Frederick Carlton "Carl" Lewis is an American former track and field athlete who won nine Olympic gold medals, one Olympic silver medal, 10 World Championships medals, including eight gold. His career spanned from 1979 to 1996, he is one of only three Olympic athletes who won a gold medal in the same individual event in four consecutive Olympic Games. Lewis was a dominant sprinter and long jumper who topped the world rankings in the 100 m, 200 m and long jump events from 1981 to the early 1990s, he set world records in the 100 m, 4 × 100 m and 4 × 200 m relays, while his world record in the indoor long jump has stood since 1984. His 65 consecutive victories in the long jump achieved over a span of 10 years is one of the sport's longest undefeated streaks. Over the course of his athletics career, Lewis broke ten seconds for the 100 meters 15 times and 20 seconds for the 200 meters 10 times. Lewis long jumped over 28 feet 71 times, his accomplishments have led to numerous accolades, including being voted "World Athlete of the Century" by the International Association of Athletics Federations and "Sportsman of the Century" by the International Olympic Committee, "Olympian of the Century" by Sports Illustrated and "Athlete of the Year" by Track & Field News in 1982, 1983, 1984.
After retiring from his athletics career, Lewis became an actor and has appeared in a number of films. In 2011, he attempted to run for a seat as a Democrat in the New Jersey Senate, but was removed from the ballot due to the state's residency requirement. Lewis owns a marketing and branding company named C. L. E. G. Which brands products and services including his own. Frederick Carlton Lewis was born in Birmingham, Alabama, on July 1, 1961, the son of William Lewis and Evelyn née Lawler Lewis, his mother was a hurdler on the 1951 Pan-Am team. His older brother Cleveland Lewis played professional soccer for the Memphis Rogues, his parents ran a local athletics club that provided a crucial influence on both him and his sister, Carol. She became an elite long jumper, finishing 9th at the 1984 Olympics and taking bronze at the 1983 World Championships. Lewis was coached by his father, who coached other local athletes to elite status. At age 13, Lewis began competing in the long jump, he emerged as a promising athlete while coached by Andy Dudek and Paul Minore at Willingboro High School in his hometown of Willingboro Township, New Jersey.
He achieved the ranking of fourth on the all-time World Junior list of long jumpers. Many colleges tried to recruit Lewis, he chose to enroll at the University of Houston where Tom Tellez was coach. Tellez would thereafter remain Lewis's coach for his entire career. Days after graduating from high school in 1979, Lewis broke the high school long jump record with a leap of 8.13 m. By the end of 1979, Lewis was ranked fifth in the world for the long jump, according to Track and Field News. An old knee injury had flared up again at the end of the high school year, this might have had consequences on his fitness. Lewis worked with Tellez and adapted his technique so that he was able to jump without pain, he went on to win the 1980 National Collegiate Athletic Association title with a wind-assisted jump of 8.35 m. Though his focus was on the long jump, he was now starting to emerge as a talent in the sprints. Comparisons were beginning to be made with Jesse Owens, who dominated sprint and long jump events in the 1930s.
Lewis qualified for the American team for the 1980 Olympics in the long jump and as a member of the 4 × 100 m relay team. The Olympic boycott precluded Lewis from competing in Moscow, he jumped 7.77 m for a bronze medal, the American 4 × 100 m relay team won gold with a time of 38.61 s. He received one of 461 Congressional Gold Medals created for the athletes precluded from competing in the 1980 Olympics. At year's end, he was ranked 6th in the world in the long jump and 7th in the 100 m. At the start of 1981, Lewis's best legal long jump was his high school record from 1979. On June 20, Lewis improved his personal best by half a meter by leaping 8.62 m at the TAC Championships while still a teenager. While marks set at the thinner air of high altitude are eligible for world records, Lewis was determined to set his records at sea level. In response to a question about his skipping a 1982 long jump competition at altitude, he said, "I want the record and I plan to get it, but not at altitude. I don't want that" after the mark."
When he gained prominence in the early 1980s, all the extant men's 100 m and 200 m records and the long jump record had been set at the high altitude of Mexico City. In 1981, Lewis became the fastest 100 m sprinter in the world, his modest best from 1979 improved to a world-class 10.21 the next year. But 1981 saw him run 10.00 s at the Southwest Conference Championships in Dallas on May 16, a time, the third-fastest in history and stood as the low-altitude record. For the first time, Lewis was ranked number one in the world, in both the 100 m and the long jump, he won his first national titles in the 100 m and long jump. Additionally, he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. In 1982, Lewis continued his dominance, for the first time it seemed someone might challenge Bob Beamon's world record of 8.90 m in the long jump set at the 1968 Olympics, a mark described as one of the greatest athletic achievements ever. Before Lewis, 28 ft 0 in had been exceeded on two occasions by two people: Beamon a
The Nebkota Railway was a Class III railroad that began operations in 1994 with 73.5 miles of former Chicago and North Western Railway Cowboy Line track between Merriman and Chadron, Nebraska. Due to a loss of grain shipments from Gordon, Nebraska in 2006, the railroad abandoned the eastern 43 miles of its line between Merriman and Rushville, Nebraska. In September 2007, the railroad abandoned the line between Rushville and 4 miles east of Chadron due to the loss of grain traffic to larger main-line loading facilities. In addition to freight service, the railway offered a three-hour passenger excursion service as a dinner train that ran through the scenic Pine Ridge area near Chadron. Prior to the abandonments, the railroad hauled grain along with some gravel and timber; the railroad continued to haul grain from the elevators in Chadron several miles west via trackage rights to its connection with the Dakota and Eastern, now Rapid City and Eastern Railroad at Dakota Junction and a further 20 miles by trackage rights to a connection with the Burlington Northern Santa Fe at Crawford, Nebraska.
In 2010, newly formed Nebraska Northwestern Railroad purchased the line between Dakota Junction and Chadron, including the Chadron rail yard. Nebkota retained its trackage rights. In January 2010, West Plains Company, owner of the Nebkota, announced plans to construct a 14 million-dollar grain loading facility on the remaining 4 miles of track east of Chadron capable of loading a 126-car unit train in 10 hours. After local opposition and the purchase of the track between Dakota Junction and Chadron by Nebraska Northwestern Railroad, the large loading facility was instead built near Alliance, Nebraska and a much smaller $800,000 grain loading auger was built east of Chadron. On August 26, 2013 John Nielsen, owner of the Nebraska Northwestern Railroad filed a petition with the Surface Transportation Board to purchase 100% of Nebkota's stock and assume control of the railroad from owner West Plains, LLC; the petition noted Nebkota had no current customers, no current employees, its trackage rights to Crawford, Nebraska were inactive.
Planned replacement of ties before winter, development of business and rail opportunities as part of an effort to restore service, the strong support of West Plains, LLC were cited as reasons to expedite the petition. On November 20, 2013 the Surface Transportation Board authorized John Nielsen to gain control of the Nebkota as of December 15, 2013. On April 11, 2017 the Surface Transportation Board approved a corporate merger effective in May 2017 between Nebkota Railway and Nebraska Northwestern Railroad with Nebraska Northwestern being the surviving corporate entity
Atlantic Richfield Company is an American oil company with operations in the United States, the North Sea, the South China Sea, Mexico. It has more than 1,300 gas stations in the western part of the United States, five gas stations in northwestern Mexico. ARCO was formed by the merger of East Coast–based Atlantic Refining and California-based Richfield Oil Corporation in 1966. A merger in 1969 brought in Sinclair Oil Corporation. In the 1970s and 80s, ARCO was one of the largest companies in the world a top 20 company of the Fortune 500. After its subsequent fracture in the late 1980s and early 90s, ARCO became a subsidiary of UK-based BP plc in 2000 through its BP West Coast Products LLC affiliate. On August 13, 2012, it was announced that Tesoro would purchase ARCO and its refinery for $2.5 billion. However, the deal came under fire because of increasing fuel prices. Many activists urged state and federal regulators to block the sale because of concerns that it would reduce competition and could lead to higher fuel prices at ARCO stations.
On June 3, 2013, BP sold the Carson Refinery to Tesoro for $2.5 billion. BP sold its Southern California terminals to Tesoro Logistics LP, including the Carson Storage Facility. BP will continue to own the ampm brand and sell it to Tesoro for Southern California and Nevada. BP licensed the ARCO rights from Tesoro for Northern California and Washington. ARCO is known for its low-priced gasoline compared to other national brands because of an early 1980s business decision to emphasize cost cutting and alternative sources of income. ARCO is headquartered in California. Tesoro was renamed Andeavor in 2017, was acquired by Marathon Petroleum in 2018. Following the acquisition, Marathon hinted at keeping the ARCO brand name in Mexico as well as select US markets while rebranding the rest either as standard Marathon stations or Speedway locations; the Atlantic Petroleum Storage Company's heritage dates back to 1866. It became part of the Standard Oil trust in 1874, but achieved independence again when Standard Oil was broken up in 1911.
In 1915, Atlantic opens its first gas station on Baum Boulevard in Pennsylvania. In 1917, First Richfield Oil Company of California gas station at Slauson and Central Avenues in Los Angeles, California. Richfield Oil Company of California logo is an Eagle trademark; the Atlantic Refining Company was headquartered in Pennsylvania. In 1921, Sinclair Oil Company opens first modern service station in Chicago called "Greasing Palace No. 1". Sinclair gets into trouble with Teapot Dome scandal. In 1966, Atlantic merges with the Richfield Oil Company of California; the first CEO was Robert Orville Anderson. The new company boasts a new trademark, a red diamond shape called the ARCO Spark designed by Bauhaus artist and architect Herbert Bayer. Commercial oil exploration started in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in the 1960s and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field, North America's largest oil field, was discovered on March 12, 1968, by Atlantic Richfield Company and Exxon with the well Prudhoe Bay State #1. Key employees with ARCO Alaska were Marvin Mangus John M. Sweet, William D. Leake, chief project engineer for the Alaska pipeline.
The Richfield Oil Company of California had purchased the drilling rights to the land where the discovery well was located. British Petroleum had drilling rights near the discovery well. ARCO acquired Sinclair Oil Corporation in 1969, but divested certain Sinclair assets during the mid-1970s, resulting in Sinclair returning as a private company. In 1978, ARCO opened the first of its AMPM convenience stores in Southern California. In 1987, ARCO Chemical Co. was taken public. Key figures included ARCO Chemical CFO William Magee. ARCO once had a presence in the Southwestern U. S.—a property fronting Texas Highway 225 east of Loop 610 in Houston, had an oil tank farm once painted with the ARCO logo. Lyondell-Citgo rebranded the oil tanks in the 1980s. ARCO's global corporate headquarters were in the ARCO Plaza in Los Angeles at the corner of 5th and Flower Streets, the site of Richfield's former headquarters. ARCO's Oil & Gas division headquarters were in downtown Texas; the headquarters' building was a 46-story office building designed by architect I.
M. Pei, the ARCO Tower. ARCO sold the building in the mid-1980s. Today, ARCO operates about 1,100 stations in five Western states: California, Oregon and Arizona. ARCO merged with Anaconda Copper Mining Company of Montana in 1977. Anaconda's holdings included the Anaconda, Montana Smelter. ARCO founder Robert Orville Anderson stated "he hoped Anaconda's resources and expertise would help him launch a major shale-oil venture, but that the world oil glut and the declining price of petroleum made shale oil moot"; the purchase turned out to be a regrettable decision for ARCO. A lack of experience with hard-rock mining and a sudden drop in the price of copper to below seventy cents a pound, the lowest in years, caused ARCO to suspend all operations in Butte, Montana. By 1983, only six years after acquiring rights to the "Richest Hill on Earth", the Berkeley Pit was complete
"My Musical" is a musical episode of the American comedy-drama television series Scrubs. It is the 123rd episode of the show, was aired as episode 6 of season 6 on January 18, 2007; the episode follows the story of Patti Miller, a patient who mysteriously starts hearing everyone's speech as singing. It was written by Debra Fordham, who wrote most of the lyrics; the episode's music was composed by Fordham, Scrubs' resident composer Jan Stevens, The Worthless Peons' Paul Perry, Tony Award-winning Broadway orchestrator Doug Besterman, the Avenue Q writing team of Jeff Marx and Robert Lopez. The episode was directed by Will Mackenzie. In 2009, TV Guide ranked "My Musical" #86 on its list of the 100 Greatest Episodes; the episode received five Emmy Award nominations. In the style of a traditional musical, this episode follows a two-act structure—with the acts separated by a commercial break instead of an intermission. However, in the style of a traditional Scrubs episode, this is preceded by a cold open.
Turk and Carla are deciding. Turk says he doesn't mind either way, but as Carla decides she'll take a year off, he starts celebrating; the scene changes to J. D. and Elliot in the park, when a woman, Patti Miller, abruptly falls unconscious. As she returns to consciousness, she sees Elliot, J. D. and a worried group of onlookers singing to her. When she tries to respond, she sings too. In reality, no one is singing, she drifts out of consciousness, wakes up being wheeled out of an ambulance in the parking lot of Sacred Heart Hospital, with all the hospital employees singing to her, "Welcome to Sacred Heart," led by Dr. Kelso. Dr. Cox tells J. D. he believes Ms. Miller is suffering from a psychological problem, tells him to run some tests and "turf her to Psych." Turk and J. D. approach Ms. Miller for a stool sample, explaining that "Everything Comes Down to Poo." Carla has brought Isabella to the hospital, everyone is cooing over the new baby, when Elliot comes in and announces that she just bought a new house.
Turk exits with Isabella, Elliot expresses concern that J. D. thinks. Carla has decided to take one year parental leave, Laverne and The Worthless Peons wonder how they can go on at the hospital without Carla's help. Carla begins to realize. Ms. Miller stops Dr. Cox in the hall to insist that she is not crazy, when they are interrupted by J. D. Cox breaks into a rapid-fire delivery of the litany of annoying things J. D. does, with some help from Janitor. Dr. Cox tells Ms. Miller that if she can get J. D. to leave him alone, she'll get the tests. Ms. Miller yells at J. D. and an impressed Dr. Cox agrees to schedule a CT scan. Elliot and Carla worry about the difficult conversations they have to have with J. D. and Turk, respectively. In the Act One finale, all the plotlines come together. Dr. Kelso offers Carla her job back. Elliot worries how to tell J. D. he's not moving in. And Ms. Miller goes in for her CT scan. Dr. Cox breaks the news to Ms. Miller, pulling a curtain for privacy that signals the end of the act.
Carla and Elliot decide to confront Turk and J. D. Carla thinks that Turk and J. D. will help each other through the respective problems, but Elliot believes that men cannot be open about their feelings. Quite the contrary, Turk and J. D. sing about their "Guy Love." Elliot breaks the news to J. D. who walks out of the room, refusing to talk to her. Carla tells Turk. Turk responds by saying, "I always thought family was the most important thing to Puerto Ricans." She becomes angry, singing that "For the Last Time, I'm Dominican". Turk tries to explain himself, agrees to support her decision. Elliot catches up with J. D. feeling awful, offers to let him move in. He declines, tells her they'll be "Friends Forever." Ms. Miller interrupts them, afraid about her upcoming surgery, asks, "What's Going to Happen?" The staff, led by Dr. Cox reassure her. D. qualifies," as she goes under anesthesia. When she awakes, she asks Dr. Cox if the surgery works, but Cox replies "you're gonna have to tell us", they take a step back.
J. D. breaks the moment asking her, the best singer in her head, much to the rest of the staff's dismay. J. D. reflects in voiceover that in musicals everyone get what they want, but in reality, after having made a choice we may miss the way things were. It had long been a dream in the Scrubs writer's room to do a musical episode. Scrubs creator Bill Lawrence is a self-confessed musical theatre "nerd,". In addition, many of the cast members have had backgrounds in musical theatre. According to Lawrence, "I knew that Judy were Broadway-style singers and dancers. I knew because she danced when she was young. I knew. I had seen Ken Jenkins in Big River on Broadway when I was a
The purplish honeycreeper is a bird in the Thraupidae, or tanager family. It is known only from the type specimen, a trade-skin held in the British Museum, is thought to be an intergeneric hybrid between the green honeycreeper and either the red-legged honeycreeper or the blue dacnis, though Hellmayr, in his Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands, considered it a good species; the type locality on the specimen's label was given as Caracas in Venezuela. However Storer, when discussing the specimen and the characteristics of its preparation, suggested that it was more to derive from the Paria Peninsula of northern Venezuela
Marlon Anderson Harewood is an English footballer who last played for Nuneaton Town as a striker. Harewood started his career at Nottingham Forest. During his career there, he had loan spells at Haka and Ipswich Town before joining West Ham United in 2003 and Aston Villa in 2007. In 2009, he spent short periods on loan at Newcastle United. In 2011, he was on-loan with Barnsley and completed a six-month contract with Guangzhou R&F in China League One. Harewood is a product of the Nottingham Forest youth system, made his league debut in 1998. In the same year, he acquired experience abroad with a successful loan spell at Haka of the Finnish Veikkausliiga, winning both the Finnish championship and the Finnish Cup. In 1999, he had a further loan spell with Ipswich Town, scoring one goal against Bury F. C. in six appearances. Harewood went on to forge a reputation as one of the most lethal strikers in the First Division, he scored 51 goals in 124 league games and 58 substitute appearances for Forest and scored four goals in 23 cup appearances.
He formed a brilliant attacking partnership with close friend David Johnson. They scored 50 goals between them, of which Harewood netted 21 goals including 4 in one game against Stoke City, to fire Paul Hart's Forest into the playoffs for the 2002–03 season, he caught the eye of West Ham fans when he scored for Forest in an FA Cup Third Round clash at Upton Park on 4 January 2003. However, Harewood's contract was due to expire in summer 2004 and having been offered a worse contract than he was on, rejected it and decided to leave, he joined West Ham United in November 2003 for a fee of £500,000. After signing for West Ham, new manager Alan Pardew hoped that the powerful striker could have a similar effect on the Hammers promotion hopes the following season. Harewood was the top scorer for West Ham in 2004–05 with 23 goals in all competitions, he returned to top flight football following West Ham's playoff victory at the end of the 2004–05 season, the 2005–06 season saw Harewood spearheading Pardew's Premiership attack.
He scored 14 league goals, including the first top flight hat-trick of the season in a 4–0 home victory against Aston Villa and put West Ham in front after just 52 seconds against Manchester United at Upton Park. Harewood became one of the top scoring strikers of the 2005–2006 season and after scoring the winning goal in the FA Cup semi-final against Middlesbrough, Harewood responded by saying, "I can't describe how I felt at the time. After making the big step-up from Nottingham Forest to West Ham, I knew I had to work hard if I wanted to get to where the top strikers in the country were." Harewood collected an FA Cup runners-up medal with West Ham that season, after they lost on penalties following a 3–3 draw with Liverpool. He was the club's top Premier League goalscorer with 14 goals. Following a torrid run of results for West Ham, including a defeat to League 1 side Chesterfield in the League Cup, Harewood scored a dramatic last-minute winner against title-hopefuls Arsenal in November 2006.
This subsequently resulted in a emotional confrontation between the two managers. In May 2007, Harewood confirmed that he would leave West Ham in the summer after falling out of favour at the club. In July, it was confirmed that Harewood was in talks at Aston Villa's training ground and his agent, Mick McGuire, said, "Marlon has been in talks with Villa and everything should be concluded soon. Villa have come in at the 11th hour to take him." Harewood joined Aston Villa on 17 July 2007 for a fee of signing a three-year deal. Harewood said, "I was all set to sign on the Monday when I got a phone call saying Martin O'Neill wanted to speak to me. I might have had a better chance of getting into Wigan's first team, with no disrespect to them, when Martin O'Neill phones you up asking you to join a massive club like Aston Villa, he's explaining what he wants to do and how he wants to go about it, that sold it to me.". Harewood scored his 100th career league goal as Aston Villa beat Blackburn Rovers 4–0 at Ewood Park on 28 November 2007.
Harewood continued to be a fringe player at Aston Villa throughout the winter and scored his second goal in the 2–2 draw with Liverpool in January. His spirited substitute appearances for the club turned games around and lead to him becoming a fan favourite at Villa Park; the chant "Feed the Hare and he will score" rang around the Madejski Stadium after he scored Villa's second against Reading on 24 February 2008. Despite his good performances from the bench Martin O'Neill continued to use him as a "super-sub", he scored his first goal at Villa Park in a 4–0 victory over Bolton and scored again the following week in a 6–0 win away to Derby County. His next Villa goal did not come until October when he scored in a 1–1 draw with Litex Lovech in the UEFA Cup. Harewood found his chances more limited during the 2008–09 season, he did not start a single Premier League match, of his fourteen appearances in all competitions, eight were as a substitute. The goal against Litex Lovech was the only time. After the arrival of Emile Heskey at Villa Park in January 2009, newspapers started speculating that his time at the club was coming to an end, with rumours of a move to Stoke, Sheffield United and Middlesbrough.
He left Villa on loan, joining Wolverhampton Wanderers of the Championship for the remainder of the season on 23 March 2009. He played five games for Wolves without scoring before returning to Villa Park. On 24 September 2009, H