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Cartimandua or Cartismandua was a 1st-century queen of the Brigantes, a Celtic people living in what is now northern England. She came to power around the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, formed a large tribal agglomeration that became loyal to Rome; the only account of her is by the Roman historian Tacitus, through which she appears to have been influential in early Roman Britain. Her name may be a compound of the Common Celtic roots *carti- "chase, send" and *mandu- "pony". Although Cartimandua is first mentioned by Tacitus as in 51, her rule over the Brigantes may have been established when the Roman emperor Claudius began the organised conquest of Britain in 43: she may have been one of the eleven "kings" who Claudius's triumphal arch says surrendered without a fight. If not, she may have come to power after a revolt of a faction of the Brigantes was defeated by Publius Ostorius Scapula in 48. Being of "illustrious birth", according to Tacitus, Cartimandua inherited her power, as she does not appear to have obtained it through marriage.

She and her husband, are described by Tacitus as loyal to Rome and "defended by our arms". In 51, the British resistance leader Caratacus sought sanctuary with Cartimandua after being defeated by Ostorius Scapula in Wales, but Cartimandua handed him over to the Romans in chains. Having given Claudius the greatest exhibit of his triumph, Cartimandua was rewarded with great wealth, she divorced Venutius, replacing him with his armour-bearer, Vellocatus. In 57, although Cartimandua had seized his brother and other relatives and held them hostage, Venutius made war against her and against her Roman protectors, he built alliances outside the Brigantes, during the governorship of Aulus Didius Gallus he staged an invasion of the kingdom of the Brigantes. The Romans had sent some cohorts to defend their client queen; the fighting was inconclusive until Caesius Nasica arrived with a legion, the IX Hispana, defeated the rebels. Cartimandua retained the throne thanks to prompt military support from Roman forces.

She was not so fortunate in 69. Taking advantage of Roman instability during the year of four emperors, Venutius staged another revolt, again with help from other nations. Cartimandua appealed for troops from the Romans. Cartimandua was evacuated. After this, Cartimandua disappears from the sources. In his Annals and the Histories, Tacitus presents Cartimandua in a negative light. Although he refers to her loyalty to Rome, he invites the reader to judge her "treacherous" role in the capture of Caratacus, who had sought her protection. However, he consistently names her as a queen, the only one such known in early Roman Britain. Boudica, the only other female British leader of the period, is not described in these terms. One of the mediaeval Welsh triads mentions "treachery" against Caratacus by one Aregwedd Foeddawg whom some identify with Cartimandua: in a garbled account, Caradoc is made a son of Brân the Blessed, named as one of the "Three Blessed Kings" for introducing Christianity to the Britons after captivity in Rome.

Cartimandua's life story is fictionalised in Barbara Erskine's novel Daughters of Fire and she plays a minor but important role in George Shipway's The Imperial Governor as the lover and ally of General Suetonius Paulinus. She is mentioned in passing in Lindsey Davis's novel The Jupiter Myth, set during the governorship of Sextus Julius Frontinus, dealing with the aftermath of the Brigantes' revolt, she is mentioned in "I, Claudius" the TV mini-series. Claudius urges his son Britannicus to go to Britain to hide in the court of Cartimandua to avoid Nero. Delamarre, Xavier. Dictionnaire de la Langue Gauloise, Editions Errance. Howarth, Cartimandua, Queen of the Brigantes. Salmonson, Jessica Amanda, The Encyclopedia of Amazons, Paragon House, page 50. Braund, Ruling Roman Britain: Kings, Queens and Emperors from Julius Caesar to Agricola; the Heroic Age: Brigantia and Gwenhwyfar

Uinta Highline Trail

The Uinta Highline Trail is a trail in the Uinta Mountains of Utah that traverses the range 104 miles from east to west. The trail passes through expansive alpine landscapes dominated by metasedimentary rocks sculptured by past glaciers; the broad glacial basins are dotted by hundreds of lakes. The Uinta Highline Trail extends 104 miles along the east-west oriented crest of the Uinta Mountains; the eastern terminus is at McKee Draw along U. S. Route 191, between Vernal; the western terminus is at Hayden Pass near Mirror Lake on Utah Route 150. The trail crosses eight named passes that exceed 11,200 feet elevation and many other smaller saddles and ridges. Between these high points, the trail drops into glacially carved basins and valleys; the high point of the trail is at Anderson Pass, Kings Peak, the high point of Utah, is located just 0.7 miles south of the pass. Altogether, there is 16,700 feet of elevation gain and 14,600 feet of elevation loss on an east-to-west trip; the average elevation of the trail is 10,700 feet.

The Uinta Highline Trail passes through a mosaic of forests, subalpine meadows, alpine tundra, rock and snow fields, but the striking character of the trail is its openness and expansive views—treeless terrain accounts for over half the distance of the trail. The trail is designated as Trail 025 for the 96 miles it passes through the Ashley National Forest and Trail 083 for the 8 miles it passes through the Wasatch-Cache National Forest, with Rocky Sea Pass being the dividing line. Over half the route is located in the High Uintas Wilderness where travel is limited to those on foot and horseback; the Uinta Highline can be hiked in either direction, but hikers of its entire 104-mile length more hike east to west. The trail starts at the Highline Trailhead in McKee Draw, just 0.5 miles west of U. S. Highway 191 on Forest Road 062. A vault toilet and parking area are at the trailhead; the first 25 miles of trail pass through forest and subalpine meadows, there can be limited sources of water late in the season.

After crossing Little Brush Creek at mile 4.3, the next source of water may be over 20 miles away near Leidy Peak. There, Hacking Lake is a short hike off the trail. From Leidy Peak westward, the trail crosses long stretches of alpine tundra, rocky passes, subalpine forests. Numerous lakes and streams serve as water sources; the trail ends at the Highline Trailhead at Hayden Pass on the Mirror Lake Scenic Byway. A vault toilet and parking area are located at the trailhead; this is a busy trailhead on summer weekends, is within a federal fee area requiring a day pass or an annual America the Beautiful Pass. The Uinta Highline Trail passes two additional trailheads. Both are reached by gravel roads; the Leidy Peak trailhead is at mile 25. The Chepeta Lake trailhead is at mile 38. Starting at one of these trailheads shortens the westward hike to Hayden Pass to 79 miles or 66 miles, respectively. In the past some users have chosen to shorten the distance traveled due to the unmaintained condition of the far eastern portion of the trail.

However, since 2013 the trail from US Highway 191 to Leidy Peak has been improved through the efforts of volunteers from Vernal, Utah. There is no permit required to hike the Uinta Highline Trail; the Uinta Highline Trail has a primitive character. In places, the trail lacks tread and is a route marked with occasional cairns, posts, or signs; this can have the necessary navigation skills. Ashley National Forest High Uintas Wilderness Uinta Mountains

New Zealand Chess Championship

The New Zealand Chess Championship was first conducted in 1879. Note: Up until 1934 foreign players were eligible for the title; the eligibility rules were changed in 1935 to preclude this. The event is organised by the New Zealand Chess Federation; the New Zealand Rapid Chess Championship was first conducted in 1993. The event is organised by the New Zealand Chess Federation; the New Zealand Women's Championship is played for the Mabel Abbott Trophy. The North Island Chess Championship was first conducted in 1954. Players compete for the Charles Belton Trophy; the event is organised by the New Zealand Chess Federation. The South Island Chess Championship was first conducted in 1950; the event is organised by the New Zealand Chess Federation. Winners of the New Zealand correspondence chess championship: 1933 R. O. Scott 1934 --- 1935 E. F. Tibbetts 1936 J. T. Burton 1937 S. Hindin 1938 S. Hindin 1939 S. Hindin 1940 G. C. Cole 1941 J. A. Cunningham 1942 G. C. Cole 1943 G. C. Cole 1944 F. H. Grant, T. Lepviikman, N.

M. Cromarty 1945 C. J. Taylor 1946 R. W. Lungley 1947 D. I. Lynch 1948 D. I. Lynch 1949 N. M. Cromarty 1950 N. M. Cromarty 1951 H. G. King, J. A. Cunningham 1952 H. P. Whitlock 1953 R. W. Park 1954 J. A. Cunningham 1955 E. J. Byrne 1956 A. E. Turner 1957 D. I. Lynch 1958 R. A. Court, L. Esterman 1959 R. A. Court, J. Eriksen, J. A. Cunningham 1960 J. A. Cunningham 1961 F. A. Foulds 1962 R. A. Court 1963 J. Eriksen 1964 F. A. Foulds 1965 Ortvin Sarapu 1966 R. S. Wilkin, R. A. Court 1967 J. H. Patchett 1968 Ortvin Sarapu 1969 Ortvin Sarapu 1970 Richard John Sutton 1971 Paul Anthony Garbett 1972 K. W. Lynn 1973 D. A. Flude 1974 T. van Dijk 1975 L. J. Jones 1976 P. A. Clemance 1977 L. J. Jones 1978 R. W. Smith 1979 M. R. Freeman 1980 R. Chapman 1981 R. Chapman 1982 Paul Anthony Garbett, T. van Dijk 1983M. R. Freeman 1984 M. R. Heasman 1985 P. van Dijk 1986 G. M. Turner 1987 P. van Dijk 1988 H. P. Bennett, M. F. Noble 1989 H. P. Whitlock 1990 P. W. Stuart 1991 R. J. Dive, P. W. Stuart 1992 M. G. Hampl 1993R. J. Dive 1994 G. B. Banks 1995 M. G. Hampl 1996 B.

F. Barnard 1997 B. F. Barnard 1998 B. F. Barnard 1999 T. J. Doyle 2000 A. J. Short 2001 M. L. Dunwoody 2002 M. L. Dunwoody 2003P. B. Goffin 2004 R. E. Gibbons 2005 R. E. Gibbons, M. F. Noble 2006 H. P. Bennett 2007 H. P. Bennett, M. F. Noble 2008 M. F. Noble 2009 M. F. Noble 2010 M. F. Noble 2011 M. F. Noble, P. B. Goffin 2012 M. F. Noble 2013 M. F. Noble 2014 M. F. Noble, Mathew King, Malia Donnelly/King, John Eide 2015 M. F. Noble 2016 M. F. Noble 2017 M. F. Noble 2018 M. T. Sims 2019 M. D. McNabbM. F. Noble 13 Titles J. A. Cunningham & R. A. Court 4 Titles G. C. Cole, S. Hindin, O. Sarapu, D. I. Lynch, B. F. Barnard & H. P. Bennett 3 Titles List of titles at NZCF website O'Connell, Kevin, "New Zealand", in Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishers, p. 212, ISBN 0-517-53146-1 Whyld, Guinness Chess, The Records, Guinness Publishing Ltd, ISBN 0-85112-455-0 Stuart, The New Zealand Championships: A Brief History,, archived from the original on 6 August 2011 Official NZCF Website NZ Chess History Website New Zealand from

Ebenezer Ford

Ebenezer Ford OBE FRSE ARCS DIC was a British marine zoologist. He was known as Ebb Ford, he was a competent artist and created several thousand "specimen drawings". From 1924 to 1929 he conducted a major study of the British herring shoals, he was a strong supporter of the Sea-Fishing Industry Act of 1933. He was born on 22 September 1890 in Hove on the southern English coast, the son of George Horace Ford. Ebb was educated at Varndean School at Brighton College for two years before going to Imperial College London to study Science under Clifford Dobell, he specialised in marine zoology. He did research as a Huxley Scholar and was awarded the Sarah Marshall Exhibition in 1913. In the same year he was given the post of Assistant Naturalist at the Plymouth Laboratory; as with many of his generation his plans were disrupted by the outbreak of the First World War. He firstly volunteered and joined the Sussex Yeomanry but applied for an officer’s commission, on obtaining this, in July 1915, joined the Royal Fusiliers.

He saw active service in France and was wounded at the Battle of Passchendaele in 1917. In 1919 he returned to Plymouth to resume his role as Assistant Naturalist, was promoted to Fisheries Naturalist. Remaining in Plymouth he rose to be Assistant Director of the Laboratory in 1935, his career was again interrupted by the Second World War during which, after a period in the Home Guard, he served in Air Intelligence in the Air Ministry in London from November 1941. In 1949 he left Plymouth to become Director of the Marine Station at Millport, in replacement of Richard Elmhirst, he became first full time Secretary of the Scottish Marine Biological Association. In 1950 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Maurice Yonge, Charles Wynford Parsons, Robert Campbell Garry, sir James Wilfred Cook. He retired in March 1956 and returned to his native county of Sussex, naming his house Keppel after the Keppel pier at Millport, he received the Order of the British Empire on New Year’s Day 1957 for services to marine science.

He died at home on 14 October 1974. Ford wrote in the Fishing News magazine under the pen-name of Quibbon Nuclear division of the Limax Amoeba Statistical Methods for Research Workers He married Alice Gurr in August 1916, she died in 1950. They had one daughter, Joan

The Last Days of Pompeii (1913 film)

Ultimi giorni di Pompei, Gli is a 1913 Italian black and white silent film directed by Mario Caserini and Eleuterio Rodolfi. Based on Edward Bulwer-Lytton's 1834 novel of the same name, the film – one of two different adaptations of the same book in Italy that year – is set during the final days leading up to the Mount Vesuvius eruption in Pompeii in 79 AD. In Pompeii 79AD, Glaucus and Jone are in love with each other. Arbaces, the Egyptian High Priest, is determined to conquer her. Glaucus buys the blind slave Nydia, mishandled by her owner. Nydia asks Arbaces for his help, he gives her a potion to make Glaucus fall in love with him. In fact it is a poison. Arbaces' disciple Apoecides threatens to reveal publicly his wrongdoings. Arbaces accuses Glaucus of the crime, he locks Nydia in a cellar to prevent her from speaking. Glaucus is condemned to be thrown to the lions. Nydia tells Glaucus' friend Claudius what happened. Claudius rushes to the Circus to accuse Arbaces and the crowd decides that Arbaces and not Glaucus should be thrown to the lions.

Vesuvius starts erupting and a widespread panic ensues. Under the shock, Glaucus recovers his mind. Blind Nydia, the only one to find her way in the darkness caused by the rain of ashes, leads Glaucus and Jone to safety and finds peace by drowning herself. Fernanda Negri Pouget as Nydia Eugenia Tettoni Fior as Jone Ubaldo Stefani as Glaucus Antonio Grisanti as Arbaces Cesare Gani Carini as Apoecides Vitale Di Stefano as Claudius The film was produced by Società Anonima Ambrosio; the DVD release by Kino wrongfully credits Pasquali for the production. The direction was done by Eleuterio Rodolfi. Mario Caserini is sometimes co-credited, but the grounds for this are uncertain: The Italian Bianco e Nero magazine mentions only Rodolfi; the film was distributed by Giuseppe Barattolo. It was distributed in the US by the Kleine Optical Company under the name George Kleine Attractions; the Last Days of Pompeii was the first film shown in the newly founded city of Tel Aviv in Ottoman Palestine. It inaugurated the Eden Cinema, the first one opened in Tel Aviv..

Ultimi giorni di Pompeii, Gli on IMDb Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei/The last days of Pompeii on YouTube


Baronissi is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is home to a campus of the University of Salerno; the town develops from the original old area named Casali. The town is situated 7 km north of Salerno and it is 35 km from Avellino; the bordering municipalities are Castiglione del Genovesi, Cava de' Tirreni, Mercato San Severino and Salerno. Its 11 hamlets are Acquamela, Antessano, Capo Saragnano, Casal Barone, Casal Siniscalco, Orignano, Sava. Convent of the Holy Trinity, 13th century Villa Farina, 19th century Roman villa of Sava, 1st century AD Church of the Holy Savior, in Saragnano The municipality has two train stations, both on the line Salermo-Mercato San Severino, it is served by the motorway RA 2 Salerno-Avellino, at the exits "Baronissi Sud" and "Lancusi-Baronissi Nord". Diego Campanile, Catholic Guardian of Holy Land Fortunato Maria Farina, Catholic Archbishop Jack Hirschman American poet, honourable citizen from 13 December 2008 Portes-lès-Valence - France Official website of Baronissi Valle dell'Irno website