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Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region of the Americas that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, north of South America. Situated on the Caribbean Plate, the region has more than 700 islands, islets and cays. Island arcs delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea: The Greater Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago on the north and the Lesser Antilles and the on the south and east, they form the West Indies with the nearby Lucayan Archipelago, which are sometimes considered Caribbean despite not bordering the Caribbean Sea. On the mainland, Nicaragua, the Caribbean region of Colombia, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, the Guianas are included due to their political and cultural ties with the region. Geopolitically, the islands of the Caribbean are regarded as a region of North America, though sometimes they are included in Central America or left as a region of their own.

And are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, dependencies. From December 15, 1954, to October 10, 2010, there was a country known as the Netherlands Antilles composed of five states, all of which were Dutch dependencies. From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was a short-lived political union called the West Indies Federation composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were British dependencies; the West Indies cricket team continues to represent many of those nations. The region takes its name from that of the Caribs, an ethnic group present in the Lesser Antilles and parts of adjacent South America at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Americas; the two most prevalent pronunciations of "Caribbean" outside the Caribbean are, with the primary stress on the third syllable, with the stress on the second. Most authorities of the last century preferred the stress on the third syllable; this is the older of the two pronunciations, but the stressed-second-syllable variant has been established for over 75 years.

It has been suggested that speakers of British English prefer while North American speakers more use, but major American dictionaries and other sources list the stress on the third syllable as more common in American English too. According to the American version of Oxford Online Dictionaries, the stress on the second syllable is becoming more common in UK English and is considered "by some" to be more up to date and more "correct"; the Oxford Online Dictionaries claim that the stress on the second syllable is the most common pronunciation in the Caribbean itself, but according to the Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage, the most common pronunciation in Caribbean English stresses the first syllable instead. The word "Caribbean" has multiple uses, its principal ones are political. The Caribbean can be expanded to include territories with strong cultural and historical connections to Africa, European colonisation and the plantation system; the United Nations geoscheme for the Americas presents the Caribbean as a distinct region within the Americas.

Physiographically, the Caribbean region is a chain of islands surrounding the Caribbean Sea. To the north, the region is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico, the Straits of Florida and the Northern Atlantic Ocean, which lies to the east and northeast. To the south lies the coastline of the continent of South America. Politically, the "Caribbean" may be centred by considering narrower and wider socio-economic groupings: At its core is the Caribbean Community, whose full members include the Commonwealth of the Bahamas in the Atlantic, the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and the Republic of Suriname in South America, Belize in Central America. Most expansive is the Association of Caribbean States, which includes every nation in the region surrounding the Caribbean and El Salvador on the Pacific Ocean. According to the ACS, the total population of its member states is 227 million people; the geography and climate in the Caribbean region varies: Some islands in the region have flat terrain of non-volcanic origin.

These islands include Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, the Cayman Islands, Saint Croix, the Bahamas, Antigua. Others possess rugged towering mountain-ranges like the islands of Saint Martin, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Dominica, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Thomas, Saint John, Grenada, Saint Vincent, Guadeloupe and Trinidad and Tobago. Definitions of the terms Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles vary; the Virgin Islands as part of the Puerto Rican bank are sometimes included with the Greater Antilles. The term Lesser Antilles is used to define an island arc that includes Grenada but excludes Trinidad and Tobago and the Leeward Antilles; the waters of the Caribbean Sea host large, migratory schools of fish and coral reef formations. The Puerto Rico Trench, located on the fringe of the Atlantic Oc

SIG Sauer P238

The SIG Sauer P238 is a compact.380 ACP caliber, single-action pistol announced by SIG Sauer at the 2009 SHOT Show. It is modelled after the M1911, similar to the Colt Mustang. Grip panels are fluted polymer making this an all-metal frame firearm in competition with plastic-framed pistols in the same class like the Ruger LCP and the Kel-Tec P-3AT; the P238 has a stainless steel slide. P238 pistols had standard sights with night sights as a more expensive option. However, all models produced have night sights standard. Starting in 2012, many variants have an ambidextrous thumb safety standard or as an option; when introduced in 2009, the P238 was available in a matte black finish and a two-tone finish with a matte silver colored slide and black frame. Since SIG Sauer has produced a number of variants including some short run commemorative editions. Among the variants are versions with various finishes, with a stainless steel frame and different grips and embellishments; the SIG Sauer P938, chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum and introduced at the 2011 SHOT Show, is a larger version of the P238.

In July 2009, SIG Sauer issued a recall of all P238s sold within a certain serial number range, which they referred to as a "Mandatory Safety Upgrade". The reason stated for the recall is that a small number of P238s were built with defective manual safety levers, leading to "the remote possibility that the gun could fire unintentionally, thus creating a risk of injury or death", although SIG Sauer emphasized that no such injuries had occurred. According to SIG Sauer, the recall did not affect any pistols with a serial number that started with "27Axxxxx". P238 Nitron video by Sig Sauer P238 Legion video by Sig Sauer

Electoral history of Pavel Grudinin

Electoral history of Pavel Grudinin, Russian politician and entrepreneur. Communist party presidential candidate 2018. 2nd constituency: Pavel Grudinin — 14,346 Tatyana Rublyova — 8,577 Alexander Gusev — 4,348 Mikhail Tkach — 2,463 Alexander Guskov — 2,128 Against All — 3,630 2nd constituency: Pavel Grudinin — 16,120 Lyubov Seleznyova — 8,052 Alexander Levchenko — 4,271 Nikolay Ageev — 1,240 Anatoly Voyevodin — 952 Valery Kharlamov — 352 Yelena Kosolapova — 229 Against All — 3,316 6th constituency: Pavel Grudinin — 537 Valery Nifantyev — 161 Alexey Voronin — 16 Irina Kashtanova — 15 Yury Gusarev — 1 Grudinin was the only candidate. Of the 20 deputies, 14 were present. Pavel Grudinin — 14 On February 14, 2019, a vote was held to remove Grudinin from office. Of the 20 deputies, 19 were present. For dismissal — 11 Against dismissal — 7 Abstained — 1