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Central Lowlands

The Central Lowlands or Midland Valley is a geologically defined area of low-lying land in southern Scotland. It consists of a rift valley between the Highland Boundary Fault to the north and the Southern Uplands Fault to the south; the Central Lowlands are one of the three main geographical sub-divisions of Scotland, the other two being the Highlands and Islands which lie to the north and the Southern Uplands, which lie south of the associated second fault line. The Central Lowlands is underlain by Paleozoic formations. Many of these sedimentary rocks have economic significance for it is here that the coal and iron bearing rocks that fueled Scotland's industrial revolution are to be found; this area has experienced intense volcanism, Arthur's Seat in Edinburgh being the remnant of a once much larger volcano active in the Carboniferous period some 300 million years ago. This area is low-lying, although here hills such as the Ochils and Campsie Fells are far from view. In common with the rest of Scotland the whole region was affected by Pleistocene glaciations.

The Highland Boundary Fault runs from North Glen Sannox on the Isle of Arran in the south and west through the Isle of Bute and Helensburgh forms the northern boundary of Strathmore before reaching Stonehaven in the north east. The fault was active during the Caledonian orogeny, a plate tectonic collision which took place from Mid Ordovician to Mid Devonian periods, during the closure of the Iapetus Ocean; the fault allowed the Midland Valley to descend as a major rift by as much as 4000 metres and there was subsequently vertical movement. This earlier vertical movement was replaced by a horizontal shear; the Southern Uplands Fault runs from the Rhins of Galloway in the west towards Dunbar on the east coast 30 miles from Edinburgh. A productive combination of fertile low-lying agricultural land and significant deposits of economically valuable coal and iron have led to the Central Lowlands being much more densely populated than the rest of Scotland; the major cities of Glasgow, Stirling and Dundee all lie in the Central Lowlands, over half of Scotland's population lives in this region.

Central Scotland Geology of Scotland Scottish Lowlands Gillen, Con Geology and landscapes of Scotland. Harpenden. Terra Publishing. Keay, J. & Keay, J. Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland. London. HarperCollins. McKirdy, Alan Gordon, John & Crofts, Roger Land of Mountain and Flood: The Geology and Landforms of Scotland. Edinburgh. Birlinn

Thomas Coventry, 1st Earl of Coventry

Thomas Coventry, 1st Earl of Coventry, known as the Hon. Thomas Coventry from 1640 to 1687 and as the Lord Coventry from 1687 to 1697, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1687 when he succeeded to the peerage.. Coventry was the younger son of Thomas Coventry, 2nd Baron Coventry, his wife Mary. Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, was his grandfather. In April 1660, he was elected Member of Parliament for Droitwich in the Convention Parliament, he was elected MP for Camelford in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament. In 1681 he was elected MP for Warwick and was re-elected in 1685, he entered the House of Lords. In 1697 he was made Viscount Deerhurst, of the hundred of Deerhurst in the County of Gloucester, Earl of Coventry. Lord Coventry married firstly Winifred, daughter of Pierce Edgcumbe, in circa 1660, she died in 1694. He married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Grimes, in 1695, he died in July 1699 and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son from his first marriage, Thomas.

Lady Coventry remarried and died in 1724. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.]

Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day

Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day is a 2009 Canadian mockumentary crime/black comedy film directed by Mike Clattenburg, based on the Canadian television series Trailer Park Boys. It is the second film following Trailer Park Boys: The Movie. Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day is a conclusion to "Say Goodnight to the Bad Guys", the television special that ended the series after its seventh season; the film follows the characters of Ricky and Bubbles as they return to a life of crime after being released from prison. Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day premiered in Halifax, Nova Scotia at the 29th Atlantic Film Festival, it received mixed reviews. Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day grossed over $3 million during its domestic theatrical run, it won an Atlantic Film Festival Award for Best Sound Design, earned a Genie Award nomination for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role. Although it was intended to end the franchise, Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day was followed by a third and final film, Trailer Park Boys: Don't Legalize It, released in Canada on April 18, 2014.

It has been 2 years since the events of the episode "Say Goodnight to the Bad Guys", Ricky and Bubbles are released from prison. Upon returning to Sunnyvale Trailer Park, Bubbles finds that all of his kittens have been sent to an animal shelter and that he will need to pay thousands of dollars in order to have them released. Ricky's plan is to pass his Grade 12 exam. Jim Lahey has opened up a posh new trailer park while attempting to demolish Sunnyvale, his only problem is. One sip of beer causes him to revert to heavy drinking. After Randy leaves him and moves out of their trailer and on to Julian's deck, Lahey goes on a liquor-fueled rampage. Meanwhile, the boys experience failure: Julian's auto-body business is failing, Ricky fails his Grade 12 exam, Bubbles' kittens remain in the animal shelter after a failed attempt to rescue them which results in Tyrone's arrest. Bubbles is told that the kittens will be put down soon unless he can raise the money to have them released. Lahey, drunk again, destroys Ricky's new cannabis growing operation and demolishes Julian's trailer in an attempt to get Julian to move.

However, Lahey's plan backfires as Julian has insured his trailer for $28,000. With nothing left to live for and his dream of operating his new posh trailer park ruined by Julian's refusal to move, Lahey loses his sanity; the boys decide to rob a bank disguised as security guards making an armored-car transport as a last resort while Julian waits for the insurance check to save Bubbles' kittens. They succeed in obtaining the money from the vault but they are foiled by Lahey showing up at the last minute. Lahey threatens to commit suicide by threatening to jump off the roof of the bank. After Julian prevents this, the real security guards show up. Ricky, Julian and Randy are arrested and sent back to prison after a car chase with the police and security guards, they receive a short two-week sentence due to their arresting officer being drunk but request not to be filmed anymore. Bubbles' kittens are saved through a therapy animal program at the prison where the cats are released and spend time with the inmates.

Bubbles secures a date with the animal control worker who saved his kittens, the boys return to Sunnyvale, with Julian building a new trailer with the insurance money. Meanwhile, Lahey is drunk in Cuba. Though he is now rich, he is shown to still be miserable, because he has nobody with whom to share his wealth. J-Roc is shown to have reached his goal of becoming a famous rapper, as he has a released new record, is on stage in front of a large, enthusiastic crowd. Robb Wells as Ricky John Paul Tremblay as Julian Mike Smith as Bubbles John Dunsworth as Jim Lahey Patrick Roach as Randy Jonathan Torrens as J-Roc Lucy DeCoutere as Lucy Sarah E. Dunsworth as Sarah Barrie Dunn as Ray Jeanna Harrison as Trinity Tyrone Parsons as Tyrone Mary Fay Coady as Jenny Jacob Rolfe as Jacob Collins Richard Collins as Philadelphia Collins Alex Lifeson as Undercover Prostitute #1 Brian Vollmer as Randy's $15 John Sam Tarasco as Sam Losco Bernard Robichaud as Cyrus Jim Swansburg as Detective Ted Johnson George Green as Officer George Green Nobu Adilman as Dennis Mio Adilman as Terry Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day is the second film to be based on the television series Trailer Park Boys, following Trailer Park Boys: The Movie.

It was directed by Mike Clattenburg, the creator and director of the series and director of the first film. Countdown to Liquor Day is not a direct sequel to the first film, but a conclusion to "Say Goodnight to the Bad Guys", the final television special that concluded the series. Clattenburg announced plans to end the Trailer Park Boys franchise in November 2008, he wanted to end the series after the fifth season. Due to popular demand from fans of the series, Clattenburg decided to produce two more seasons for the show; when asked why he chose to end the franchise, Clattenburg stated

Nanga Brook, Western Australia

Nanga Brook is a former town located in the Peel region of Western Australia in the Lane-Poole Reserve between Dwellingup and Waroona. The area was home to a milling town that operated from about 1900 until the 1961 Western Australian bushfires. Timber was taken from the area as early as 1898, in 1902 a lease was granted to Yarloop-based Millars Karri & Jarrah Company; the Nanga Mill was the biggest in the area for many years, at times employing over 100 men. In 1909 a townsite was laid out and built by Millars, complete with 56 homes and several other lodgings, a store, hall, billiard room and school. Three tennis courts and a sports oval were added; the two World Wars affected production with many of the mill workers either fighting overseas or serving in home defence. The Great Depression saw many mill hands leave the area as wages were not covering food and other necessities. In 1941, the original mill burnt down, a new, smaller mill requiring only 16 workers was built. At the time of the fires, Nanga Brook was in trouble, unable to compete with the Dwellingup mill.

The fires in January and February 1961 devastated the countryside. A massive appeal was mounted through Perth and eastern states newspapers by the Australian Red Cross and other charities meeting with a generous response, which ensured the workers and their families were able to rebuild their lives. However, there was no reason for them to return to Nanga Brook, in 1962, the Governor General declared the end of the town; the area was replanted with stands of pine by the Forests Department, who promoted it as a camping and picnic spot. The Lane-Poole Reserve is a 55,000 ha forest reserve with stands of jarrah, wandoo and blackbutt, it combined six previous reserves and was gazetted in 1984, with a management plan being approved in 1990 The most popular parts of the reserve are those near to the Murray River, one of the few undammed rivers in this part of Western Australia with natural waterfalls and rock pools along its length. The most popular campsites are Baden Powell, Nanga Mill and Charlie's Flat, followed by Tony's Bend and Yarragil, while Icy Creek Environmental Education Camp offers built accommodation for students and community groups.

Only one or two roads in the area are sealed, a CALM issues paper has identified this as a matter to be rectified, along with the overuse of non-designated campsites, visitor behaviour and safety, dogs in the reserve and firewood collection

Karnad Sadashiva Rao

Karnad Sadashiva Rao was an Indian freedom fighter from Karnataka, India. Rao was born to a wealthy Mangalorean family in 1881, he studied at Presidency College in Madras and studied law in Mumbai. Rao became involved in the Indian independence movement, he founded Mahila Sabha to help poor women. By 1919, he was involved in the Indian independence movement, being one of the first from Karnataka to volunteer for Gandhi's Satyagraha movement, he was one of the key members of the Congress Party and was responsible for expanding the party in Karnataka. Rao spent all of his wealth for helping the poor, he attended the Faizpur Congress Session in December 1936. A penniless Sadashiva Rao stayed in a leaky hut, caught cold and fever. Despite this, Rao travelled to Mumbai without telling anyone of his condition, he died shortly afterwards on 9 January 1937. Rao died penniless, without having money to perform his last rites. Sadashivanagar in Bangalore was named after Karnad Sadashiva Rao in 1960. Karnad Sadashiva Rao Road or popularly known as KS Rao Road in Mangalore is name after Karnad Sadashiva Rao

Noble Furnace, Virginia

Noble Furnace is an unincorporated community in Wythe County, United States. The community is located on Francis Mill Creek near Hussy Mountain and Fry Hill 9.6 miles south of Wytheville. Noble Furnace is the location of a former iron furnace of the same name constructed in 1880 or 1881; the cold blast furnace was steam powered and its stack was constructed of stone. The furnace was owned by the Norma Iron Company and utilized limestone ore, transported from nearby deposits to the furnace via tramway. McCreath, Andrew Smith; the Mineral Wealth of Virginia, Tributary to the Lines of the Norfolk & Western & Shenandoah Valley Railroad Companies. L. S. Hart. Retrieved March 3, 2014