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Casa Grande, Arizona

Casa Grande is a city in Pinal County halfway between Phoenix and Tucson in the U. S. state of Arizona. According to U. S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 55,477 as of 2017, it is named after the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, located in Coolidge. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house". Among resident English speakers, there is no consensus on. Casa Grande was founded in 1879 by The Carter Family during the Arizona mining boom due to the presence of the Southern Pacific Railroad. In January 1880, the community of Terminus, meaning "end-of-the-line," was established despite consisting of just five residents and three buildings. In September 1880, railroad executives renamed the settlement Casa Grande, after the Hohokam ruins at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Casa Grande grew and suffered several setbacks both in 1886 and 1893, when fires ravaged the town, destroying all wooden housing structures within it; when the mining boom slowed in the 1890s, the town was nearly abandoned, but with the advent of agriculture, the town remained alive and well, was incorporated in 1915.

One of the founding fathers of Casa Grande was Thompson Rodney Peart. Peart Road, Peart Park, the Peart Center, all of which are notable fixtures of Casa Grande, are named after him. Casa Grande was home to a collective farm society, part of the New Deal. According to historian David Leighton, during World War II, from 1942 to 1945, a Japanese-American relocation camp was set up outside of Casa Grande, known as the Gila River War Relocation Center. Two notable people that were interned there were future actor Pat Morita and baseball player Kenichi Zenimura, who constructed a baseball field and set up a league in the relocation camp. Casa Grande is home to Francisco Grande Hotel & Golf Resort, former spring training location for the San Francisco Giants. Owner, Horace Stoneham, began developing the property in 1959; the first exhibition game was played in Casa Grande in 1961, with Willie Mays hitting a 375-foot home run. The San Francisco Giants no longer play at Francisco Grande, but the pool in a baseball bat and ball shape remains in memory of the past ballgames.

During the Cold War, Casa Grande was the location of the Corona Satellite Calibration Targets. These targets consisted of concrete arrows located in and to the south of the city, which calibrated satellites of the Corona spy program. Casa Grande has played a prominent role in semi-pro and collegiate baseball; the Casa Grande Cotton Kings, who were founded in 1948, qualified to play in the National Baseball Congress World Series ten straight times by winning Arizona state championships in the 1940s and 1950s, were reactivated in the 2000s. They are now members of the Pacific Southwest Baseball League. According to the United States Census Bureau, Casa Grande has a total area of 48.2 square miles, all of it land. Casa Grande has a hot desert climate, typical for the Sonoran Desert; the city experiences long hot summers and brief winters consisting of mild afternoons and chilly evenings. The area averages only 9.07 inches of rain per year. The coolest month on average is December, with highs averaging 68 °F, lows averaging around 37 °F.

The lowest temperature recorded in Casa Grande was 15 °F. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of 107 °F and an average low of 76 °F; the highest temperature recorded in the city was 122 °F. Along with the rest of southern Arizona, the community is prone to dust storms and in the summer months is affected by the North American Monsoon, which brings high winds and heavy rain; as of the census of 2010, there were 48,571 people, 22,400 households, 6,547 families residing in the city. The population density was 523.7 people per square mile. There were 11,041 housing units at an average density of 229.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 49.9% non-Hispanic White, 4.27% Black or African American, 4.91% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 21.09% from other races, 3.56% from two or more races. 39.13 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 8,920 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families.

21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.24. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,212, the median income for a family was $40,827. Males had a median income of $34,858 versus $23,533 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,917. About 12.4% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over. The economy of Casa Grande was based on rural, agricultural industries such as cotton and dairy farms. Over time, the city has become home to many Phoenix or Tucson urbanites who own homes in Casa Grande.

Most residents either commute north to work in the Phoenix metropolitan area, or to the south, to work in Tucson. This trend has contributed to growth in the


Omoa is a town and a municipality in the Department of Cortés of Honduras. Omoa is located on a small bay of the same name 18 km west of Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean Sea coast. Omoa is both a municipality and a small town located along the Northwest Caribbean coast of Honduras, it is populated by about 30,000 people distributed within an area of 382.8 km². In 1536 Omoa was a small "pueblo de indios" allocated in repartimiento by Pedro de Alvarado to Luis del Puerto along with the nearby Indian town of Chachaguala, but by 1582 Omoa had ceased to exist as a viable community. Repeated pirate raids on coastal towns along the Caribbean coast of Central America led the Spanish Crown as early as 1590 to begin looking for a new defensible port for the Captaincy General of Guatemala to export its goods to Spain; this initial study by Antonelli, many subsequent ones, all pointed to the bay at Omoa as the most defensible location along the coast west of Trujillo. Omoa was founded again in 1752 as a Spanish colonial town.

The governor of Honduras, Pantaleón Ibánez, described that the town they planned would include a hospital, a building for the royal treasury, a church, barracks for soldiers, houses for the officers. The town itself was to house the people who would build and occupy the two Spanish forts which would guard the bay. Construction of El Real began in 1752 and was finished around 1756. El Real was used to defend the port town while the much larger fort of San Fernando de Omoa was built next to it. San Fernando de Omoa was finished around 1774; this historic place had as its main purpose to protect against the pirates. The construction of the fortress did not end until piracy had declined. After the independence of Honduras in 1821, the fortress was used as a prison by the Honduran authorities through the 1950s; the English occupied the town in 1779 and burned its 200 buildings. In the late 18th century, Omoa had a diverse population of Spanish, enslaved Africans and free blacks. For a long time, Omoa was one of the most important ports in Honduras.

That importance began to fade in the 1820s when the place was destroyed a couple of times by fires, the bay began to silt up, nearby Puerto Cortes was developed. The first railroad connecting Puerto Cortes with San Pedro Sula was developed in the 1880s, reducing Omoa to a fishing village. Omoa had a cattle industry, with most of the cattle being maintained for Honduran use. Omoa has a large fishing industry. Other sources of income come from tourism and of the fortress of San Fernando, the largest of Central America and one of the few surviving colonial fortresses in the Americas. Omoa's most striking feature is the Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa, an 18th-century Spanish fort, though there are two forts there; the earlier Fort Real was started in 1752, remodelled in 1759. Next to Fort Real, the Fort of San Fernando de Omoa was constructed from 1756 through 1775. On 15 October 1779 the Royal Navy ships HMS Lowestoffe and HMS Charon were with a small squadron which arrived off the Honduras coast.

They were accompanied by HMS Pomona, HMS Racehorse, a schooner and other small craft, were hoping to intercept some treasure ships in the bay of Dulce. They found two Spanish ships which took shelter under the guns of the fortress of San Fernando de Omoa, an unsuccessful attempt was made to capture the town from the sea, they fell in with the sloop HMS Porcupine and some troop transports returning from driving the Spaniards from St George's. On 16 October, this was followed by a landing some 9 miles away at Puerto Caballo by seamen and marines from the ships, a detachment of the Royal Irish Regiment and 250 Baymen to make an overland attempt on Omoa, they underestimated the difficulties of marching first through swamps, wild, mountainous country and only covered three miles during the night. However, when they reached the town the following afternoon it soon fell, but they were unable to take the fort because the Baymen had dropped the scaling ladders they were carrying, they were supported during the attack by fire from Charon and Lowestoffe, the latter being badly damaged when she grounded for a while as she tried to get closer.

The bombardment from the sea, supplemented by fire from some guns, landed from Pomona, continued on the night of 19 October, occupying the garrison which did not notice storming parties of seamen and soldiers infiltrating the fort. The surprise was complete and there were only six British casualties; the treasure found in the fort and on board two treasure ships was worth some two million dollars. Two hundred and fifty quintals of mercury were found in the fort; the fort itself was abandoned by the British at the end of November, before a Spanish counterattack arrived. The craters from the British bombardment are still visible in the walls of the fort today. Omoa was the last Spanish stronghold in Central America; the Spanish fort was captured by the Central American Republicans under Colonel Juan Galindo. The fort was one of the few structures left standing after 1974's Hurricane Fifi destroyed the town and was a point of rescue operations afterward

Cops and Roger

"Cops and Roger" is the fourteenth episode of the sixth season and the ninety second overall episode of the animated comedy series American Dad!. It aired on Fox in the United States on April 11, 2010, is written by Erik Durbin and directed by Tim Parsons. In the episode, after Roger and Francine are mugged, Roger enters the police academy and falls in with a corrupt cop. Meanwhile, Hayley makes a new friend. Roger and Francine plan; when they are mugged, Roger feels insecure about his manhood and joins the Langley Falls Police Academy. Things go poorly at first, but when Roger receives advice from Stan to not give up, Roger admits he wishes he could be a real man like Stan and he helps him succeed in becoming a police officer. Roger does so well, he comes under the eye of crooked cop Chaz Migliaccio who soon teaches Roger how to take advantage of his position. Stan observes Roger's actions and confronts him, telling him that Roger is acting dishonorably. Roger responds that he now feels like he has all the power he likes it.

Stan decides to turn Roger in as a dirty cop but Chaz gets word and orders Roger to take out Stan. He turns to find Stan he responds that he didn't give away the tape of Roger's activities because of Roger's original intention to be a good cop. With Chaz, Roger tries to break away but finds Chaz has captured Stan and orders Roger to kill him. Roger tries to turn the tables but Chaz was ready for him and shoots Roger. Roger leads him on a chase, climbing up a rope, in an act of desperation, jumps down and pile drives Chaz on the head with his elbow, causing Chaz's head to explode from the impact, killing him. Meanwhile, Hayley apologizes to Reginald for coming on to him in The Return of the Bling and suggests a double date with Ian and Rhonda. On their date and Reginald flirt much to their date's annoyance. At a movie theater and Reginald share secret thoughts of being together despite their separate love lives; when Reginald reveals he broke up with Rhonda, Hayley responds that she broke up with Ian and Reginald suggests a date that Hayley accepts.

After Reginald leaves, Hayley breaks up with him. Emily VanDerWerff of The A. V. Club gave the episode a C, saying "I had some mild laughs at the story of Reginald and Haley trying to fight their attraction for each other, but this storyline still feels like the show's attempts to do a continuing storyline in the background of everything else, and while that might be admirable, I'm not sure this is the continuing storyline the show should be focusing on. It wasn't a terrible episode, just a disappointing one, from a show I hold to a higher standard than any of the other three, I hope the show shakes it off quickly." The episode was watched by a total of 5.09 million people, this made it the third most watched show on Animation Domination that night, beating The Cleveland Show but losing to The Simpsons and Family Guy with 6.93 million. Media watchdog group the Parents Television Council, a frequent critic of American Dad! and other Seth MacFarlane-produced television programs, named "Cops and Roger" its "Worst TV Show of the Week" for the week ending April 16, 2010.

In its review, the PTC recognized the comedic value of slapstick in comedy, but said the scene where Roger kills Chaz, the graphic depiction therein — the explosion of Chaz's head is replayed five times — "crossed that line" between hilarious and gratuitous. "Cops and Roger" on IMDb "Cops and Roger" at

Siamak Rahpeyk

Siamak Rahpeyk is the jurist member of the Guardian Council and current Dean of Faculty of the University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services located in Tehran, Iran. He received his Ph. D. in Private Law from Tarbiat Modarres University. Rahpeyk teaches the law, his main expertise is civil liability, sub sub-specialty: basic rights and security strategy. Rahpyek is a jurist and the speaker of the Guardian Council of the Constitution of Iran in the Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran, his previous positions include: Editor of Journal of Law at the Department of Justice. Rahpeyk has authored seventeen legal books in Persian. Including these books: 1. Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Persian: ح‍ق‍وق‌ اس‍اس‍ی‌ ات‍ح‍ادی‍ه‌ اروپ‍ا‎ 2. Philosophical Issues in Law. Persian: م‍س‍ائ‍ل‌ ف‍ل‍س‍ف‍ی‌ در ح‍ق‍وق‎ 3. Difficulty Determining Will Under the French law. Persian: عیوب اراده در حقوق فرانسه‎ 4. Strategic Studies.. Persian: مطالعات راهبردي‎ Rahpeyk is a French to Persian translator of legal books.

His recent published translation is French Law on Compensation for Non-Performance of Contract. Persian: اصول حقوق فرانسه در جبران عدم اجراي قرارداد‎

Robert Bourne (politician)

Robert Croft Bourne was a British rower who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics, a Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1924 to 1938. Bourne was born at Bodington, the son Gilbert Charles Bourne who had rowed in the winning Oxford crews in the Boat Race of 1882 and 1883; as a child, Bourne lost the sight of one eye in a game of rounders at school. He was educated at Eton College where he won the School Sculling in 1906, at New College, Oxford. At Oxford, he stroked the winning Oxford boats in the Boat Race in 1909, 1910, 1911 and 1912, being president in the last two years, he won the University Sculls in 1910 and the University Fours in 1911 and went head of the river in 1911–12. He was the strokeman of the New College eight which won the silver medal for Great Britain rowing at the 1912 Summer Olympics, he was a member of the winning crew in the Stewards' Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta in 1912, 1913 and 1914. Bourne became a barrister. In the First World War, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Herefordshire Regiment.

He had one hand crippled and a lung injured at Suvla Bay in the Dardanelles in August 1915. As he had only one good eye moved from active service to the Claims Commission. In 1920 he became J. P. for Herefordshire and in 1921 a member of the city council. Bourne was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oxford at a by-election in June 1924, served as a Deputy Speaker of the Commons from 1931, he died in office in August 1938 aged 50 dropping dead while walking on the moors near Strontian, Argyll. At the subsequent by-election the seat was held for the Conservatives by Quintin Hogg. Bourne married Lady Hester Margaret Cairns, daughter of Wilfred Cairns, 4th Earl Cairns on 7 June 1917. List of Oxford University Boat Race crews Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert Bourne The Rowers of Vanity Fair

Copper Coast Geopark

The Copper Coast Geopark is a designated area comprising a stretch of the southern coast of Ireland in County Waterford, extending for some 17 km from Kilfarrasy in the east to Stradbally in the west. It was the first geopark designated in the state, the second on the island; the coast, the geopark, are named for the historic metal-mining industry, the legacies of which now constitute a tourist attraction. The idea of the geopark developed from a local interest group, starting around 1997; the area was declared a European Geopark in 2001 and a UNESCO Global Geopark in 2004. This was done to aid in sustainability but with a hope of boosting the profile of the area as a tourist destination; this geologically diverse area contains records of Palaeozoic volcanism and the last ice age - a heritage, interpreted locally for the visitor. The geopark trust maintains a visitor centre at Monksland Church in Knockmahon, it owns an old engine house, part of the industrial heritage. The geopark is overseen by a charitable company, with voluntary local and expert directors, a staff of a part-time manager and a geologist, supported by volunteer guides, community employment workers from Solas and Tus