The cat is a small carnivorous mammal. It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family; the cat is either a farm cat or a feral cat. Domestic cats are valued for their ability to hunt rodents. About 60 cat breeds are recognized by various cat registries; the cat is similar in anatomy to the other felid species, has a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp teeth and retractable claws adapted to killing small prey. Its night vision and sense of smell are well developed. Cat communication includes vocalizations like meowing, trilling, hissing and grunting as well as cat-specific body language, it is a social species. It can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small mammals, it is a predator, most active at dawn and dusk. It perceives pheromones. Female domestic cats can have kittens from spring to late autumn, with litter sizes ranging from two to five kittens.

Domestic cats are shown as registered pedigreed cats, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as abandonment of pets, resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, contributing to the extinction of entire bird species, evoking population control, it was long thought that cat domestication was initiated in Egypt, because cats in ancient Egypt were venerated since around 3100 BC. However, the earliest indication for the taming of an African wildcat was found in Cyprus, where a cat skeleton was excavated close by a human Neolithic grave dating to around 7500 BC. African wildcats were first domesticated in the Near East; as of 2017, the domestic cat was the second-most popular pet in the United States by number of pets owned, after freshwater fish, with 95 million cats owned. In the United Kingdom, around 7.3 million cats lived in more than 4.8 million households as of 2019. The origin of the English word'cat', Old English catt, is thought to be the Late Latin word cattus, first used at the beginning of the 6th century.

It was suggested that the word'cattus' is derived from an Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, "tomcat", or its feminine form suffixed with -t. The Late Latin word is thought to be derived from Afro-Asiatic languages; the Nubian word kaddîska "wildcat" and Nobiin kadīs are possible cognates. The Nubian word may be a loan from Arabic قَطّ‎ qaṭṭ ~ قِطّ qiṭṭ, it is "equally that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". The word may be derived from Germanic and Northern European languages, be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gáđfi, "female stoat", Hungarian hölgy, "stoat"; the English puss, extended as pussy and pussycat, is attested from the 16th century and may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Irish puisín or puiscín; the etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.

A male cat is called a tom or tomcat An unspayed female is called a queen in a cat-breeding context. A juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now-obsolete word catling. A group of cats can be referred to a glaring; the scientific name Felis catus was proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 for a domestic cat. Felis catus domesticus was proposed by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. Felis daemon proposed by Konstantin Alekseevich Satunin in 1904 was a black cat from the Transcaucasus identified as a domestic cat. In 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled that the domestic cat is a distinct species, namely Felis catus. In 2007, it was considered a subspecies of the European wildcat, F. silvestris catus, following results of phylogenetic research. In 2017, the IUCN Cat Classification Taskforce followed the recommendation of the ICZN in regarding the domestic cat as a distinct species, Felis catus.

The domestic cat is a member of the Felidae, a family that had a common ancestor about 10–15 million years ago. The genus Felis diverged from the Felidae around 6–7 million years ago. Results of phylogenetic research confirm that the wild Felis species evolved through sympatric or parapatric speciation, whereas the domestic cat evolved through artificial selection; the domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes and 20,000 genes. The leopard cat was tamed independently in China around 5500 BC; this line of domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domestic cat populations of today. The earliest known indication for a tamed African wildcat was excavated close by a human grave in Shillourokambos, southern Cyprus, dating to about 9,200 to 9,500 years before present; as there is no evidence of native mammalian fauna on Cyprus, the inhabitants of this Neolithic village most brought the cat and other wild mammals to the island from the Middle Eastern mainland.

Scientists therefore assume that African wildcats were attracted to early human settlements in the Fertile Crescent by rodents, in particular the house mouse, were tamed by Neolithic farmers. This commensal relationship between early farmers and tamed cats lasted thousands of years; as agricultural practices spread, so did tame a


's-Gravesloot is a former hamlet and municipality in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It was located between Kamerik and Woerden.'s-Gravesloot was a heerlijkheid owned by the province of Utrecht until 1751, when it was sold to a private owner. When the current municipal system was introduced in the Netherlands in 1812, it became part of Kamerik; when that municipality was split into three parts,'s-Gravesloot became a separate municipality again. In 1857, Kamerik-Mijzijde, Kamerik-Houtdijken, and's-Gravesloot merged again, to form the new municipality of Kamerik. Kamerik and's-Gravesloot are now part of Woerden; the municipality of's-Gravesloot consisted of a polder with the same name, covered an area of 3.23 km2, contained the hamlet of's-Gravesloot. It had a population of about 110


Stiga Group is the leading European manufacturer and distributor of lawnmowers and a wide range of motorized garden tools. It is headquartered in Castelfranco Veneto. Stiga has 13 subsidiaries in Europe. Stiga sells its products in over 70 countries around the world. Stiga was a Swedish brand known for the production and distribution of lawnmowers, a wide range of motorized garden tools and table tennis products and table hockey games. In year 2000 Stiga is acquired by Castelgarden SpA via a merger with Alpina Professional & Garden SpA, both situated in Italy; the company's expansion in Europe continues with the acquisition of Mountfield. Together they form Global Garden Products Group renamed Stiga Group in 2017; the brand Stiga is today used by the Swedish company Stiga Sports for the production of sports products, including table tennis and table hockey. Stiga started the production of table tennis products in 1938 and the production of hockey games in 1944; the production of table is now operated under the brand "Stiga Sport", it has been manufacturing tennis products since 1944.

It started the production of table hockey games in 1957 and it was a huge success. The company started the production of lawnmowers in 1958. Bengt Bandstigen founded the table tennis company Banda in 1966, which became Stiga Sports AB. In 1983 the company begun to sell Stiga table tennis products and year 2006 it acquired the Stiga Games division to the company. Brand History 1934 March 6, 1934, Stig Hjelmquist founded in Tranås the company Firma Fabriksprodukter, that will become Stiga. 1938 Production of the first articles that would make Stiga world-famous: the table tennis products. 1938 The new company name Stigma on changed to Stiga, was founded. 1943 Stiga started to produce equipment for table tennis under their own management. It was so called complete games with rackets, attachment system and ball. 1949 Sees a change of name from Stigma to Stiga. 1957 Production of the first table hockey game. 1971 Stiga was established abroad and sales offices in London and Helsinki were opened. 1976 The 4th of June, his majesty Carl XVI Gustav inaugurated Stiga's new factory of 18 000 m2, with its total of 34,000m2 it becomes the biggest factory in the Nordic countries, concerning manufacturing of motor driven lawn mowers.

1981 The company is reorganized to better reflect Stiga's operations, creating three divisions: Sports and Garden. 1994 Stiga celebrates its 60th anniversary. 1997 Stiga has represented in around 40 countries, including New Zealand, North America, South America and Eastern Europe. Official website Stiga Games - Games division Stiga Group - Stiga Group Table Tennis Stiga - Table Tennis Stiga Official website Official website - Ukraine Stiga Games - Games division Table Tennis Stiga - Table Tennis Stiga