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Cass County, North Dakota

Cass County is a county in the U. S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 149,778, was estimated to be 181,516 in 2018. Cass County is the most populous county in North Dakota, accounting for nearly 23% of the state's population in 2018, its county seat is the most populous city in the state. Cass County is part of ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Cass County was defined by action of the Dakota Territory legislature on January 4, 1873, its organization was effected on October 27 of that year, it was named for railroad executive George Washington Cass. Its boundaries were altered in 1875, in 1961. Cass County lies on the east side of North Dakota, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota across the river. The Red River flows northward along the county's east boundary, on its way to Lake Winnipeg and Hudson Bay; the county's terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture except around developed areas. Its terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point on the SW corner at 1,194' ASL.

The county has a total area of 1,768 square miles, of which 1,765 square miles is land and 3.0 square miles is water. Cass County has the following lakes: Brewer Lake As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 123,138 people, 51,315 households, 29,814 families in the county; the population density was 70 people per square mile. There were 53,790 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.10% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 1.08% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. 1.23 % of the population were Latino of any race. 34.1% were of German and 32.4% Norwegian ancestry. There were 51,315 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.9% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98. The county population contained 23.4% under the age of 18, 16.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,147, the median income for a family was $51,469. Males had a median income of $32,216 versus $22,300 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,889. About 5.7% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 149,778 people, 63,899 households, 35,215 families in the county; the population density was 84.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 67,938 housing units at an average density of 38.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 91.7% white, 2.4% Asian, 2.3% black or African American, 1.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races.

Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 45.4% were German, 35.8% were Norwegian, 9.2% were Irish, 6.3% were Swedish, 1.7% were American. Of the 63,899 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.9% were non-families, 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 31.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,600 and the median income for a family was $68,858. Males had a median income of $42,557 versus $31,916 for females; the per capita income for the county was $28,184. About 5.8% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Cass County is governed by a board of commissioners elected to four-year terms. Other elected officials include the auditor, sheriff, state's attorney, treasurer.

Appointed officials include administrator, extension agent, director of tax equalization, highway engineer, information technology coordinator, social services officer, veterans service officer, weed control officer. The current Sheriff is Paul D. Laney. Laney has served as Sheriff of Cass County since January 2, 2007; the voters of Cass County tend to vote Republican. In only two national elections since 1960 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. Absaraka Chaffee Wild Rice Prosper National Register of Historic Places listings in Cass County, North Dakota Cass County official website

Vinod Intelligent Cookware

Vinod Intelligent Cookware, is an Indian manufacturer of cookware. Over the years, Vinod cookware has built a strong connection with home makers. After a decade experience and repertoire of over 400 products spread across seven categories, Vinod Cookware’s Pressure Cooker is the firms biggest success story as it has manifested the launch of ‘Sandwich bottom’ in the history of Indian kitchens. Vinod Intelligent cookware launched Aluminium Sandwich Bottom Cookware and was accepted as a more reasonable alternative to copper, it was Anil Agarwal, son of Rajeram Agarwal who vision and collaborated with Saphymo Steel of France to introduce "Copper Sandwich Bottom Cookware", a multi-layered bottom and a good conductor of heat. For this Mr. Agarwal had built a manufacturing unit "Kraftwares Ltd" at Palghar and took a step ahead by setting up a factory in Bhandup, manufacturing stainless steel products for the local market; these products are now popular in the national market as "Vinod Bowl" or "Vinod Entry Dish" 2015 - Mandira Bedi becomes brand ambassador2014 - Vinod Group became the largest exporter of stainless2013 - Sakshi Tanwar as its Brand Ambassador2006 - Set up another factory in Palghar2000 - World-class manufacturing base was set up in palghar1992 - Vinod Cookware went global as Kraftwares began to export1990 - Vinod launched Aluminum Sandwich Bottom Cookware1987 - Collaborated with Saphymo Steel1977 - Factory opened in Bhandup1962 - Company founded as a cookware trading company One of the Accepted and well-loved cookwareBrand name, Vinodintelligent cookware offers an extensive portfolio.

Vinod Cookware has innovated and refined its product range was the first brand to introduce the concept of sandwich bottoms in pressure cookers. An extension to the regular product category range Vinod Cookware had introduced "VitoHeath" brand, considered as the Health range designed for the health conscious needs of Indian consumers. Product Category: Pressure cooker Pressure pan Zest non-stick Hard anodised TriPlyStainless steel Kraft appliances Vinod Introduces "Vito Health" Vinod Cookware Introduces Multi Kadai Vinod Cookware Introduces Zest Superb+ Vinod Cookware – a debt free Rs300 crore company

Symphony Hour

Symphony Hour is a 1942 American animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon depicts Mickey Mouse conducting a symphony orchestra sponsored by Pete; the film was directed by Riley Thomson and features music adapted from the "Light Cavalry Overture" by Franz von Suppé. The voice cast includes Walt Disney as Mickey, Billy Bletcher as Pete, John McLeish as a radio announcer; the film marked the last theatrical appearance of Horace Horsecollar, Clarabelle Cow, Clara Cluck for over 40 years reappearing in Mickey's Christmas Carol. Symphony Hour is the last time that Mickey appeared with either Donald Duck or Goofy in a theatrical film for the same length of time. Symphony Hour bears similarities with the 1935 film The Band Concert. Leonard Maltin called this short a "Spike Jones version of The Band Concert"; the soundtrack for the "ruined" version of the Light Cavalry Overture was used in the October 22, 1956 episode of The Mickey Mouse Club.

Mickey conducts a radio orchestra. The sponsor agrees to have it shown in concert. On the night of the performance, everyone is soon ready, except, of course, for Goofy, who accidentally drops all the instruments under an elevator damaging, if not outright destroying, all of the instruments, thereby ruining the instruments' ability to make musical sounds. Macaroni and Mickey are unaware of the unfortunate mishap until the orchestra starts to "play" the damaged instruments. Throughout the outrageous concert, Mickey struggles with anxiety while Macaroni throws tantrums from inside of his private viewing room. Macaroni is reduced to tears, but he lightens up when he hears the thunderous applause from the audience. Clara Cluck is in the orchestra in the beginning "rehearsal" sequences but not in the actual performance at the end. Other characters appearing in this short are Clarabelle Cow and Horace Horsecollar. At one point, Donald is so fed up with the chaos caused by the damaged instruments that he packs his things and leaves.

However, determined to carry on come what may, points a gun at Donald's head to prevent him from leaving so he can get him back into playing again. This scene was missing in some versions of the short. Mickey Mouse: Walt Disney Sylvester Macaroni: Billy Bletcher Clara Cluck: Florence Gill Donald Duck: Clarence Nash Goofy: Pinto Colvig Radio Announcer: John McLeish Principal animationJack Campbell Les Clark George De Beeson John Elliotte Ed Love Jim Moore Kenneth Muse Riley Thomson Bernard WolfEffects animationJoseph Gayek Jack Manning Ed Parks Mickey Mouse Symphony Hour at The Big Cartoon DataBase

Association fallacy

An association fallacy is an informal inductive fallacy of the hasty-generalization or red-herring type and which asserts, by irrelevant association and by appeal to emotion, that qualities of one thing are inherently qualities of another. Two types of association fallacies are sometimes referred to as guilt by association and honor by association. In notation of first-order logic, this type of fallacy can be expressed as ⇒, meaning "if there exists any x in the set S so that a property φ is true for x for all x in S the property φ must be true." Premise: A is a B Premise: A is a C Conclusion: Therefore, all Bs are CsThe fallacy in the argument can be illustrated through the use of an Euler diagram: "A" satisfies the requirement that it is part of both sets "B" and "C", but if one represents this as an Euler diagram, it can be seen that it is possible that a part of set "B" is not part of set "C", refuting the conclusion that "all Bs are Cs". Some syllogistic examples of guilt by association: John is a con artist.

John has black hair. Therefore, all people with black hair are con artists. Lyle is a crooked salesman. Lyle proposes monorail. Therefore, monorail is folly. Jane is good at mathematics. Jane is dyslexic. Therefore, all dyslexic people are good at mathematics. Simon, Karl and Brett are all friends of Josh, they are all petty criminals. Jill is a friend of Josh, present when he was committing a petty crime. Guilt by association can sometimes be a type of ad hominem fallacy, if the argument attacks a person because of the similarity between the views of someone making an argument and other proponents of the argument; this form of the argument is as follows: Group A makes a particular claim. Group B, viewed negatively by the recipient, makes the same claim as Group A. Therefore, Group A is viewed by the recipient of the claim as associated with Group B, inherits how negatively viewed it is. An example of this fallacy would be "My opponent for office just received an endorsement from the Puppy Haters Association.

Is that the sort of person you would want to vote for?" The logical inverse of "guilt by association" is honor by association, where one claims that someone or something must be reputable because of the people or organizations that are related to it or otherwise support it. For example: Examples: Citizens of Country X won more Nobel Prizes, gold medals, literary awards than citizens of Country Y. Therefore, a citizen of Country X is superior to a citizen of Country Y. Gary has a voice pronunciation which gives a trustworthy impression. Gary says to customers that his cars are in good condition; therefore the cars are in good condition. In many advertisements, businesses use the principle of honor by association. For example, an attractive spokesperson will say; the attractiveness of the spokesperson gives the product good associations. A form of the association fallacy used by those denying a well-established scientific or historical proposition is the so-called "Galileo Gambit." The argument goes that since Galileo was ridiculed in his time but acknowledged to be right, that since their non-mainstream views are provoking ridicule and rejection from other scientists, they will be recognized as correct too.

The Galileo Gambit is flawed in that being ridiculed does not correlate with being right and that many people who have been ridiculed in history were, in fact, wrong. Carl Sagan has stated that while they laughed at Columbus and the Wright Brothers, "they laughed at Bozo the Clown". Fallacies: Classical and Contemporary Readings, edited by Hans V. Hansen and Robert C. Pinto. Bibliography on Fallacies: http://www.ditext.com/eemeren/bib.html The Fallacy Files Guilt by Association Propagandacritic.com "Transfer technique" Propagandacritic.com "Testimonial"

Auchenharvie Castle

Auchenharvie Castle is a ruined castle near Torranyard on the A 736 Glasgow to Irvine road. Burnhouse lies to Irvine to the south, it lies in Scotland. The ruins still stand in a prominent and defensible position at Auchenharvie Farm near Torranyard; the castle was known as Achin-Hervy, Awthinharye in c 1564, Auchinbervy by Moll in 1745, Auchenhowy is used by Ainslie in 1821. Auchenharvie has long been a ruin, shown as such as far back as 1604 - 08 by Timothy Pont, it was too small and the area of the mound so restricted that its conversion into a more commodious and comfortable dwelling were not practicable. The corbels of the parapet are unusual in that they project less than usual and this links Auchenharvie with the work at Law Castle and Barr Castle; the castle is built from whinstone with freestone corners. A good deal remains of this typical tower castle, ruinous since the 1770s, with indications of the barrel roof vaulting, side tower, ornate sandstone ornamentation, etc; some basic consolidation works have been carried out.

Uncommon orchids have been recorded as growing on the motte. It is known from the pollen record at Bloak Moss that extensive clearances took place here in the fifth or sixth centuries CE and such a site would have been of great strategic importance to these early settlers, standing out as it does, like an island above the mosses; the castle had long been in the hands of the Cunninghames and notably. Edward Cunninghame of Auchenharvie was killed during a feud with the Clan Montgomery in 1526. Auchenharvie's most famous owner was Dr. Robert Cunninghame, created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1673 and was Physician to Charles II in Scotland, appointed shortly after the King's coronation at Scone in 1651, he was with the King's army at the defeat at Worcester in September 1651 and was made a prisoner in the Tower of London, being released after a ransom was paid. He was wealthy and purchased back the Barony of Stevenston from the Earl of Eglinton in 1656, he died in 1676 and his son only outlived him by two years and because his daughter could not inherit, the land passed through the male line to her cousin, Robert Cunninghame.

In January 1678 Robert Cunynghame, apothecary / druggist in Edinburgh, is stated to be the heir to Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Cunynghame of Auchenharvie. She was Robert's cousin-german and part of his inheritance was the Barony of Stevenston and the lands of Auchenharvie, he owned some of the lands of Lambroughton and Chapeltoun. He had seventeen children. Despite his inheritance he got into serious debt; the house belonged to Sir David Cunningham of Auchenharvie, an absentee courtier in England, till 1642. He planned to add additional building in 1634, beginning with a garden wall around the old tower, he had thought the house too small to accommodate his friends in 1628 during a planned royal visit, so he asked his cousin David Cunningham of Robertland to accommodate his mother so that if his friends visited they could stay at Robertland instead. In 1829 Aitken's map shows the castle as belonging to a Colonel Barns. A local legend is that in the days of the'body snatchers' or'resurrectionists'.

Another version of the story states that the bodies were collected together from neighbouring parishes at Darnshaw, a remote house near Bloak Moss on the old Auchenharvie to Megswell route. The bodies were sold in Glasgow for £10 each to medicals students from the university; the old toll road did run past the site and a toll gate and house stood close by which must cast some doubt on the castle being involved. A local legend involves its prominent tower with smuggling. An estate named Auchenharvie was built by the family in Stevenston and although demolished, the name lives on in Auchenharvie Academy. Middleton near Annick Lodge had been part of the estate, passing into the hands of the Hamiltons of Bourtreehill and passing to the Earls of Eglinton. Robert Cunninghame was one of the best known member of the family at its new site, being involved in coal mining in the Barony of Stevenston. Lesley Baillie of'Bonnie Lesley' fame was a descendant of the Cuninghames of Auchenharvie; the old toll house close to Auchenharvie Castle farm was demolished in the 1990s and a private house with that name now stands on the site.

The toll road junction is still extant as farm tracks. A road used to run across the fields from here to cut across the river by a ford below Megswell farm; this road passed beneath the Montgreenan driveway, carried by a ornate bridge at this point. The construction of the Lochlibo Road made this route redundant. Torranyard is a hamlet at a crossroads on the Irvine to Glasgow'Lochlibo Road', it was recorded as'Turing Yard' in 1747,'Turnyard' in 1775,'Tirranyard' on Thomson's 1820 map and in 1832. On the 1860 OS map it is shown as having a toll booth and an inn called'Tour', on the opposite side of the road from the present Torranyard Inn; the Montgreenan estate and hotel is nearby and the site of the old Girgenti house and surviving tower are nearby on the Cunninghamhead road. Jamieson records that the inn at Burnhouse was nicknames the'Trap'Em Inn', the one at Lugton was called the'Lug'Em Inn', that at Auchentiber the'Cleek'Em Inn', the one at Torranyard was called the'Turn'Em Out.'A William Forgisal of Torranyard was miner at the Doura Pit in the 18th-century.

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Yellow-breasted bowerbird

The yellow-breasted bowerbird known as Lauterbach's bowerbird, is a medium-sized 27 cm long, bowerbird with a brownish-olive upperparts plumage, grayish-yellow upper breast, coppery crown, dark brown iris, yellow underparts, a black bill and pinkish-orange mouth. Both sexes are similar; the female is duller than the male. The yellow-breasted bowerbird is distributed in mainland New Guinea, where it inhabits the grasslands and subtropical mountain forests, its diet consists of fruits, caterpillars and other insects. The nest is a shallow cup made of small sticks up in a tree; the bower itself is that of "avenue"-type with four walls of sticks and an outward-angled main avenue walls. The scientific name commemorates the German botanist Carl Lauterbach, he discovered this bowerbird in 1896. Widespread and a common species throughout its habitat range, the yellow-breasted bowerbird is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. BirdLife Species Factsheet