Charles James Fox, styled The Honourable from 1762, was a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He was the arch-rival of the Tory politician William Pitt the Younger, his father Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, a leading Whig of his day, had been the great rival of Pitt's famous father William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. Fox rose to prominence in the House of Commons as a forceful and eloquent speaker with a notorious and colourful private life, though his opinions were rather conservative and conventional. However, with the coming of the American War of Independence and the influence of the Whig Edmund Burke, Fox's opinions evolved into some of the most radical to be aired in the Parliament of his era. Fox became a staunch opponent of George III, whom he regarded as an aspiring tyrant. Serving as Britain's first Foreign Secretary in the ministry of the Marquess of Rockingham in 1782, he returned to the post in a coalition government with his old enemy Lord North in 1783.
However, the King forced Fox and North out of government before the end of the year, replacing them with the twenty-four-year-old Pitt the Younger, Fox spent the following twenty-two years facing Pitt and the government benches from across the Commons. Though Fox had little interest in the actual exercise of power and spent the entirety of his political career in opposition, he became noted as an anti-slavery campaigner, a supporter of the French Revolution, a leading parliamentary advocate of religious tolerance and individual liberty, his friendship with his mentor Burke and his parliamentary credibility were both casualties of Fox's support for France during the Revolutionary Wars, but he went on to attack Pitt's wartime legislation and to defend the liberty of religious minorities and political radicals. After Pitt's death in January 1806, Fox served as Foreign Secretary in the'Ministry of All the Talents' of William Grenville, before he died on 13 September 1806, aged 57. Fox was born at 9 Conduit Street, the second surviving son of Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, Lady Caroline Lennox, a daughter of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond.
Henry Fox was rival of Pitt the Elder. He had amassed a considerable fortune by exploiting his position as Paymaster General of the forces. Fox's elder brother Stephen became the 2nd Baron Holland, his younger brother Henry had a distinguished military career. Fox was the darling of his father, who found Charles "infinitely engaging & clever & pretty" and, from the time that his son was three years old preferred his company at meals to that of anyone else; the stories of Charles's over-indulgence by his doting father are legendary. It was said that Charles once expressed a great desire to break his father's watch and was not restrained or punished when he duly smashed it on the floor. On another occasion, when Henry had promised his son that he could watch the demolition of a wall on his estate and found that it had been destroyed, he ordered the workmen to rebuild the wall and demolish it again, with Charles watching. Given carte blanche to choose his own education, Fox in 1758 attended a fashionable Wandsworth school run by a Monsieur Pampellonne, followed by Eton College, where he began to develop his lifelong love of classical literature.
In life he was said always to have carried a copy of Horace in his coat pocket. He was taken out of school by his father in 1761 to attend the coronation of George III, who would become one of his most bitter enemies, once more in 1763 to visit the Continent. On this trip, Charles was given a substantial amount of money with which to learn to gamble by his father, who arranged for him to lose his virginity, aged fourteen, to a Madame de Quallens. Fox returned to Eton that year, "attired in red-heeled shoes and Paris cut-velvet, adorned with a pigeon-wing hair style tinted with blue powder, a newly acquired French accent", was duly flogged by Dr. Barnard, the headmaster; these three pursuits – gambling and the love of things and fashions foreign – would become, once inculcated in his adolescence, notorious habits of Fox’s life. Fox entered Hertford College, Oxford, in October 1764, but left without graduating, being rather contemptuous of its "nonsenses", he went on several further expeditions to Europe, becoming well known in the great Parisian salons, meeting influential figures such as Voltaire, Edward Gibbon, the duc d'Orléans and the marquis de Lafayette, becoming the co-owner of a number of racehorses with the duc de Lauzun.
For the 1768 general election, Henry Fox bought his son a seat in Parliament for the West Sussex constituency of Midhurst, though Charles was still nineteen and technically ineligible for Parliament. Fox was to address the House of Commons some 254 times between 1768 and 1774 and gathered a reputation as a superb orator, but he had not yet developed the radical opinions for which he would become famous, thus he spent much of his early years unwittingly manufacturing ammunition for his critics and their accusations of hypocrisy. A supporter of the Grafton and North ministries, Fox was prominent in the campaign to punish the radical John Wilkes for challenging the Commons. "He thus opened his career by speaking in behalf of the Commons against the people and their elected representative." Both Fox and his brother Stephen were insulted and pelted with mud in the street by the pro-Wilkes London crowds. Between 1770 and 1774, Fox's promisin
Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2 or CA-TF2 is a FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force based in Los Angeles County, California. CA-TF2 is sponsored by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. CA-TF2 is one of two Task Forces that works with the United States Agency for International Development’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance to provide international response to natural and man-made disasters. Hurricane Iniki, Hawaii 1994 Northridge earthquake, Los Angeles County, California Oklahoma City bombing, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1996 Summer Olympics - Atlanta, Georgia 2002 Winter Olympics, Salt Lake City, Utah - Deployed to Utah on standby in the event of a disaster or attack. Debris recovery of Space Shuttle Columbia disaster - February 2003. 2003 Bam earthquake - December 2003 Southeast Asia tsunami - Sri Lanka Hurricane Katrina - Deployed to New Orleans, Louisiana. Hurricane Rita - Gulf Region 2010 Haiti earthquake 2011 Christchurch earthquake, New Zealand 2011 Japan earthquake April 2015 Nepal earthquake "California Task Force 2".
Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved March 9, 2009
Mecta is an American corporation in Portland, that makes and sells electroconvulsive therapy machines. The Mecta ECT machine was developed at Custom Systems in Portland, Oregon, in 1973 by James Fling and the Custom Systems engineering staff, headed by Cliff Moulton. Paul Blachly of the University of Oregon Medical School was the instigator of the research and the medical advisor of the project. MECTA is an acronym for Monitored Electro Convulsive Therapy. Blachly wanted a device for the treatment of major depression unresponsive to pharmaceuticals that used minimal energy to induce a seizure. ECT machines of the time all used an excessive amount of jules to achieve a seizure and Blachly believed them to be unsafe. Custom Systems was sold to Data Design Inc. in 1980. Data Design sold the product design and rights Of MECTA to Gorham and Robin Nicol in mid-1980. Blachly died in 1977; the design of the MECTA machine was altered after 1980. Akkerman v. Mecta was filed in Ventura County, in June 2007.
Atze Akkerman alleged deceptive advertising on the part of Mecta, saying that he had not been informed that his memory loss from ECT would be permanent, his doctor had assured him otherwise based on material that came from Mecta. The trial court refused to certify a class action suit. In 1989 Imogene Rohovit sued Mecta alleging; the judge found against Mecta, which offered a settlement of $105,000. Dr. Blachly's works have been published in the Journal of Applied Psychiatry and in many other papers on ECT since the 1960s. A book was published on the subject in 1981, "Multiple Monitored Electroconvulsive Therapy", authored by Dr. Barry Maletzky and James Fling; this book was based on work done by Dr. Blachly et al. and his contribution to the development of MECTA. Blachly was one of the first to advocate modified ECT, his belief in the efficacy of the modified procedure was the impetus for the development of MECTA. Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Programmed Text by John L. Beyer, Richard D. Weiner, Mark D. Glenn, published by American Psychiatric Press Official website