The Catalan Atlas is a Medieval world map or mappamundi created in 1375, described as the most important map of the medieval period in the Catalan language, as "the zenith of medieval map-work". Despite its name, it is not an atlas, it was produced by the Majorcan cartographic school by Cresques Abraham, a Jewish book illuminator, described by a contemporary as a master of mappae mundi as well as of compasses. It was in the royal library of France by 1380, in the time of King Charles V; the Catalan Atlas consisted of six vellum leaves folded vertically, painted in various colours including gold and silver. These were mounted on the front and back of five wooden panels, with the ends enclosed in a leather binding by Simon Vostre c.1515, restored most in 1991. The first two leaves contain texts in Catalan covering cosmography and astrology; these texts are accompanied by illustrations. The texts and illustration emphasise the state of the known world, they provide information to sailors on tides and how to tell time at night.
The four remaining leaves make up the actual map, with Jerusalem located close to the centre. The map is around 1.3 m2 in size. It shows illustrations of many cities—Christian cities with a cross, other cities with a dome—and with each city's political allegiance indicated by a flag. Wavy blue vertical lines are used to symbolise oceans. Place names of important ports are transcribed in red; the illustrations and most of the text are oriented towards the edges of the map, suggesting it was intended to be used by laying it flat and walking around it. The oriental portion of the Catalan Atlas illustrates numerous religious references as well as a synthesis of medieval mappae mundi and the travel literature of the time Marco Polo's Book of Marvels and Mandeville's Travels and Voyage of Sir John Mandeville. Many Indian and Chinese cities can be identified; the explanatory texts report customs described by Polo and catalogue local economic resources, real or supposed. The Western portion is similar to contemporary portolan charts, but contains the first compass rose known to have been used on such a chart.
Rhumbline network Bibliothèque nationale de France – L'Atlas Catalan The Catalan Atlas www.cresquesproject.net – translation of the works of Riera i Sans and Gabriel Llompart on the Jewish Majorcan Map-makers of the Late Middle Ages Abraham Cresques? Atlas de cartes marines, gallica.bnf.fr
Club Atlético Corrales known as Atlético Corrales was a football club based in Asunción, Paraguay. It was founded in 1919 and dissolved in 1949; the club was founded in 1919 by employees of the "Compañia Americana de Luz y Tracción", a private company in charge of the power/electricity distribution and tramway services in Paraguay. The club was soon financed by the company and started participating in the lower divisions of the Paraguayan league; the team got promoted to the 1st division in 1929 after winning the Intermedia tournament and remained in the top-flight until 1941. The team played under the name of C. A. L. T, but on changed its name to "Atlético Corrales" in 1935 since the Paraguayan FA decided to prohibit the use of a company name for a club. In 1949, the government opted to nationalize the electricity services and thus the private company C. A. L. T. Came to an end and so did Atlético Corrales, its stadium, considered among the most modern at the time in Paraguay, was bought by the Paraguayan Army and today is known as the "Escuela de Educación Fisica de las Fuerzas Armadas".
In 1939, Atlético Corrales was given permission by the Paraguayan FA to miss that year's tournament and embark on a Latin American tour that remains until this date the longest by any Paraguayan team. The tour lasted 1 year and 15 days, the club traveled to participate in exhibition games in Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Dutch Antilles, Surinam and Ecuador. Atlético Corrales was well prepared for the tour after having a good performance in the 1938 Paraguayan 1st division tournament, on top of the good squad they had before the trip they added and signed a few players along their visit to other countries such as Lino Taioli and Alejandro Mariscotti, Luis de la Fuente and Ceballos; the signings were made possible thanks to the wealth of the board directors from the club and the C. A. L. T. Company; the tour was a success, with the team winning several friendly tournaments and games, selling some players along the way. Countries visited: 11. Topscorer: Alberto Casco. Paraguayan Second Division: 11929 Paraguayan football info Atlético Corrales Trip to Venezuela 1939/40 at RSSSF by Eliézer Sebastián Pérez Pérez
Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness is a 50,232-acre wilderness area located in the Dixie National Forest in the U. S. state of Utah. It is the fourth-largest wilderness area located within the state; the wilderness designation protects the Pine Valley Mountain range, a large rock outcrop surrounded by desert. The Pine Valley Mountains form the Pine Valley Laccolith, one of the largest laccoliths in the United States. Elevations in the wilderness range from 6,000 feet to 10,365 feet at the summit of Signal Peak; the southern half of the Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness area supports a large stand of virgin Engelmann spruce. On the south edge of this unit, young stands of bristlecone pine are found; the north half of the area is composed of stands of mixed spruce, subalpine fir, Douglas fir, limber pine. Stands of large aspen are found throughout the area. There are numerous meadows up to 50 acres in size within the boundaries of the Wilderness; the predominant vegetation is mat muhly, subalpine needlegrass, alpine timothy, Perry clover, shrubby cinquifoil, fleabane and serviceberry.
The Pine Valley Mountains is less isolated from the Wasatch Range. Because of this isolation there are a number of sub-species of mammals found here, including the Uinta chipmunk, yellow-bellied marmot, red squirrel. There are numerous dusky herds of deer within the meadows and timber. Brown bear roamed the Pine Valley Mountains as late as 1914. A variety of Utah sensitive species live in the Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness area. Bonneville cutthroat trout Townsend's big-eared bat Pygmy rabbit Arizona toad Northern goshawk Desert sucker Western toad Fringed myotis Arizona toad Greater sage-grouse Ferruginous hawk Burrowing owl Long-billed curlew Bald eagle Virgin spinedace Zebra-tailed lizard Common chuckwalla Flannelmouth sucker Relict leopard frog Western banded gecko Desert night lizard Western threadsnake Common recreational activities in Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness include hiking, horseback riding, wildlife watching. There is a network of over 151 miles of trails on and around the Wilderness, including the popular Summit and Whipple Trails.
Pine Valley Mountains Dixie National Forest Wilderness Act National Wilderness Preservation System List of U. S. Wilderness Areas Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness - Wilderness.net Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness - GORP Pine Valley Ranger District - Dixie National Forest