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Gerry Goffin

Gerald Goffin was an American lyricist. Collaborating with his first wife, Carole King, he co-wrote many international pop hits of the early and mid-1960s, including the US No.1 hits "Will You Love Me Tomorrow", "Take Good Care of My Baby", "The Loco-Motion", "Go Away Little Girl". It was said of Goffin that his gift was "to find words that expressed what many young people were feeling but were unable to articulate."After he and King divorced, Goffin wrote with other composers, including Barry Goldberg and Michael Masser, with whom he wrote "Theme from Mahogany" and "Saving All My Love for You" No.1 hits. During his career Goffin wrote over 114 Billboard Hot 100 hits, including eight chart-toppers, 72 UK hits, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with Carole King. Goffin was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, New York, United States, grew up in Queens after his parents' divorce. In his teen years, he did some work for his grandfather, a furrier, a Russian Jewish immigrant, he enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve after graduating from Brooklyn Technical High School.

After spending a year at the U. S. Naval Academy as a member of the Class of 1961, he resigned from the Navy to study chemistry at Queens College. At college he met Carol Klein, they began collaborating on songwriting, with King writing the music and Goffin the lyrics, began a relationship. When King became pregnant, they left college and married in August 1959 when he was 20 and she was 17. Goffin began working with a chemicals manufacturer, wrote the lyrics for Carole King's 1959 single "Oh Neil", an answer song to her friend Neil Sedaka's "Oh! Carol". Goffin added the words to the tune written by Sedaka and Howard Greenfield, who both worked under Don Kirshner at the Aldon music publishing company in Manhattan. Although the record was not a hit, the couple both secured contracts to write songs professionally at Aldon. Goffin at first worked with other writers including Barry Mann and Jack Keller, but he and Carole King soon established themselves as a successful writing team; the partnership's breakthrough hit was "Will You Love Me Tomorrow", for which Goffin wrote the lyrics.

The song was recorded by the Shirelles and went to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in January 1961. Goffin and King formed one of the most successful songwriting partnerships of the period, with hit songs including: "Take Good Care of My Baby", "Halfway to Paradise", "The Loco-Motion", "Go Away Little Girl", "Don't Say Nothin' Bad", "It Might as Well Rain Until September", "One Fine Day", "Up on the Roof", "I'm into Something Good", "Don't Bring Me Down", "Oh No Not My Baby", "Goin' Back", " A Natural Woman", "Pleasant Valley Sunday". Goffin and King wrote several songs jointly with record producer Phil Spector. In 1963, John Lennon was quoted as saying that he wanted Paul McCartney and himself to become "the Goffin-King of England". In 1964, Goffin fathered a daughter with singer Jeanie Reavis, but he and King remained together for several years before divorcing in 1969. Goffin said in an interview in Vanity Fair that he "wanted to be a hippie—grew my hair long—and Carole did it modestly...

And I started taking LSD and mescaline. And Carole and I began to grow apart, she had to be her own lyricist." According to King's memoir, Goffin suffered from mental illness following ingestion of LSD undergoing treatment with lithium and electroshock therapy, was diagnosed with manic depression. His drug use affected his health, he was hospitalized for a time. Goffin worked with other composers in the early 1960s, including Barry Mann and Jack Keller. After splitting from King, Goffin released a solo album in 1973, It Ain't Exactly Entertainment, but it was not successful, he began working with other composers, including Russ Titelman, Barry Goldberg, Michael Masser, he and Masser won an Academy Award nomination in 1976 for the theme to the film Mahogany, sung by Diana Ross. Goffin and Masser received a Golden Globe nomination for "So Sad the Song" from the 1976 Gladys Knight film Pipe Dreams. Goffin co-wrote three songs for the soundtrack to Grace of My Heart, a 1996 movie whose principal character's life paralleled that of Carole King in many ways.

Goffin and King were inducted together into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1987, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990. In 1996 he released his second solo album, Back Room Blood, which he said was inspired by his anger at conservative gains in the 1994 congressional elections; the album was co-written with Barry Goldberg, but included two songs co-written with Bob Dylan, "Tragedy of the Trade" and "Masquerade". Goffin described Dylan as "sort of like a god to me". Goffin was one of the first people to take notice of

Greene Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania

Greene Township is a township in Franklin County, United States. The population was 16,700 at the 2010 census, up from 12,284 at the 2000 census. Part of Caledonia State Park is in Greene Township; the township has the name of American general. The James Finley House, Corker Hill, Culbertson-Harbison Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Greene Township is in eastern Franklin County, bordered to the east by Adams County; the township is bordered to the southwest by the borough of the county seat. The primary settlement is the unincorporated community of Scotland in the center of the township. Fayetteville is located along the southern border of the township. Part of the Letterkenny Army Depot is in the west. Green Village and Culbertson are located between Scotland; the township is in the Great Appalachian Valley, with the eastern portion climbing the slopes of South Mountain. Caledonia State Park is on the eastern edge of the township, Michaux State Forest occupies much of the remaining portions of the mountain in the township.

Interstate 81 and U. S. Route 11 cross the township from north to south. Access to I-81 is from Exit 20 at Scotland. US-11 leads south into Chambersburg and northeast to Shippensburg. U. S. Route 30 passes through the southeast corner of the township, serving Fayetteville and leading east to Gettysburg and west to Chambersburg. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 57.3 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles, or 0.02%, is water. The township is drained by Conococheague Creek, which rises on South Mountain and enters the township at Caledonia Park, flowing west south to Chambersburg and to the Potomac River; the northern corner of the township drains north via Rowe Run to Conodoguinet Creek, a tributary of the Susquehanna River. Franklin Township, Guilford Township Hamilton Township Letterkenny Township Southampton Township As of the census of 2000, there were 12,284 people, 5,022 households, 3,676 families residing in the township; the population density was 216.4 people per square mile.

There were 5,309 housing units at an average density of 93.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 96.39% White, 1.54% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population. There were 5,022 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.86. In the township the population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $44,380, the median income for a family was $51,506. Males had a median income of $32,336 versus $25,675 for females; the per capita income for the township was $23,288. About 4.5% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Greene Township official website


The Flyssa is a traditional edged weapon of the Kabyles, a Berber tribe of Algeria, produced during the 19th century and earlier. These weapons have blades of various sizes from 12 to 38 inches, can be classed as varying between long knives and full-sized swords. Whatever their size, flyssas are characterized by narrow, straight-backed, single-edged blades, which come to an acute point; the blades of sword-sized flyssas widen around the point of percussion, which enhances their cutting ability. The blades are decorated with chiselled patterns, which are sometimes inlaid; the hilt has no guard and the junction between blade and hilt is made by a metal bolster. The distal part of the hilt is always of wood covered with brass decorated with repoussé and chasing, has a characteristic downturned projection forming the snout of a stylised animal head at the'pommel' end. Photograph of a traditional flyssa

Ise Province

Ise Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan, today includes most of modern Mie Prefecture. Ise bordered on Iga, Mino, Ōmi, Owari and Yamato Provinces, its abbreviated form name was Seishū. The name of Ise appears in the earliest written records of Japan, was the site of numerous religious and folklore events connected with the Shinto religion and Yamato court. Ise province was one of the original provinces of Japan established in the Nara period under the Taihō Code, when the former princely state of Ise was divided into Ise and Shima; the original capital of the province was located in what is now the city of Suzuka, was excavated by archaeologists in 1957. The site was proclaimed a national historic landmark in 1986; the remains of the Ise kokubunji have been found within the boundaries of modern Suzuka. Under the Engishiki classification system, Ise was ranked as a "great country" and a "close country". Two Shinto shrines in Ise Province compete for the title of Ichinomiya: Tsubaki Grand Shrine and the Tsubaki Jinja, both of which are located in Suzuka.

The Ise Grand Shrine, located in what is now the city of Ise was the destination of pilgrims from the Heian period through modern times. During the Muromachi period, Ise was ruled nominally by the Kitabatake clan. After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Ise was divided into several feudal han, the largest of, Tsu Domain. During the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road from Edo to Kyoto passed through northern Ise, with post stations at several locations. At the time of the Bakumatsu period, the feudal domains within Ise Province included the following: After the start of the Meiji period, with the abolition of the han system in 1871, Ise was joined with former Iga and Shima provinces to form the new Mie Prefecture formally created on April 18, 1876; the name "Ise Province" continued to exist as a geographical anachronism for certain official purposes. For example, Ise is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 between Japan and the United States and between Japan and the United Kingdom.

The World War II Japanese battleship Ise and modern helicopter carrier Ise are named after this province. Mie Prefecture Anki District – merged with Kawawa District to become Kawage District on March 29, 1896. Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250 Media related to Ise Province at Wikimedia Commons Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903

1920 East Prussian plebiscite

The East Prussia plebiscite known as the Allenstein and Marienwerder plebiscite or Warmia and Powiśle plebiscite, was a plebiscite for self-determination of the regions southern Warmia and Powiśle, in parts of the East Prussian Government Region of Allenstein and of West Prussian Government Region of Marienwerder, in accordance with Articles 94 to 97 of the Treaty of Versailles. Prepared during early 1920, it took place on 11 July 1920; the plebiscite was conducted by German authorities, formally under Inter-Allied control. According to Richard K. Debo, both German and Polish governments believed that the outcome of the plebiscite was decided by the ongoing Polish-Bolshevik War which threatened the existence of the newly formed Polish state itself and, as a result many German citizens of Polish ethnicity of the region voted for Germany out of fear that if the area was allocated to Poland it would soon fall under Soviet rule. At the time of the plebiscite the Soviet army came closer to Warsaw every day, committing crimes against civilian population.

According to several Polish sources the German side engaged in mass persecution of Polish activists, their Masurian supporters, going as far as engaging in regular hunts and murder against them to influence the vote. Additionally the organisation of the plebiscite was influenced by Great Britain, which at the time supported Germany, fearing the increased power of France in post-war Europe. According to Jerzy Minakowski due to terror and unequal status of German and Polish side, Poles boycotted the preparations for the plebiscite which allowed Germans to engage in falsifications; the German conducted plebiscite reported. The area concerned had changed hands at various times over the centuries between Old Prussians, Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights, Duchy of Prussia and Poland; the area of Warmia was part of the Kingdom of Prussia since the first partition of Poland in 1772 and the region of Masuria was ruled by the German Hohenzollern family since the Prussian Tribute of 1525. Many inhabitants of that region were influenced by Polish culture.

During the period of the German Empire, harsh Germanisation measures were enacted in the region. The Polish delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, led by Roman Dmowski, made a number of demands in relation to those areas which were part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1772 and despite their protests, supported by the French, President Woodrow Wilson and the other allies agreed that plebiscites according to self-determination should be held. In the former German Province of Posen and parts of West Prussia an armed revolt had removed the German authorities in 1919; the plebiscite areas were placed under the authority of two Inter-Allied Commissions of five members appointed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers representing the League of Nations. British and Italian troops under the command of these Commissions had arrived on and soon after February 12, 1920; the regular German Reichswehr had left the plebiscite areas. Civil and municipal administration was continued under the existing German authorities who were responsible to the Commissions for their duration.

In accordance with Articles 94 to 97 of the Treaty of Versailles the Marienwerder Plebiscite Area was formed from northeastern parts of the Marienwerder Government Region encompassing the Districts of Marienwerder, Stuhm, of Rosenberg in West Prussia as well as parts of Marienburg in West Prussia east of the Nogat. The treaty defined the Allenstein Plebiscite Area as "The western and northern boundary of Allenstein Government Region to its junction with the boundary between the districts of Oletzko and of Angerburg, thus the Allenstein precinct comprised all the the Oletzko District. According to Jerzy Minakowski the area of the plebiscite was inhabited by 720,000 people, German citizens, of whom 440,000 are considered Polish by him by their Mazurian e.g. Polish language; the official Prussian census of 1910 showed 245,000 Polish- and Mazurian speakers and 289,000 German-speakers in the Allenstein Government Region and 23,000 versus 136,000 in the Marienwerder Government Region. The Allied forces had to intervene in this area in 1919 to release imprisoned Masurians, who tried to reach the Paris conference.

The President of and British Commissioner on the Inter-Allied Administrative and Plebiscite Commission for Allenstein was Mr. Ernest Rennie; the German Government were permitted under the Protocol terms to attach a delegate and they sent Reichskommissar Wilhelm von Gayl in the service of the Interior Ministry and on the Inner Colonisation Committee. The local police fo

Wyoming, Delaware

Wyoming is a town in Kent County, United States. It was named after the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, it is part of Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,313 at the 2010 census; the community started when the nearby town of Camden, Delaware would not grant access to the Delaware Railroad, which bypassed the town and built a railroad station one mile west of the center of town and named the area West Camden. In 1865, minister John J. Pierce moved to West Camden from the Wyoming Valley and laid out plots for new housing. Several individuals from the Wyoming Valley moved to the new community and it was decided to rename the community; the community, "Desiring to sever any shared identity or connection with Camden, residents chose to honor the new citizens by changing the name of the community to Wyoming." A post office was erected in 1866 and the community was incorporated into a town in 1869. The Lewis Family Tenant Agricultural Complex, Wyoming Historic District, Wyoming Railroad Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

On February 22, 1975 a vote was held to merge with the bordering town of Camden. The Wyoming town council had opposed a merger attempt in 1967. Wyoming is located at 39°07′05″N 75°33′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles, of which, 0.7 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wyoming has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,141 people, 448 households, 315 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,690.0 people per square mile. There were 485 housing units at an average density of 718.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79.49% White, 13.32% African American, 0.09% Native American, 3.86% Asian, 0.53% from other races, 2.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.54% of the population.

There were 448 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.99. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,452, the median income for a family was $54,265. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $25,741 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,254. About 1.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Wyoming is governed by a mayor-council system. Mayor: Frankie Dale Rife Vice Mayor: Doug Denison Secretary: Tracy Johovic Treasurer: Kyle Dixon Council Person: Carlen Kenley Delaware Route 10 runs east-west along the southeastern edge of Wyoming on Caesar Rodney Avenue, heading west through rural western Kent County to the Maryland border and east along Camden Wyoming Avenue through Camden toward an intersection with U. S. Route 13 and Dover Air Force Base. Delaware Route 15 runs north-south through Wyoming on Southern Boulevard and Railroad Avenue, heading north toward Dover and south toward Woodside. DART First State provides bus service to Wyoming along Route 104, which passes along the eastern edge of town and runs south to the Walmart in Camden and north to the Dover Transit Center in Dover, where it connects to other local bus routes serving the Dover area; the Delmarva Central Railroad's Delmarva Subdivision line passes north-south through Wyoming. Jenkins Airport, a general aviation airport, is located just west of Wyoming.

Delmarva Power, a subsidiary of Exelon, provides electricity to Wyoming. Chesapeake Utilities provides natural gas to the town; the Camden-Wyoming Sewer & Water Authority provides sewer and water service to Wyoming and the neighboring town of Camden. Trash and recycling collection in Wyoming is provided under contract by Republic Services; the "Wyoming Peach Festival" occurs every August. It offers pageants, homemade peach ice cream and tours of Fifer Orchards, the largest peach and apple producer in the state of Delaware; the Caesar Rodney Homecoming Parade happens every November to support the Caesar Rodney Riders in their homecoming football game. Https://