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Carrignamuck Tower House

Carrignamuck Tower House, located in Carrignamuck townland, is situated 2.8 km north of Coachford village and 2 km north-west of Dripsey village. It is known as'Dripsey Castle,' a name more properly attributed to nearby Dripsey Castle, Carrignamuck; the structure is a tower house, as opposed to a castle, was one of a chain of MacCarthy of Muskerry tower houses extending westwards beyond Macroom. Tower houses were built during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as residences by Gaelic and Old English families, though not castles in the strict sense, retained many similar features such as battlements and narrow slit windows. Carrignamuck is an L-shaped, five-storey tower, repaired in 1866 when a slate roof and wooden front door were inserted; the entrance is set into the east wall, the ground floor contains a lobby, main chamber, smaller chamber and concrete floor. The first floor contains main, secondary and murder-hole chambers, with one of its windows containing a timber frame said to come from the former Church of Ireland parish church at Aghabullogue.

The second floor has a main chamber with fireplace, a garderobe chamber. The third floor contains a smaller chamber; the fourth floor contains a main chamber with fireplace and slate roof, the remains of a smaller chamber, access to an external wall-walk with no surviving battlements. Adjoining the tower house are terraces, which may be the result of earlier demesne landscaping; the tower house is firstly depicted on a sketch map the description of Muskery of c. 1590 and named'Carrigomuck'. It is depicted on the Down Survey Map of 1656-8, with the accompanying terrier stating that'on Carrignemucke stands a castle and a mill'. Smith describes the'Castle of Carrignamuck' as inhabited by Mr. Bear, once belonging to the Mac-Carthys, situated on the Muskerry side of the river, having a garrison of Oliver Cromwell stationed there for some time. Lewis mentions the'ancient castle of Carrignamuck' as built in the fifteenth century by the founder of Blarney Castle, being situated on the bank of the Dripsey River, surrounded by trees, within the parish of Magourney.

The tower house is described in the Ordnance Survey name book and depicted in both the OS 1842 and 1901 surveyed maps as a ruin. Gillman advises that it was known as Carrig na Muc castle, according to tradition was built by Cormac Laidir MacCarthy, lord of Muskerry 1455-1495. Local tradition is said to maintain that the proper name for Carrignamuck was Carrig Cormac, that the was named after Cormac Laidher McCarthy, the builder of Blarney Castle. In the Tourist Association Survey of 1944, it is called'Carrignamuck Castle' and known to be referred to as Dripsey Castle. Cormac McTeige MacCarthy, surnamed Láidir, 9th Lord of Muskerry, having succeeded in 1449, was said to have built the and died in 1494. Regarded as the official residence of the Tanist it had been bombarded in 1650 from nearby Meeshal Hill by Lord Broghill, leader of a troop of Cromwellian soldiers; the slate roof was put in place by the Colthurst family, by 1944 it had become the property of John O'Shaughnessy, owner of Dripsey Woollen Mills.

The building was locked, with a key obtainable at nearby Dripsey House. Milner contends that the correct title of the property should be Carrig Cormac, O'Donoghue contends that it was built in 1450 by Cormac McCarthy Laidir, that the name was derived from a nearby location, where it was customary to slaughter pigs, so as to supply bacon to the inhabitants. Cormac McCarthy Laidir's brother Eoghan lived as tanist for a time at Carrignamuck, until Cormac was killed during an argument between them; this resulted in Eoghan's claims on the title being denied and he was debarred from succeeding. In 1580 Donyll McTeige MacCarthy resided at Carrignamuck, he was injured in a local skirmish between the forces of the MacCarthys of Muskerry and those of Sir James Fitzgerald of Desmond during the Second Desmond Rebellion and died at Carrignamuck. Upon the death of Sir Cormac MacTeige in 1583, his next brother Callaghan succeeded as Lord of Muskerry, but gave up his position shortly afterwards in favour of a nephew, Cormac MacDermod.

Callaghan was allowed to resume his residency at Carrignamuck as Lieutenant. His son Cormac inherited the estate, but forfeited it in 1641; the Colthurst family purchased the property and built the residence known as Dripsey Castle in the grounds. Subsequently the tower house and grounds came into the ownership of the O'Shaughnessy family. Carrignamuck tower house is located on private property. Carrignamuck Dripsey Castle, Carrignamuck Dripsey Castle Bridge Trafalgar Monument, Carrignamuck Colthurst's Bridge Larchfield House, Carrignamuck 1842 surveyed OS map 1901 surveyed OS map acrheritage.info

List of unusual dismissals in international cricket

In cricket, a player is dismissed when they lose their wicket. At this point, the batsman must leave the field permanently. A batsman can be dismissed in a number of ways, the most common being bowled, leg before wicket, run out and hit wicket. Much rarer are retired out and timed out; these are regarded by analysts as unusual ways of dismissals in cricket, where the bowler is denied any credit. Handled the ball was a a separate method of dismissal, now encompassed into obstructing the field; as of September 2017, there have been twenty-two instances of players being dismissed unusually in international cricket: ten in Test cricket, nine in One Day Internationals, one in Twenty20 Internationals and two in Women's One Day International cricket. In Tests, England batsman Leonard Hutton was the first player to be dismissed for obstructing the field, while playing against South Africa in August 1951. Between January 1957 and March 2001, six different players were dismissed for handling the ball, the most common form of an unusual dismissal.

Sri Lanka cricketers Marvan Atapattu and Mahela Jayawardene are the only Test players to be dismissed retired out, when playing against Bangladesh in 2001. Sri Lanka's captain, Sanath Jayasuriya, received strong criticism for the team's act. In ODIs, eight different players have been dismissed on nine occasions in unusual manner; the first such occasion was when India's Mohinder Amarnath was given out for handling the ball, against Australia in February 1986. The following year, Pakistan cricketer Rameez Raja became the first player to be given out for obstructing the field in ODIs. In 1989, Amarnath was dismissed in the same fashion, while playing in a match against Sri Lanka, thus becoming the first player to be dismissed in two different unusual methods. Obstructing the field has been the most common method of an unusual dismissal in ODIs, happening in six of the nine occasions. Zimbabwe's Chamu Chibhabha is the most recent cricketer to be dismissed in an unusual way, when he was given out for handling the ball in a match against Afghanistan in October 2015.

The first instance of an unusual dismissal in T20Is occurred in June 2017, when England's Jason Roy was given out obstructing the field in a match against South Africa. In international Women's cricket, there have been two instances of unusual dismissals: the first came in an ODI match between Sri Lanka and the West Indies in April 2010. Sri Lanka wicket-keeper Dilani Manodara was retired out due to her slow scoring rate in her team's first innings, having taken 70 minutes and 39 balls to score 8 runs; the most recent instance of an unusual dismissal happened when West Indies' Thirush Kamini was given out for obstructing the field in a match against India