Carole King is an American singer-songwriter, active since 1958 as one of the staff songwriters at the Brill Building and as a solo artist. She is the most successful female songwriter of the latter half of the 20th century in the US, having written or co-written 118 pop hits on the Billboard Hot 100. King wrote 61 hits that charted in the UK, making her the most successful female songwriter on the UK singles charts between 1952 and 2005. King's major success began in the 1960s when she and her first husband, Gerry Goffin, wrote more than two dozen chart hits, many of which have become standards, for numerous artists, she has continued writing for other artists since then. King's success as a performer in her own right did not come until the 1970s, when she sang her own songs, accompanying herself on the piano, in a series of albums and concerts. After experiencing commercial disappointment with her debut album Writer, King scored her breakthrough with the album Tapestry, which topped the U.
S. album remained on the charts for more than six years. King has made 25 solo albums, the most successful being Tapestry, which held the record for most weeks at No. 1 by a female artist for more than 20 years. Her record sales were estimated at more than 75 million copies worldwide, she has won four Grammy Awards and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for her songwriting. She is the recipient of the 2013 Library of Congress Gershwin Prize for Popular Song, the first woman to be so honored, she is a 2015 Kennedy Center Honoree. King was born Carol Joan Klein on February 9, 1942, in New York to a Jewish family, her mother, was a teacher, her father, Sidney N. Klein, was a firefighter for the New York City Fire Department. Sidney, a chemistry major, Eugenia, an English and drama major, met in an elevator when they were students at Brooklyn College in 1936, they married in 1937 during the last years of the Great Depression. Eugenia dropped out of college to run the household.
With the economy struggling, he took a more secure job as a firefighter in New York. After King was born, they remained in Brooklyn and were able to buy a small two-story duplex where they could rent out the upstairs for income. Eugenia had learned how to play piano as a child and, after buying a piano, would sometimes practice. Carol had an insatiable curiosity about music from the time she was about three years old, so her mother began teaching her some basic piano skills, but did not give Carol actual lessons; when Carol was four years old, her parents discovered she had absolute pitch, which enabled her to name a note by just hearing it. Sidney enjoyed showing off his daughter's skill to visiting friends: "My dad's smile was so broad that it encompassed the lower half of his face. I enjoyed making my father happy and getting the notes right."Carol's mother began giving her real music lessons when Carol was four years old. Carol would climb up on the stool and be raised higher by sitting on a phone book.
With her mother sitting alongside her, Carol was taught music theory and elementary piano technique, including how to read notation and execute proper note timing. King wanted to learn as much as possible: "My mother never forced me to practice, she didn't have to. I wanted so much to master the popular songs that poured out of the radio."Carol began kindergarten when she was four, but after her first year she was promoted directly to second grade because she had an exceptional facility with words and numbers. In the 1950s, she went to James Madison High School, she formed a band called the Co-Sines, changed her name to Carole King, made demo records with her friend Paul Simon for $25 a session. Her first official recording was the promotional single "The Right Girl", released by ABC-Paramount in 1958, which she wrote and sang to an arrangement by Don Costa, she attended Queens College, where she met Gerry Goffin, to become her songwriting partner. When she was 17, they married in a Jewish ceremony on Long Island in August 1959 after King had become pregnant with her first daughter, Louise.
They quit college and took daytime jobs, Goffin working as an assistant chemist and King as a secretary. They wrote songs together in the evening. Neil Sedaka, who had dated King when he was still in high school, had a hit in 1959 with "Oh! Carol". Goffin took the tune and wrote the playful response, "Oh! Neil", which King released as a single the same year; the B-side contained the Goffin-King song "A Very Special Boy". The single was not a success. After writing the Shirelles' Billboard Hot 100 number 1 hit "Will You Love Me Tomorrow", the first No.1 hit by a black girl group and King gave up their daytime jobs to concentrate on writing. "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" became a standard. During the sixties, with King composing the music and Goffin writing the lyrics, the two wrote a string of classic songs for a variety of artists. King and Goffin were the songwriting team behind Don Kirshner's Dimension Records, which produced songs including "Chains", "The Loco-Motion" for their babysitter Little Eva, "It Might as Well Rain Until September" which King recorded herself in 1962—her first hit.
King recorded a few follow-up singles in the wake of "September", but none of them sold much, her sporadic recording career was abandoned by 1966. Other songs of King's early period include "Half Way To Paradise", "Take Good Care of My Baby" for Bobby Vee, "Up on the Roof" for the Dri
Events from the year 1609 in art. Hans Krumpper becomes chief sculptor to the Bavarian court under Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria Mesrop of Khizan paints a Gospel which ends up in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. Caravaggio The Raising of Lazarus Adoration of the Shepherds Nativity with St. Francis and St. Lawrence Salome with the Head of John the Baptist Adam Elsheimer – The Flight into Egypt El Greco – Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple Peter Paul Rubens – some dates approximate Adoration of the Magi Honeysuckle Bower Judith Beheading Holofernes Portrait of a young woman with a rosary January 20 – Carlo Ceresa, Italian painter of portraitures and religious works March 1 – Ambrosius Bosschaert the Younger, Dutch painter March 16 – Agostino Mitelli, Italian painter of quadratura March 23 – Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione, Italian painter May 6 – Antonie Waterloo, Dutch painter and draughtsman July 28 – Judith Leyster, Dutch painter of Haarlem August 25 – Giovanni Battista Salvi or Sassoferrato, Italian painter August 30 – Artus Quellinus the Elder, Flemish sculptor December 11 – Alexander Cooper, English Baroque miniature painter date unknown Jacob Adriaensz Backer, Dutch painter Giovanni Angelo Canini, Italian painter and engraver Giovanni Domenico Cerrini, Italian painter from the Bolognese School Samuel Cooper, English miniature painter Bernardino Gagliardi, Italian painter of the Baroque period Salomon Koninck, Dutch painter of genre scenes and portraits and engraver Carlo Francesco Nuvolone, Italian painter working in Lombardy Tobias Pock, Austrian painter Herman Saftleven, Dutch painter of the Baroque period Giulio Cesare Venenti, Italian painter of landscapes and engraver probable François Collignon, French engraver, print-seller and publisher Domenico Gargiulo, Italian painter of landscapes July 15 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter July 20 – Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter and architect October – Joseph Heintz the Elder, Swiss painter and architect date unknown Giovanni Battista Armenini, Italian art historian and critic Aegidius Sadeler I, Flemish engraver of the Sadeler family Giusto Utens, Flemish painter of a series of Medicean villas Tiburzio Vergelli, Italian sculptor and founder
The International Youth Students for Social Equality is the student organization of the Socialist Equality Party and the International Committee of the Fourth International, an international Trotskyist organization. Launched in 2006, the IYSSE aims to build an international socialist movement of students and workers opposing militarist violence, social inequality and attacks on democratic rights; the IYSSE continues the work of its predecessor the Students for Social Equality and the International Students for Social Equality, with student clubs at Universities and High Schools worldwide. Chapters of the IYSSE hold regular meetings to educate students on Marxism and Socialism and to debate and discuss contemporary political issues. In February 2007 a German chapter of the IYSSE held a meeting at the Technical University of Berlin to discuss the US war plans against Iran, an Australian chapter of the IYSSE intervened in meeting held at the University of New South Wales. On March 31 and April 1, 2007, the IYSSE and the SEP held an international conference in Ann Arbor, Michigan opposing the war in Iraq and a potential war with Iran.
Those attending the conference voted unanimously for the conference resolution. The resolution adopted connects the expansion of US militarism, attacks on democratic rights, the growth of social inequality within the US with the declining economic position of the US internationally; the resolution points to the capitalist nation-state system as the root cause of war and outlines the need for an international socialist movement to oppose war. IYSSE members have been invited as representatives of third party, independent or socialist perspectives on political panels, with IYSSE members reaching news headlines during the recent "Occupy protests" in which students have been attacked or maced by police; the IYSSE has hosted academic or intellectual events that have received broader attention. In 2014, the IYSSE around the world hosted the first online International May Day Rally, where over 2000 people attended online from over 96 countries; the speeches focused on the global drive to war, the history of working class struggles, permanent revolution, called for the development of socialist conscious workers and youth across the world.
The Sri Lankan IYSSE has received attention from major papers in Sri Lanka for its organization of students and contributions to election campaigns. The Sri Lankan IYSSE has sought to defend students' and workers' rights, in so doing has opposed Tamil and Sinhalese ethnic divisions within the country. Official Site Join the International Youth & Students for Social Equality! - United States Contact the IYSSE