click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung's work was influential in the fields of psychiatry, archaeology, literature and religious studies. Jung worked as a research scientist under Eugen Bleuler. During this time, he came to the attention of the founder of psychoanalysis; the two men conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated, for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology. Freud saw the younger Jung as the heir he had been seeking to take forward his "new science" of psychoanalysis and to this end secured his appointment as President of his newly founded International Psychoanalytical Association. Jung's research and personal vision, made it impossible for him to bend to his older colleague's doctrine, a schism became inevitable; this division was painful for Jung, it was to have historic repercussions lasting well into the modern day. Among the central concepts of analytical psychology is individuation—the lifelong psychological process of differentiation of the self out of each individual's conscious and unconscious elements.

Jung considered it to be the main task of human development. He created some of the best known psychological concepts, including synchronicity, archetypal phenomena, the collective unconscious, the psychological complex, extraversion and introversion. Jung was an artist and builder as well as a prolific writer. Many of his works were not published until after his death and some are still awaiting publication. Carl Gustav Jung was born in Kesswil, in the Swiss canton of Thurgau, on 26 July 1875 as the second and first surviving son of Paul Achilles Jung and Emilie Preiswerk, their first child, born in 1873, was a boy named Paul. Being the youngest son of a noted Basel physician of German descent called Karl Gustav Jung, whose hopes of achieving a fortune never materialised, Paul Jung did not progress beyond the status of an impoverished rural pastor in the Swiss Reformed Church. Emilie was the youngest child of a distinguished Basel churchman and academic, Samuel Preiswerk, his second wife. Preiswerk was antistes, the title given to the head of the Reformed clergy in the city, as well as a Hebraist and editor, who taught Paul Jung as his professor of Hebrew at Basel University.

When Jung was six months old, his father was appointed to a more prosperous parish in Laufen, but the tension between his parents was growing. Emilie Jung was an depressed woman. Although she was normal during the day, Jung recalled that at night his mother became strange and mysterious, he reported that one night he saw a faintly luminous and indefinite figure coming from her room with a head detached from the neck and floating in the air in front of the body. Jung had a better relationship with his father. Jung's mother left Laufen for several months of hospitalization near Basel for an unknown physical ailment, his father took the boy to be cared for by Emilie Jung's unmarried sister in Basel, but he was brought back to his father's residence. Emilie Jung's continuing bouts of absence and depression troubled her son and caused him to associate women with "innate unreliability", whereas "father" meant for him reliability but powerlessness. In his memoir, Jung would remark; these early impressions were revised: I have trusted men friends and been disappointed by them, I have mistrusted women and was not disappointed."

After three years of living in Laufen, Paul Jung requested a transfer. In 1879 he was called to Kleinhüningen, next to Basel, where his family lived in a parsonage of the church; the relocation lifted her melancholy. When he was nine years old, Jung's sister Johanna Gertrud was born. Known in the family as "Trudi", she became a secretary to her brother. Jung was a introverted child. From childhood, he believed that, like his mother, he had two personalities—a modern Swiss citizen and a personality more suited to the 18th century. "Personality Number 1", as he termed it, was a typical schoolboy living in the era of the time. "Personality Number 2" was a dignified and influential man from the past. Although Jung was close to both parents, he was disappointed by his father's academic approach to faith. A number of childhood memories made lifelong impressions on him; as a boy, he carved a tiny mannequin into the end of the wooden ruler from his pencil case and placed it inside the case. He added a stone, which he had painted into upper and lower halves, hid the case in the attic.

Periodically, he would return to the mannequin bringing tiny sheets of paper with messages inscribed on them in his own secret language. He reflected that this ceremonial act brought him a feeling of inner peace and security. Years he discovered similarities between his personal experience and the practices associated with totems in indigenous cultures, such as the collection of soul-stones near Arlesheim or the tjurungas of Australia, he concluded that his intuitive ceremonial act was an unconscious ritual, which he had practiced in a way, strikingly similar to those in distant locations which he, as a young boy, knew nothing about. His observations about symbols and the collective unconscious were inspired, in part, by these e

H. R. Krishnamurthy

Hulikal Ramaiengar Krishnamurthy is an Indian theoretical physicist. He specializes in theoretical condensed matter physics quantum many-body theory and statistical physics, he was the chairman of the Department of Indian Institute of Science. He is one of the research scholars who worked under Prof. Kenneth G. Wilson, his main work was titled Renormalization Group Approach to the Anderson Model of Dilute Magnetic Alloys. Krishnamurthy obtained his BSc in Physics from Bangalore MSc from IIT, Kanpur, he studied in Cornell University as IBM fellow, working with John W. Wilkins. In his PhD thesis, he extended Wilson's numerical renormalization group solution for the Kondo problem to the symmetric Anderson impurity model; the extension to the asymmetric case was completed during his post-doctoral tenure at the University of Illinois. Krishnamurthy returned to India and joined the Department of Physics, IISc, Bangalore and became a Professor, he has held sabbatical positions at Princeton University, Harvard University, Ohio State University, University of Cincinnati, UC Davis and Georgetown University

Celeste, Texas

Celeste is a city in Hunt County, in the U. S. state of Texas. The population was 814 at the 2010 census. Like many towns in Hunt County, Celeste was a product of railroad development; the townsite was platted in 1886 by the Gulf and Santa Fe Railway 3 miles north of Kingston, on open prairie crossed by the Missouri and Texas line. This location was chosen in order to ensure that Kingston, whose elected officials had refused to offer incentives to attract the Gulf and Santa Fe to build through their community, would be bypassed by the line as it put down tracks from Paris through Farmersville to Dallas. Celeste was named for the wife of a Santa Fe official; the two rail lines stimulated rapid growth. A post office opened in Celeste in 1886, a number of merchants moved their businesses from Kingston to Celeste. By 1888 three churches were holding services in the settlement; the population by the mid-1890s stood at 600, the community maintained three gristmills and cotton gins, a bank, a weekly newspaper, a graded public school.

Celeste was incorporated in 1900, its population increased from 671 that year to 850 on the eve of World War I. By 1914 the community had two banks, three cotton gins, a water works, an ice factory, a weekly newspaper, as well as some thirty-five other businesses, it reported a population of 1,022 by 1926. Its high school and two elementary schools registered 500 students; some fifty business establishments, including two banks and a newspaper, were in operation. After the 1920s, the population of Celeste fell from 803 in 1933 to 518 in the mid-1960s. After the 1960s the town revived. In 1982 the community, where World War II hero Audie Murphy once lived, had a bank, four churches, ten stores, a school that enrolled 300 students; the population was 733 in 1990 and 817 in 2010. Celeste is in northwestern Hunt County along U. S. Route 69, which leads northwest 40 miles to Denison and southeast 12 miles to Greenville the Hunt county seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, Celeste has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land.

As of the census of 2000, there were 817 people, 302 households, 221 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,005.1 people per square mile. There were 347 housing units at an average density of 426.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.27% White, 3.79% African American, 1.10% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.86% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.20% of the population. There were 302 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.20. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,853, the median income for a family was $39,286. Males had a median income of $34,875 versus $23,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,017. About 12.9% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 34.1% of those age 65 or over. The city is served by the Celeste Independent School District and is home to the Celeste High School Blue Devils. Clint Lorance, Army officer convicted of second-degree murder for battlefield deaths.

Richard Westmacott (the younger)

Richard Westmacott RA – sometimes described as Richard Westmacott III – was a prominent English sculptor of the early and mid-19th century. Born in London, he was the son of Sir Richard Westmacott, followed in his father's footsteps: studying at the Royal Academy, being elected as an Associate of the Royal Academy and a full Academician, succeeding his father to serve as the RA's professor of sculpture – the only time an RA professorship passed from father to son. Among his most notable works is the pediment of the Royal Exchange in the City of London. Other works include: the tomb of Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke at St Andrew's Church in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire monument commemorating Sir John Franklin's lost Arctic expedition of 1845, now in the Chapel sacristy at Greenwich Hospital, south-east London. Monument for Chief Justice Sampson Salter Blowers at St. Paul's Church, Nova Scotia He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in May 1837, his candidacy citation saying that he was "Richard Westmacott Junr Esqr of 21 Wilton Place Belgrave Square, Author of the Article "Sculpture" in the Encyclopædia Metropolitana, of various Essays and Articles on Art, Antiquity, a gentleman devoted to Science in general, the fine Arts in particular" He is commemorated by a memorial in St Mary Abbots church in Kensington, west London.

Monument to William Burslem, 1820, Worcester Cathedral Monument to Sacharissa Hibbert, 1828, Exeter Cathedral Monument to Rev William Pemberton, 1828, Cambridgeshire Bust of Sir William Sidney Smith, 1829 Monument to George Pretyman Tomline, Bishop of Winchester, 1830, Winchester Cathedral Bust of George Tierney, 1830, Westminster Abbey Monument to Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes, 1831, Buckleigh Church, Devon Bust of Davies Gilbert, 1833, Pembroke College, Oxford Bust of Lord King, 1833, Ockham Church, Surrey Bust of Rev Sydney Smith, 1835 Bust of Archdeacon Berners, 1839, Wolverstone Church, Suffolk Bust of Mrs Henry Milman, 1839 Bust of Viscount Fordwich, 1840 Bust of Cardinal Newman, 1841 Busts of Wibraham Egerton and his daughter, 1842, Tatton Park, Cheshire Bust of Lord John Russell, 1843, Woburn Abbey Bust of Lord Wriothesley Russell, 1844, Woburn Abbey Monument to Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet, 1844, Leicestershire Bust of Marianne Packe, 1844, Prestwold Church, Leicestershire Bust of the Marquess of Tavistock, 1844, Woburn Abbey Bust of Sir Francis Burdett, 1845, collection of Rupert Gunnis Bust of Sir Roderick Murchison, 1847, Scottish National Portrait Gallery Bust of the Francis Russell, 7th Duke of Bedford, 1847, Woburn Abbey Bust of Earl Talbot, 1847 Monument to Archbishop Howley, 1848, Canterbury Cathedral Bust of Lord Wharncliffe, 1849 Tomb of Bishop Kaye, 1857, Lincoln Cathedral Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660–1851, Rupert Gunnis Royal Academy profile of Westmacott Works written by or about Richard Westmacott at Wikisource Westmacott A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851

1980 Trans America Athletic Conference Baseball Tournament

The 1980 Trans America Athletic Conference Baseball Tournament was held at Luther Williams Field on the campus of Mercer University in Macon, Georgia from May 1 through 4. This was the second tournament championship held by the Trans America Athletic Conference, in its second year of existence. Georgia Southern won their first tournament championship; the Eagles earned a bid to the 1980 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament, the first for the league. The league again used a blind draw to determine matchups, conference teams again played few games against each other prior to the tournament; the teams played a six team, double elimination tournament. * - Indicates game required 12 innings. The following players were named to the All-Tournament Team. No MVP was named until 1985

Eli Beeding

Eli Lackland Beeding Jr. was a U. S. Air Force captain and rocket test subject. In 1958, a series experiments using a miniature rocket sled began at Holloman AFB under the supervision of Colonel John Stapp and Captain Beeding. Participants rode the "Daisy Sled" at various speeds and in many different positions — head first — in an attempt to learn more about the g-force limits of the human body. On May 16, Capt. Eli Beeding prepared to make a 40 g run; the Daisy shot down the track, reached a top speed around 35 mph, came to a screeching halt in less than a tenth of a second. "When I hit the water brake," Beeding recalled in a recent interview, "It felt like Ted Williams had hit me on the back, about lumbar five, with a baseball bat." Beeding had informed flight surgeon Capt. Les Eason of his troubles when he began to experience tunnel vision and passed out, it was a scary moment. Yet there was a chance in which case he shouldn't be touched. Taking a calculated risk and Tech. Sgt. Roy Gatewood moved Beeding onto the side of the sled and elevated his feet.

Ten minutes Beeding emerged from shock and was rushed to the base hospital. Doctors determined. "I thought, the big excitement of the day,” Beeding recalls. "But my boss came to me and said, ‘The chest accelerometer tracing shows you got 82.6 g!’"Subsequent tests with bears showed that the reading was not a fluke, that Beeding had indeed endured a massive g load. When word got out, the young captain made headlines as the man who had topped John Stapp's g-force record. Beeding however is quick to point out that he rode the sled backwards, that his time at 83 gs was “infinitesimal” compared to the 1.1 second durations Stapp faced during his own tests. “That doesn’t sound like much,” Beeding notes, “But I guarantee you, having been through it at lesser durations, one second is an eternity.” Still, the incident was wholly remarkable and made Beeding a hero and, for several decades thereafter, his name appeared in the Guinness Book of World Records. Guinness and many other sources incorrectly reported.

Beeding's sled in fact deccelerated at 40.4 gs for 0.04 seconds as it slowed from 35 mph to a stop over a distance of one foot. 82.6 gs was a brief peak acceleration measured by a sensor on his chest due to elastic response of his rib cage. Beeding retired from the Air Force in 1971 moving to Colorado where he died in 2013 at the age of 85