Ceará is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast. It is the eighth-largest Brazilian State by the 17th by area, it is one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil. The state capital is the city of the country's fourth most populous city; the name Ceará means "sings the jandaia". According to José de Alencar, one of the most important writers of Brazil and an authority in Tupi Guaraní, Ceará means turquoise or green waters. There are theories that the state name would derive from Siriará, a reference to the crabs from the seashore; the state is best known with 600 kilometers of sand. There are mountains and valleys producing tropical fruits. To the south, on the border of Paraíba, Pernambuco and Piauí, is the National Forest of Araripe. Ceará has an area of 148,016 square kilometres, it is bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Paraíba, on the south by Pernambuco state, on the west by Piauí.

Ceará lies upon the northeast slope of the Brazilian Highlands, upon the sandy coastal plain. Its surface is a succession of great terraces, facing north and northeast, formed by the denudation of the ancient sandstone plateau which once covered this part of the continent; the latter are the remains of the ancient plateau, capped with horizontal strata of sandstone, with a uniform altitude of 2,000 to 2,400 feet. The flat top of such a range is called a chapada or taboleira, its width in places is from 32 to 56 miles; the boundary line with Piauí follows one of these ranges, the Serra de Ibiapaba, which unites with another range on the southern boundary of the state, known as the Serra do Araripe. Another range, or escarpment, crosses the state from east to west, but is broken into two principal divisions, each having several local names; these ranges are not continuous, the breaking down of the ancient plateau having been irregular and uneven. The rivers of the state are small and, with one or two exceptions, become dry in the dry season.

The largest is the Jaguaribe, which flows across the state in a northeast direction. Ceará has a varied environment, with mangroves, jungle and tropical forest; the higher ranges intercept considerable moisture from the prevailing trade winds, their flanks and valleys are covered with a tropical forest, typical of the region, gathering species from tropical forests and cerrado. The less elevated areas of the plateaus are either thinly open campo. Most of the region at the lower altitudes is characterized by scrubby forests called caatingas, an endemic Brazilian vegetation; the sandy, coastal plain, with a width of 12 to 18 miles, is nearly bare of vegetation, although the coast has many enclaves of restingas and mangroves. The soil is, in general and porous and does not retain moisture; some areas in the higher ranges of Serra da Ibiapaba, Serra do Araripe and others are more appropriate for agriculture, as their soil and vegetation are less affected by the dry seasons. The beaches of the state is a major tourist attraction.

Ceará has several famous beaches such as Canoa Quebrada, Morro Branco, Taíba and Flexeiras. The beaches are divided into two groups: Sunrise Coast. Ceará lies in one of the few regions of the country. In 1980 an earthquake measuring 5.8 on the Richter scale struck near Quixeramobim in the center of the state, rattling the city of Fortaleza but causing no injuries. The climate of Ceará is hot all year; the temperature in the state varies from 22 to 36 °C. The coast is humid, tempered by the cool trade winds. In the higher ranges the temperatures are cooler and vary from about 14 to 18 °C; the record minimum temperature registered in Ceará was 8 °C, recorded in Jardim, a small city in Chapada do Araripe. The year is divided into a rainy and dry season, the rains beginning in January to March and lasting until June; the dry season, July to December, is sometimes broken by slight showers in September and October, but these are of slight importance. Sometimes the rains fail altogether, a drought ensues, causing famine and pestilence throughout the entire region.

The most destructive droughts recorded in the 18th and 19th centuries were those of 1711, 1723, 1777–1778, 1790, 1825, 1844–1845, 1877-1880, the last-mentioned destroying nearly all the livestock in the state, causing the death through starvation and pestilence of nearly half a million people, or over half the population. Because of the constant risk of droughts, many dams have been built throughout Ceará, the largest of them the Açude Castanhão; because of the dams, the Jaguaribe River no longer dries up completely

ATR (company)

ATR is the corporate umbrella of one of the world's largest independent trading cooperations for automotive spare parts and a service center for four garage service concepts. The headquarters of ATR is located in Stuttgart. ATR companies provide auto shops and spare parts dealers with original spare parts and garage equipment. During the 1950s, a large number of major automotive spare parts dealers in Germany came together to publish a joint catalog of automotive spare parts. From the mid-1960s on, the first gas stations began selling automotive accessories: This created competition for wholesalers, generating high revenues through sales of accessories. For that reason, several dealers decided to combine their purchase operations. For this to occur, a joint legal form had to be created; this is how ATR GmbH came about in 1967. ATR founding members included wholesalers Auto Merkur, Auto Staiger, Stahlgruber und Wessels. ATR is the eldest trading cooperation for automotive spare parts in Germany.

Founding members Johannes J. Matthies GmbH & Co KG in Hamburg and Stahlgruber GmbH in Poing, Bavaria have remained part of ATR until today. ATR launched its private label brand Cartechnic for garage products and accessories in 1990. Today, the range includes more than 700 products; the wholesalers involved in ATR pushed on with developing a joint catalog after that, though these efforts only gained momentum with electronic data processing. The ATR partners first showcased their electronic spare parts information system ARTis at the Automechanika trade show in 1992; as sales and purchases of automotive spare parts and accessories in the 1990s turned into a global business, ATR moved with the times and aspired an internationalization. Its first non-German partners were Spain's Gerstenmaier; the foundation of ATR International AG in 1999 created the legal framework for the group-purchasing cooperation’s international expansion. Today, 39 partners along with more than 270 trading companies in 65 countries form part of ATR International AG.

These include members in the USA, South America, Eastern Europe and Asia. ATR has now a presence on five continents. ATR partner companies operate approx. 10,000 local sales points. All in all, members of ATR International AG generated external revenues of 23.7 billion euros in 2018. ATR is one of the largest revenue generators among purchasing cooperations serving the independent automotive spare parts market globally; the non-listed AG’s 39 partners hold the company’s capital. In 2008, ATR consolidated independent garage and specialty store service concepts Meisterhaft, AC AUTO CHECK and autoPARTNER into ATR SERVICE GmbH, which now comprises more than 1,323 owner-operated workshops in Germany; this makes ATR SERVICE GmbH the largest franchiser of independent multi-brand garages in Germany. With its 349 workshops located in Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania, international garage service concept ACC AUTO CHECK CENTER forms part of ATR. ATR suppliers encompass both spare parts manufacturers and original equipment manufacturers such as Bosch, Hella, Schaeffler und ZF Friedrichshafen AG.

All in all, ATR works with around 150 suppliers, including companies servicing product groups such as automotive electric equipment, auto-chemicals, automotive accessories, auto body parts, wear parts and tools & workshop equipment.

Kasey Palmer

Kasey Remel Palmer is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for EFL Championship club Bristol City and for the England U21s. Palmer joined Charlton Athletic at the age of nine, featured for the club for the majority of his youth career. Having represented his nation at youth level, Palmer attracted interest from Chelsea and made the move in March 2013. Due to their academy status, the Blues were able to sign Palmer for only a small compensation fee. Making a handful of appearances for the Under-18s during the remainder of his inaugural season, Palmer became an influential figure in Adrian Viveash's side for the 2013–14 while making sporadic appears from the bench for the Under-19s and Under-21s, his first success came with the Under-21s, when he made appearances in the semi-final and final of the end-of-season playoffs before Dermot Drummy's team were named league champions. He featured as a substitute in every round of the club's successful FA Youth Cup campaign while netting twice.

He played in all four UEFA Youth League knockout ties, while scoring against Zenit St Petersburg in the second round before the Blues lifted the cup. The 2015–16 season proved successful for Palmer, who scored three goals in five matches as they retained their crown. Tipped as one of the academy's most promising talents, Palmer signed a new contract in February 2016, which committed his future to the club until the end of the 2018–19 season, he was given his first taste of senior football under manager Guus Hiddink, being named as an unused substitute against Swansea City in April 2016. On 15 July 2016, Palmer joined Huddersfield Town on a season-long loan, he made his professional debut on 6 August, replacing Jack Payne in the 78th minute of a 2–1 win over Brentford. Palmer scored the winning goal after a minute on the pitch with just his second touch of the ball. In the following league game against Newcastle United, Palmer once again came off the bench in the second-half, where he went on to set up Payne to score the winner with a through-ball to earn their second straight win.

After an extended period out through injury, Palmer returned to action in the Championship play-off final as Huddersfield won promotion to the Premier League. On 3 July 2017, Palmer signed a contract extension with Chelsea tying him to the club until 2021. A day Palmer's loan spell at Huddersfield Town was extended for a further season. On 2 January 2018, Palmer announced via Twitter that he would be leaving Huddersfield following the termination of his loan, after only featuring in five games all season. On 31 January 2018, Palmer joined Championship side Derby County on loan for the remainder of the campaign, he scored his first goal for Derby in a 2–2 draw against Leeds United on 21 February 2018. On 30 July 2018, Palmer joined Championship side Blackburn Rovers on a season-long loan. In January 2019 he moved on loan to Bristol City. In his first game he came off of the bench to score on his debut in a 2–1 win against Bolton Wanderers. On 1 August 2019, Palmer signed for Bristol City on a 4-year deal for a fee believed to be around £3.5 million.

He stated that the main reasons for joining were to gain more stability, manager Lee Johnson and his infamous chant. Palmer made his debut for England Under-17s on 8 February 2013, playing for seven minutes in a 2–1 defeat to Germany, his second appearance came just two days when England suffered another 2–1 defeat, this time to Portugal. His final appearance for the Under-17s came that week when he came off the bench in a 1–0 defeat to the Netherlands, he has made a single appearance for England Under-18s on 14 October 2013. Palmer played 73 minutes of a 4–0 win over Hungary, his first international match played in his home country. After impressive displays for his club, Palmer received his first Under-20 call-up two and a half years after his previous international appearance, he played 45 minutes in a 2–1 defeat to Canada on 27 March 2016 and marked his debut with his nation's only goal of the game. In May 2016, Palmer was part of the England Under-21 squad crowned champions of the 2016 Toulon Tournament.

As of match played 10 December 2019 Chelsea Under-21 Premier League: 2013–14 FA Youth Cup: 2013–14, 2014–15 UEFA Youth League: 2014–15, 2015–16Huddersfield Town EFL Championship play-offs: 2017England U21 Toulon Tournament: 2016 England profile at The FA Kasey Palmer at Soccerbase