Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain

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Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
Techo de Altamira (replica)-Museo Arqueológico Nacional.jpg
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Santillana del Mar, Spain Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 43°22′57″N 4°06′58″W / 43.3825°N 4.1161°W / 43.3825; -4.1161
Includes Cave of Candamo
Cave of Las Chimeneas
Cave of Las Monedas
Cueva de Covalanas
Cueva de Ekain
Cueva de El Pendo
Cueva de Hornos de la Peña
Cueva de La Covaciella
Cueva de Llonín
Cueva del Pindal
Cave of Altamira
Cave of Altxerri
Cave of Chufín
Cave of El Castillo
Cueva de La Pasiega
La Garma cave complex
Santimamiñe
Tito Bustillo Cave Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria Cultural: (i), (iii) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 310
Inscription 1985 (9th Session)
Extensions 2008
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain is located in Spain
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
Location of Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain

Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain is the name under which are grouped 18 caves located in different regions of northern Spain, which together represent the apogee of Paleolithic cave art in Europe between 35,000 and 11,000 B.C. They have been collectively designated a World Heritage Site.

Cave of Altamira[edit]

Chief among these caves is Altamira, located within the town of Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, it remains one of the most important painting cycles of prehistory, originating in the Magdalenian and Solutrean periods of the Upper Paleolithic. This cave's artistic style represents the Franco-cantabrian school, characterized by the realism of its figural representation. Altamira Cave was declared a World Heritage Site in 1985.

2008 extension[edit]

In 2008 the World Heritage Site was expanded to include 17 additional caves located in northern Spain, some of which contain prominent examples of Paleolithic rock art. These caves are located in three autonomous regions: Asturias, Cantabria and the Basque Country.

Paleolithic cave art
Paleolithic cave art

Cantabria[edit]

In addition to Altamira, nine caves are located in Cantabria:

Asturias[edit]

Five caves are located in Asturias, all situated in the Comarca de Oriente:

Basque Country[edit]

Three caves are located in the Basque Country, two in the province of Gipuzkoa and one in Bizkaia:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Pike, A. W. G.; Hoffmann, D. L.; Garcia-Diez, M.; Pettitt, P. B.; Alcolea, J.; De Balbin, R.; Gonzalez-Sainz, C.; de las Heras, C.; Lasheras, J. A.; Montes, R.; Zilhao, J. (14 June 2012). "U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain". Science. 336 (6087): 1409–1413. doi:10.1126/science.1219957. PMID 22700921.