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Chen Shui-bian

Chen Shui-bian is a retired Taiwanese politician and lawyer who served as President of the Republic of China from 2000 to 2008. Chen is the first president from the Democratic Progressive Party which ended the Kuomintang's 55 years of continuous rule in Taiwan, he is colloquially referred to as A-Bian. A lawyer, Chen entered politics in 1980 during the Kaohsiung Incident as a member of the Tangwai movement and was elected to the Taipei City Council in 1981, he was jailed in 1985 for libel as the editor of the weekly pro-democracy magazine Neo-Formosa, following publication of an article critical of Elmer Fung, a college philosophy professor, elected a Kuomintang legislator. After being released, Chen helped found the Democratic Progressive Party in 1986 and was elected a member of the Legislative Yuan in 1989, Mayor of Taipei in 1994. Chen won the 2000 presidential election on March 18 with 39% of the vote as a result of a split of factions within the Kuomintang, when James Soong ran for the presidency as an independent against the party nominee Lien Chan, becoming the first non-member of the Kuomintang to hold the office of president.

Although Chen received high approval ratings during the first few weeks of his term, his popularity dropped due to alleged corruption within his administration and the inability to pass legislation against the opposition KMT, who controlled the Legislative Yuan. In 2004, he won reelection by a narrow margin after surviving a shooting while campaigning the day before the election. Opponents suspected him of staging the incident for political purposes. However, the case was closed in 2005 with all evidence pointing to a single deceased suspect, Chen Yi-hsiung. In 2009, Chen and his wife Wu Shu-chen were convicted on two bribery charges. Chen was sentenced to 19 years in Taipei Prison, reduced from a life sentence on appeal, but was granted medical parole on January 5, 2015. Since Chen has been de facto released, but he is still prohibited from public speaking under the guise of "undergoing medical treatment." Chen's supporters have insisted that his trial and sentencing was politically-motivated retribution by the Kuomintang for his years in power.

February 1, 1990 – December 25, 1994: Member of the Legislative Yuan, Republic of China. December 25, 1994 – December 25, 1998: Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party. May 20, 2000 – May 20, 2008: President of the Republic of China. July 21, 2002 – December 11, 2004: Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party. October 15, 2007 – January 12, 2008: Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party. Chen was born to an impoverished tenant farming family of Zhao'an Minnanese ethnicity in Guantian Township of Tainan County on the second day of the ninth lunar month in 1950 but was not formally issued a birth certificate until February 18, 1951 because of doubts that he would survive. Chen was educated in Mandarin Chinese, which had replaced Japanese as the national language following the end of the Japanese administration of Taiwan. Academically bright from a young age, he graduated from the prestigious National Tainan First Senior High School with honors. In June 1969, he was admitted to National Taiwan University.

A Business Administration major, he switched to Law in his first year and became editor of the school's law review. He passed the bar exams before the completion of his junior year with the highest score becoming Taiwan's youngest lawyer, he graduated in 1974 with an LL. B. in Commercial Law. In 1975, he married the daughter of a physician; the couple have a daughter, Chen Hsing-yu, a dentist. From 1976 to 1989, Chen was a partner in Formosa International Marine and Commercial Law, specializing in maritime insurance, he held the firm's portfolio for Evergreen Marine Corporation. Chen became involved in politics in 1980 when he defended the participants of the Kaohsiung Incident in a military court. While his client Huang Hsin-chieh, the leading opposition dissident, seven co-defendants, including his future Vice President Annette Lu, were found guilty, Chen came to be known for his forceful and colorful arguments, he has stated that it was during this period that he realized the unfairness of the political system in Taiwan and became politically active as a member of the Tangwai movement.

Chen won a seat in the Taipei City Council as a Tangwai candidate in 1981 and served until 1985. In 1984, he founded the pro-opposition Civil Servant Public Policy Research Association, which published a magazine called Neo-Formosa. On January 12, 1985, Chen was sentenced to a year in prison for libel as a result of his editorship of Neo-Formosa, following the publication of an article critical of Elmer Fung, a college philosophy professor. While appealing the sentence, he returned to Tainan to run for county magistrate in November 1985. Three days after losing the election, his wife, Wu Shu-chen was hit twice by a hand tractor driven by Chang Jong-tsai as Chen and Wu were thanking their supporters, she was left paralyzed from the waist down. His supporters believed this was part of a government campaign to intimidate him, although another theory says it was a simple traffic accident. Chen lost his appeal in May 1986 and began serving eight months in the Tucheng Penitentiary along with Huang Tien-fu and Lee I-yang, two other defendants in the case.

While he was in prison, his wife was elected to the Legislative Yuan. Upon his release, Chen practiced law. In 1989, Chen was elec

William Vitruvius Morrison

William Vitruvius Morrison was an Irish architect and collaborator of Sir Richard Morrison. He was born at Clonmel, County Tipperary, second son of Sir Richard Morrison and Elizabeth Ould, a granddaughter of the celebrated physician and author Sir Fielding Ould, his middle name derives from the first century B. C. Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio. Sir Richard headed a successful private architectural practice and was architect to Trinity College, Dublin, he joined his father's practice in 1809. In 1821 he made an extensive tour of Europe, including visits to Paris. Upon his return he built up a successful practice, but his health broke down. After a second visit to the continent he died in his father's house at Bray, County Wicklow, on 16 October 1838 and is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Dublin. Morrison designed a number of works with his father, including Baronscourt, County Tyrone, County Wicklow, County Laois and Fota, County Cork. Notable houses that he designed himself include Clontarf Castle, County Dublin, Glenarm Castle and Barbican, County Antrim, Hollybrooke House, County Wicklow and Mount Stewart, County Down.

His public buildings include Salmon Weir Bridge, Wicklow Gaol, Carlow Courthouse, Tralee Courthouse and the Ross Monument, County Down, commemorating Major-General Robert Ross. Rowan, Ann Martha; the Architecture of Richard Morrison and William Vitruvius Morrison. Dublin: Irish Architectural Archive. ISBN 0-9515536-0-7. "Morrison, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900

Just Like You (Louis Tomlinson song)

"Just Like You" is a song recorded by English singer and songwriter Louis Tomlinson, announced on 11 October and released at midnight local time on 12 October 2017. It is the first promotional single from Tomlinson; the song was written by Tomlinson and Burns. In an interview with Zane Lowe on Beats 1 Radio, Tomlinson called the song "very" autobiographical. “The fans have seen so much and got to know us so well, but I’ve never had a chance to be as honest like that with music. So, refreshing, it was just important for me to write a song that could humanize me as much as possible, that the fans could feel like I'm just like them – honest and vulnerable and real.” A lyric video for the song was released on 17 October 2017, featuring images of Tomlinson interspersed with lyrics as well as newspaper articles relating to politics, mental health, diversity, LGBTQ+ rights, the Black Lives Matter movement, the Me Too movement, as well as public figures such as Colin Kaepernick, Malala Yousafzai, George Michael.

Reviewer Saskia Postema of Huffington Post called the video an "unprecedented, though not unsurprising look into Tomlinson's dedication to social justice issues," and went on to say it "push the understanding of the song beyond it being a mere reflection of Tomlinson's personal hardship, create a connection to general issues of adversity in society instead. By doing so, it seems that the core concept of the tune should be understood as something that not only affects Louis himself, but all of us: The universality of struggle for equal opportunities in life, the need to be recognized as human beings of equal value." Rolling Stone's Jon Blistein described the song as "humble", further stating " has a snappy beat with synths that swell to a wobbling instrumental hook. The production complements Tomlinson's polished vocals and lyrics about how he grapples with everyday highs and lows.” "Just Like You" on YouTube

Giuseppe Grandi

Giuseppe Grandi was an Italian sculptor. Grandi was died in Valganna. Taught by Vela at the Accademia di Brera, in 1866 he won the Canonica competition with a sculpture called Ulisse and began to work on a verist sculpture of Tabacchi at Turin. After his Turin period, he returned to Milan, he was a friend of Cremona and Ranzoni, with them assumed a renewed anti-academist position and shared their common luministic research. Forgetting neoclassical smoothness and the lucidity of Romantic art, he sought the luministic effects of painting in sculpture. One of his best-known works is the monument to Cesare Beccaria of 1871, along with the lesser-known paggio di Lara of 1873 and his Maresciallo Ney of 1874. In 1881 his initial design won a public competition to create a monument to the Five Days of Milan in piazza di Porta Vittoria in Milan. For thirteen years he worked intensively at compositions, bronze casting, created a small menagerie of animals as live models for the work. For each of the Five Days he had many different and well-known models pose, but he died in 1894, before he could see his work inaugurated.

The city of Milan has renamed a piazza after him. Gariff, David, "Giuseppe Grandi and the Milanese Scapigliatura.", University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 1991. Media related to Giuseppe Grandi at Wikimedia Commons Works Biography from Galleria Ricci Oddi in Piacenza

Bull Mountain, Oregon

Bull Mountain is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Washington County, United States. Bull Mountain is located on a hill for which the community is named, it is bordered on the east by Tigard, on the south by King City, Beaverton lies to the north. The north-eastern part of the Bull Mountain hill is now within the Tigard city limits, as the city has annexed portions of the unincorporated region on its boundary. In 2010, the community became a census-designated place with a population of 9,133. Fire protection and EMS services are provided through Rescue; the Bull Mountain area has been considered candidate for annexation by the City of Tigard, which includes Bull Mountain in its ultimate planned boundary. The debate over Bull Mountain's future has been rather acrimonious. In 2004, Tigard proposed to annex the entire area under Oregon Revised Statutes Or. Rev. Stat. § 195.205 instead of Or. Rev. Stat. § 222.125 method. At the time, Or. Rev. Stat. § 195.205 was ambiguous regarding the method of counting votes, Tigard had planned to use a single combined voting method where the unincorporated votes would be counted with the votes of the city voters, thus the unincorporated voters would be outnumbered.

This variation of gerrymandering outraged many of the residents of the unincorporated area, triggered a campaign against the annexation. A group called "Friends of Bull Mountain" was formed; the group retained legal counsel Larry Derr and challenged the combined voting method under the provisions of Or. Rev. Stat. § 268 requiring separate double majority vote counting for annexations within the Portland Metro Urban Growth Boundary. In the face of this legal challenge Tigard relented and allowed the double majority vote counting method; as a result, the annexation measure failed, a majority of city voters favored the annexation, but 88.62% of unincorporated voters rejected the annexation. As is common in such annexation disputes, a key issue was taxes, they felt the ORS-195 combined voting method was "taxation without representation". Some residents of Tigard have complained in response that Bull Mountain residents use Tigard city parks and other services without paying for them. However, Washington County has been encouraging suburban parts of the county to join cities, in order to limit the need for county-provided urban-level services.

After the defeat of the referendum, Tigard has been examining small annexations on a case-by-case basis. Many residents advocated incorporation in order to allow Bull Mountain residents to control their own destiny, in spring of 2006 a petition for a ballot measure was filed; the Washington County Board of Commissioners voted in August 2006 to allow the incorporation ballot initiative to proceed. A feasibility study was conducted by ECONorthwest and it was determined that Bull Mountain has a sufficient tax base to fund city government and services for its residents; the City of Tigard protested the city boundaries, noting that Tigard-owned properties were included in the proposed City of Bull Mountain, asked that Washington County adjust the boundaries. That request was denied. Tigard filed a request to annex 61.5 acres which are part of the proposed Bull Mountain boundaries. Many in Bull Mountain complained that Tigard's annexation attempt is little more than an 11th-hour attempt to acquire a large segment of land without due respect for the incorporation process and proposed incorporation boundary.

The effort was challenged in the Washington County courts. This legal challenge was rejected by the state Land Use Board of Appeals: "the city had not unlawfully obtained consent to the annexation," and the petition for appeal was dismissed by the Oregon Court of Appeals; the referendum on the incorporation question was on the November 2006 ballot and failed by a vote of 1,734 to 1,887. The Friends of Bull Mountain is a grassroots community organization in the U. S. state of Oregon acting as local advocates for meaningful citizen involvement and responsible land use planning in keeping with the vision of the Bull Mountain Community Plan. The FOBM group played a key role in defeating the attempt by city of Tigard to annex Bull Mountain. After the 2004 annexation defeat, FOBM worked with Oregon House Representative Jerry Krummel who introduced legislation based on ideas and testimony provided by FOBM. Notable changes in the 2005 legislature included House Bill 2484 which codified double-majority vote for all "Service Provider" annexations under ORS-195.

HB-2477 eliminated the three-mile veto which allowed cities to prevent incorporation of a new city within three miles. The enactment of HB-2477 allowed the Bull Mountain community to attempt incorporation. GeneralCity of Tigard, Bull Mountain Annexation section Group supporting incorporation of Bull Mountain Map of proposed Bull Mountain city boundaries Economic Feasibility Study Amy Jo Brown: "Tigard to protest Bull Mountain boundaries", Tigard Times July 20, 2006. Friends of Bull Mountain

Arrondissement of Rambouillet

The arrondissement of Rambouillet is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. It has 83 communes, its population is 228,196, its area is 987.3 km2. The communes of the arrondissement of Rambouillet, their INSEE codes, are: The arrondissement of Rambouillet was created in 1812 as part of the department Seine-et-Oise. In 1968 it became part of the new department Yvelines. At the January 2017 reorganisation of the arrondissements of Seine-et-Marne, it received one commune from the arrondissement of Mantes-la-Jolie and one commune from the arrondissement of Versailles; as a result of the reorganisation of the cantons of France which came into effect in 2015, the borders of the cantons are no longer related to the borders of the arrondissements. The cantons of the arrondissement of Rambouillet were, as of January 2015: Chevreuse Maurepas Montfort-l'Amaury Rambouillet Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines