championship EWWL Women's Championship Lola González at Cagematch.net Lola González at WrestlingData.com Profile Card: Lola González Lola González at Luchawiki
Roy Howat is a Scottish pianist and musicologist who specializes in French music. Howat has been Keyboard Research Fellow at the Royal Academy of Music in London since 2003, Research Fellow at the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland since 2013. Howat's mother was his father Scots, he was educated at Ardrossan Academy in Ayrshire and King's College, where he graduated with a first-class degree in Music in 1974. He has studied under Vlado Perlemuter in Paris, he is married to musical writer Emily Kilpatrick. He is one of the founding editors, with Pierre Boulez, François Lesure and others, of the Paris-based Complete Debussy Edition, for which he has edited much of the piano music, his other publications include the books, Debussy in Proportion and The Art of French piano music, Urtext volumes of Chabrier and Fauré, an English edition of Jean-Jacques Eigeldinger's Chopin and Teacher, chapters in numerous other books on Schubert, Debussy, Bartók and others. His recordings include major piano and chamber works by composers including Debussy, Fauré and Pierné.