The Carmelites, formally known as the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel or sometimes as Carmel by synecdoche, is a Roman Catholic mendicant religious order for men founded in the 12th century, on Mount Carmel in Israel in the Crusader States, hence the name Carmelites. However, historical records about its origin remain uncertain. Berthold of Calabria has traditionally been associated with the founding of the order, but few clear records of early Carmelite history have survived. A parallel order of Carmelite nuns was formalised in 1452; the charism of the Carmelite Order is contemplation. Carmelites understand contemplation in a broad sense encompassing prayer and service; these three elements are at the heart of the Carmelite charism. The most recent statement about the charism of Carmel was in the 1995 Constitutions of the Order, in which Chapter 2 is devoted to the idea of charism. Carmel understands action to be complementary, not contradictory. What is distinctive of Carmelites is the way that they practice the elements of prayer and service, taking particular inspiration from the prophet Elijah and the Blessed Virgin Mary, patrons of the order.
The order is considered by the Catholic Church to be under the special protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary, thus has a strong Marian devotion to Our Lady of Mount Carmel. As in most of the orders dating to medieval times, the First Order is the friars, the Second Order is the nuns, the Third Order consists of laypeople who continue to live in the world, can be married, but participate in the charism of the order by liturgical prayers and contemplative prayer. There are offshoots such as active Carmelite sisters. Carmelite tradition traces the origin of the order to a community of hermits on Mount Carmel, which succeeded the schools of the prophets in ancient Israel during the initial period of the formation of the Crusader states. A group of men had gathered at the well of Elijah on Mount Carmel; these men, who had gone to Israel-Palestine from Europe either as pilgrims or as crusaders, chose Mount Carmel in part because it was the traditional home of Elijah. The foundation is believed to have been dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Some time between 1206 and 1214 the hermits, about whom little is known, approached Albert of Jerusalem, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem and papal legate, for a rule. Albert created a document, the Rule of St Albert, both juridically terse and replete with Scriptural allusions, thereby grounding the hermits in the life of the universal Church and their own aspirations; the rule consisted of sixteen articles, which enjoined strict obedience to their prior, residence in individual cells, constancy in prayer, the hearing of Mass every morning in the oratory of the community, vows of poverty and toil, daily silence from vespers until terce the next morning, abstinence from all forms of meat except in cases of severe illness, fasting from Holy Cross Day until the Easter of the following year. The Rule of St. Albert addresses a prior whose name is only listed as "B." When required to name their founders, the Brothers referred to both Elijah and the Blessed Virgin as early models of the community.
Under pressure from other European mendicant orders to be more specific, the name "Saint Berthold" was given drawn from the oral tradition of the order. Nothing is known of the Carmelites from 1214, when Albert died, until 1238; the Rule of St. Albert was approved by Pope Honorius III in 1226, again by Pope Gregory IX in 1229, with a modification regarding ownership of property and permission to celebrate divine services; the Carmelites next appear in the historical record, in 1238, when with the increasing cleavage between the West and the East, the Carmelites found it advisable to leave the Near East. Many moved to Sicily. In 1242, the Carmelites migrated west, establishing a settlement at Aylesford, Kent and Hulne, near Alnwick in Northumberland. Two years they established a chapter in southern France. Settlements were established at Losenham and Bradmer, on the north Norfolk coast, before 1247. By 1245 the Carmelites were so numerous in England that they were able to hold their first general chapter at Aylesford, where Simon Stock eighty years old, was chosen general.
During his rule of twenty years the order prospered: foundations were made at London and Cambridge, Cologne, Monpellier, Norwich and Bristol, elsewhere. By 1274, there were 22 Carmelite houses in England, about the same number in France, eleven in Catalonia, three in Scotland with the Aberdeen house established around 1273, as well as some in Italy and elsewhere. Acknowledging the changed circumstances of life outside the Holy Land, the Carmelites appealed to the papal curia for a modification of the Rul
Judy is a 1956 studio album by Judy Garland, her second LP on the Capitol label, arranged by Nelson Riddle. "Come Rain or Come Shine" "Just Imagine" "I Feel a Song Coming On" "Last Night When We Were Young" "Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries" "April Showers" "I Will Come Back" "Dirty Hands, Dirty Face" "Lucky Day" "Memories of You" "Any Place I Hang My Hat Is Home" Studio outtakes not included on the original 1956 release: "I'm Old Fashioned" – 3:23 Judy Garland - vocals Nelson Riddle - conductor, arranger Bob Willoughby - photographs When the album was released on CD in 1989, "I'm Old Fashioned" was added as a bonus track. The song title of track 7 was corrected to "Maybe I'll Come Back," credited to Charles L. Cooke and Howard C. Jeffrey
The Hispanic Society of America is a museum and reference library for the study of the arts and cultures of Spain and Portugal and their former colonies in Latin America, the Philippines and Portuguese India. Founded in 1904 by Archer M. Huntington, the institution remains at its original location in a 1908 Beaux Arts building on Audubon Terrace in the lower Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City in the United States. A second building, on the north side of the terrace, was added in 1930. Exterior sculpture in front of that building includes work by Anna Hyatt Huntington and nine major reliefs by the Swiss-American sculptor Berthold Nebel, a commission that took ten years to complete; the Hispanic Society complex was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2012. In 2017, the museum began a major renovation and is closed to the public until the work is completed. Much of the collection is on loan to other institutions during this period; the museum contains more than 18,000 works in every medium, ranging from prehistoric times to the 20th century.
There are important paintings by Diego Velázquez, Francisco de Goya, El Greco, Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida, among others, as well as sculpture and architectural elements and metalwork, ceramics and textiles. A major component of this museum is the Sorolla Room, reinstalled in 2010, it displays The Provinces of Spain, 14 massive paintings commissioned by Archer Huntington that Sorolla created from 1911 to 1919. These magnificent paintings, totaling over 200 linear feet, ring the large room and depict scenes from each of the provinces of Spain; the library contains over 250,000 books, 200,000 documents, 175,000 photographs, 15,000 prints. The rare books library maintains 15,000 books printed before 1700, including a first edition of Don Quijote, it holds the manuscript Black Book of Hours Horae Beatae Virginis Mariae ad usum Romanum, one of only a handful of such works, the enormous Map of the World by Juan Vespucci. In April 2015 the society announced the appointment of Philippe de Montebello to chair the society's Board of Overseers and spearhead a major effort to double the museum's size by renovating the vacant Beaux Arts former building of the Museum of the American Indian, adjacent to the society's original museum building.
Beginning January 1, 2017, the museum is closed for extensive renovations, although the library is open on a limited basis by appointment only. The $15 million project will replace the building's lighting. Scheduled to reopen in the fall of 2019, the museum is still closed as of early 2020. While the museum is closed, many of its works are being lent to other institutions. About 200 of the society's most important works were displayed from April through September 2017 at the Museo del Prado in Madrid; the exhibit traveled to the Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City from June through September 2018. Although admission to the museum has always been free in accordance with Archer Huntington's trust, due to financial difficulties the society went to court in 2016 in order to be allowed to charge an admission fee to temporary exhibitions to be held in the museum's new facility, while keeping the main hall free. Georgiana Goddard King and medievalist Mildred Stapley Byne, early curator of architecture and applied arts Clara Louisa Penney, early curator of rare books and manuscripts, Society member Florence Lewis May, early curator of textiles Elizabeth du Gué Trapier, early curator of paintings and drawings Alice Wilson Frothingham, early curator of ceramics Beatrice Gilman Proske, early curator of sculpture Eleanor Sherman Font, early curator of prints Hispanism Hispanist List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 110th Street Beatrice Gilman Proske List of Printed Books in the Library of the Hispanic Society of America.
1910 – via HathiTrust. Clara Louisa Penney, ed.. List of Books Printed Before 1601 in the Library of the Hispanic Society of America – via HathiTrust. Official website A Collection in Context: The Hispanic Society of America by the Media Center for Art History, Columbia University
HD 8574 b is an extrasolar planet discovered in 2001 by a team of European astronomers using Doppler spectroscopy as part of the ELODIE Planet Search Survey, was published in a paper with five other planets. HD 8574 b is in the orbit of host star HD 8574; the planet is at most two times the mass of Jupiter, orbiting every 227 days at three quarters of the distance between the Earth and Sun. HD 8574 b has a elliptical orbit, far more than that of Jupiter; the planet HD 8574 b is named Bélisama. The name was selected in the NameExoWorlds campaign by France, during the 100th anniversary of the IAU. Bélisama was the goddess of fire, notably of the hearth and of metallurgy and glasswork, in Gaulish mythology; the ELODIE Planet Search Survey, undertaken using the ELODIE spectrograph at the Haute-Provence Observatory in southeastern France, was a large-scale search for extrasolar planets orbiting G-type and F-type dwarf stars visible from the Northern Hemisphere through use of the radial velocity method.
This survey, which started in 1994, led to the discovery of 51 Pegasi b, the first extrasolar planet discovered in the orbit of a sunlike star. By 2003, the discovery of six new planets, including HD 8574 b, was announced, bringing ELODIE's planet discovery count to eighteen. HD 8574, one of the target stars of ELODIE, had been catalogued by the European Space Agency with the release of the Hipparcos catalogue in 1997. Most of HD 8574's characteristics were extracted from this catalogue for use in searching for a planet around HD 8574; the spectrum was analyzed to see if HD 8574 were active, a factor that could mask or mimic the signal of an orbiting planet. It was found that the star was not active. In the case of HD 8574, ELODIE obtained 41 radial velocity measurements, which had, at the time of the discovery paper, been collected since January 11, 1998. Analysis of the collected data confirmed the existence of a planet orbiting HD 8574. Of the six, the planet HD 8574 b had the shortest orbital period, orbiting its host star under three years.
HD 8574 b was announced by the European Southern Observatory on April 4, 2001. The findings addressing HD 8574's discovery were published in 2003. HD 8574 is an F-type dwarf star. HD 8574 has an estimated mass of 1.17 times the mass of the Sun. The star has a radius, estimated at 1.37 times that of the Sun's. HD 8574 has an effective temperature of 6080 K, hotter than the Sun, a metallicity estimated at = 0.05. Additionally, with a luminosity of 2.25, HD 8574 releases more than twice the energy released by the Sun. The star has an apparent magnitude of 7.12, is thus faint as seen from the unaided eye of an observer on Earth. HD 8574 is a large planet that orbits its host star every 227.55 days at a distance of 0.77 AU, or 77% the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun. HD 8574 b has, of the six planets announced in the shortest orbit; the planet has an estimated mass of 2.11 times Jupiter's mass. HD 8574 b has a measured orbital eccentricity of 0.288, denoting an elliptical orbit. Jupiter, in comparison, orbits the Sun with an orbital eccentricity of 0.016, far more circular.
"HD 8574". Exoplanets. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2008-10-29
White County Airport is a public use airport in White County, United States. It is owned by the White County Board of Aviation Commissioners and located three nautical miles south of the central business district of Monticello, Indiana; this airport is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a general aviation facility. Although many U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, this airport is assigned MCX by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA. White County Airport covers an area of 51 acres at an elevation of 676 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 18/36 with an asphalt surface measuring 4,002 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2011, the airport had 15,180 aircraft operations, an average of 41 per day: 87% general aviation and 13% air taxi. At that time there were 22 aircraft based at this airport: 77% single-engine, 9% multi-engine, 9% glider, 5% helicopter.
Townsend Aviation, the fixed-base operator Aerial photo from Indiana DOT at the Wayback Machine Aerial image as of March 1999 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for MCX, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for MCX AirNav airport information for MCX FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for MCX
The 2013–14 PFF National Men's Club Championship was the 3rd season of the PFF National Men's Club Championship, a Filipino association football competition organized by the Philippine Football Federation. Ceres were the defending champions after beating PSG 1-0 on February 2, 2013; this is the first time. On 21 December 2013, Ceres retained the title after beating Global, 3-1 on aggregate in a two-leg finals; the cup winners, Ceres is guaranteed a place in the 2015 AFC Cup Play-off. This competition increased its participating teams from 33 in the previous year to 46 teams, breaking Luzon and Mindanao clusters into regional sub-clusters; the tournament format was single round-robin in group stage with top teams advancing to the next round. In this edition of the tournament, each team was allowed up to five foreign players in their rosters with up to three playing at a given time; the regional cluster eliminations for the tournament started last October 2, 2013 with ten teams advancing to the second round of eliminations.
From there, the top two teams contested the title in two legs to be played in a home-and-away format. North-central Luzon cluster was held from October 2 to 2013 at Tarlac Sports Complex. BSU FC represented Baguio-Benguet Football Association. Representative from Tarlac Football Association Representative from Pangasinan Football Association was included, but withdrew participation. Representative from Isabela Football Association was included, but withdrew participation. Representative from Ilocos Football Association was included, but withdrew participation. South-central Luzon cluster was held from October 4 to 6, 2013 at General Trias Football Field, Cavite City/De La Salle University, Dasmariñas, Cavite. Flame United FC represented Cavite Football Association. San Beda-Mendiola FC represented Rizal Football Association Representative from National Capital Region Football Association. On, NCR FA withdrew participation. Representative from Olangapo-Zambales Football Association. On, Olongapo-Zambales FA withdrew participation.
South west Luzon cluster was held from October 16 to 20, 2013 at Sta. Cruz Sports Complex, Laguna. Air 21 FC represented Laguna Football Association Adriatico FC represented Oriental Mindoro Football Association Philippine Air Force-Phoenix FC represented Batangas Football Association. Batangas Football Association was disqualified. Palawan FC represented Palawan Football Association Representative from Quezon Football AssociationSouth Luzon cluster was held from October 23 to 25, 2013 at Naga city. CBSUA FC represented Naga City-Camarines Sur Football Association. Representative from Legaspi City-Albay Football Association Representative from Sorsogon Football Association Representative from Football Association of Masbate. Masbate on withdrew from the tournament. Representative from Camarines Norte Football Association Group stage for Visayas clusters was held in Bacolod and Cebu from November 8 to 17, 2013. Visayas cluster was grouped into two: West Visayas Cluster was held from October 2 to 6, 2013 at Panaad Sports Complex, Bacolod.
Camella-Barotac Nuevo FC represented Iloilo Football Association Ceres-La Salle FC represented Negros Occidental Football Association FC Azukals represented Negros Oriental Football Association among the regional qualifiers, held on October 2013. The Azukals came on top of nine other clubs in the 4th Silliman Football Club tournament held in Dumaguete City. FC Azukals defeated Foundation University FC, 5-3 in the finals held on June 12, 2013 at Filomeno Cimafranca Ballfield, Silliman University. Representative from Capiz Football Association. Capiz FA withdrew participation. East-central Visayas cluster was held from October 2 to 6, 2013 at Leyte Development Sports Center, Tacloban City. Hijos FC represented Northern Samar Football Association. Queen City United-Football Club represented Cebu Football Association. Global FC represented Leyte Football Association. Leyte Football Association was disqualified; the PFF has allowed Global FC to participate under Leyte FA. On October 26, 2013, Global FC routed against Hijos FC 23-0 at the Leyte Sports Development Center in Tacloban City during the regional qualifiers.
Representative from Bohol Football Association. On, Bohol FA withdrew participation. Representative from Calbayog Football Association. On, Calbayog FA withdrew participation. North Mindanao cluster was held from October 2 to 6, 2013 at Hon. Gregorio Pelaez Sports Center, Cagayan de Oro City. Montecarlo FC represented Cagayan de Oro-Misamis Oriental Football Association. Manolo Fortich FC represented Bukidnon Football Association. Oliveros FC represented from Iligan-Lanao del Norte Football Association. Iligan-Lanao del Norte FA withdrew participation. Slakza FC represented Surigao del Norte Football Association. Representative from Butuan-Agusan del Norte Football Association. Butuan-Agusan del Norte FA withdrew participation. Central Mindanao cluster was held from October 28 to 30, 2013 at Jose Rizal Memorial State University Sports Complex, Dapitan City. Alia FC represented Zamboanga City Football Association. Dipolog United FC represented Zamboanga del Norte-Dipolog Football Association. Royals FC represented Zamboanga del Sur-Pagadian Football Association.