Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, the Restoration. It was adopted by the Royalists themselves. Although it referred to political and social attitudes and behaviour, of which clothing was a small part, it has subsequently become identified with the fashionable clothing of the court at the time. Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I's cavalry, is considered to be an archetypal Cavalier. Cavalier derives from the same Latin root as the Italian word ‘’cavaliere’’ and the French word chevalier, the Vulgar Latin word caballarius, meaning "horseman". Shakespeare used the word cavaleros to describe an overbearing swashbuckler or swaggering gallant in Henry IV, Part 2, in which Shallow says "I'll drink to Master Bardolph, to all the cavaleros about London". Shallow returns in The Merry Wives of Windsor, where he is called "Cavaleiro-justice" and "bully-rook", a term meaning "blustering cheat".
"Cavalier" is chiefly associated with the Royalist supporters of King Charles I in his struggle with Parliament in the English Civil War. It first appears as a term of reproach and contempt, applied to the followers of King Charles I in June 1642: 1642 Propositions of Parlt. in Clarendon v. I. 504 Several sorts of malignant Men, who were about the King. 1642 Petition Lords & Com. 17 June in Rushw. Coll. III. I. 631 That your Majesty..would please to dismiss your extraordinary Guards, the Cavaliers and others of that Quality, who seem to have little Interest or Affection to the publick Good, their Language and Behaviour speaking nothing but Division and War. Charles, in the Answer to the Petition 13 June 1642 speaks of Cavaliers as a "word by what mistake soever it seemes much in disfavour", it was soon reappropriated by the king's party, who in return applied Roundhead to their opponents, at the Restoration the court party preserved the name, which survived until the rise of the term Tory. Cavalier was not understood at the time as a term describing a style of dress, but a whole political and social attitude.
However, in modern times the word has become more associated with the court fashions of the period, which included long flowing hair in ringlets, brightly coloured clothing with elaborate trimmings and lace collars and cuffs, plumed hats. This contrasted with the dress of at least the most extreme Roundhead supporters of Parliament, with their preference for shorter hair and plainer dress, although neither side conformed to the stereotypical images entirely. Most Parliamentarian generals wore their hair at much the same length as their Royalist counterparts, though Cromwell was something of an exception; the best patrons in the nobility of Charles I's court painter Sir Anthony van Dyck, the archetypal recorder of the Cavalier image, all took the Parliamentary side in the Civil War. The most famous image identified as of a "cavalier", Frans Hals' Laughing Cavalier, shows a gentleman from the Calvinist Dutch town of Haarlem, is dated 1624; these derogatory terms showed what the typical Parliamentarian thought of the Royalist side – capricious men who cared more for vanity than the nation at large.
The chaplain to King Charles I, Edward Simmons described a Cavalier as a Child of Honour, a Gentleman well borne and bred, that loves his king for conscience sake, of a clearer countenance, bolder look than other men, because of a more loyal Heart. There were many men in the Royalist armies who fit this description since most of the Royalist field officers were in their early thirties, married with rural estates which had to be managed. Although they did not share the same outlook on how to worship God as the English Independents of the New Model Army, God was central to their lives; this type of Cavalier was personified by Jacob Astley, 1st Baron Astley of Reading, whose prayer at the start of the Battle of Edgehill has become famous "O Lord, Thou knowest how busy I must be this day. If I forget Thee, do not forget me". At the end of the First Civil War Astley gave his word that he would not take up arms again against Parliament and having given his word he felt duty bound to refuse to help the Royalist cause in the Second Civil War.
However, the word was coined by the Roundheads as a pejorative propaganda image of a licentious, hard drinking and frivolous man, who if thought of God. It is this image which has survived and many Royalists, for example Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, fitted this description to a tee. Of another Cavalier, George Goring, Lord Goring, a general in the Royalist army, the principal advisor to Charles II, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, said: would, without hesitation, have broken any trust, or done any act of treachery to have satisfied an ordinary passion or appetite. Of all his qualifications dissimulation was his masterpiece; this sense has developed into the modern English use of "cavalier" to describe a recklessl
Okinawa Development Finance Corporation, Okinawa Shinkō Kaihatsu Kin'yū Kōko, is a Policy-based financial services institution. ODFC's headquarters are located in Japan; the ODFC's key role is to promote the development of industries in Okinawa. This is through the provision of long-term loans and other financial facilities to small and medium-sized entrepreneurs in the island that are in the agriculture, forestry and medical industries; the ODFC will finance citizens who have met difficulties obtaining funding from private financial institutions. Through such financial assistance, the ODFC aims to vitalize the local economy of Okinawa and aid in the development of the local society; the Okinawa Development Finance Corporation was established on May 15, 1972 with the passing of the Okinawa Development Finance Corporation Law. This law was established along with Okinawa's return to Japan from American military occupation in order to carry out a unified and comprehensive policy-oriented financing in Okinawa.
The ODFC's objective was to fill the socio-economic gaps that existed between Okinawa and mainland Japan. The Law led to the consolidation of the following special public corporations into the newly formed ODFC: Masses Finance Corporation - Founded in 1964 by the Ryukyu government to finance livelihood funds that target residents Ryukyu Development Finance Corporation - Founded in 1959 by the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands to provide long term capital funds in Okinawa. Various Ryukyu government special development accounts including: Industrial development funds flexibility special account Agriculture and Fisheries funds flexibility special account Housing construction funds flexibility special account Carrier construction funds flexibility special accountAs of March 2015, the ODFC has lent out ¥ 946.3 billion and ¥ 4.2 billion in loans and investments 211 employees and 6 Offices. ODFC is wholly owned by the Government of Japan through the Ministry of Finance; the Okinawa Development Finance Corporation is governed by six person board of directors.
The board consists of a Vice Chairman, three directors and an auditor. The Chairman and auditor are appointed by the Minister of Finance while the Vice Chairman and directors are appointed by the chairman but approved by the minister. List of banks in Japan Bank of Japan Development Bank of Japan Japan Finance Corporation Okinawa Development Finance Corporation Company Overview of The Okinawa Development Finance Corporation
The 2016 Atlantic Coast Conference Baseball Tournament was held from May 24 through May 29 at Durham Bulls Athletic Park in Durham, North Carolina. The annual tournament determined the conference champion of the Division I Atlantic Coast Conference for college baseball; the tournament champion will receive the league's automatic bid to the 2016 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament. This is the last of 19 athletic championship events held by the conference in the 2015–16 academic year. Clemson, under first year head coach Monte Lee, defeated defending champion Florida State in the championship game to win its 10th ACC Tournament championship, breaking a tie with Georgia Tech for most tournament titles; the title was Clemson's 15th overall ACC championship in baseball, its first ACC championship since 2006, first tournament championship under the pool play format that began in 2007. The championship game, hampered by weather delays, took 9 hours and 20 minutes to complete, with first pitch being thrown at 11:02 A.
M. and the final out recorded at 7:22 P. M; the winner of each seven team division and the top eight other teams based on conference winning percentage, regardless of division, from the conference's regular season will be seeded one through ten. Seeds one and two are awarded to the two division winners; the bottom four seeds play an opening round, with the winners advancing to pool play. The winner of each pool plays a single championship. ‡ - Tournament MVP