Cessna Citation I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Citation I / I/SP
CN Air Cessna 501 Citation I SP.jpg
Role Corporate jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight September 15, 1969 (FanJet 500)
Produced 1969-1985
Number built 689[1]
Variants Cessna Citation II

The Cessna 500 Citation I is a small business jet announced by Cessna in October 1968 and is the basis of the Citation family. The Fanjet 500 prototype first flew on September 15, 1969 and it was certified as the Citation on September 9, 1971, upgraded in 1976 as the Citation I and a single pilot variant, production ended in 1985 after 689 deliveries. Powered by JT15D turbofans, the straight wing aircraft was developed into the Citation II/Bravo.

Development[edit]

Nederlands minister Max van der Stoel boarding in 1975

In October 1968 Cessna announced an eight place business jet capable of operating from light/medium twins airfields. The Fanjet 500 prototype first flew on September 15, 1969. The renamed Citation had a relatively long development program with a longer forward fuselage, repositioned engine nacelles, a larger tail and more dihedral to the horizontal tail. It was FAA certified on September 9, 1971.[2]

In early 1976, its wing span grew from 43.9 to 47.1 ft (13.4 to 14.4 m).[3] It also gained thrust reversers and higher gross weights. The enhanced Citation I was introduced later in 1976 with higher weights, JT15D-1A engines and an increased span wing. The 501 Citation I/SP, certificated for single pilot operations, was delivered in early 1977. Production ended in 1985, it was developed into the Citation II/Bravo and the Citation V/Ultra/Encore. Over 690 Citations, Citation Is and I/SPs were built between 1971 and 1985.[2]

Design[edit]

topside view on apron

The aircraft was powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-1 turbofan engines after Cessna's experience with the T-37 Tweet twinjet trainer. Turbofan rather than turbojets and straight wings rather than swept wings made it cruise slowly compared to other business jets and Learjet salesmen mocked it as the “Nearjet” vulnerable to “bird strikes from the rear”; Cessna renamed it the “Citation” after the thoroughbred but it was nicknamed as “Slowtation”.[4]

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[edit]

 Norway

Military operators[edit]

 Angola
 Argentina
 People's Republic of China
 Ecuador
 Mexico
 Venezuela

Accidents[edit]

New York Yankees catcher Thurman Munson was killed in his Citation I/SP on August 2, 1979 while practicing touch-and-go landings.[9]

Specifications (Cessna Citation I)[edit]

Data from Jane's Civil and Military Aircraft Upgrades 1994-95 [10]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

References[edit]

  1. ^ "500-Series Technical Review". Textron Aviation. April 28, 2015. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Gerard Frawley. "Cessna 500 & 501 Citation, Citation I & Citation I/SP". The International Directory of Civil Aircraft – via Airliners.net. 
  3. ^ Taylor, J.W.R. (editor) Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1976. ISBN 0-354-00538-3, p.275.
  4. ^ William Garvey (Feb 10, 2017). "Can A Cessna Succeed The G450?". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  5. ^ "Angola receives maritime surveillance aircraft from Israel". Defence Web. 16 October 2017. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  6. ^ Martin, Guy (December 2017). "Angola acquires Citation MPA". Air International. Vol. 93 no. 6. p. 11. ISSN 0306-5634. 
  7. ^ "FAA Registry: N-Number Inquiry Results: N54FT". Federal Aviation Authority. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  8. ^ Flores, Santiago A. "From Cavalry to Close Air Support". Air International. May 2001, Vol. 60, No. 5, ISSN 0306-5634, p. 301.
  9. ^ NTSB Thurman Munson accident brief
  10. ^ * Michell, Simon. Jane's Civil and Military Upgrades 1994-95. Coulsdon, Surrey UK:Jane's Information Group, 1994. ISBN 0-7106-1208-7. p.300-301.

External links[edit]