click links in text for more info


Cassoulet is a rich, slow-cooked casserole containing meat, pork skin and white beans, originating in southern France. It is named after its traditional cooking vessel, the cassole, a deep, earthenware pot with slanting sides; the traditional homeland of cassoulet is the region once known as the province of Languedoc the towns of Toulouse and Castelnaudary, said to be where the dish originated. An organization called The Grand Brotherhood of the Cassoulet of Castelnaudary, La Grande Confrérie du Cassoulet de Castelnaudary, has organized competitions and fairs featuring cassoulet every year since 1999. All cassoulets are made with white beans, duck or goose confit and additional meat. In the cassoulet of Toulouse, the meats are pork and mutton, the latter a cold roast shoulder; the Carcassonne version is similar but doubles the portion of mutton and sometimes replaces the duck with partridge. The cassoulet of Castelnaudary uses a duck confit instead of mutton. In France, cassoulets of varying price and quality are sold in cans and jars in supermarkets, grocery stores and charcuteries.

The cheapest ones contain only beans, tomato sauce and bacon. More expensive versions are to be cooked with goose fat and to include Toulouse sausages, goose, or duck confit. Haute cuisine versions require mixing pre-cooked roasted meats with beans that have been simmered separately with aromatic vegetables, but this runs counter to cassoulet's peasant origins. In the process of preparing the dish it is traditional to deglaze the pot from the previous cassoulet in order to give a base for the next one; this has led to stories, such as the one given by Elizabeth David, citing Anatole France, of a single original cassoulet being extended for years or decades. In U. S. restaurants, the term cassoulet is applied to any hearty bean-based casserole, with variations such as salmon cassoulet. The dictionary definition of cassoulet at Wiktionary

1976 Cincinnati Bengals season

The 1976 Cincinnati Bengals season was the team's ninth year in professional football and its seventh with the National Football League. Paul Brown had announced his retirement after 41 seasons of coaching and named Bill Johnson, his longtime assistant, as the successor over future San Francisco Head coach Bill Walsh. Brown continued to serve as the club's vice president; the Bengals acquired defensive end Coy Bacon in a trade with San Diego and drafted halfback Archie Griffin, the two-time Heisman Trophy winner from Ohio State. The Bengals finished 10 -- 4, but did not make the playoffs. Passing: Ken Anderson Rushing: Boobie Clark Receiving: Isaac Curtis Scoring: Chris Bahr, 81 points Ken Riley, Franchise Record, Most Interceptions in One Season, QB Ken Anderson DE Coy Bacon S Tommy Casanova WR Isaac Curtis LB Jim LeClair CB Lemar Parrish Bengals on Pro Football Reference Bengals Schedule on Bengals History on Official Site

Ferndale, Maryland

Ferndale is a census-designated place in Anne Arundel County, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 16,746. Ferndale is located at 39°11′17″N 76°38′9″W in northern Anne Arundel County, 5 miles south of the Baltimore city line; the Ferndale CDP is bounded by Interstate 695 and Cabin Branch to the north, by Maryland Route 162 to the west, by Maryland Route 176 and 8th Avenue to the south, by Maryland Route 2 to the east. Neighboring communities are Linthicum to the northwest, Brooklyn Park to the northeast, Glen Burnie to the east and south. Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is to the west across Aviation Boulevard. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles, all land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ferndale has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. At the 2000 census, there were 16,056 people, 6,240 households and 4,286 families living in the CDP.

The population density was 3,951.8 per square mile. There were 6,443 housing units at an average density of 1,585.8 per square mile. The racial makeup was 77.20% White, 15.60% African American, 0.40% Native American, 3.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, 2.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.11% of the population. There were 6,240 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. 25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median household income was $45,816 and the median family income was $51,289. Males had a median income of $38,068 and females $28,892; the per capita income was $20,806. About 4.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over

Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies

Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies is a 1972 animated one-hour TV-movie, part of The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie. In this Filmation-produced movie, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, other Looney Tunes characters interact with the characters from the Filmation series Groovie Goolies; this movie is notable for being the one and only time that Warner Bros. "loaned out" their famous Looney Tunes characters to appear in a Filmation production. Warner Bros. had shut down their animation studio in 1969. While Warner Bros. had outsourced production to other companies since the 1960s, it was to studios run by former Warner Bros. alumni, something, not the case with Filmation. Daffy Duck is in Hollywood producing a movie about King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, starring himself. At Horrible Hall, the Groovie Goolies are watching a television interview in which Daffy is talking about his new movie, when their program is interrupted by a ghoulish being calling himself The Phantom of the Flickers.

Being a huge fan of Daffy, Frankie goes to Hollywood to offer his help, the other Horrible Hall residents go along with him. Mayhem ensues when the Looney Tunes and the Goolies first meet, but they settle down and continue filming the movie, but when the Phantom disguises himself as each of the Goolies and the others think that they are in league with the Phantom and run off. The Phantom grabs the film and, disguised as Hauntleroy, tries to escape from the Goolies by running through a magic mirror into "Mad Mirror Land". Frankie and Wolfie chase after him, after a cartoonishly slapstick pursuit they bring the Phantom and the film back to their world; the Phantom turns out to be Drac’s long-lost uncle Claude Chaney, a famous silent film actor, acting out of anger over black-and-white films being replaced by color films. Daffy gives Claude a job, the movie wins an award, the Goolies head for home; the Phantom of the Flickers is an obvious parody of The Phantom of the Opera, a novel, made into movies and plays.

The name "Claude Chaney" is derived from these two actors’ names. The live-action segment uses pixilation to enable the actors to move like cartoon characters. Bugs Bunny was not present in the special, a notable absence considering he is one of the biggest stars of the Looney Tunes cast. Bugs had not been seen since the closure of the Warner Bros. studio in 1964. This special marks Petunia Pig's first "official" color appearance, her first appearance on-screen since the 1930s. Petunia's voice in the special is an impersonation of Louella Parsons or Rona Barrett. Despite that Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Elmer Fudd, Sylvester, Foghorn Leghorn, Wile E. Coyote and Pepé Le Pew are voiced by Mel Blanc in the special, they sound a little different from the classic shorts; this is due to Filmation incorrectly editing Blanc's voice recordings for Daffy and Tweety and forgetting to speed up Blanc's voice recordings for Porky, Blanc not being thrilled about working on the special and not doing Elmer's voice to his satisfaction.

Yosemite Sam is the only character. Mel Blanc... Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Elmer J. Fudd, Yosemite Sam, Sylvester J. Pussycat, Tweety Pie, Wile E. Coyote, Pepé Le Pew, Foghorn Leghorn Jay Scheimer... Petunia Pig, Nurse Howard Morris... Franklin "Frankie" Frankenstein, Wolfgang "Wolfie" Wolfman, Mummy, "Hauntleroy" Larry Storch... Count Tom Dracula, Claude Chaney/Phantom of the Flickers Erika Scheimer... Sylvester J. Pussycat Dallas McKennon... Sylvester J. Pussycat, Charlie Dog, Marshall Actor, Singing Telegram Horse, Horses Lou Scheimer... Director, Dog, Herald The following actors appeared in the live-action segment: Ed Fournier... Franklin "Frankie" Frankenstein Emory Gordy Jr.... "Hauntleroy" Dick Monda... Count Tom Dracula Jeffrey Thomas... Wolfgang "Wolfie" Wolfman "Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies" Copyright © 1972 Filmation Assoc. Directed by: Hal Sutherland Written by: Chuck Menville, Len Janson Supervising Animator: Amby Paliwoda Production Manager: Rock Benedetto Storyboard: Dale Hale Art Director: Don Christensen Key Assistants: Mike Hazy, Bill House Layouts: Alberto de Mello, Dick Hall, Herb Hazelton, Wes Herschensohn, Lou Kachivas, Les Kaluza, Carol Lundberg, John Perry, Virgil Raddatz, Louise Sandoval, Cliff Voorhees, Kay Wright Director of Color: Ervin Kaplan Backgrounds: Boris Gorelick, Maurice Harvey, Bill Loudenslager, Tom O'Loughlin, Paul Xander Animators: Jim Brummet

Joanna Page

Joanna Louise Page is a Welsh actress and comedian, best known for her role as Stacey Shipman in the BAFTA-winning television series Gavin & Stacey. Joanna Page played Dora Spenlow in series David Copperfield from 1999. Page was born in Treboeth, Wales, she attended Mynyddbach Comprehensive School. She graduated from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in 1998. On graduation from RADA, Page spent ten years in stage-based roles costume dramas for the Royal National Theatre and Royal Shakespeare Company; this led to appearances in film productions, including From Hell, Mine All Mine, Love Actually and Miss Julie. Page came to wider public attention after taking a leading role in the BBC comedy Gavin & Stacey, playing the main part of Stacey Shipman. On 23 November 2007, she turned on the Christmas lights in Barry Island, the town where Gavin & Stacey is set and filmed. Page had a leading role in the 2001 BBC drama production, The Cazalets, about a disparate, well-to-do English family during the Second World War.

In 2009, Page provided the voice-overs for a series of Kingsmill bread TV and radio advertisements and the Christmas TV advertising campaign for the Carphone Warehouse. In December 2009, she was the cover star of FHM. During Christmas 2009, Page played the role of Cinderella in pantomime in Woking, a role she played a year earlier in Wimbledon; the following year, she played the role of Alice Fitzwarren in Dick Whittington at the Milton Keynes Theatre. In 2010, she hosted. In October, she became the new face of Superdrug. From May 2011, Page provided the voice of the lead character in the first season of Nick Jr. UK's pre-school animation, Poppy Cat and is replaced by Jessica Ransom from BBC's Doc Martin. In 2012, Page played Leanne Powell in the BBC One drama series The Syndicate, Helen Pearson in the Sky Living comedy Gates, Mrs Peterson in Nativity 2: Danger in the Manger. In November 2013, Page starred as Queen Elizabeth I in "The Day of the Doctor", the 50th Anniversary episode of Doctor Who.

In August 2019, Page narrated Britain's Parking Hell on Channel 5 and appeared in the return Christmas episode of Gavin and Stacey. Page is married to English actor James Thornton, they both appeared in the 1999 TV serial David Copperfield. They were introduced a year by Page's friend Maxine Peake, appearing alongside Thornton in the Royal National Theatre's stage adaptation of The Cherry Orchard. Page is an ambassador for the charity PDSA, raises funds for Breast Cancer Care. Page and Thornton have three children – a daughter named Eva, born in February 2013, two sons named Noah and Kit, born in April 2015 and December 2016. Page was nominated for Best Female Comedy Newcomer at the 2007 British Comedy Awards. Joanna Page on IMDb

Truncated triangular trapezohedron

In geometry, the truncated triangular trapezohedron is the first in an infinite series of truncated trapezohedron polyhedra. It has 2 triangle faces; this polyhedron can be constructed by truncating two opposite vertices of a cube, of a trigonal trapezohedron, or of a rhombohedron or parallelepiped. In the case of a cube, or of a trigonal trapezohedron where the two truncated vertices are the ones on the stretching axes, the resulting shape has three-fold rotational symmetry; this polyhedron is sometimes called Dürer's solid, from its appearance in Albrecht Dürer's 1514 engraving Melencolia I. The graph formed by its edges and vertices is called the Dürer graph; the shape of the solid depicted by Dürer is a subject of some academic debate. According to Lynch, the hypothesis that the shape is a misdrawn truncated cube was promoted by Strauss. Despite this agreement, the exact geometry of this rhombohedron is the subject of several contradictory theories: Richter claims that the rhombi of the rhombohedron from which this shape is formed have 5:6 as the ratio between their short and long diagonals, from which the acute angles of the rhombi would be 80°.

Schröder and Lynch instead conclude that the ratio is √3:2 and that the angle is 82°. MacGillavry measures features of the drawing and finds that the angle is 79°, he and a author, Wolf von Engelhardt argue that this choice of angle comes from its physical occurrence in calcite crystals. Schreiber argues based on the writings of Dürer that all vertices of Dürer's solid lie on a common sphere, further claims that the rhombus angles are 72°. Hideko lists several other scholars who favor the 72° theory, beginning with Paul Grodzinski in 1955, he argues that this theory is motivated less by analysis of the actual drawing, more by aesthetic principles relating to regular pentagons and the golden ratio. Weitzel analyzes a 1510 sketch by Dürer of the same solid, from which he confirms Schreiber's hypothesis that the shape has a circumsphere but with rhombus angles of 79.5°. Hideko argues that the shape is intended to depict a solution to the famous geometric problem of doubling the cube, which Dürer wrote about in 1525.

He therefore concludes. More he argues that Dürer drew an actual cube, with the long diagonal parallel to the perspective plane, enlarged his drawing by some factor in the direction of the long diagonal; the enlargement factor, relevant for doubling the cube is 21/3 ≈ 1.253, but Hideko derives a different enlargement factor that fits the drawing better, 1.277, in a more complicated way. Futamura, Frantz & Crannell classify the proposed solutions to this problem by two parameters: the acute angle and the level of cutting, called the cross ratio, their estimate of the cross ratio is close to MacGillavry's, has a numerical value close to the golden ratio. Based on this they posit that the acute angle is 2 arctan ⁡ ≈ 78 ∘ and that the cross ratio is φ. Chamfered tetrahedron, another shape formed by truncating a subset of the vertices of a cube Lynch, Terence, "The geometric body in Dürer's engraving Melencolia I", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, The Warburg Institute, 45: 226–232, doi:10.2307/750979, JSTOR 750979.

MacGillavry, C. "The polyhedron in A. Dürers Melencolia I", Nederl. Akad. Wetensch. Proc. Ser. B, 84: 287–294; as cited by Weitzel. Richter, D. H. "Perspektive und Proportionen in Albrecht Dürers "Melancholie"", Z. Vermessungswesen, 82: 284–288 and 350–357; as cited by Weitzel. Schreiber, Peter, "A new hypothesis on Dürer's enigmatic polyhedron in his copper engraving "Melencolia I"", Historia Mathematica, 26: 369–377, doi:10.1006/hmat.1999.2245. Schröder, E. Dürer, Kunst und Geometrie, Dürers künstlerisches Schaffen aus der Sicht seiner "Underweysung", Basel; as cited by Weitzel. Strauss, Walter L; the Complete Engravings of Dürer, New York, p. 168, ISBN 0-486-22851-7. As cited by Lynch. Weber, P. Beiträge zu Dürers Weltanschauung—Eine Studie über die drei Stiche Ritter, Tod und Teufel, Melancholie und Hieronymus im Gehäus, Strassburg; as cited by Weitzel. Weitzel, Hans, "A further hypothesis on the polyhedron of A. Dürer's engraving Melencolia I", Historia Mathematica, 31: 11–14, doi:10.1016/S0315-086000029-6.

Hideko, Ishizu, "Another solution to the polyhedron in Dürer's Melencolia: A visual demonstration of the Delian problem", The Japanese Society for Aesthetics, 13: 179–194. Ziegler, Günter M. "Dürer's polyhedron: 5 theories that explain Melencolia's crazy cube", Alex Bellos's Adventures in Numberland, The Guardian. Futamura, F.. "The cross ratio as a shape parameter for Dürer's solid", Journal of Mathematics and the Arts, 8: 111–119, arXiv:1405.6481, doi:10.1080/17513472.2014.974483. Weisstein, Eric W. "Dürer's Solid". MathWorld. How to build Dürer's Polyhedron - by DUPLICON Open-source 3D models of Dürer's Solid